It is interesting that Elizabeth Jennings has chosen a Father and his Son in this poem rather than a relationship that she is more likely to have had experience with. A Father and his son however, traditionally have a very strong bond built on shared interests with the son generally making his father his role model. The effects and feelings of separation that Jennings wants to convey in this poem are therefore enhanced in that she is dealing with one of the strongest emotional bonds that exists. The family relationship has become a despairing situation and it is only the fact that they are father and son that means there is any connection, let alone relationship between them. The title, 'Father to Son,' as opposed to Father and Son is significant and immediately indicates estrangement and detachment. The phrase implies a one sided conversation with the father in the dominant role and the son passive and silent. The reference in the opening line to the son as, "this child," giving him an impersonal label, "Child" rather than the boys name, confirms that the Father is neither addressing the son in the poem nor thinking of him as his son. Throughout the poem the father is not addressing the son directly but refers to him in the third person as if talking to another person, an outsider. "He speaks: I cannot understand Myself, why anger grows from grief." The poem's layout is deceivingly regular in appearance but when read, the enjambment of the sentences makes the poem read in a disjointed manner. Alongside this Jennings has given the poem a regular metre which seems an unusual choice for such a dysfunctional subject. This could represent the strange situation that the father and son are in. They appear normal; they live in the same house and...
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How does Harper lee present childhood in the book To Kill A Mocking Bird? The book is supposed to be written from a child's point of view on their surroundings but an adult writes it from a child's imagination and thoughts. Scout is telling the story and she seems to be very literate and knowledgeable about things. However the book seems to give the impression that she is very intelligent. Jem, Scout and dill are the most important and lead children in the book. Throughout to kill a mocking bird they are seen getting into mischief and you will see the process of them gradually maturing. One of their most played upon fantasies is Boo Radley. In the book they go through stages were they are so wrapped up in the mysterious side of the Radley's home that they become addicted. There are many different ways that they get into Boo Radley's mysterious life inside his house. As children they have very wild imaginations. They make up a game of his life story. They all have different parts to play in his life story and with their imaginations they create a great atmosphere. However like all children they go through stages and soon, after the many tellings off for interfering with Boo and disturbing his peace they manage to forget about Boo Radley. This is the same when Dill talks to Jem and Scout about hot steams. Dill seems to lie about most things that he has experienced including information about his father that no one seems to know anything about. He has the wildest imagination and this could be due to the amount of freedom he has. Harper lee gives the impression that they are happy children and have what they want and everything that they need. The children have quite...
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It could be argued that Harper Lee has a different style of writing to other authors as she uses, minor characters to develop the identities of the major characters. She also uses this style of writing to give the scene and surroundings ore depth and emphasis, for example when Scout starts an argument with Walter Cunningham which develops into a fight due to the fact that Walter got Scout off to a bad start with the new teacher, Miss Caroline; helps us develop the identity of Scout, a tomboy, (the major character) and uses Walter (the minor character) to show us this. It also helps us develop minds image of a small piece of Maycombe that people will stick up for each other but will show their wild side if things don't go right or they are offended. Harper Lee uses a much wider variety of minor characters than major characters. An example of a major character is Boo Radley. " Boo was sitting in the living room cutting some items from the Maycombe Tribute to paste in his scrapbook. His father entered the room. As Mr Radley passed by, Boo drove the scissors into his parent's leg, pulled them out, wiped them on his pants, and resumed his activities". From this extract it may seem that Boo Radley has little to do with the plot of the story and therefore a minor character, however Boo is a major character and as the plot develops Boo plays a very major character. Boo Radley's identity is developed by the over reacted stereotypical views from the majority of the minor characters who all have the view that Boo is one of the evilest men to ever walk the planet. But this stereotypical view is brought to question when the children, Dill's, Scout's and Jem's...
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In his writtings, Aristotle defined the term 'tragedy' as 'a man not preeminently virtuous and just, whose misfortune, however, is brought upon him not by vice or depravity, but by some error in judgement… the change in the hero's fortune must not be from misery to happiness, but on the contrary, from happiness to misery'. From this definition, he further expanded it by defining the profile of the Classical Greek tragic hero, basing it on what he considered the best tragedy ever written, Sophocle's Oedipus Rex. He felt that a tragedy should comprise of the hero's goodness and superiority, a tragic flaw in which the hero makes fatal errors in judgement which eventually lead to his downfall, a tragic realization in which the main character understand how he has unwittingly helped to bring about his own destruction and the absence of freewill in the tragic hero's life. Oedipus was a good ruler: just, compassionate and sympathetic. When the priests of Thebes approached him, pleading for help on behalf of the people of Thebes who were suffering from death and famine. Oedipus immediately agreed and promised them that he would do his best in solving the problems, saying that his heart bore 'the weight of his own' and 'all of his people's sorrows'. He promised to 'bring everything to light'. Oedipus was also a filial son. When he first learnt about the prophecy in Corinth, he was unwilling to stay and left immediately, in case circumstances would ever lead him to kill the King and marry the Queen of Corinth, whom he had then thought of as his natural parents. Oedipus' superiority was also evident in the play, not only through his ranking of the king of Thebes, which automatically placed him far above the nobles, priests and common people, but also through his...
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The purpose of Paradise Lost by, John Milton, is to "justify the ways of God to men." Milton uses the Bible as evidence to support his claim and explain the natural understanding of life as it is seen by many people. He uses Satan and Adam and Eve's life journey to explain the ways of God. To begin Paradise Lost, Milton tells of Satan's banishment from Heaven. He and his brigade have plotted war against God and are now doomed to billow in the fiery pits of hell. Milton says that one will "dwell in adamantine chains and penal fire" if he defies God. This is exactly what happened to Satan when he defied God and anyone who defies Him will have to suffer this torture. Hell has "no light, but rather darkness served only to discover sights of woe." It is a "region of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace and rest can never dwell, hope never comes…but torture without end still urges." Hell is also described as a place of "lost happiness and lasting pain." Satan once lived in a place full of joy, happiness, and surrounded by pleasure but after his defiance of God he must live without the pleasure and live in the worst extremes. He is punished for his unfaithfulness just like those who forsake God will live. Satan and the devils build Pandemonium in hell as a place to come together and discuss the war against God. They plan to take over the world and get revenge against God for his punishment. Their plan will have major repercussions. Milton explains that anyone who tries to rise up and rebel against God will be punished as Satan and the devils were. God allowed Satan and the devils to make the choice that they wanted as stated in Book 1, "And...
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How does othello's state of mind emerge through his language? Compare his use of language to other parts of the play.
The play in question, "Othello", initially presented us with a highly respected and judicious protagonist, namely Othello. Despite the fact that he is of a different race and colour than that of his Venetian counterparts, he has managed to rise up the hierarchical ladder and secured for himself the position of a general. The main plot of the play revolves around his gradual belief of unfaithfulness on Desdemona's part, surreptitiously fed to him by his supposedly loyal ensign, Iago. Othello's ever mounting paranoia and suspicion adds an element of suspense as the play labours on towards its bloody conclusion, with Shakespeare effectively illustrating the dilemma Othello is going through by utilizing devices such as directing (such as Othello's epileptic fit), language and metaphors. In this essay, I will be focusing on how Othello's language and perhaps any other linguistic devices used by him to further emphasize his underlying thoughts that present themselves during the unfolding of the play. Unlike his nemesis in the play, Othello's speech, although eloquent and "laced with silver", is consistently unambiguous and lucid in its meaning, containing no ulterior implications about his behaviour. The focus of his language will mainly be extricated from Act 4 Scene 2, with comparisons taken from other parts of the play to reinforce the points highlighted throughout the essay and to reveal the significant differences Othello's language has undertaken due to the psychological torment imposed upon him by Iago. The scene opens with Othello questioning Emilia for possible suspicious occasions that occurred between Desdemona and Cassio, which would allow him to remove all traces of doubt from his mind and at least give him the peace of mind to believe that he is indeed justified in his thoughts and his imminent actions. He launches question after question at her in his attempt to break...
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Face recognition Much of EWT is based upon face identification. For example using photographs or line up's to identify someone they may have only seen in a poor amount of light. There are many different reasons or influences which can change someone's perception or opinion of there perception of what they saw. Face recognition is an example of object recognition. We were asked to discus the issues raised when it comes to face recognition on EWT some things to consider when raising these issues are listed below. Template theory We have a range of different templates which recognise certain shapes and permit identification. But for this system to work we would have to have a large number of templates. NEISSER (1964) found that people taking part in his query took longer to search for 'not Q' than 'Q' in the list of letters. If they had been using a template both of the searches should have taken the same amount of time. Evaluation of this theory this contradicts the template theory so there for it is not conclusive in my opinion I agree with NEISSER it should have taken the same amount of time. When it comes to EWT this could have a big impact, on whether they are able to remember one thing more than another or claim they do. There are more things to remember in a dramatic situation and they have stress and perhaps a weapon to deal with at the same time, i.e. weapon focus. All these issues must be taken into account. Feature detection We look for certain features of an object for example when we search for the letter A in a list of letters we apparently search for straight lines. It is there for easier to find an A than and O. NEISSER(1964) also found that visual searches were longer if...
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First some background into the Macbeth the play. Macbeth has been described as "A play for the king." It gained this title because it is quite possible that Shakespeare wrote it for the entertainment of King James the first. It is known that James was highly into witchcraft because he wrote a book about it, there were even rumours that he practised it himself. This play has a strong atmosphere of witchcraft and witches all the way through. There are other reasons Macbeth was called "A play for the King." For instance the play was in fact based on the real life accounts of James's ancestors Banquo and Fleance from who James inherited the throne of Scotland. Shakespeare got the idea from a book by Raphael Holinshed entitled "The history of Scotland." However Shakespeare bent the facts quite a bit, due to the fact that in real life Banquo helped in the murder of King Duncan. There would obviously be consequences for insinuating that the only reason James was King is that his ancestors broke the sacred law of the divine right of the King. Consequently the only thing in Macbeth that is true to life is that King Duncan was murdered, the rest of the plot and characters have been altered in some way to ether entertain or flatter King James. The last main reason for Macbeth getting the name "A play for the King." Was that James the first was in fact the first person on record to have seen it. In August 1606 King James and his brother-in-law, King Christian of Denmark had Macbeth acted for them privately at Hampton Court. Now we look at how the plot is built and how Shakespeare uses language to tease and excite his audience. Macbeth is a story of a man driven to...
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How does Shakespeare create dramatic tension for his audience from the beginning of Macbeth up until the end? Shakespeare´s play 'Macbeth´ is set in the heart of Scotland. The king at the time is king Duncun, a noble and honest king. He has two sons and many Thanes and noble men, one being Macbeth. Macbeth has fought his way up the ranks of the army to become one of Duncun´s most trusted Lords, but an encounter with three witches puts wickedness into the heart of an otherwise noble and loyal man. In act 1, scene 1, a scene of three witches confronts us. This alone would have created mystery and fright to the audience, setting the scene of the play to come. 'Macbeth´ was written in a period when there was a high interest in witchcraft and the supernatural. People were confused and scared by the supernatural, so the sight of three witches would have told the audience that the play would be full of evil and lies. This scene is a short opening to the play. It is long enough to awaken curiosity, but not to satisfy it. The mood of the play is set, although the action and the introduction of the leading characters do not start until the next scene. In act 1, scene 2, we learn about the tough battle which Macbeth and Banquo have fought, and win for the victory for Scotland. Duncun rewards Macbeth for his courage by giving him the title 'thane of Cawdor´, "…with his former title greet Macbeth." Let us not forget that a 'most disloyal traitor´ first owned this title. This scene tells us that Macbeth is thought of as a brave and valiant man because he has killed so many people and won the battle almost single-handedly. The language used is quite horrific and the...
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How does Shakespeare portray the theme of appearance and reality in Act1sc6 and Act5sc1 In Act1sc5 we see Lady Macbeth stepping in and advising Macbeth to be deceitful. She tells Macbeth to "look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it". Then in Act1sc6 we see Lady Macbeth alone welcoming her guests to the castle, these guests are Duncan and Banquo. It is almost like she is controlling the whole situation, she is being devious on Macbeth's behalf and is in charge of being deceptive. Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are close partners in crime so Lady Macbeth will do anything to cover up for him. One of the ways that Shakespeare portrays the theme of appearance and reality in Act1sc6 is when Duncan first sees the castle he misreads its whole appearance. We can see this when Duncan says "this castle hath a pleasant seat" this is the first sign he misreads. When Duncan says this he means that the castle is set in a pleasant atmosphere, it is a nice situation to be in. This means that Duncan is completely unaware of the situation before him, and has no idea of what is actually planned for him. When Shakespeare says this he is using dramatic irony, we, the audience know that despite what the castle looks like wicked things are going to happen within the castles walls. This dramatic irony emphasises the reality of the situation. Another way that Shakespeare portrays the theme of appearance and reality is when Banquo makes remakes on "the temple haunting martlet". This is another one of Shakespeare's signs that he gives to the two men. Martlets are associated with being duped. But Banquo doesn't see it as this, he continues saying about how the castle has delicate air and how because these beautiful creatures...
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Henry V was written in the year 1590 by William Shakespeare and it was regarded as a great patriotic play. However in our modern society there are perhaps ironic attitudes in Shakespeare's presentation of the hero. I will be discussing the play and two films made about the play to determine the different attitudes to war and kingship throughout time. The play is introduced by the chorus, who's speeches open each of the five acts in the play. It describes to us that the play is about grand battles and fighting kings so this plays with our imagination, making the play seem reality. The chorus is perhaps used in the first act as a means to apologise for what follows. "O for a muse of fire,that would ascend The brightest heaven of invention, A kingdom for a stage, princes to act, And monarchs to behold the swelling scene." (1.1 1-4) The invocation of the muse brings to my mind ancient epics of war. In this speech Shakespeare uses slightly irregular iambic pentameter as there is a emphasis on the second syllable and due to the irregularity this causes attention to be made to important, producing an energetic speech, almost powerful. As the play was written in 1590 at this time the monarchy was not sure who was going to be the successor of the throne. The fact queen Elizabeth I did not have any children and at the age of 66 this in turn was an important issue to be discussed. However the time came when Henry was next in line to the throne and he acted accordingly when the time came. " The courses of his youth promis'd it not The breath no sooner left his father's body, But that his wilderness mortified in him, Seem'd to die too;yea, at the very moment Consideration like an angle came, And whipp'd th' offending Adam out...
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How does Shakespeare present King Henry V in act 1 scene 1 of 'Henry V'? In the play 'Henry V' about King Henry V's reign of England between 1413 and 1422. He was born in 1387, and reigned from the age of 26 to the age of 35, when he died. During the play the archbishop of Canterbury and Ely first describe King Henry V as a 'model King' Ely: 'We are blessed in the change'. He talks of how king Henry V has changed from a misguided, out of control youth, into, to their own advantage a good king, that keeps himself busy with the country's troubles. Within the first scene the archbishops appear to be scheming and manipulative. As they even consider and then carry out to bribe the king- 'For I have made an offer to his majesty Upon our spiritual convocation And in regard of causes now in hand Which I have opened to his grace at large, As touching France, to give a great sum Than ever at one time the clergy yet Did to his predecessors part withal.' When the King finally enters (Act 1 scene 2), graciously and tediously, he appears to be naïve and lucid. Taking into great consideration and under great care the advice that the archbishop gives him. Until the time when he discovers that the Dauphin has proceeded to mock him with his gifts (tennis balls). Enriching the Kings anger and frustration with the situation with France. Using a carefully suggestive and symbolic sentence to prevail that he is not to be mocked, and will act upon the Dauphins rude mockery of the King that will not be tolerated. This implies that there is a primary character change that shows the fierce, wild side of the King that was unsheathed by the Dauphins gesture. During the Kings speech that refers to...
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How does Shakespeare present Ophelia in the world of ‘Hamlet'? In what ways have modern readers and audiences interpreted her character?
1,685 Words AS Level Katie Matthews How does Shakespeare present Ophelia in the world of 'Hamlet'? In what ways have modern readers and audiences interpreted her character? Even though Ophelia is not the central character in the play 'Hamlet', she is still an important one. Since Shakespeare wrote the play in the early 1600s, depending on the theatrical performances and director's view, audience's and critics' interpretations of Ophelia have changed dramatically throughout the past 400 years. Shakespeare, in the portrayal of Ophelia shows how men in a strong patriarchal society controlled women in the 1600s. The influence of men in Ophelia's life is evident throughout by the relationships with the men in her life. It is interesting to note that Ophelia's first scene is in a very domestic setting. Her brother, Laertes is stressing to Ophelia the fickleness of young love showing men's attitudes towards women in the period by assuming that Ophelia cannot think for herself. Ophelia is obviously uncertain or doubtful about Laertes' argument but she is still in awe of him so she answers monosyllabically: 'No more but so?' She has a small ration of dialogue compared to Laertes's grand lecture suggesting the overpowering control that he has over his sister. Laertes speaks in a very verbose manner and even begins to sound arrogant and hypocritical. Ophelia's father, Polonius enters saying 'Yet here Laertes? Aboard, aboard for shame!' It has been suggested by Elaine Showalter, a feminist critic that Polonius was willing to let his son leave for France without a farewell or wishes of good luck from his father. Therefore, she says there was little hope for a strong father- daughter relationship between Polonius and Ophelia if he had failed with Laertes. Polonius disabuses her of her longing for a relationship with Hamlet and tells here that 'You do not understand yourself so clearly/ as behoves my...
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Henry V is presented as a strong and capable King. Is this an accurate description of Shakespeare's Henry V? Henry VI became King by taking the crown off Richard II, Henry received the crown in 1413 after his father died. Some say Henry V's behaviour was a punishment for his father's crime. Many people thought Henry would take advantage of his rights. People got this idea because of his wild, natural youth, even though he had witnessed a first hand account of war since the age of 12. Henry V had a reputation of drinking, gambling and lying. Henry therefore gave the impression he would be a bad king. Their opinions changed and so did Henry when he became King of England. Henry V was a brave skilled leader, he was realistic about the war he knew what the effect of war was and what was expected of him, he also knew many of his man would die as they English were out numbered. Henry was very down to earth and before the battle he chose to be with his soldiers, to see what they thought of the war and how they were feeling. Unlike the French and Dauphin who sat away from his soldiers in a tent of his own talking about his armour and horses. He shows himself to be a king who is dominant. He ignores problems in England his home country so he can expand his empire and his assets in France. Henry took extreme risks and some how these risks did not bring him to a nasty downfall or disaster. Henry is faulted for the need of insight; even thought the victory at Agincourt was exceptional, the British were soon to lose the French lands. Henry V appears to be almost immature in his irresponsible-risk-taking conduct. Shakespeare shows that if Henry...
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How does Stevenson explore the possibilities of the split between “good” and “evil” in “strange case of Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde”?
Robert Louis Stevenson brings the possibility of another side of person to life in his tale of "strange Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde". He uses three narrators in the book to describe the tale of Dr. Jekyll, a respected, very "good" doctor who creates or as some would better describe it as bringing out the more Neolithic man in side him, in the form of Mr. Hyde. The most puzzling part of the book is that the full details of the story are not revealed until the very end of the novel. Until we learn the ultimate truth from Dr. Jekyll's confession, we try to decipher (along with the main characters) who Mr. Hyde is ... and how he relates to Dr. Jekyll. At the end of the book, we discover that Dr. Jekyll had explored for some time that there are two natures in him self. For many years, he has repressed the more man like side. After lengthy thought, he came to the conclusion: "If each, I told myself, could but be housed in separate identities, life would be relieved of all that was unbearable". Unfortunately, Dr. Jekyll could not have possibly anticipated what problems his separation from a punctual well-respected man, into a living catalyst would cause. The existence of an evil and a good soul in one body bring forward a whole host of problems. The "good", in the form of Dr. Jekyll is soon overpowered by the "evil," animal nature of Mr. Hyde "ape like furry". Good and evil can no longer be clearly defined. When Mr. Hyde commits a crime, Dr. Jekyll tries to make up for the evil, but the situation is obscure. The question we must ask ourselves is whether Dr. Jekyll isn't just as much to blame as Mr. Hyde; or whether...
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How Does Tennyson Explore the Themes of Love, Death, Belief and Doubt in Three Poems in the Anthology
The poems I have chosen to study are â€˜The Lady of Shallot,, â€˜Mariana, and â€˜Morte d,Arthur,. I have chosen these as they have strong links to the subjects being examined from the title of this essay. â€˜The Lady of Shallot, involves the themes of Love, Belief and Doubt. â€˜Mariana, is based around the themes of Love, Death and Doubt. While â€˜Morte d'Arthur, conveys themes surrounding Belief and Death. â€˜The Lady Of Shallot, is based in a castle tower overlooking the mediaeval town of Camelot. Described as having â€˜Four grey walls, four grey towers,. Tennyson had read the story of which the poem is influenced in a book, but he adapted it and included the curse, the mirror, the song and the â€˜Lady, weaving a tapestry. Each of these things can been seen as metaphors. The Lady can be seen as a representative of all women in the Victorian period. Men were the dominant sex. The Lady being trapped in the tower and having a curse upon her is a sign of how life was; the women having little control over their own lives. Although Tennyson has set the poem in the past, the issues he has drawn into it would have been almost revolutionary. I think Tennyson may have used the idea of her seeing the world through a mirror as symbolism of how he regards his beliefs and God. Whilst he is alive and on a reality level he can only see God through a clouded glass, an image of his imagination, not the real thing. This is true of The Lady of Shallot also, she cannot see the real world, everything she sees of it is through a reflection. â€˜Shadows of the world appear,. Despite all these metaphors within the poem relating to Tennyson,s opinions and life, I think The Lady of...
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In the film Shawshank redemption, director Frank Durabont presents the turning point by using a scene which gives visual indication to the audience that the climax it about to happen soon. He does this through a series of camera shots, scenery and emphasis on the themes of the film as a whole. This particular scene opens up with a low angle shot of two massive walls that suggest imprisonment and enclosure. The shot has taken special care to show the walls to be dark, dreary and dim that put forward the idea that Andy is taking a psychological step in his head to finally gain his freedom that he has been thinking about all these years. Other ways Durabont portrays this scene is through Mise-en-scene where everything happens in front of the camera. Props, which are located, are the speakers. The speaker poles give Andy hope to be free as music is the one thing in prison that can be truly yours "that's the beauty of music. They can't take that from you". Music is the one this, which makes you a person, and feels like a free man. Throughout prison Andy depends deeply on music through playing opera on the speakers to give Red a harmonica to show him that hope really can help u survive in prison. Another prop placed in this scene is the weights. Although we know Andy is not a strong person physically we know that mentally he has the strength and the willpower to make it through prison and escape. Further examples of Durabont portraying this scene is through scenery and Andy's body language. We now understand that prison is a dark and deceitful place, by emphasis of the prison walls. But in this particular scene Durabont adds a bit of blue sky, which put forwards the...
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The conclusion of animal farm in the animated film is fairly different to the novel of Animal Farm. Firstly, in the film the story is more told by pictures and narration, to explain what was happening and animation to emphasise and easily understand what was happening. However in the Novel the story was told more by speeches made by the animals. Secondly, in the film Snowballs death was much more explicit than in the novel, this is because more emphasis can be showed with animation rather than words. Therefore Snowballs death looked and was probably made more explicit because of the above reason. Thirdly, in the novel the name was changed from Manor farm to Animal farm after Jones was overthrown, however it was then changed back to the original name which was Manor farm as Napoleon believed that Manor farm was its original and proper name, however in the film the name of the farm remained as Animal farm. Fourthly, a minor detail which is the plans for the windmill was drawn on a piece of paper in the film, however in the Novel the plans for the windmill were drawn on the floor. The film showed barbed wire and watchtowers surrounding the farm for protection, however the novel never mentioned this fact at all. The film showed an outlook of outside the farm as well as just in the farm. As it showed Jones going to the Red Lion pub, meeting his fellow farmers to make plans to overthrow the animals, however the novel does not show a view of the world outside the farm. In the film, the windmills story is condensed; once the windmill was built Jones strapped a bomb to himself and blew up the entire windmill after that the windmill was rebuilt, however in the novel after the windmill is built,...
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How does the poem 'Limbo' reveal Brathwaites ideas and feelings about the culture and traditions he is writing about?
Brathwaites poem 'Limbo' conveys strong ideas and is open to a number of interpretations, not just the ones obvious to the reader at first. This poem tells the story of slavery in a rhyming, rhythmic, almost dance style. I think it is quite a complex poem. Throughout the poem Brathwaite makes references to his personal cultures and traditions. He reveals slowly the dark side of Africa's history and uses language to make the reader aware of the oppression and cruelty which his ancestors suffered. During the poem my interpretation of the term limbo changed many times. After reading the title of the poem I expected a poem about the West Indian dance I knew of called Limbo. Although after reading on I began to realise this poem was about much more than that. In the first stanza the poet writes about a ship. This changed my opinion and first introduced me to the idea of slavery in the poem. The poem evoked images of slaves on their journeys to their new owners. Another meaning of limbo is a place where the souls of people go, if they are not good enough for heaven or bad enough for hell; limbo has come to mean any unpleasant place, or state of mind or body which is difficult to escape from. In the poem, this limbo is the lives of the slaves, they are in an unpleasant state and place and they cannot escape. Brathwaite has used a metaphor to add to his picture, this is 'dark deck is slavery'. This is what adds to the interpretation of slavery on the ship. A final idea of interpretation that I found was that the poem could be about slavery itself, over many generations. The feeling of 'up,up,up' at the end of misery, maybe the end of...
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How does the title "Translations" direct the audiences attention to the issues Friel is trying to raise in the play?
How does the title "Translations" direct the audience's attention to the issues Friel is trying to raise in the play? The play Translations, revolves around the subject of names and their relation to identity, culture, and the possession or dispossession that comes with naming. Sarah, who struggles with saying her name, and consequently with establishing her identity, is silenced once the colonisers arrive. The efforts of Maire and Yolland to understand each other were unsuccessful, because of the differences in culture embodied in language. In the love scene between Maire and Yolland, however, it is ultimately when they move beyond language, by reciting to each other the Irish place names, that the two are able to establish any real communication. One of the main themes of the play is language and it's cultural or political affect on the townfolk of Bally Beag. Translation from Irish to English is not simply an exercise with words - it is a forced corruption of a people and a culture that victimises British and Irish alike. At the same time, it also reveals the forces of modernisation, as Maire wants to learn English and go to America before the arrival of the English soldiers. The deceit in living in a mythical past is expressed through the character of Jimmy Jack, who is so far removed from reality that he inhabits the stories of the mythology he studies. As Hugh says, "it can happen that a civilization can be imprisoned in a linguistic contour that no longer matches the landscape of fact" Translations is set in a rural, Irish-speaking community in County Donegal in 1833. This community is invaded by a British army, who plan to conduct an Ordnance Survey of Ireland, which would map the country and 'standardise', the Irish place-names. Captain Lancey and Lieutenant Yolland are being assisted by...
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