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Book reviews
Throughout Mark Twain's Novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, there have been many examples of Mark Twain being a racist with his constant degrading of Jim's character and his incessant use of the word "Nigger". He also illustrates Jim to be very gullible with the way he believes in many superstitions. As the novel progresses however, twain brings the status of Jim's character higher and closer to the status of whites. In the end of the novel, Twain finally shows that black should be given their freedom thus proving that Twain was not a racist. In Jim's first appearance in the beginning of the novel, Huck and Tom snuck out at night and are hiding from the "night watchman," Jim. Jim asks "who goes there" and falls asleep, thus proving that Jim the "typical nigger" is lazy and is an example of how Twain degraded Jim. Another way Jim was degraded in the beginning of the novel was his language use. Jim uses very poor English, so poor that it is quite difficult to read and comprehend. Jim also tells Huck about the time when he was captured and taken to New Orleans by a bunch of witches. These are examples of the degrading of Jim and showing how ignorant and gullible he is. Right when one thinks that Jim is so ignorant and uneducated Twain introduces a worse character by the name of Pap. Pap is portrayed as a sort of useless character, in the sense that he has no life, no education and is more ignorant than Jim. Pap is also the father of Huck which means he is white. When the one reads about the character of Pap, one realizes that that's how educated people were at the time. As a result, Jim's status as a character, a...
pages: 3 (words: 689)
comments: 0
added: 02/11/2012
The book, Huckleberry Finn, explores the ideas of racism and slavery through the eyes of a young white boy during slave times. Throughout the book, Huck is confronted with people and ideas that force him to question the morals with which he was raised. Twain expresses his anti-slavery views through the use of satire, to show how slavery is wrong, and through Huck's search for a moral truth to demonstrate the need to question existing societal values. Huck learns to question his values based on events that occur as a result of his friendship with Jim. An example of these conflicts occurs when Huck is confronted by runaway slave catchers. He is forced to decide whether turning Jim in is the right thing to do. The law tells him that he must betray his friend, but his conscience tells him to question this law. He chooses, as he does many other times in the book, to continue helping Jim to obtain his freedom despite the fact that it seems immoral to him. He is driven by his friendship with Jim to challenge the rules of morality in his society. Clearly Twain is using Huck's choices in these circumstances to express what he thinks about slavery. He shows how societal values are incorrect in this case. If one thinks for themselves they will realize that slavery is wrong and that it is every human's duty to continue to question the status quo when matters of conscience are involved. Another time Twain demonstrates the immorality of slavery is during Huck's moral crisis after Jim is recaptured. The friendship between the two proves to be more important to Huck than his moral system. "All right then, I'll go to hell." (207) Huck decides that he would prefer to suffer extreme consequences rather than desert his...
pages: 3 (words: 822)
comments: 0
added: 02/08/2012
One of society's favorite figures of speech is that it takes an entire town to raise a child. Such is true in Mark Twain's, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Through Huck's journey down the Mississippi River, Twain illustrates the influence society has on the undeveloped morals. As Huckleberry travels he becomes "the impassive observer" and aware of the corruption in the values of society (Eliot 330). Encountering these societies gives Huck a selective morality. No particular social class is left out of his observations. From the poor, lower class to the elite, upper class, Huck observes inconsistencies in morality. In the end, Huck realizes that society is imperfect and corrupt, which ultimately causes him to "light out for the Territory" (Twain 229). Huck Finn develops a selective morality from the corrupt social classes he encounters on the Mississippi River. Before Huck sets out on his raft adventure, he is exposed to the values and morals of his poor, drunken father. Pap Finn instills a "Southern race prejudice" and leads Huck to believe "that he detests Abolitionists" (Smith 374). Huck comes into conflict with this philosophy as he journeys on the raft with Jim. He can not decide if he is wrong in helping Jim escape slavery or if the philosophy is wrong. The education of Huck also stirs some values from Pap. When Pap tells him that education is useless, Huck is confused because the Widow Douglas told him that education was important. As a result, Huck's values towards education are uncertain. Pap Finn, as a figure of the lower class, does his part to confuse the growing morals of his son. Together with Pap, the King and the Duke do their share to put putrid moral ideas into the immature mind of Huck. The King and the Duke earn their living...
pages: 6 (words: 1388)
comments: 0
added: 02/16/2013
"'Ransomed? What's that?' '... it means that we keep them till they're dead'" (10). This dialogue reflects Twain's witty personality. Mark Twain, a great American novelist, exploits his humor, realism, and satire in his unique writing style in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Mark Twain, born in 1835, wrote numerous books throughout his lifetime. Many of his books include humor; they also contain deep cynicism and satire on society. Mark Twain, the author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, exemplifies his aspects of writing humor, realism, and satire throughout the characters and situations in his great American novel. Mark Twain applies humor in the various episodes throughout the book to keep the reader laughing and make the story interesting. The first humorous episode occurs when Huck Finn astonishes Jim with stories of kings. Jim had only heard of King Solomon, whom he considers a fool for wanting to chop a baby in half and adds, "'Yit dey say Sollermun de wises' man dat ever live'. I doan' take no stock in dat'" (75). Next, the author introduces the Grangerfords as Huck goes ashore and unexpectedly encounters this family. Huck learns about a feud occurring between the two biggest families in town: the Grangerfords and the Sheperdsons. When Huck asks Buck about the feud, Buck replies, "'... a feud is this way: A man has a quarrel with another man, and kills him; then that other man's brother kills him; then the other brothers, on both sides, goes for one another; then the cousins chip in – and by and by everybody's killed off, and there ain't no more feud'" (105). A duel breaks out one day between the families and Huck leaves town, heading for the river where he rejoins Jim, and they continue down the Mississippi. Another humorous episode appears...
pages: 4 (words: 942)
comments: 0
added: 12/18/2011
The main character of Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn undergoes a total moral transformation upon having to make life-defining decisions throughout his journey for a new life. Huck emerges into the novel with an inferiority complex caused by living with a drunken and abusive father, and with the absence of any direction. It is at this point where Huck is first seen without any concept of morality. Fortunately, Huck is later assisted by the guidance of Jim, a runaway slave who joins him on his journey and helps Huck gain his own sense of morality. Throughout Huck's adventures, he is put into numerous situations where he must look within himself and use his own judgement to make fundamental decisions that will effect the morals of which Huck will carry with him throughout his life. Preceding the start of the novel, Miss Watson and the widow have been granted custody of Huck, an uncivilized boy who possesses no morals. Huck looks up to a boy named Tom Sawyer who has decided he is going to start a gang. In order for one to become a member, they must consent to the murdering of their families if they break the rules of the gang. It was at this time that one of the boys realized that Huck did not have a real family. They talked it over, and they was going to rule me out, because they said every boy must have a family or something to kill, or else it wouldn't be fair and square for the others. "Well, nobody could think of anything to do– everybody was stumped, and set still. I was most ready to cry; but all at once I thought of a way, and so I offered them Miss Watson–they could kill her (Huck)." At this moment, Huck is at...
pages: 4 (words: 847)
comments: 0
added: 11/29/2012
Rivers are often associated with freedom and growth as they are vast and constantly moving and progressing. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is no exception as Mark Twain beautifully paints a picture of a boy who grows significantly during his journey down the Mississippi River. In the beginning of the novel, Huckleberry Finn yearns for his freedom from people who hold him down such as the Widow Douglas and Pap. Ironically, he finds freedom in a place nearby: the river. When he first begins to travel down the river, Huck is more or less self-involved with his own personal motives in mind when running away. He complains about boredom and loneliness when what he really wanted in the first place was to be left alone. When he comes upon Jim, he is overjoyed to be with someone finally and being that it is a Negro man running for his freedom, he begins his growth as a character. As he moves down the river, we see his growth in stages and much of it is due to his experiences on the water, which ultimately becomes his moving home. In the beginning of chapter 19, Twain uses narrative devices and literary techniques to exemplify Huck's relaxed yet lonesome attitude toward the Mississippi River. In the beginning, Huck tells us that "two or three days and nights went by." Usually, two or three days when running away seems like an eternity but, for Huck, "they slid along so quiet and smooth and lovely." He is relaxed on the river and shows this by his ability to lose track of time and watch it slip by. Huck describes his daily routine, which seems more suitable for a vacationer than a runaway, like this: "Soon as night was most gone, we stopped navigating and tied up-nearly...
pages: 6 (words: 1460)
comments: 0
added: 12/31/2011
Have you ever read "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." If you have then I am sure you noticed that there are many examples of prejudice in the book. I am going to tell about a few examples of prejudice that I found in the book. There are many different definitions of prejudice. For me prejudice, means disliking or mistreating certain types of people because of their beliefs. The biggest and most obvious in the book is the racism. Jim is a black slave. He ran away because he heard he was going to be sold. So people that see him threaten to turn him in, but Huck treats him differently, he treats him like a friend. Others see him as an easy way to make money. Another example of prejudice is the situation between Huck and his dad. The first judge new the type of man his father was, and had Huck live with Widow Douglass. When the new judge enters town Huck's dad goes to the judge and gets him back. He beats Huck and takes his money so he can go get some alcohol. Huck was badly mistreated by his dad all the time because his dad was always under the influence of alcohol. The third example is when Huck and Jim run into 2 guys who pretend to be a Duke and a King. They go from town to town robbing people with different kinds of scams. The King goes to a church and says he wants to go save people but has no money. All the people give him money to go be a missionary thinking he was a good guy. Then they go to another town and put on plays of "Shakespeare." It is really a terrible play but when all the people ask for their money back...
pages: 2 (words: 369)
comments: 0
added: 12/03/2011
Views of Mark Twain as Illustrated in "Huckleberry Finn" The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was written by Mark Twain. Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in 1835, led one of the most exciting and adventuresome of literary lives. Raised in the river town of Hannibal, Missouri, Twain had to leave school at age twelve to seek work. He was successively a journeyman printer, a steamboat pilot, a halfhearted Confederate soldier (no more than a few weeks), and a prospector, miner and reporter in the western territories. His experiences furnished him with a wide knowledge of humanity, as well as with the perfect grasp of local customs and speech, which exhibits itself so well in his writing. With the publication in 1865 of The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, Twain gained national attention as a frontier humorist, and the best-selling Innocents Abroad solidified his fame. But it was not until Life on the Mississippi (1883), and finally, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), that the literary establishment recognized him as one of the greatest writers America would ever produce. Toward the end of his life, plagued by personal tragedy and financial failure, Mark Twain grew more and more pessimistic-an outlook not alleviated by his natural skepticism and sarcasm. From this last period, only the stories The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg and The Mysterious Stranger match his earlier work in brilliance. Though his fame continued to widen-Yale and Oxford awarded him honorary degrees-Twain spent his last years in gloom and exasperation, writing fables about "the damned human race." Characters •Tom Sawyer- Tom is a friend of Huckleberry Finn. Tom has an extraordinary imagination. •Huckleberry Finn- Huck is the main character of the story. His mother is dead and father is a drunk and abuses him. •Jim- Jim is the slave of Miss Watson....
pages: 5 (words: 1353)
comments: 0
added: 12/23/2011
The colonization of Africa enforced peoples of different cultures, who had lived practically separate, and who probably fought wars against each other, to accept the same political boundaries, common citizenship, one national name and a unified administration. It is a fundamental fact that the process of colonization overwhelms the whole culture of the society it possesses, inevitably leading to a hybridization of that culture. This not only applies to countries on the African continent, but all countries where occupation and suppression for economic gain has taken place. Different writers at different times have attempted to supplant the impressions of the African experience and stereotypes, portrayed by writers such as Joseph Conrad and H Rider Haggard, with their individual vision of a complex society in the process of coming to terms with the legacy of Western colonial oppression. A legacy that had forcibly divided the continent into manageable units to suit the colonizing powers, enabling them to establish political and social control. This process of divide and rule even after independence results in conflict. 'The River Between' written by Ngugi in 1965, two years after independence, parallels some of the political events happening at the time of writing, with the events in the years he is writing about. Setting the novel between two mountain ridges emphasizes the antagonism between the two native groups and their irreconcilable belief structures. "When you stood in the valley, the two ridges ceased to be sleeping lions united by their common source of life. They became antagonists. You could tell this, not by anything tangible but by the way they faced each other, like two rivals ready to come to blows in a life and death struggle for the leadership of this isolated region." Ngugi also wrote a play 'The Black Hermit' which is concerned with stamping out...
pages: 9 (words: 2218)
comments: 0
added: 08/14/2011
In Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, the final chapter is the last testament that things have truly fallen apart. Chapter 25 finally switches the point of view to that of the District Commissioner and the missionaries, and closes the book with the Commisioner's thoughts about his own novel, The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of Lower Niger. This title provide the contrast of he Ibo's thought of the missionaries crusade, as they interpreted it to be just an invasion of their land and culture. Pacifism is used to indicate that before the missionaries, the tribes were violent savages with heathen values. By saying "One must be firm in cutting out the details", he intends to show a biased opinion of the tribe and their culture. In the beginning of the chapter, The Commissioner was accompanied by several messengers, but later they were referred to as soldiers. His reference to Obrieka and his clansmen playing "monkey tricks" is an ignorant and derogatory statement to the Ibo tribes. He is still missing consideration for the "primitive" and seemingly unorderly tribe. When the men finally approached Okonkwo's dangling body, they stopped dead, symbolic of the Ibo culture becoming oppressed and overtaken by Christian ways. With Okonkwo's suicide, "The District Commissioner changed instantaneously" because the final barrier that protected the Ibo culture was now fallen. Okonkwo's tragic fault of opposing laziness and idleness finally caught up to him when he took his own life. Once "One of the greatest men in Umofia … he will now be buried like a dog." Achebe uses more animal imagery to portray the humiliation of the fallen warrior. Just like Okonkwo's hanging, Obrieka choked his words. By the end of chapter 25, things have finally fallen apart for the Ibo Tribe....
pages: 2 (words: 294)
comments: 0
added: 12/18/2011
The novel Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, is a story about an African man named Okonkwo who appears to be strong on the outside, but eventually crumbles within. Along with the protagonist, the African culture that is his way of life dissolves also, due to the arrival of Christian missionaries who set up a government within his village, Umuofia. Okonkwo's biggest fear is ending up like his father, Unoka, who was lazy and made nothing of himself; he was known as a coward among the African people. Okonkwo is a well-respected warrior in his village, and carries many titles, which gives him authority. One day, during a funeral, Okonkwo inadvertently shoots a boy in the heart. The only way that this crime can be forgiven, according to custom, is if Okonkwo and his family leave for seven years; so they do. When they return, they find that many villages in the Ibo society have been taken over by white missionaries, and Umuofia is one of them. This new religion attracts many people and some begin to follow, instead of fighting to save their culture; one of the followers is Okonkwo's own son, Nwoye. Okonkwo is determined to save the village and make a new name for himself, and so in anger, he decapitates one of the white messengers and later commits suicide. Umuofia then falls to Christianity and the Ibo society and traditions are therefore lost. The progressive falling apart of Okonkwo's culture is parallel to the falling apart of Okonkwo's inner self. "All was silent. In the center of the crowd a boy lay in a pool of blood…. Okonkwo's gun had exploded and a piece of iron had pierced the boy's heart (Achebe 124)." This is the event that leads to Okonkwo and his family's exile to Mbanta,...
pages: 5 (words: 1106)
comments: 0
added: 08/15/2011
Chinua Achebe was born in Ogidi, Nigeriain in1930, the son of a teacher in a missionary school. His parents, though they installed in him many of the values of their traditional Igbo culture, were devout evangelical Protestants. In 1944 Achebe attended Government College in Umuahia., he was also educated at the University College of Ibadan, where he studied English, history and theology. At the university Achebe rejected his British name and took his indigenous name Chinua. In 1953 he graduated with a BA. Before joining the Nigerian Broadcasting Company in Lagos in 1954 he traveled in Africa and America, and worked for a short time as a teacher. Achebe's first novel, "Things Fall Apart", appeared in 1958. The story of a traditional village "big man" Okonkwo, and his downfall has been translated into some 50 languages. In the 1960s Achebe was the director of External Services in charge of the Voice of Nigeria. Achebe is currently a faculty member at Bard College, a liberal arts school, where he teaches literature to undergraduates. Things Fall Apart is a story about personal beliefs and customs and also a story about conflict. There is struggle between family, culture, and religion of the Ibo people which is all brought on by a difference in personal beliefs and customs. There are the strong opinions of the main character, Okonkwo. The views of his village, Umuofia are also introduced. Finally, we see how things fall apart when these beliefs and customs are confronted by those of the white missionaries. Chinua Achebe is a product of both native and European cultures. This has a great effect on the telling of the story. When he tells the story with an understanding and personal experiences in both cultures. He does not portray the African culture and their beliefs as barbaric....
pages: 6 (words: 1591)
comments: 0
added: 11/03/2011
The society, which Okonkwo lives, Umofia, experiences a number of large changes to their traditions and Okonkwo cannot accept these changes. The Europeans are people from a totally different background challenge this society by offering Christian missionaries and government officials, which then leads to nothing but tragedy. Okonkwo becomes frustrated by the changes that he can't control, and also by some converts in his community, and especially his son, Nwoye. Okonkwo values the traditions and leadership in his society as they provide him with a high status and a strong identity in the community, but these changes that are introduced by the missionaries are threatening this. The European colonialists expose the gods of Umofia as nothing but wood, which really informs the community that their beliefs are misleading and should convert to Christianity. Okonkwo is really affected by this as losing the tradition would eliminate his identity. The religious traditions that give Okonkwo's life stability are also what he values. The seven years of exile for an accidental killing would have caused great suffering to Okonkwo, and the anger which was created from this punishment can be related to the fury he has towards the new religion. Okonkwo also laughed at a missionary as he rejects the outsider's beliefs of one god and that the gods of Umofia should be forgotten, as they are all false. The advice from others and his own experiences did not help teach Okonkwo. This is shown when Obierika and Uchende, Okonkwo's Uncle, criticises Okonkwo, and he also adheres to his own traditions and views without considering and accepting anything that life throws at him. An example of this is demonstrated when Ikemefuna was loved greatly by Okonkwo, but in his killing, Okonkwo joined in as he does not like to show his gentle side. The murder of a...
pages: 3 (words: 662)
comments: 0
added: 11/17/2011
The divine authority or heavenly power geiven to the Egwugwa and Aglaba to govern Umaformia is fear of the unknown. When asked the egwugwa do you know me the answer was sure to be how can i know you, you are beyond my knowledge. This to me showed that they needed a higher power to govern them. The egwugwa was in a sense a governing council much like our judicial system. The egwugwa were nine masked people of the umaformia tribe. It was beleived that when masked they were possessed by the ancestral spirits. Cases come before them for their review and applications of the law. The Aglaba was the priestess of the oracle of the "hill and caves" she possessed ancestral like powers also. People seeked out the priestess of the oracle of the hill of caves for answers to questions. The service that she provides is well need to the people of the clan. It is like going before a God and getting answer for your qustion when you ask it. In comparison to today's relgious society where we seek answers to moral and elitcal questions. they depened on the answers to that she rendered on every question that was asked. She gave them important answers such as when to plant, why the harvest was bad, what a dead ansector had to convey or why a women chouldn't carry a baby to full term. Human motives can be expressed through the gods inadvertenly. the masted Egwugwa where men of the clan and what they sai was Law. there was no higher authority that could be addressed. Human motives could have been expresed in the case where Uzowulu sought to get his wife (Mgbafo) back from her brothers. the brothers took Mgbafo from Uzowulu because they said that he beat her...
pages: 4 (words: 907)
comments: 0
added: 12/27/2011
In Things Fall Apart, power, strength, aggression, and force define manhood. The warriors, the workers, and the wrestlers are the most respected men in the village. The Ibo rituals and communal activities are manifestations of their definition of manhood. Wrestling tournaments in which the victor earns a title, wins a bride, or receives much respect draw the whole village, Ewefiki, Okonkwo's second wife, fell in love with Okonkwo for his wrestling skills. The Ibo war dance, an aggressive combination of foot work and rolling shoulders, stimulates feelings of force, power, and passion in the tribesman. This feeling is so ingrained in Ibo culture, that when invoked, it unites the present, future, and past into a single dance. The Ibo War Dance is the manifestation of manhood. No Ibo man can resist the rhythm. The drumbeat actually communicates with the tribesmen; it urges them to a feverish state. In Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo demonstrated the urge when he danced to the rhythm. "It filled him with fire as it had always done from his youth. He trembled with the desire to conquer and subdue. It was like the desire for woman." (42). The war dance is so powerful because, with the urgent pounds of the drums, it invokes courage, aggression, and force- three characteristics that define the Ibo sense of manhood and respect. Although it is titled the "war dance" this ritual begins as a commemoration of an individual's achievement. The dance leader, donning a headdress of animal and human heads that represent his strength and power, initiates the dance. Clothing and body decorations are the primary indicators of a man's success in the Ibo culture. Warriors then join in as the tempo of the drum quickens. The dancers, their shoulders rolling and their feet side stepping to an accelerating tempo, achieve...
pages: 2 (words: 511)
comments: 0
added: 11/14/2011
Chinua Achebe's college work sharpened his interest in indigenous Nigerian cultures. He had grown up in Ogidi, a large village in Nigeria. His father taught at the missionary school, and Achebe witnessed firsthand the complex mix of benefit and catastrophe that the Christian religion had brought to the Igbo people. In the 1950s, an exciting new literary movement grew in strength. Drawing on indigenous Nigerian oral traditions, this movement enriched European literary forms in hopes of creating a new literature, in English but unmistakably African. Published in 1958, Things Fall Apart is one of the masterpieces of 20th century African fiction. Things Fall Apart is set in the 1890s, during the coming of the white man to Nigeria. In part, the novel is a response and antidote to a large tradition of European literature in which Africans are depicted as primitive and mindless savages. The attitudes present in colonial literature are so ingrained into our perception of Africa that the District Commissioner, who appears at the end of the novel, strikes a chord of familiarity with most readers. He is arrogant, dismissive of African "savages," and totally ignorant of the complexity and richness of Igbo life. Yet his attitude echoes so much of the depiction of Africa; this attitude, following Achebe's depiction of the Igbo, seems hollow and savage. Digression is one of Achebe's most important tools. Although the novel's central story is the tragedy of Okonkwo, Achebe takes any opportunity he can to digress and relate anecdotes and tertiary incidents. The novel is part documentary, but the liveliness of Achebe's narrative protects the book from reading like an anthropology text. We are allowed to see the Igbo through their own eyes, as they celebrate the various rituals and holidays that mark important moments in the year and in the people's live. Achebe...
pages: 2 (words: 531)
comments: 0
added: 12/16/2011
The thoughts of the great mathematician Aristotle, where recorded in writing The Poetics circa 330 B.C. He sought to analyze the structure of Athenian tragedy using the example of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. Aristotle believed that the classic tragedy must contain a character who plays the role of the tragic hero. Chinua Achebe plays out the plot of a tragedy in his book Things Fall Apart. The story deals with the country of Nigeria in the 1890s. The most prominent character, Okonkwo, follows in the characteristics of an Aristotelian tragic hero. Okonkwo's status in the tribe of Umofia, is that of a tragic hero. Aristotle believed that the tragic hero was to be of noble birth. This provides the story with dignity because the tragedy of commoners was not of interest to most. It also generates the feeling in the audience that if tragedy can happen to the advantaged, it can happen to anyone, therefore, producing fear. This is one of the few ways that Okonkwo differs from the set characteristic of a tragic hero. His father was far from noble. Okonkwo has no patience with unsuccessful men. He has no patience with his father (Pg.4). The hero must also be a man of great importance to his culture, possibly because that gives him farther to fall. Okonkwo is just that to his fellow Umofians. As a winning wrestler, a great warrior, and a wealthy farmer, Okonkwo is considered to be a socially acceptable and well respected person. He also has three wives and two titles to show that he is powerful (Pg. 8). Another characteristic of the classic Aristotelian hero is that he must represent his tribe. A respected and trusted man can give insight on the culture of his people to the audience, and the hero's story is generally that...
pages: 5 (words: 1136)
comments: 0
added: 12/12/2012
A theme that is apparent in the two novels, A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens and Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, is the clash between two groups with different lifestyles. In A Tale of Two Cities, the conflict occurs between the high-ranking members of society and the poverty-stricken lower class. The tension between the Ibo tribe and the European missionaries is the example from Things Fall Apart. The authors use these two conflicts to create an emotional setting for their books. In the novel A Tale of Two Cities, Dickens reveals to the reader, what the lower class in France goes through and how hard life is for them. The best example of this takes place outside Defarge's wine-shop. A large cask of wine had been accidentally dropped on the pavement outside. Dickens portrays how the passing peasants scramble to lap up the spilled wine, representing numerous things, the most important being the desperate quality of the people's hunger. "The wine was red wine, and had stained the ground of the narrow street in the suburb of Saint Antoine, in Paris, where it was spilled. It had stained many hands, too, and many faces, and many naked feet, and many wooden shoes. The hands of the man who sawed the wood, left red marks on the billets; and the forehead of the women who nursed her baby, was stained with the stain of the old rag she wound about her head again. Those who had been greedy with the staves of the cask, had acquired a tigerish smear about the mouth…" (Dickens, pg. 25) This quote shows the mindless frenzy the peasants were in, trying to sop up the wine. It also shows the extreme poverty they were faced with. After the wine was cleaned up, they went back to...
pages: 4 (words: 903)
comments: 0
added: 09/23/2011
A VIEW OF AFRICA An analysis of the view of Africa from Ahebe's "Things Fall Apart" and Dinesen's "Out of Africa." Africa in the mist of colonization became a land of great mysteries. A land that had marvelous landscapes and view from points so far up as if you were viewing the world from heavens. A land filled with lush foliage, and unlimited variety of animals, natural resources yet untouched from the hand of industrialization. Africa was wild country, or was it? Africa was simply a continent separated by the Mediterranean Sea from Europe. Up until the beginning of the twentieth century Africa was a continent inhabited by its natives, those that called Africa their home. They lived in tribes or communities and had their laws and traditions. They had hierarchies within the tribes and amongst them from village to village. Africa was ruled by nature, since the African natives lived and worked with the land and the animals that shared this country with them. Europe at this time was industrialized as a continent. The European countries had the marvel of technology and ingenuity, Europe was a proud region with functioning government and economically wealthy. Europe was educated as a whole, and the aristocracy left years and years of wealthy families controlling the social and economical landscape of Europe. Europeans now had it all, and when I say all, I mean power. Power to conquer the world, or in terms created by modern grammar, they were conquering third worlds. Africa was a third world at this time. Africa was simply living with nature and thus technological advancements had not yet reached the African natives. They had no trade with Europe and no economical power, thus no global voice. Europe in an attempt to create new opportunities for wealth and growth started to colonize, and the...
pages: 14 (words: 3769)
comments: 0
added: 12/11/2011
'The flaw in Achebe's vision of the past is that his protagonist is too limited to arouse the reader's concern.' Discuss this view of Things Fall Apart. Chinua Achebe's 'Things Fall Apart' achieves the paradoxical effect of enabling African tribal life to be accessible to western society while simultaneously excluding it. Brians (Washington State University, 2002) states that 'its most striking feature is to create a complex and sympathetic portrait of a traditional village culture in Africa'. To label the novel, or its protagonist as limited, would be to disregard the many levels on which the novel exists. On the contrary, Achebe aims to prove, among other things, that the inhabitants of Africa are not as limited as the stereotype constructed by European and other western societies. The protagonist of the story, Okonkwo, depicts the complexities and struggles that all humans must attempt to deal with, and provides a worthy and interesting account of the human psyche. It is important to consider that 'the reader's concern' is too general; and that response to the story will be in each reader's individual perspective. The way in which readers will view Okonkwo and his tribe will depend on what level they choose to read the story at, and how they 'read between the lines'. An important aspect of the novel is what Achebe chooses not to say. In 'Things fall apart' Achebe aims to show that Africa is not the 'uncivilised, simple country' that it may be portrayed as by other cultures. It aims to enable readers to understand the tribe and assists the reader to think about the reasoning behind the beliefs that may be viewed as odd or illogical. Okonkwo and the people of Obi are limited; but no more than the rest of the human population. We are all limited by what...
pages: 7 (words: 1891)
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added: 11/20/2011
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