Franklin D. Roosevelt The President of the UnitesStates The White House 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Washington, DC Dear Mr. President : President Roosevelt congradulations on becoming the president of this great country. I hope you do well in office and pick a great cabinet for the United States of America. I speak on behalf of the country when i wish you a great term and that hopefully you will make it back to a second turn. Mr. President, hello my nami is Kris Jones and i am from burbank california, i was born in beverly hills. throughout my life i have had many of jobs; i am now courntly a photographer i go places taking pictures of people and making documentars on them i also make photo galaries. it may not seem that i am in good positin to comment on the depresion, but i am. i traveled all through our country. And i have seen everyone who were efected by the depresion bad or good. one of the many pictures i took was a picture of i migrant worker who also is a mothe by the name of florence thompson. in this picture she is sitting sorrunded with three of her children an infant cradled in her arms and two others sorrunding her for heat and comforth. at the time of this picture the family is out of work due to many people loosing their jobs or being rejected others. this women was thirty two years old and she was mother of seven children. the family had no food, infact they sold their tent so they can buy some. which forced them to live in an old tent that had many holes in it. this women and her kids shared land with 2,500 0ther pea pickers and i felt all of them were "destitute". but i feel this...
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The Lewis and Clark expedition was an early expedition of the vast wilderness of what is now the northwestern United States. The expedition was sponcered by the United States government and led by U.S. army officers, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Meriwether was the explorer while William was the map maker. Lewis started the expedition on the fourteenth of May and picked up Clark in St. Louis. They departed St. Louis on the thirty-first up the Missouri River. Along the route they ran into many Indian tribes which Lewis traded with. They traveled by river for six months and set up camp for the winter. The winter was a harsh one but everyone survived. The crew lived off corn, beans, and buffalo meat bought from the Indians, who accepted only one thing for trade-metal for making barbs. Winter passed, the river melted, and the crew started the trip again. Later in the expedition before they reached the Pacific, Lewis and most of his men felt sick. "At least three quarters of the party were sick except for the loathed roots, and dried fruits and berries there was no prospects for food." Eventually they recovered and set out again and on November 18, 1805, Lewis, Clark, and their crew reached the ocean. The men would stay on the pacific coast and wait for trading boats to arrive. The boats never showed up so they decided to make the journey back. In June, the crew traveled over the Rocky Mountains which was one of their most difficult tasks. Sometimes their food and water supply became scarce and climbing the mountain was difficult, but under the guidance of Lewis and Clark they made it through. The men ran into many more delimas on the path to home but they finally make it on September...
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During their expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark Met and Encountered many different Indian tribes. Since Lewis and Clark met so many tribes they decided that they would greet every Indian tribe the same way. Some of the tribes greeted them with gifts, while others greeted them with immediate violence. Lewis and Clark met with the Arikara Indians on October 8,1804. When they met the Arikara Indians, only a small population of their tribe had existed. They found three Arikara villages, where most of the people lived in earth lodges. There were about 2,000 people in all of these villages combined. "Arikara men wore buffalo robes, leggings and moccasins, and many warriors wielded guns that they had acquired in trade. Women were clad in fringed antelope dresses." Most of the Arikara were farmers. When crops did not grow well they resorted to shooting buffalo. "Arikara men wore buffalo robes, leggings and moccasins, and many warriors wielded guns that they had acquired in trade. Women were clad in fringed antelope dresses." The Arikaras agreed to send a group east to meet with President Jefferson. However York, Clark's slave, impressed the Indians most because they never saw a black man before and because of that they thought he had special spiritual powers. "Eight Blackfeet warriors encountered Meriwether Lewis and a party of the Corps of Discovery in July 1806." The Blackfeet saw the Americans as a threat to their tribe. One night the Blackfeet tried to steal the Americans guns, but failed and two of the tribes' warriors were killed by Lewis and Reuben Field. From then on, the whole tribe treated the Corps of Discovery with opposition. "On October 26, 1805, two Chinook chiefs and several men came to the expedition's camp to offer gifts of deer meat and root bread cakes. The captains...
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Exploration Lewis and Clark Chapter 25: A Very Unpleasant Sight Captain Lewis notices some horses, and using his spyglass discovers several Indians with them. This was a very unpleasant sight. Captain Lewis decided to make the best of the situation and approach the Indians in a friendly manner. The Indians noticed the mean and began to run about in a confused manner. Even tough the situation did not look good to Lewis, he continued his approach. When they were about one hundred yards away from each other, all of the Indians halted except for one, who continued towards them. Lewis approached the Indian with two of his men, they shook hands. Lewis asked by sign if the Indians were the Minnetarees of the north, they answered affirmitavely. He gave gifts to the three chiefs, and they seemed satisfied. They decided to camp together. With the assistance of Drouilliard they had conversation. That night the men kept watch of the Indians to make sure they did not try to steal their horses, there was no trouble that night. The next morning Captain Lewis was awakened by the noise of his men arguing with the Indians. The Indians had attempted to steal the men's guns, Captain Lewis' included. They got their guns back and Lewis forbade them to kill the Indians because they did not appear to want to kill them. As soon as the Indians saw that the men had their guns back, they ran and tried to drive off all the horses. Lewis' med pursued the party attempting to drive off the horses, while he himself went after the man who had taken his gun. Lewis got into a gunfight with one of the Indians and shot him in the belly. He did not have his pouch so he could not reload his...
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Hey Hey sexy.....whats up baby......I miss you so much.....Its too bad that we couldnt see eachother on saturday.........I had some good plans for us on that day........let me tell you the plans I had!!!.......when you picked me up in your car.....I would give you a innocent little peck on your soft lips.........while you were driving I would lean over to your side, massage my long toungh up against your ear and blow softly.....untill you had chivers!!! Pulling up to your house, I would grab your hand and run to your bedroom.......when we got to your soft bed.......I would push you on your bed hard......telling you to watch me........slowly I would give you nice long strip tease.......until I knew you were very very horny............when I knew you were horny I would have you stand up and I would take off all your clothes..........kissing your lips, kissing your neck, massaging my toungh with yours.............pushing you on your bed ounce again and lying on top of you........riding and massaging my body up against your warm body.........slowly I would kiss your neck, then down to your chest.......down to your stomach......down to your pelvic bone.........down to your nice dick........sliding my toungh up and down your dick........massaging my toungh up against your dick.......sucking on it softly then hard.....then fast.......in little patterns.......after a little awhile I would move down to your balls and suck on them and massage them with my toungue........after you cumed and I sawllowed it all.......I would come up slowly....kissing your pelvic bone, kissing your stomach.......kissing your chest........Kissing your neck and then once again kissing your soft lips................while you were really hard I would have you slid your dick into me.......putting yourself in a humping motion......riing me up and down..up and down....up and down.....when were having sex I would whisper dirty things into your ear.....and...
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Life in 1760's Alexandria Virginia was bustling with great opportunities for a new life. It was a young settlement but many Alexandrians entered this decade with high expectations. There were also many young men in Virginia who were quickly rising as pillars of this young settled area who would later become our founding fathers. Great Britain had all but won the war against France, the frontier was relatively secure, and the local industry and trade was picking up. Alexandria was making quick progress in achieving it's own mark as a new and separate market town from Mother England. Besides the Economy in Alexandria, the politics, social Life, religion, and education were being molded by the Great Virginians of this time. While Virginians were complaining about adequate representation in Parliament, locally this was also the case. Only an elite few were involved. The only people who could vote were the wealthy few white men. The Virginia Gentry decided the only ones who should rule were those with the most education and best upbringing, and with the most to lose, who obviously had the most to gain. Because of this inherited power, it is no wonder men like George Washington were given so many successive responsible positions so early in his life. In October of 1760 George the III was crowned king of England. Immediately afterward the town of Alexandria invested William Ramsay as their "Lord Mayor"", this title obviously suggests the conservatism and hierarch modeled after the mother country. Economically, Alexandria was doing quite well. In 1762 The Virginia House of Burgess passed an act authorizing the enlargement of the town of The merchants of Alexandria were buying primarily tobacco, wheat and corn in the countryside and then selling the farmers and townspeople manufactured goods from England or rum and sugar from the...
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My name is Sam Morris. I am a Puritan originally from England. In England we Puritans suffered because of our religious beliefs. I decided that I would be better able to serve god and myself by traveling to Massachusetts in the New World. It has been a month since the end of the horrible voyage only to find some things not much better. The voyage here was the worst experience of my life. Half of those on the ship didn't survive the voyage and for a time I wasn't sure that I would myself. The stench was so putrid and unbearable that I couldn't stand to be below deck, and I was forced to put up with the cold, wet temperatures above the deck. The rough sea beat at the ship constantly and it seemed that the ship would fall apart any second. The entire voyage leaks sprung out and we were forced to caulk them. I'm just grateful that we've landed in Massachusetts. During the day we work on building our community and gathering enough food to survive. The weather and environment are horrible. The entire area is a swamp and many people are getting sick or dying from diseases. I know that I will be ok though because I am closer to the lord then I have ever been. I've been attending mass at our church every day briefly, and all day on Sunday even though sometimes it isn't the most exciting activity. We planned on being finished building our community much earlier in the year before the winter, but we can't help the delay. It is very difficult with the harsh weather, lack of food, and working every day, but I am able to worship freely and it is entirely worth it. I hope that someday all Puritans will be...
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The very status of normality decides in which rung of the social ladder we reside upon. Prior to the Civil War, the South lived in their normal way of life. That is that they were able to uphold their social hierarchy in which the Slaves were the very bottom rung, and the rich dictated politics. However, with the loss of the Civil War and the beginning of Reconstruction, the South was changed. After Reconstruction, one could say that the southern people, black and white, returned to their normal lives. However, they certainly did not turn to their normal lives. They country, including the South had been changed forever, in its economic, political, and social ways of life. Economically, the southern way of life had changed forever, and changed from its previous agricultural lifestyle, into a more industrialized society. Although, directly after the reconstruction, the south had still been primarily agriculturally based, after some time, it became industrialized. However, even then the change in their agricultural ways was a significant enough change. The major way they changed economically was technologically. With the invention machines to make cigarettes, the Tobacco Trust was able to increase production of tobacco. Another major change was the end of their plantation system, which degenerated into a pattern of absentee land ownerships with white tenant farmers or black sharecroppers tilling the land. The south's entire system of mass production of agriculture changed. Formerly, they had slaves to do their work. However, after reconstruction slaves had to be paid and a new system was developed. The Crop-Lien system was now at the core of Southern agriculture. A farmer loaned away his land in return for crops and interest at the end of the year. This was often how blacks started their lives. This is obviously a very large change...
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During the painful time of the 19th century, African men, women and children were terribly involved in slavery. They were shipped from their homeland of Africa and was brought by force to North America, to where they worked hard hours, non- stop, and for very little costs. The children greatly suffered through slavery, not knowing what was going on in this lifetime and why they was doing so. Many of the children in slavery had to grow up fast and to do chores for themselves and to learn to be strong and independent at a very young age. They were tortured and had to suffer w/ seeing some of the incidents that occurred ion the plantation that children should not be seeing at that age. The life of an African child slave of the 19th century was hard starting from being captured from their homeland, being sold, work, and the brutal punishments that were brought upon such children. The whole start of slavery was that the Europeans need cheap and good labor to help them establish Europe's colonies. The reason why blacks were chosen as slaves b/c whites could start a new life, and the Indians were resistant to diseases. Child slaves were mainly kidnapped by English white males. They were kidnapped from their homes, or kidnapped from just playing outside. Many Blacks were abducted and forced to go upon the boat to North America. Many of the children and other slaves died from starvation, diseases, suicides, and suffocation on the ships. When they arrived to North America, they were immediately set off the ship and into the auctioning of Negroes. This is where the whites would look for the best looking slave to come and help out w/ them and to tend to their fields. Depending on how the slave is looking, either healthy or sickly. the whites would pay more for them. Sometimes, the children were separated from their...
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An Essay on Aspects of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison Imagine, a teenage girl of fifteen, leading a typical family life in rural America, suddenly, with little warning, having she and her family violently set upon and abducted by a strange band of invaders. These kidnappers, so different in actions, customs and appearance that the mere sight of them brought a terror that the next breath might be their last. Is this a present day kidnap story. No! It occurred in 1758 to Mary Jemison during the French and Indian wars in rural Pennsylvania. This is a story of great loss and cultural upheaval in a young girl's life and how she was able to transcend her circumstance and build a life as a white person that has been kidnapped and adopted into the Seneca Indian culture. In 1823, Mary recounted the story of her life at the age of 80 to James Seaver who that developed this into the book "A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison". This essay analyzes aspects of Mary's life and how she responded and was able to cope with the cultural divide between her European ancestry and the Indian culture as expressed through the Seneca Indians and other tribes of the northeast. The Jemison family roots were from either Scotland or Ireland and probably of some wealth and status in that society. Mr. Jemison felt the societal divisions, civil wars and inability to practice religious freedom in his country was overbearing and the cause for him to seek opportunity in the new world of America. It appears that Mr. Jemison and his family were very religious and the religious attitudes at the time were too rigid and strict for the family to practice their religion with freedom from interference. By taking the family...
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Napoleon Bonaparte 1. I Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1768, in Ajaccio,on the Island of Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone (in French my name became Napoleon Bonaparte). I was the second of eight children of Carlo (Charles) Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino Buonaparte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. No Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. Carlo, my father, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count. 2. I was Emperor of the French and was considered one of the greatest military commanders of all time. I even conquered the larger part of Europe and did much to modernise the nations I ruled. Through my father's influence, I was educated at the expense of King Louis XVI, at Brienne and the École Militaire, in Paris. I graduated in 1785, at the age of 16, and joined the artillery as a second lieutenant. 3. Once the revolution began I became lieutenant colonel in 1791 with the Corsican National Guard. In 1793, Corsica declared independence and being a French Patriot I moved to France with my family. There I was assigned a captain's position in the army that was besieging Toulon, which was a naval base that was aided by a British fleet and was in a revolt against the French Republic. Soon after my being appointed, Toulon fell. Because of this result I Napoleon Bonaparte, was promoted to brigadier general at the ripe age of 24. 4. In 1795 I saved the revolutionary government by dispersing a disobedient mob that was in Paris (stupid peasants) In 1796 I married the beautiful Joséphine de Beauharnais, the widow of an aristocrat guillotined in the Revolution and the mother of...
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Life today is very different when compared to life back when my grand-father was my age. What we do (or more appropriately, the lack of what we do) in everyday life is taken for granted. Our society as a whole has become lazy when compared to back then. There were different events that completely affected and altered everyday life; such as inventions, wars, and depression. Family life is also very different today in most cases compared to the values and morals they placed on their families back then. We have many different expectations of our family than they did. We take a lot for granted now. Things such as transportation, entertainment, even restaurants. Just two generations ago when my grand-father was a boy, they did not have all the luxuries we have today. For fun my grandpa would make his own toys from simple things. Like using a button and a piece of string, or taking the outside part of a wagon wheel and rolling it around the yard using a stick. Today kids are bought toys and they use them for a short amount of time and toss them aside, all the while asking for a new toy they saw on the television. This is the biggest form of entertainment for children and the older generations now. Kid's can sit for hours glued to the television watching there favorite TV shows or playing there latest game on the hottest game system available on the market at the time. He didn't even own a bicycle then. He had to walk most everywhere he went, which included going to school, to the store, and to church. Now we just ask our parent's or sibling's for a ride to the local (or even not so local) mall to hang out with others. Places...
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The 19th century will live in infamy in Hawaiian hearts; it was a century of great change in Hawaiian society. The old system of mana and the sharing of the land were slowly replaced, the arrival of missionaries would signal the period of greatest change in Hawaiian society. Between the arrival of Captain James Cook and the missionaries, the Hawaiian monarchy was able to maintain some sort of independence and keep the old Hawaiian system in place. Everything began to change that eventually lead to the overthrow of the monarchy and the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands to the United States. This was a very long process and it is hard to decipher who was responsible for the overthrow of the monarchy What part did Queen Lili'uokalani play in the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy? What actions did she initiate that provoked the Annexation group to arise and take over the Hawaiian kingdom that would become the republic of Hawaii and eventually be annexed to the United States? Was the queen the one to blame for the annexation of Hawaii? These are some of the questions that I would like to answer. The position of the queen and the influence she had on the whole affair is unclear to me at this point. Queen Lili'uokalani was born Lili'u Kamaka'eha on September 2, 1838. After her birth she was taken away and adopted by Konia, who was granddaughter of King Kamehameha the Great. They did this so that everyone in the higher positions in Hawaiian society would have a stake in everyone's family. The whole society was supposed to be like one large family. At age four Lili''u attended the royal school Run by the missionaries Amos Cooke and his wife. There she studied for over six hours a day after school...
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The 1950s were a time of tremendous change in America. The government had much to do with this period. Senator Joseph McCarthy was very important to the 1950s. Joseph was party of the Republican Party and he was a heavy drinker. McCarthy was completely anti-communist. He was very popular with the press. He felt as if communist equaled disloyalty. If he felt as if a person was favoring the communists, he would give them a court subpoena. His actions were known as the Red Scare. Many significant court cases took place during this time as well. In 1892 in Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court decided that there would be separate but equal places and rules for African-Americans and Caucasians. In 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education, the courts decided that separate but equal was not entirely equal. This was a very important court case to the African-American community. Rosa Parks was an important civil rights leader in America during this time. Rosa parks worked as a tailor in Montgomery, Alabama. She rode the bus home from work. During this time, African-Americans' were forced to give up their seat if a white man or women wanted to sit there. One day Ms. Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man. For this action, Rosa Parks was arrested. Subsequently Martin Luther King Jr. started the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Explorer I was the first successful satellite launched by the United States. This space operation followed the Soviets' successful launch of the Sputnik and our embarrassing failure in 1957. In 1958, the space satellite was equipped with new technology to improve the results of the new satellite. This new technology was developed by James A. Van Allen. They were a new type of radiation belt. He named them Van Allen radiation belts....
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Literary history for me has been extremely assorted in terms of my receiving of knowledge. I have been fortunate to have come in contact with many diverse people and experiences that shaped my literacy into what it is today. I am lucky to be literate in more than the basic reading and writing skills, but also native language, illustration, vernacular speech, digital electronics, and musical performance/composition. My native language has been something of interest to me. It has been influenced by several different factors. As far as location I was born and raised in west Texas in the city of Midland. It is heavily influenced by the Mexican Culture being as it is approximately two hours from the Mexico border and thirty minutes from the New Mexico border. The city displays its Mexican influence with great clarity. Real Mexican restaurants where the tortillas are made fresh on a corn bowl by an elder Mexican lady, the pledge of allegiance is said in both English and Spanish at most schools in the area. And one of the biggest displays appearing would be the minority Mexican population being not so minority. The Mexican culture had a dramatic impact on my life that was not what I would call such a positive one. Both my parents spoke Spanish very fluently as they did English, and still to my amazement both at the same time. Although Spanish was spoken constantly around my family, immediate and extended, I was surprisingly not heavily influenced by it. Unlike countless other households I was not taught the ways of the Spanish language. I picked up on words and phrases here and there but never really caught on. It was not such a big deal to me at the time but I would soon learn to regret and yearn for...
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he Liverpool & Manchester railway was planned to transport materials between Liverpool, the busiest port in northern England and Manchester, the capital of the textile industry. It was going to extend for 31 miles over marshlands and rock features of northern England. There was a long delay in the construction because the railway caused threats to the Bridgewater Canal that was making tremendous profit transporting cargo between Manchester and Liverpool. Finally, permission was granted for George Stephenson to begin construction of the Liverpool and Manchester railway. However, The company was uncertain of what locomotive design to use so On October 6, 1829, they held a exhibition at Rianhill, between the cities of Liverpool and Manchester to choose the locomotive for the railway. Only three locomotives turned up for the competition, Timothy Hackworth's, "Sans Pareil", Robert Stephenson's "Rocket" plus John Ericcson's "Novelty". Each locomotive had to be lighter than six tons and run at ten miles per hour hauling a load three times its weight up and down a mountainous track twenty times! Sans Pereil's cylinder cracked after a few successful runs. Novelty was the lightest and fastest of the locomotives, the favorite to win the competition among the spectators, however its boiler broke down and forfeited from the competition. This left Rocket, built by George and Robert Stephenson, to win the competition and the contract for building more locomotives for the Liverpool Manchester railway. An opening ceremony for the completed Liverpool - Manchester railway was held on September 15, 1830. There was an immense gathering to see the procession of eight locomotives owned by the company including Rocket and Sans Pereil, even the Duke of Wellington and the Prime Minister of England was present. The railway was a great success and within one year, it transported 445,047 passengers. It proved to the...
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The Letter from Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King used reason and feeling to appeal black and white clergymen. Dr. King used logos, a quality that appeals to a one?s logic or reason, to persuade the clergymen by pointing out that: § He was in Birmingham, Alabama because he was invited and because injustice was in the city, which needed to be terminated. (pgs. 97-98) § In his opinion, there were two types of laws, just and unjust. The unjust laws in Birmingham were the segregation laws because they are ?morally wrong and sinful.? (pgs. 101-102) § All of the immoral acts that Hitler carried out were considered legal and these were unjust laws. Supporting the victims of these legal actions were against the law, and these laws were also unjust. (pg. 103) § It is unreasonable to reprimand Negroes for the peaceful protests because they apparently lead to violence. This charge is similar to punishing a victim of a robbery because the individual had belongings the robber wanted. This would accuse the robbed of inviting violence. (pg. 104) § The clergymen praised the Birmingham police department for avoiding violence, but in all actuality, they were the ones utilizing violent measures, by treating Blacks mercilessly, while protesting peacefully. (pgs. 109-110) In addition to logos, Dr. King used pathos, a feature that moves one to pity or sorrow, by stating that: § Birmingham is the most segregated city in the country and it has one of the highest rate of police brutality and undeserved treatment of Negroes. (pg. 98) § When Negro leaders tried to negotiate with city leaders, these leaders broke promises and disregarded the African Americans. These individuals felt that they no choice but to employ direct action. (pg. 99) § When individuals told the Negroes to hold off on their plans for direct action, they had no idea of the...
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What were the long and short term causes of World War One? "The War to End All Wars!" was a common name for World War One. As history shows us, this was quite false, as many wars were to follow. Yet, many aspects of warfare were changed during this time. WWI was arguably the most bloody, stomach-wrenching war the world has ever seen. It leaves many to ask, "What caused such violence and death?" Events taking place over a long period of time, such as imperialism, militarism, and nationalism, as well as more immediate effects such as the assassination of Ferdinand, Mobilization, new countries involvements due to alliances, led to tension, and soon the outbreak of WWI. The most important of the long term effects leading to the outbreak of war was imperialism. Seemingly all at once, the great European Empires broke free of their decided boundaries, and expanded into colonies spanning the entire earth. Most colonized was Africa, due to the fact that it seemed every country had a piece of her. Distances meant nothing, as many countries spread over thousands of thousands of miles to set up a new colony. England holds the best example of this, as it managed to colonize Australia. Unfortunately, Germany was in troubled times. Instead of a unified country, Germany saw herself in many states. When the great Empires began to spread, Germany pulled together. This, however, was too late, and Germany was left with little to colonize. They began to pick up the scraps, the chunks of countries not colonized, which tended to yield little resources to the motherland, in hopes of still keeping some power. Germany now felt jealous, and needed to prove its power to the rest of Europe. They fought for new colonies, although gained little. Soon, they felt the need...
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Long-term Effects of Slavery in Texas The indelible mark of slavery has carried down through the years and colored the actions of the descendants of both master and slave. The Ku Klux Klan, the vigilante posses, and the racial hatreds that fueled the rest of the Confederacy were alive in Houston as well, and even in this decade, racial barriers established under Reconstruction and slavery days fester. The progression from slave and master to coworkers to friends to family has taken more than a century and remains incomplete. There is hope in this new millennium, but to make use of it, Houstonians must recognize their past. (Dulaney) For decades, slavery was an ordinary part of daily Texan life. Beginning in the eighteen-twenties, more and more black men and women came to Texas to work on the cotton plantations and help on the cattle ranches. By the eighteen-sixties, black slaves made up about a third of the population. Although by nineteen hundred many considered Texas part of the West, Texans had considered their state to be a Southern state and were involved with the Confederacy in spirit if not so much in deed. These slaves worked alongside their masters in many cases, and they retained their dignity. The Texan slaveholder characteristically allowed their slaves more freedom and personal liberty than slaveholders in other parts what became the Confederate States of America. (Baker) The invasion of the Civil War in Texas was minimal and the outcome affected few slaves, as they continued to work in an identical fashion after their emancipation. For the most part, slaves saw no practical life changes resulting from their freedom beyond having more competition for the work that was available. It was an unwelcome wake-up call for most slaves to discover that away from the organization of their former masters'...
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Have you ever felt hostility in a relationship and could not figure out where it came from? It may be that the hostility stemmed from resentment that you did not even know existed. Often we resent someone without even recognizing it because we admire something about him or her that we are not capable of achieving for ourselves. One may not agree with Karen Horney's statement that "it is contrary to human nature to sustain appreciation without resentment toward capabilities that one does not possess,"(360) but one must recognize that this envy is complicated by gender so that we do not allow resentment to hinder a relationship with someone of the opposite sex without being aware of the role gender plays. In Karen Horney's essay "The Distrust Between the Sexes," she explains the anxiety between people of the opposite sex. Childhood conflicts and reflections, envy for the opposite sex, and the gender distinction between the sexes, are just a few reasons that there is distrust between the sexes. First, people are longing for happiness, while setting their expectations too high. Horney states, "All of our unconscious wishes, contradictory in their nature and expanding boundlessly on all sides, are waiting here for their fulfillment" (362). Youngsters are raised to believe that relationships with the opposite sex are their doorways to happiness. People expect their partners to be too many things, which will lead them to disappointment. Society's longing for happiness has so many expectations of what love should be that, in the end, all one has are one's retrospects. Childhood dreams cause a certain eagerness that is handed down by generations. Reflections that people have from their childhood carve the person into what they are as an adult. Horney explains, "The paradise of childhood is most often an illusion with which adults...
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