Promoting multicultural literature in schools is becoming a widely spread practice in the US, and in many schools it has become compulsory. Despite critics of the system claiming that students will lose their sense of American identity, a multi-cultural approach to education in fact reinforces students’ feeling of being ‘American.’ Classrooms across the US are comprised of students from diverse cultural backgrounds, and sources used in education should reflect this diversity. All students, regardless of ethnicity, who have access to multicultural literature will face vocabulary that is both challenging and familiar. Additionally, they will encounter stories that promote difference positively, rather than seeing it as something to fear or hate. Experts concur that multicultural literature is of benefit to all students, “regardless of ethnicity, race, language, social class, religion, gender, sexual orientation, ability, and other differences” (Literature). While helping students to become sensitive and tolerant people, accurate books containing convincing plots and well-rounded characters inspire students to read and think more critically. Ensuring multicultural literature is available for all students can also promote individual self-esteem and confidence (Literature). Through the themes, characters, and conflicts of these books, students will be encouraged to connect with peers and the world around them. Additionally, they will learn to appreciate multiple perspectives as part of their lifelong learning. Critics of the multi-cultural approach in education worry that by exposing young people to multicultural, rather than western, literature the US will lose its national identity and unity. However, America as a whole is becoming ever more multicultural, and acknowledging and embracing this fact will actually make the country more unified. For children, books provide windows to the world. This is particularly true for children whose experiences are limited by similar home and school environments. Reading about characters from around the world nurtures children's understanding and respect for...
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The payment of college athletes has been one of the major discussions in the recent times. Many people feel the athletes should be paid since the colleges they play for make millions of dollars from these sporting activities. Others have defended the act of not paying the players since they have already received a scholarship, which they consider to be payment enough for these students. The question is really, is the scholarship enough to remunerate the players considering the colleges make much more money from these games? It seemingly is not enough for the students to only get scholarships; they also need to get some other forms of payments which will allow them to live in a much more comfortable life. The aim of this paper is to come up with some arguments backed by figures which will enable us to prove why the students need to be paid (Zimbalist, 2006). Most of the students who get these scholarships to go to the college are usually students who come from families which are poor or cannot afford the expensive tuition fee required. Tuition fee is not the only expense one has in college, considering money is still used in many other faces of the education system. The students need money for other uses apart from being able to get into the college itself. There are many other expenses which involve educational activities, such as projects which the student has to undertake. For these students not to get anything extra from the college’s means that after getting into the college, the rest is left to them. For families which cannot afford to take their children to the college without the scholarships, then the money needed by the students for upkeep is still a very hard task. One of the main arguments put forward to...
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Free education is the basis of the Russia's state policy, said Vladimir Putin when he opened the session of the State Council devoted to the modernisation of the education system on Wednesday in the Kremlin. At the same time the Russian president stressed that the paid education is also being developed which should at last receive adequate legal and organisational form. It must be absolutely understandable and transparent, and everybody should know what it pays for and what it will receive. "There should not be any illegal payments," the head of state pointed out. Putin also underlined that people should understand where they may count on the state and where on their own forces and possibilities, while the state should know where it should act. world after the war, in total compliance with its international interests to be more precise. The interests themselves were determined at the meeting between Winston Churchill and Harry Truman in March of 1946 at which the USSR was called the major enemy of the West. The US soon made up the list of 200 Soviet cities which were supposed to be eliminated with the help of nuclear bombs. The USSR had to face the real threat of destruction. The US still consider the deaths of thousands of civilians in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August of 1945 to be justified, the States have not apologized in front of the Japanese nation despite the claims for that on the part of the Japan-s authorities. These facts are like an excuse for the USSR to have the nuclear weapon of its own as well. It was actually the only way to survive under the conditions of the post-war world. A group of physicians with leader Igor Kurchatov did a lot of research in the field of nuclear power back in 1943. Kurchatov...
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In Paulo Freire's "The "Banking' Concept of Education", Freire uses the concept of education to convey his views of reality. In addition, in addressing education, Freire is also conveying ideas with regards to a broader scope. The "banking" concept is still relevant in the society today. In fact, I can still reminisce on all of the classes I have had where the "banking" concept play a large role in the teaching of the materials. To further understand this concept that Freire has created, one must look into the text for more information. The concrete message behind "The "Banking' Concept of Education" is "the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor" (Freire 260). This means that teachers put knowledge and information out for the students to memorize and recall and the students take this information and store it in their heads without really knowing the importance of the information they have just been given. Freire sees the teacher as the narrator whereas the students are "patient, listening objects" (259). In choosing the word "narrator", Freire gives a story-like persona to the art of teaching. Diving into this work even deeper, Freire finds that the teacher manipulates the students' sense of reality. "It follows logically from the banking notion of consciousness that the educator's role is to regulate the way the world "enters into' the students" (263). Education is a limit on the free thinking mind and how it perceives the world. Instead of forming their own views and perspective on the world around them, students are told exactly how to see the world and how to interpret the world. "For the more the oppressed can be led to adapt to that situation, the more easily they can be dominated" (261). This sentence has an obvious intent towards manipulation. The...
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In the comparison of the educational system of Singapore and Japan, profound similarities can be found in its general administrative structure, yet upon closer examination, the Singapore system still differs significantly from that of Japan's in many extra-curricular aspects. A clear distinction between both systems is not easy as boundaries are blurred and the basis for judgment on which system is better may be subjective. Compulsory education exists for both systems, nine years for Japan and six years for Singapore. This form of mandatory education has accounted for the high literacy rate in both countries, moreover, Singapore's system is just as heavily reliant on the entrance examination system as Japan with a Singapore student having to pass the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), GCE 'O' Levels and later the GCE 'A' Levels for those who wish to progress to university from two-year junior colleges. The exam hell so often depicted in Japanese school life is also applicable to a Singapore student as juku schools are replaced by tuition and remedial classes in a local context. The aim of it all is to obtain places in top-ranking secondary schools and junior colleges and the idea that attending top schools will put one in a better light in the competition for jobs and university vacancies has filtered down to primary level in much the same way as in Japan. Parents compete for top primary schools during enrollment days and the average age of kids attending tuition and enrichment lessons, such as abacus classes, are getting younger over the years. Both systems are founded on the basis of meritocracy whereby only the smartest makes it to top elite schools. However, beside brains, family background is another factor in deciding entry. In this sense, I find the phenomenon far more pronounced in Japan than in Singapore....
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The movie Grease, one of the best-loved movies of the twentieth century, was watched by millions in the movie theatre upon its release in 1978. A newer generation that had a more modern take on sex got to experience the gang from Rydell High when it was re-released in 1998. There are many memorable scenes in the movie, but one that really stands out is the scene where Rizzo and Knicky are making out in his car and the mood changes from serious to more serious. Getting more and more swept away by the moment Knicky reaches into his wallet to get his condom and realizes that it is broken. This doesn't come as much of a surprise considering that he received the condom in eighth grade and here he is a senior. Rather than let the mood be blown and be responsible, they decide to go ahead and have sex anyways. Rizzo has a scare several weeks later when she realizes that she has missed a period. Throughout the rest of the movie, Rizzo is tormented by the fact that she might be pregnant because of this one passionate night with no protection. Although the movie takes place in the fifties, the premise is still something we face today and still very real therefore, passing out condoms at school is just one way of coping with it. In the late part of the twentieth century, America saw a sexual revolution which brought about many more increasingly dangerous consequences for sex than simply becoming pregnant. Every year, thousands of teenagers become pregnant or contract an STD from having unprotected sex. Because sexuality among adolescent is a great concern to not only parents but health care professionals, studies have been occurring for the past several decades with analysis showing that there is...
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A nation should require all its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college rather than allow schools in different parts of the nation to determine which academic courses to offer.In today's world, where the notion that education should be designed to fit each individual is more prevalent than ever, a statement similar as the one above, which claim that pre-college education should be based on a nation-wide uniform curriculum seems somewhat inappropriate-the existence of individual difference seems justification enough for different schools to have the right of deciding the configuration of curriculum on their own. Yet a careful examination on the relation between education and the very difference may enable us to see some merit under the "uniform curriculum" idea. Let us first ask what we mean by "individual difference". By this, we mean actually two aspects: the difference in "mind", in the way in which one tends to acquire and process various information?¬ and the difference in "value", in the criteria of what are desirable and what to pursue. The most optimal case--both for an individual and for the society--is that everyone has his "mind" and "value" compatible, such that a rational mind is devoted to, say, pure scientific research and a sensitive one to visual art. The existence of individual differences in these two aspects cannot be denied, but they are not inborn--rather, they are formed during the process of individual development. In other words, there must be some period of transition before which children are in a pre-conscious stage, a period in which children don't care--but would at any time begin to care--how they acquire and process information and what they desire and want to pursue. In this period of time, the kind of education mentioned at the beginning, an education "designed to fit individuality"...
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The American educational system is comprised of the following levels of schooling: pre-school (nursery school) - ages 3-5 kindergarten - ages 5-6 elementary school - 1st grade thru 6th grade - ages 6-11 middle school ("junior high school") 7th-9th grades - ages 12-15 high school - 10th - 12th grades - ages 16-18 college - 2 or 4 year post-secondary ("undergraduate") schooling - associate's degree or bachelor's degree Graduate School: Master's Degree - one to two years of post-graduate specialized programs including business, journalism, sciences, humanities, mathematics Professional Degree - post-graduate doctoral degree obtained through a highly specialized course of study such as law (J.D.), medicine (M.D.), psychology (Ph.D.), business administration (M.B.A.), and engineering (M.Eng.) Types of elementary and secondary schools: Public school - free, funded by public tax dollars Private school - more expensive and exclusive than a public school - offers smaller classes and often more specialized programs Parochial school - a private religious school that incorporates religious training and/or rituals into education (i.e. Catholic schools, Jewish yeshiva) Charter Schools - small schools subsidized by public tax dollars but offering a much more intimate learning environment that emphasizes quality How to choose a quality school for your child: make sure the school is in a safe neighborhood make sure the school is adequately funded - no peeling paint, enough school materials like books, laboratory equipment find out how much the teachers are being paid. Low pay can lead to low morale. examine the various academic and extra-curricular programs offered by the school - does it emphasize languages, arts and music as well as basic subjects like math and english?...
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Life as a student is hectic, balancing university time, study time, work as well as fitting in social & recreational activities is a delicate operation. I have learned in order to be successful there has to be some degree of organisation. The purpose of this report is to outline my approach to study in higher education, i.e. the techniques I used to ensure I meet all my personal, social and academic goals while I am in this hectic period of my life. Objectives of The Report:
- To outline the time management techniques I have used in higher education to achieve my goals
- To outline the research techniques I used to produce my discussion article
- To outline the communications techniques I used when delivering my presentation
- To outline the study skills techniques I used to produce my discussion article.
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Researchers agree that proper intelligence in a classroom enhances effective teaching methods. In this study we will define what intelligence is, the theory behind it, what do educators say about the nine multiple intelligences, and an example of how we can use multiple intelligence in a classroom. Intelligence can better be utilized in a classroom by studying the theory behind it. Educators such as Howard Gardner, who wrote in theory about multiple intelligence in this book called, Frames of Mind, says that "it may prove possible to tap children's individual profiles by observing them at play" (Gardner XIV). The purpose of multiple intelligence is to utilize them in lesson plans, to teach with. Teachers, who are current with state guidelines on teaching, know that student-centered teaching brings out the best in a student when used properly with integrated material. Howard Gardner, defines Multiple Intelligence is away to solve problems, or to create products that are valued within one or more cultural settings (Gardner X). Gary Borich, who wrote, Effective Teaching Methods, says that intelligence is often misunderstood, because it deals with student behavior that we don't often understand, but as teachers we must learn what motivates students to want to know (Borich 43). Advancing a hypothesis, or theory, and testing it obtains intelligence. As the theory strengthens and shows its limitations, it can then be known of how it can best be used (Gardner 59). IQ tests that are used in school measure our intelligence and understanding of certain subjects. A high score on the test might reveal to teachers, who may use it to determine the eligibility for certain privileges. Gardner suggests that the importance attached to the number is not entirely inappropriate. The score on the intelligence test does predict one's ability to handle school subjects, yet it...
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