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Business
One of the primary roles of government in the marketplace is to protect the end user. This can become difficult at times in our free market society as consumers create a demand for a product that, overall, may not be in their best interest to use. But where there is demand, supply will surely emerge. With our capitalistic form of government, declaring a product unsuitable for sale is a complicated matter, especially when Republicans are calling the shots. One recent development that has brought this issue up for debate is the death of Baltimore Orioles pitcher Steve Bechler, a 23-year-old who had been taking Xenadrine RFA-1 during spring training to help him shed the ten pounds he needed to lose to get to his playing weight. During a workout on a warm mid-February day in Florida, Bechler's body temperature shot up to 108 degrees and he fell victim to heatstroke. An ingredient in Xenadrine is the herb ephedra, which contains ephedrine. Since ephedra is an herb, it is allowed to circumvent FDA rules and fall under the more lenient Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), which was pushed through Congress by powerful Senator Orrin Hatch. Hatch represents Utah, where approximately 20% of the nation's supplements are made. The DSHEA puts the burden of proof on the FDA and requires that agency to prove ephedra is a dangerous product. This is despite the fact it contains ephedrine, which has been classified as a drug and is thus "held to the FDA's more stringent drug standard when it is extracted and sold as medicine." (Wolff) While there had already been roughly 1,500 reports of complications deriving from ephedra use and about 100 deaths, it wasn't until Bechler's passing that this issue has drawn any notable attention from the media. So should the government continue to...
pages: 3 (words: 793)
comments: 0
added: 02/07/2012
Introduction On January 1 1999, 11 countries of the European Union (EU) elected to renounce their national currencies to form a single currency, known as the Euro. The new combined economy established the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) alongside a new European Central Bank (ECB). Greece is the latest to join this bloc, becoming the 12th member state of the eligible 15 countries. The move was a significant historical event in restoring the unification of Europe that had ceased to exist since the reign of the Roman Empire, and also the largest monetary changeover to transpire. The introduction of the Euro and its economic and political effects are highly debated amongst a variety of literature. Three years since its adoption and now the official currency of 12 nations, the question that arises is what effect has the euro had both within and beyond Europe? This paper will address whether the euro truly is an accelerator of economic growth (Noyer, 1999). In particular, our focus is directed toward the economic growth in the 12 countries that make up the euro-zone. It also examines the impact on the countries that have not joined the EMU including Britain, Denmark and Sweden. The study extends to review the future potential of the euro on the countries external to the EU. The development of the euro The concept of a common European currency has existed for some time, dating back to the end of World War II. In 1942, a paper issued by a Hitlerite professor, evoked discussions for a single currency. Soon later, Winston Churchill similarly proposed a 'United States of Europe'. The motivation behind restoring Europe was primarily a political issue to instigate peace amongst a continent that had been divided by two World Wars (Obringer, 2001). During this time, an international monetary regime was established, referred to...
pages: 11 (words: 2947)
comments: 0
added: 08/05/2011
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT This paper tries to: · Illustrate how strategy differs from tactics, and why it has become relatively more important in the recent years; · Create awareness of the attributes required by an organization if it is to survive in a competitive struggle for existence, and its corresponding information needs; · Recognize the two aspects of financial management at the strategic level: o Treasury and o Control And illustrate how they are linked; · Appreciate the features of a financial objective relevant to long-term financial health. MANAGERIAL MAGATRENDS When most of today's top managers were obtaining their basic managerial skills, the environment in which they operated was relatively stable. Administration skills were rated highly because, although some fine-tuning might be required, there was an implicit assumption that tomorrow would be very much like yesterday. Today's environment however, is best summed up by reference to its volatility, and your best starting point would be with the recognition that tomorrow is going to be different from yesterday. Simplicity and order have been replaced by complexity and chaos. Leadership skills are now seen to be paramount. The causes of this volatility are varied, and mutually reinforcing. The accelerating pace of technological development and the liberalization of international trade are two fairly obvious factors. Indeed, the globalization of enterprise is a strong driving force, as markets become more open and competitive. Different economies have different degrees of success in coping with this situation, resulting in ever more volatile rates of exchange, interest and inflation. For the individual enterprise, this has prompted a shift in emphasis towards the strategic level of management (concerned with decisions as to what to do – the products of offer, the markets to serve, e.t.c) as distinct from the tactical level (concerned with how to do what has been decided should be done – the lead times to quote, the stocksto...
pages: 13 (words: 3347)
comments: 0
added: 01/19/2012
Not so long ago, Enron's name was amid a lexicon of corporate and political power. However in a matter of months Enron transformed from one of the greatest corporate success stories in US history to the centre of perhaps the largest corporate scandal the business community has ever seen, engulfing company executives, one of the worlds largest accounting firms, politicians and Wall street traders. This paper analysis's the amazing journey of Enron form an organisation held in the highest of esteem by the community and envied by competitors, to its shocking demise leaving its name a disgrace and sparking a long line of investigations and criminal and civil charges laid upon its officers and accountants from burned investors and former trading partners. In the early eighties when takeovers were the business strategy of choice, Kenneth Lay successfully fended off a hostile takeover of his pipeline company, Houston Natural Gas. It was then that Lay realised that the key to the company's survival was, 'to make itself to big to devour' (Henriques 2002). So in 1985 Lay orchestrated the merger of his company with the largest pipeline company in the world, Internorth of Nebraska. The merged company changed its name and Lay was put in charge. Enron was born. Initially the company was faced with enormous challenges. Beyond being saddled with debt from the merger, Enron was submerged into a rough, deregulated marketplace. Lay was not satisfied with Enron simply being a mover and seller of gas. Lay saw wide spread opportunities in the industry and moved the company into the commodities trading world of electricity, gas, wood pulp, steel, advertising time on television, insurance against credit default and later moved into the world of e-commerce adding high speed data and internet capacity to it lengthening list of company resources. Business boomed and Enron...
pages: 9 (words: 2432)
comments: 0
added: 12/24/2011
The Federal Reserve Bank (Fed) was created to reduce the risk of a repeat of the financial panics that occurred in the United States before its creation in 1913. The official objective of the Fed is to ensure the financial strength and stability of the nation's banking system. The Fed regulates and examines the nation's depository institutions to reach its objective. Also, it serves as a central bank that cashes checks drawn on the Treasury Bank, places currency into circulation and initiates fund transfers between depository institutions. The Fed splits the country into twelve districts, each of which is served by a separate district office of the Fed. The New York Federal Reserve Bank (FRBNY), employing over three-thousand people, serves all of the state of New York, northern New Jersey, a part of Connecticut, and all of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. While geographically serving the smallest area compared to most other Fed banks, FRBNY processes the most assets and has the largest volume of activity of any of the banks. In addition to its main office, the FRBNY also has a branch office in Buffalo, and two regional offices: one in Utica, NY and one in East Rutherford, NJ. Both regional offices are charged with handling check clearing for their respective geographical areas. Between the two offices, they process 5.6 million checks per day. When a check is presented for deposit at a depository institution, the bank deposits the check usually at its regional Fed office or local branch. FRBNY is the largest user of two types of electronic funds transfer payment systems (EFT). One system, Fedwire, transfers large payments between Fed offices, depository institutions and government agencies. Last year, the Fedwire system transferred $1.5 trillion per day in funds and $760 billion in securities, with the vast majority of those...
pages: 4 (words: 995)
comments: 0
added: 01/31/2012
I'm not about as much as you. Too much to do at the moment. And let's face it, how often do I attack people successfully? =D As for Smart-Arse-ReplieS (hereby known as SARS), they have got to be spur of the moment things. SARS have got to be in context, normally something to do with a message they sent first, because if you need to send a SAR the chances are it's to someone who deserved it for being dumb. Well, I dunno I'm turning into anyone You're merely changing your perceptions of me based on the information you're witnessing. But I've no idea who Sam is. That's kind of weird. Up until, well, Monday I couldn't decide what to do at University, philosophy or psycology. Decided now I think. Problem is that I can't apply without using the school network and, well, I haven't used it for well over a year so I haven't got the fainest idea what my password for it is, 'specially since they changed it all around when the swapped to a new server last year. I'm probably gonna have to go find the technician or something. But I know his son's been off for... well he's always off... and him and his dad are so often 'ill' at the same time. "End" Yeh that sounded pretty retarded. Well, not really, just sounded vague. You could be asking quite a few things. Q) How were you thinking of those sentences? A) I used my brain, even if I left it in a low gear. Q) How were you getting the information from your brain to the computer? A) Dunno about you, but fingers are my prefered body part for typing. Q) What peripheral were you using to tranlate movement to data? A) I'm a keyboard person myself. Q) Wtf are you on!? That doesn't even make sense? A) Yeh, uhm, ok...
pages: 2 (words: 446)
comments: 0
added: 12/28/2011
The argument that Furniture Depot sales have increased because of internet ads lacks some important facts that must be addressed to substantiate the argument. The evidence that follows this description simply states that internet advertising helped increasing the sales without providing any support or proof to the main argument. First, the argument assumes that the increase in sales at Furniture Depot is due to internet advertising. But there is no evidence that the people who bought furniture at Furniture Depot actually found out about the store through internet advertising. It is possible that the people who bought furniture might have heard about Furniture Depot through TV/radio/ banners on highways. It is also possible that the people who bought furniture might have recommended other people to do the same. Secondly, the argument never considers any other factors apart from internet advertising that might have caused an increase in the sales. It is possible that Furniture Depot as part of marketing strategy had a lot more discount sales this year than the previous year. Also Furniture Depot might have introduced flexible lending schemes thus increasing its customer base. Finally, it is also possible that Furniture Depot has started selling items, which are not expensive and can be afforded by the average population. It is possible that the company was only selling expensive brands of furniture before this year that did not cater to the mass population but a selected few. Because the argument leaves out several key issues, it is not sound or persuasive. The argument might have been more thorough and convincing if it provided statistics as to what % of people who came to store did so because of internet ads and also provide some evidence that there were no other factors involved....
pages: 2 (words: 293)
comments: 0
added: 02/02/2012
I knew a blonde that was so stupid that....... ~ she called me to get my phone number. ~she spent 20 minutes looking at the orange juice box because it said "concentrate." ~ she put lipstick on her forehead because she wanted to make up her mind. ~ she tried to put M&M's in alphabetical order. ~ she sent me a fax with a stamp on it. ~ she tried to drown a fish. ~ she thought a quarterback was a refund. ~ she got locked in a grocery store and starved to death. ~ she tripped over a cordless phone. ~s! he took a ruler to bed to see how long she slept. ~she asked for a price check at the Dollar Store. ~she studied for a blood test. ~she thought Meow Mix was a CD for cats. ~ when she heard that 90% of all crimes occur around the home, she moved. ~ when she missed the 44 bus, she took the 22 bus twice instead. ~when she took you to the airport and saw a sign that said "Airport Left" she turned around and went home Now send this to at least 5 people or you'll get bad luck for 7 years!!!!!!!!!!! ~*! 0-4=Bad luck for 7 years ~*! 5-9=your crush will start to like you ~*! 10-14=your crush will ask yo! u out *!~ 15-19=you and your crush will makeout all the time *!~ 21 or more all of the above and you'll get everything you want in life Je suis allé à Paris en France. Quand j'y suis arrivé j'ai été étonné parce que la ville semblait très moderne ceque je n'ai pas attendu. Elle a semble très propre et elle aégalement eu beaucoup de différents magasins. Mon avis était quec'était un peu occupé sur les rues la où je vis. Sur le chemin àmon hôtel j'ai voyagé par le nord de la France qui a semblé très silencieux. essaybank.co.uk Quand je suis arrivé à ma...
pages: 3 (words: 614)
comments: 0
added: 01/12/2012
Game tickets are a treasure to college sports fans, but they're also frustratingly easy to misplace – and, for most people, too costly to replace. Now Oxford-based TicketsXchange (www.ticketsxchange.com) has developed an electronic ticketing system that will make all those pesky paper tickets a thing of the past while adding unique, user-friendly services that will revolutionize the way sports fans manage their season tickets. TicketsXchange, an online season ticket management company, has recently contracted with The University of Mississippi, Louisiana State University and Delta State University to offer e-ticketing solutions for on-campus sports events. "This is the future of college sports ticketing," said Steve McDavid, founder of TicketsXchange. "Our system not only provides a state-of-the-art E-ticketing platform for universities, but it costs them nothing in out-of-pocket expenses and generates additional revenues that the schools would never get with the old-fashioned paper-based system," McDavid said. TicketsXchange and Ole Miss will begin providing a range of electronic season ticket services to Rebel fans in the fall of this year. Chief among these services are the Season Ticket E-Card, online season ticket orders and renewals and specialized ticket management options. The E-Card is offered free to Ole Miss fans with all season ticket orders. "The concept is simple: replace the current paper ticket model for college sports with a branded, bar-coded, highly intelligent E-Card that each fan can manage through a simple Web browser," McDavid said. Multiple season ticket holders receive one E-Card for each season ticket purchased. The E-Card is scanned by a machine at the stadium entrance, and a centralized computer database keeps track of its usage, ensuring that the card is approved only once per individual game. In the event of a lost or misplaced E-Card, tickets also can be accessed online and printed from any computer, anywhere, or printed at the E-Card will-call location on...
pages: 4 (words: 1067)
comments: 0
added: 08/24/2011
Future of Management 1 Future of Management Semba I. Husband MGT330 Management: Theory, Practice, & Application Mr. Olsson September 15, 2003 Future of Management 2 Abstract The future of management is headed towards big changes. There are many new management concepts and practices, and the ever evolving shape of corporate organizations. Will there be such thing as a blue-collar worker in the future? The four functions of management must be used to be a successful manager. The future organizations will increasingly be populated with knowledgeable workers who require a different kind of organization and leadership from what works for traditional industrial workers. Future of Management 3 Future of Management The definition of management is the act, manner, or practice of managing, supervising, or controlling. A manger administers, maintains, relies on systems, counts on controls, and does things right. As a manager your responsible for the performance of all the people on whom your own performance depends. A manager must keep the boss aware of everything that happens within the organization. The first person on whom a manager's performance depends is the boss, and the boss is the first person for whose performace a manager has to take responsibility. A manager must plan, organize, lead and control their organization. Employees expect the manager to effectively communicate and listen to them. To be an effective manager one should walk around the organization and observe the operation, find out what information or training that you may need to do your job proficiently and build learning into the system. Future of Management 4 The definition of leader is someone who has followers. The foundation of effective leadership is thinking through the organization's mission, defining it and establishing it, clearly and visibly. The leader sets the goals, sets the priorities, and sets and maintains the standards. As a leader you have to make compromises. Leadership is being responsible for all actions. A leader encourages their associates, pushes them to accomplish goals, gives them praise and promotes them when needed. As an effective...
pages: 4 (words: 838)
comments: 0
added: 08/16/2011
The four functions of management, planning, organizing, leading and controlling, have for years been the cornerstone of how organizations operate. Global and technology changes to name a few have changed the way organizations manage. In the future, rapid changes in technology and the expansion of the global community will continue to have a profound impact on how organizations are managed. In this paper I will discuss the four functions of management and how they will need to be adapted to the future. In his book Management: Theory, Application and Practice, Gary Dessler defines planning as "setting goals and deciding on courses of action" (Dessler, 2001, p.7). In setting these goals, managers of the future will have many things to consider. One thing they will have to consider is the fast pace at which technology is changing. In order to be competitive, organizations will have to know how to take advantage of and optimize technology in their business. Another thing organizations will have to consider in planning is the changing face of their customers. With the internet, businesses have the opportunity to reach millions more customer than before. This needs to be taken into account during strategic planning. In addition to technology and globalism, the face of America is changing as well. Just recently it has been reported that Hispanics have surpassed Blacks as the nation's largest minority. It is apparent from this trend that the successful organizations will be the ones who are able capitalize on diversity. Diverse organizations will be able to attract and retain the best employees, clients and suppliers. This will in turn attract a diverse customer base. This equation equals a successful business and a good corporate citizen. The function of organizing will also see changes in the future. The traditional organizational structures will need to be adapted...
pages: 3 (words: 779)
comments: 0
added: 01/31/2012
Poor bashing and scapegoating poor people is behaviour that reveals a feature of society in Canada that is becoming more serious a problem every year. Canada has become a place where there are a few extraordinarily wealthy people and a growing number of very poor people, and each year the very few wealthy people control an increasing amount of the country's wealth. Poor people mean they are having very little with which to buy one¡¦s basic needs or deficient in something. There are many poor people in Canada; it causes many problems in this society, and can lead to economic, social and political problems. Without high unemployment rate, poor Canadians, especially women and children, are being denied their basic human rights to food, clothing and shelter. Because of this, Canadians condemn the government cuts to unemployment insurance programs and social assistance, and criticize the government's repeal of the Canada Assistance Program, which ensured national standards for education, health and social assistance. Unemployment insurance cuts have resulted, in the last five years, in roughly a 50% drop in the proportion of unemployed workers receiving benefits, the lowering of benefit rates, reductions in the length of time for which benefits are paid, and increasingly restricted access to benefits for part-time workers. Unemployment results in a large amount of people who can not find a full time job, and people who have to rely on social welfare for their living. If Canada keeps a high unemployment rate, it will slower down the economic growth and the GDP. In 1984, the poorest 20% of Canadians owned 0.3 % of the total private wealth of Canada (assets that can be used to generate income). The second 20% owned 2.4 % of Canada's wealth. The third 20% owned 9.4%. The fourth 20% owned 19.8%, and the richest...
pages: 6 (words: 1496)
comments: 0
added: 11/10/2011
The General Electric Case Study – 'Can GE Remake Itself as a Digital Firm?' Summarise the business and technology conditions causing GE to launch its Internet initiative. There were numerous conditions, which resulted in General Electric (GE) embarking on an Internet venture. These conditions were a combination of both business and technological motives. By the mid 1990s, the Internet had become a valuable Information System (IS). GE saw the benefits from business perspectives, which were evident in two different units, namely GE Lighting, and Polymerland (the GE Plastic's distribution arm). GE Lighting introduced the Internet for purchasing in 1996, and as a result the purchasing cycle was reduced from 14 to 7 days. Another achievement was having supplier prices reduced by 10 to 15 percent, resulting from open bidding on the Internet from different prospective suppliers. (Laudon & Laudon 2002, p. 33). Senior management at GE saw utilising the Internet as a means to not only save money, but to expand the business. 'Jack Welsh (GE Chairman) stated, that by Internet-enabling its business processes, GE could reduce overhead costs by half, saving as much as $10 billion in the first two years' (Laudon & Laudon 2002, p. 33). Previous to this statement, Polymerland had implemented a Website. 'This took weekly sales from $10 000 (in 1997) to $6 million (in 2000).' (Laudon & Laudon 2002, p. 33). The objective to reduce costs would create two options GE. One would be to then sell products at a reduced price, without loss of margin and become more competitive in the marketplace. The second option would be to sell products at the existing price, which results in increased margins. Another reason for launching an Internet initiative was to achieve an advantage over GE's competitors. This was a characteristic that GE wanted to exploit. It was evident that the Internet...
pages: 6 (words: 1564)
comments: 0
added: 01/22/2012
One of the Leiper things that managers must have is general knowledge. Why is this important? Explain your answer in the context of the GM of the Rococo Hotel. According to Gerry Johnson and Kevan Scholes (2002, p.150) knowledge is defined as "awareness, consciousness or familiarity gained by experience or learning". Knowledge is important to every company or organization and it enormously influences the individual organization's capability. Possessing general knowledge means managers are aware of the different areas of their company and know how to cope with financial, organizational, technical issues and how to use information and human resources properly. One of the most important abilities a manager must have is the knowledge of the company's customers. In case of the Rococco Hotel that means the knowledge of their existing customers' needs and requirements, things they especially value and means that contribute to their satisfaction. Business travelers are not content with the hotel because of limited meeting facilities sand the absence of a business centre. The knowledge of these issues may help the management department to do anything against these facts. Moreover general knowledge links to resources too. Some of them are necessary to satisfy customers' requirements. For example, acquiring or developing proper hardware or software for information systems infrastructure or using the internet for marketing purposes, reservations and market research is an indispensable requirement. Furthermore general knowledge includes organizational skills, which means for instance recruiting and retaining employees, and the ability to work boundless and virtually as well as to deal with customer enquiries and complaints. Rococo's managers must have knowledge of their environment and have to be aware of possible influences on organizational structure and strategies. Changes in the political and economical environment may have a strong impact on the hotel's future. In addition to that it is necessary to know ones competitors and take...
pages: 2 (words: 508)
comments: 0
added: 01/19/2012
Macroeconomics is concerned with the study of the economy as a whole. The main goals of macroeconomics are to achieve: - An improvement in the standard of living of the population; - A low unemployment rate; - A low inflation rate. A low rate of inflation is desirable in itself but also because it may help promote the other two objectives. These three objectives have to be achieved subject to two important financial constraints. The government must maintain a long run balance in the public finances and the balance of payments. There are also real constraints due to the availability of factors of production. Here we will consider these objectives, the associated constraints and the relationship between them. 1.1. A Rising Standard of Living Economics is above all concerned with the factors that contribute to improving people's well-being over the long run. In order to track the performance of an economy over time and to compare it with other economies, we have to measure the output of all the goods and services being produced. One measure of this is known as Gross National Product (GNP). Closely related to GNP is the concept of National Income. This is the total amount of income received by residents in the country. The nation's output is closely linked to the nation's income; the more a nation produces, the more income is generated. A principal aim of macroeconomic policy is to find ways of increasing GNP and national income. If this is achieved, then the standard of living of the population is raised. Thus we use changes in income as a proxy measure for changes in the standard of living. Real Growth and Inflation GNP measures the level of output for a given year, but to measure increases in the standard of living we are interested in how GNP changes from year to...
pages: 8 (words: 1965)
comments: 0
added: 12/26/2011
It might be accurate to say that the New York stock market crash in 1929 is one of the most memorable affairs in American economic history. During the period from after the First World War to the stock market crash in 1929, about one decade, the US had experienced an unprecedented economic boom because it came out of the war with less damage than European countries (Harris, 1988). What is more, mass production and innovation helped make many things such as cars and electrical appliances generally available and affordable. The higher the economy soared, the more the price of stocks went up. Therefore, it was widely believed at that time that people could get money by simply investing in stocks. As proof, a person who had General Motors stock worth $10,000 in 1920 could have received no less than $ 1,500,000 by 1929 (Blumenthal, 2002). The selling and buying of stocks was nearly unrestrained in the United States. Although several people anticipated that a crash was just around the corner, a good many of the Americans never thought that the American economy could plunged into a profound recession. At last, the bubble economy collapsed on October in 1929. At the Wall Street exchange alone, 16,383,700 sales were recorded on October 29, 1929; the number of sales stood for a loss of about $10 billion in stock value, which was double the sum of money in circulation in the US in those days (Thomas & Morgan-Witts, 1979). Thus, the Wall Street stock market crash of 1929 was a devastating loss, and was a symptom of a deep-rooted recession that required immediate and effective solutions. The New York stock market crash in 1929 created many serious consequences. The Great Depression, which affected on not only America but also almost the majority of countries...
pages: 5 (words: 1252)
comments: 0
added: 12/17/2011
"Identify and present evidence for three natural mechanisms of climate change, any of which might have caused all or part of the long-term global warming trend observed since the late 19th century". It is often assumed that the main reasons for an increase in global temperatures since the 19th century are due to the impact of man. However further scientific research has proven that this is not always the case and we often under-estimate the power of many natural processes. 1. Sun Activity. The sun is the main factor that increases or decreases global temperatures, as its' output and distance from the earth changes. Sunspots occur on the surface of the sun over an eleven year cycle, when the sun is brighter during periods of high activity. When there is greater sunspot activity it has been found that there is greater ozone formation. This transfers heat to the lower atmosphere, so increasing global temperatures. Changes in the earths orbit occur, because the earth moves in elliptical orbits. The orbit will have reversed in 10,000 years time, so between these periods it is likely that the earth will have passed closer to the sun, hence changing global temperatures. 2. Ocean Circulation. The ocean currents re-distribute heat energy. Because of the earth's tilt, unequal concentrations of energy reach the poles. The Gulf Stream warms the North Atlantic, evaporation occurs, making the water denser, so it sinks taking carbon dioxide with it from the atmosphere. This controls greenhouse gases concentrations, therefore greatly affecting the global climate. 3. Volcanic Activity. It is hypothesised that volcanic eruptions cause the earth to cool for up to several years, because large quantities of dust and gases are injected into the atmosphere, reflecting the incoming solar energy, and thus the energy to the earths' surface by 5-10%. Throughout history man has had to adapt to cope...
pages: 2 (words: 372)
comments: 0
added: 02/10/2012
1.0 Introduction: In today's world, views of social responsibility that are held by organisations, the government and the general public have changed dramatically over the last 100 years(Barney,1991). Today's organisations need to be aware that people want to see more socially responsible companies. A large proportion of social responsibility is taking responsibility towards the natural environment. It wasn't long ago where companies were able to get away with simply dumping their sewerage and waste products from their production and just ignoring it or covering it up. It is now, however that many laws regulate the disposal of waste and companies are finding themselves having to become more socially responsible in their release and disposal of pollutants. Berry and Rondinelli (1998) suggest that the trend toward proactive environmental management is being accelerated by public pressures on governments almost everywhere to assure a cleaner environment (Berry, Rondinelli,1998).This means that societies need for a cleaner environment is becoming more prominent as we move on to the future and resources are becoming more scarce. The government regulations on environmental cleanliness and pollution have become more stringent and are coming down harder. Customers have also become more demanding in their views towards environmental management. Historically, efforts to reduce pollution were led by regulators and viewed as an additional, and often significant cost. Pollution gained a reputation from both regulators and companies as a problem that required either treatment or in an extreme case, disposal 2.0 Defining "The Greening of Management" Robbins, Bergman, Stagg and Coulter (2003) stated that the greening of management is the recognition of the close link between and organisations decisions and activities and its impact on the natural environment (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg and Coulter 2003). This shows how close companies have to be to their surrounding environment to be able to become actively involved to...
pages: 6 (words: 1505)
comments: 0
added: 11/27/2011
1.0 Introduction: In today's world, views of social responsibility that are held by organisations, the government and the general public have changed dramatically over the last 100 years(Barney,1991). Today's organisations need to be aware that people want to see more socially responsible companies. A large proportion of social responsibility is taking responsibility towards the natural environment. It wasn't long ago where companies were able to get away with simply dumping their sewerage and waste products from their production and just ignoring it or covering it up. It is now, however that many laws regulate the disposal of waste and companies are finding themselves having to become more socially responsible in their release and disposal of pollutants. Berry and Rondinelli (1998) suggest that the trend toward proactive environmental management is being accelerated by public pressures on governments almost everywhere to assure a cleaner environment (Berry, Rondinelli,1998).This means that societies need for a cleaner environment is becoming more prominent as we move on to the future and resources are becoming more scarce. The government regulations on environmental cleanliness and pollution have become more stringent and are coming down harder. Customers have also become more demanding in their views towards environmental management. Historically, efforts to reduce pollution were led by regulators and viewed as an additional, and often significant cost. Pollution gained a reputation from both regulators and companies as a problem that required either treatment or in an extreme case, disposal 2.0 Defining "The Greening of Management" Robbins, Bergman, Stagg and Coulter (2003) stated that the greening of management is the recognition of the close link between and organisations decisions and activities and its impact on the natural environment (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg and Coulter 2003). This shows how close companies have to be to their surrounding environment to be able to become actively involved to...
pages: 6 (words: 1532)
comments: 0
added: 12/08/2011
When asked to describe the ideal customer for my company, I thought it would be very simple. First, the customer would need my product badly. Second, they would have deep pockets. Finally, if the product was not as good as they expected, they wouldn't complain at all and still buy my company's product. As it turns out, that was just too simple. As I began to analyze the ideal customer for my company's product, prescription drugs in this case, I found that at least two of the three didn't even have to be necessarily true. My paper will try to explain how the ideal customer for my company might be determined. The company I work for is a generic pharmaceutical company. There are many drugs made at our several plants. There are probably other generic companies making the same drugs we are. The purpose of our marketing department is to make sure we produce the right mix of products at the right price for the people out there that may get sick and need certain prescription drugs. That is not a simple task. First, the customer must need or at least want some kind of product that we have the capability of producing. We would need to do research to see what is selling out in the marketplace and then see if it was possible to produce the product at a profit. The possibility always exists that there will be others that will produce the product faster, better or cheaper than us. We will have no patent to reduce competition. The possibility exists that we may be able to make the product, but not be able to sell it at a profit. It is critical to perform all the market research and judge the costs of producing the product before it is...
pages: 5 (words: 1194)
comments: 0
added: 01/19/2012
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