As an idealist, I often find it easy to symbolise and epitomise objects and characters so as to represent something, an ideal or a thought, or even forms of art or higher-thinking. It is more enjoyable for me to see an object, like a crucifix for example, to perhaps hold special properties, to be a symbol of Christian faith, and to be holy and blessed from God in its own right. Indeed, there is a plethora of veritable proportions of symbols and images that have come to epitomise and represent their chosen domain, be it the arts or religion or emotions or action. Many idealists have composed works on the ideals of love for example, or the ideals of philosophy; the ideals of chivalry are one such example. Almost anything imaginable has an idealistic thought to it, a symbol that represents it. And are there ideals for music? Yes. When one thinks of the absolute pinnacle of the musician's craft, the highest achievement a musician could attain, one might suggest that Beethoven or Mozart, or many other artists, represent such. One would be wrong; in a sense. While all these artists have created works that could be said to be the best ever, ideologically, they represent little. In an idealist's world, the greatest musician to ever live would be able to move the very earth with the bass from his great instrument, to ascend into the heavens with treble tones of magnificence and splendour. He would be able to charm man and beast alike, to enthral them within his captivating melodies. And such a person does exist, though only in the fiction of the human mind. Orpheus, the personification of music. In this article we will see the original myth, Orpheus in Hades as composed by the idealist Ovid, and...
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Penguin Books Nineteen Eighty-Four Eric Arthur Blair (George Orwell) was born 1903 in India, where his father worked for the Civil Service. The family moved to England in 1907 and in 1917 Orwell entered Eton, where he contributed regularly to the various college magazines. He left in 1921 and joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma the following year. He resigned in 1928 having come to hate imperialism, as Burmese Days (1934) his first novel shows. After this he lived for several years in poverty, at times among tramps, experiences which he relates in Down and Out in Paris and London (1933). For a time he worked as a schoolteacher but due to poor health he gave this up and worked as a part-time assistant in a Hampstead bookshop; later he was able to earn his living reviewing novels for the New English Weekly, a post he kept until 1940. In 1936 he visited areas of mass unemployment in Lancashire and Yorkshire and The Road to Wigan Pier (1937) is a powerful description of the poverty he saw there. At the end of 1936 Orwell went to Spain to fight for the Republicans and was wounded; his account of the civil war, Homage to Catalonia, is considered by many to be his greatest achievement. During the Second World War he was a member of the Home Guard and worked for the BBC Eastern Service from 1940 to 1943. As literary editor of Tribune he contributed a regular contributor to the Manchester Eving News. His unique political allegory, Animal Farm was published in 1945, and it was this novel, together with Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), which brought Orwell world-wide fame. Orwell suffered from tuberculosis and was in and out of hospital from 1947 until his death in 1950 at the age of forty-six. All Orwell's works have...
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The story that my evaluation will be based on is Shooting an Elephant written in 1936. The author George Orwell was born in 1903 in India to a British officer raised in England. He attended Eton College, which introduced him to England's middle and upper classes. He was denied a scholarship, which led him to become a police officer for the Indian Imperial in 1922. He served in Burma until resigning in 1927 due to the lack of respect for the justice of British Imperialism in Burma and India. He was now determined to become a writer, so at the brink of poverty he began to pay close attention to social outcasts and laborers. This led him to write Down and Out in Paris and London (1933) during the Spanish Civil War. He embodied his hate for totalitarian system in his book Animal Farm (1945). George Orwell fell to the disease of tuberculosis at forty-seven, but not before he released many works. He wrote six novels, three documentary works, over seven hundred reviews and newspaper articles, and a volume of essays (1149). This particular story was very interesting and found it to hold a lot of truth. Shooting an Elephant is about an English man that was a police officer in Burman, who was hated for his race and felt it almost impossible to do his job. He had to deal with a lot of hatred and disrespect, but yet he was expected to do what the town's people asked of him when they asked. When the elephant got loose the first person the sub-inspector at the opposite end of the town called was the main character, who was to be nameless throughout the entire story. He wanted him to go do something about the loose elephant because the mahout...
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There are three short stories of Oscar Wilde's that clearly have a common theme. In "The Nightingale and the Rose," a student has a crush on a girl. The girl refuses to dance with him unless he gives her a rose, and there are simply no roses anywhere nearby. There is a nightingale who lives outside the window of the boy, and she believes in love above all things. She makes a deal with the rose-tree, and she must press her breast into a thorn, and sing a song. The nightingale will then create a rose, but she will die. The student finds the rose, and the girl doesn't even want it because someone else gave her jewels. The student then throws the rose onto the street exclaiming "What a silly thing Love is! It is not half as useful as logic." In "The Devoted Friend," the character Hans is being manipulated by the Miller. The Miller gets flowers, favors, and labor from Hans, all while telling Hans how lucky he is to have such a friend as the Miller. Ultimately, Hans dies of doing the Miller a favor, and even at Hans' funeral, the Miller doesn't even care that Hans is gone. The only thing he cares about now is that he has no one to give away his broken wheelbarrow to. "The Happy Prince" is a story about a swallor and a statue made of jewels. The statue used to be the prince of the city, but when he passed away, they made him a statue to loom over the city. Now the statue can see the misery and sadness that passes throughout the city everyday. He tries to help everyone, by sending the swallow to give poor people the statue's jewels, gold and gems. Once he has...
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Scene i: At the front of his headquarters, Othello talks to Iago, and he claims that he overhead Cassio saying Desdemona's name when he was sleeping. Othello believes everything that Iago tells him. Cassio arrives, and Iago sets him up by saying he will talk to him later. His plan is for Cassio talk to him about Bianca while Othello listens and thinks Cassio is talking about Desdemona. This plan works, and Othello hears from Cassio about how "she" loves him. When Bianca arrives, the conversation incriminates Cassio more because seems that he gave Othello's handkerchief to Bianca. They leave the stage and Othello vows to kill Desdemona and Iago says that he will kill Cassio. Desdemona enters with news from Venice: Othello has been called there and Cassio will replace him as governor of Cyprus. Desdemona is happy, but Othello is mad and hits her. Iago tells the Venetian official Lodovico Othello hit his wife because he is troubled and they have a bad marriage Scene ii: At his citadel, Othello talks to Emilia, and she says that Desdemona never cheated on him. He tells Desdemona to come and calls her a whore; she doesn't understand this. Othello leaves and Desdemona tells Emilia and her husband Iago that she is confused. When the two women leave, Roderigo comes. He complains that Iago took his money, and he is no closer to Desdemona's love than ever. Iago tells him that because Cassio is governor, Desdemona is going to be leaving for Venice. To prevent this, Iago suggests that Roderigo kill Cassio, forcing Othello and Desdemona to remain on Cyprus. Scene iii: Othello orders Desdemona to go to bed and she does. Emilia talks shortly with Desdemona and she says she loves Othello, but now is afraid of him. Emilia says, that all...
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"Othello and Desdemona's marriage doesn't stand a chance." Discuss. From the time we learn of Othello and Desdemona's marriage, Desdemona manages to convince the audience of their strong relationship. Although there are many reasons to believe that Othello and Desdemona's marriage is eternal, it will be necessary to analyse both, their weaknesses and strengths to know if "Othello and Desdemona's marriage doesn't stand a chance". One reason for the breakdown of Othello and Desdemona's marriage could be Brabantio. The quote "your heart is burst, you have lost half your soul", (1.1.84), shows the love and special bond between father and daughter. Iago must be aware of the love between them and in this quote he describes Desdemona as "half your soul", which has many deep spiritual connotations, but also signifies her importance in Brabantio's life. We know Brabantio's feelings towards Desdemona are very strong and from this I feel even though he is disturbed by this marriage his love for his daughter proves that he would not deliberately try and damage their marriage. However, Brabantio may cause harm to Othello and Desdemona's marriage unintentionally. Even though we know that Brabantio ended his relationship with his daughter, I think that it may not have been his intent to do so, but instead, was emotionally blackmailing her in effort to gain her pity. The quote "For your sake jewel, I am glad at soul I have no other child", (1.3.193), shows the way in which Brabantio is attempting to make Desdemona feel guilty and very low. However, to his surprise Desdemona is not affected and sides with her husband, and Brabanto's only way to win back his daughter fails, but this plan may come into effect later on in the story, after we read about the other obstacles they face. As the story progresses and especially...
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Revenge is a constant theme throughout the play Othello. It is portrayed through the character Iago. Iago is determined to destroy Othello and his loved ones. This retribution is a result of Othello promoting Cassio to the position of lieutenant. The theme of revenge is the motivation of Iago's hatred toward Othello. In the beginning of the play, Iago feels betrayed by his good friend, Othello. Through many years of loyalty and service Iago is "[i]n personal suit to make [himself] [Othello's] lieutenant"(39). When Othello has to choose his lieutenant, he appoints Cassio. Iago feels hurt and betrayed, and realizes "there [is] no remedy"(40) except for revenge. He ". . . hate[s] the Moor . . . "(63) and comes to the conclusion that " . . . nothing can or shall content [his] soul [t]ill [he is] evened with [Othello] . . . "(76). In an attempt for revenge, Iago publically humiliates Brabantio at Othello's expense. In the middle of the night, Iago calls outside Brabantio's house to inform him that his daughter, Desdemona has run away and eloped with Othello. Coming from two different backgrounds, Desdemona's father takes offense to their interracial marriage. This demeans Othello and causes him to prove to Brabantio that he did not use any witchcraft or black magic to win Desdemona's heart. When Desdemona professes her true love for Othello, her father disowns her. Iago's first attempt to destroy Othello is successful, yet he still craves revenge. He devises a plan to destroy Othello. He wants to make Othello believe that Cassio is having an affair with his wife Desdemona. This will cause Othello to regret appointing Cassio as his lieutenant and simultaneously destroy Othello's life. He knows that he "must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light"(64) if he wants to...
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Iago's Motives IGCSE Literature Coursework It is said that Iago is the most evil character Shakespeare ever introduced onto the stage. As J.H. Walter's introduction discusses, ,his motives have often been argued over. Some people believe that he is driven by pure malignancy and all his actions are accordingly bad. For them, there is no need to look too deeply into Iago's character for the reasons for his malicious destruction of Othello and Desdemona: he is simply very bad. However as discussed below, Although although he is always seeking to harm others and despises goodnessis resistant to therapy, the text suggests that he has some real human motivesis definitely not motiveless. On the surface Iago seems to have several motives,common vices. Hhe himself confesses that envy and jealousy are his motives for hatred and revenge. Iago is a man possessed by the "green eyed monster that doth mock you He is jealous of Othello's wealth and success, who although being a stranger in Venice, suggesting Iago may be racist, is a very strong and powerful general. He also believes that Othello slept with his wife "I hate the Moor and it is thought abroad that twix't my sheets he's done my office" (1.3,. V378). The thought that the Moor may have cuckolded him "Doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw my inwnards". But he is jealous ooff the Moor because Desdemona loves him and there is lust in his feelings for the "supersubtle Venetian". Iago is envious of Cassio who received a promotion to lieutenant instead of him, and resents his apparent good looks: "He hath a daily beauty in his life that makes me ugly"(V5.1.19-20). He also believes Cassio to be a proper man and does misuses his trust and friendship to get him demoted. However all these motives do not seem to justify Iago's...
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Characters play an important role in assisting playwrights in developing themes. In Shakespeare's Othello the characters play an essential role in being able to communicate the themes of the play and how they are relevant to their society. Othello tells the story of a black man marrying a white woman, whom he murders because he becomes convinced that she is unfaithful. In the text, the characters and their responses to one another inform the audience of the importance of themes, such as class, power and relationships. Through the use of character in Othello, Shakespeare is enabled to communicate the differences in class, power and relationships in relation to society. The character of Iago is used to portray the power in his relationship with Othello. Othello is a powerful military figure, he commands like a "full soldier". He is a respected general in the army, being called a "worthy governor" for the commission of Cyprus. As a soldier, Othello is impenetrable to Iago, so for Iago to destroy Othello, he must find a vulnerability for Othello. By finding Othello's vulnerability, his relationship with Desdemona, Iago shows he has a great understanding of people. Othello says that Iago "knows all qualities with a learned spirit of human dealings." By being able to recognize Othello's weakness, Iago shows himself to be perceptive and intelligent. Iago then uses this information to manipulate Othello, whispering ideas of Desdemona's infidelity, subtly suggesting and implying that Desdemona was in a relationship with Cassio, "Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio." Iago then further cements the idea in Othello's mind, using his cunning to manipulate circumstantial events, making Othello jealous and desiring to kill Desdemona. By being able to manipulate Othello, Iago shows the difference of power in their relationship, not physically, but mentally, in favour of...
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Shakespeare's "Othello" is a prime example of a cleverly crafted tragedy. Othello himself has all the elements of a tragic hero: the personal grievance involving a friend and loved one, the tragic flaw (gullibility), the sacrifice of suicide. Othello's strong love for his wife and the love that Desdemona shows him by betraying her father shows the bond between the two of them. As a man Othello was honorable and noted with high regard around Venice, also a strong and great leader. Every great leader has much stress on him no matter how great the leader. The stress of battle, the jealousy, and the loss of honor are what drove Othello insane and this is why he hath killed his wife. Although the stress of battle was not mentioned in the play one could imagine the stresses put on a man with such stories of battle that Othello himself told Brabantio. "Her father loved me, oft invited me; /Still questioned me the story of my life/From year to year- the battles sieges, fortunes/That I have passed."(I, iii, 128-131) The numerous battles and the hardships of war wear a man down. The stresses of everyday things at work get to us but the stresses of battle must be and uncountable times worse. Othello seemed to be and was mentioned as a good leader with the respect of the Duke. The stresses of being a black man leading an army of white soldiers that might respect you as a leader but might not respect you as a human would affect you also. Othello seemed to handle the stresses of war just fine but with the jealousy added into his life by the most evil Iago's plot against him and Cassio was something that Othello had trouble managing. Othello was new to the married life and did not want to leave his wife behind so he left her in the hands of the "honest" Iago. "My life upon...
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While reading Shakespeare's Othello there were numerous themes of honor, misplaced trust and jealousy. Throughout the play Iago's mission is revealed as trying to strip Othello of all honors, and reduce him to his bestial state. Misplaced trust were seen when Othello placed too much emphasis and trust on Iago. There was a lot of passion between Othello and Desdemona but it soon incinerate due the outburst jealousy of Othello. Iago sees Othello as a beast from the beginning of the play and is determined to expose him to everyone. In order for the world to see what Iago already views Othello as, Iago intends to persuade Othello to violate his code of honor; the honor which is the only thing that separates the beasts from the men. Ironically, as Iago tries to bring out the beast of Othello by making him violate his code of justice, we see that Othello's bestiality was there all along. Iago's view of Othello as a beast is obvious. Iago repeatedly describe Othello in terms of animals. When Iago tries to anger Brabantio when news of his daughter marrying the Moor erupts, Iago describe his new son-in-law in vulgar, bestial terms. Iago says "Even now, now, very now, an old black ram... is tuping your white ewe." referring to Othello and Desdemona. He also states "you'll have your daughter cover'd with a Barbary horse; .you'll have your nephews neigh to you; you'll have coursers for cousins and gennets for germans." Disrespecting Othello in every way. Othello's misplaced trust in Iago would eventually spell his doom. Othello placed all the evidence and rumors on the trust of one man's word. Othello believed Iago when he said that Desdemona was having an affair with Cassio without ever seeing the affairs. More importantly, a man of his stature can't...
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Honourable lords and ladies of Venice we are gathered here today to remember the life of the courageous Othello. Many of you have come to mourn his death but I on the other hand have come here before you all to celebrate, not his passing away but as a tribute to his contribution to us, the people. What a tragic way to end a proud and honourable role of dedication, leadership, and faithful servant to the people of Venice. Many of the people in this room today will agree with me in saying that Othello never permitted devious and cowardly acts, he was a man who believed in the importance to serve, and knew his role as gallant warrior of Venice. They were given to him for his tremendous traits. Whether they be from the art of hand to hand combat to the full protection and leadership of his people. Being close to the great Othello I have shared many priceless and revealing moments with this intriguing leader. He once branded himself with the "Great ones," of the world and I can truthfully state that Othello did it without showing any signs of being modest. His love for success proved to be an extremely powerful characteristic in gaining the support that he did. I could hardly praise Othello enough being centred constantly around him, he was a remarkable man, none the less. In my eyes, a man who's actions did not seek respect but demanded it because there was nothing that people could give to him other that respect when faced by the outstanding achievements brought about by his actions. A man who backed his eloquent words with decisive actions will remain cherished in the hearts of the people forever. His story will live on for centuries to come. It can be said...
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Love in it's purest form can be a creative force, but if it is impinged upon elements which cannot be controlled, it becomes obsession, which is destructive. This is clearly proved in Shakespeares' "Othello," and related material, which deal with love being a creative force, and obsession being a destructive force, but when love merges into obsession it can become bitter and disturbing. When love is pure, it is creative, because it fulfilling and joyful. In Othello, the creation of the bond between Desdemona and Othello is beautiful. It is passionate, romantic and honest. "She loved me for the dangers I had passed, and I loved her that she did pity them." This description of their love, depicted by Othello, is enchanting. Their love was based on a purely romantic image. In (Act I, Sc. III, L127-169), Othello says a beautiful speech about how he and Desdemona united. They share a creative love that can fight many obstacles just so they can be together. When they are united as one, they don't need anyone to accept them, because they will always have each other. Their love is creative, because Desdemona could have chosen any man, but she chose Othello, who is from a different race and who is a great deal older that her. And it wasn't their looks that attracted them to each other-it was their hearts. Desdemona fell in love with Othello's intriguing stories of bravery and endurance, while Othello fell in love with Desdemona's innocence. The love between Othello and Desdemona is very poetic. "If after every tempest come such calms, may the winds blow till they have wakened death. And let the laboring bark climb hills of seas Olympus-high, and duck again as low as hell's from heaven. If it were now to die, 'twere now to be most happy." The...
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Reading Othello, you might ask yourself why this book is so acclaimed when it has a relatively simple plot with seemingly simple characters. "It is just a story about a man becoming jealous because of a lying character", you might say. I think Othello isn't a story but it is a character study. The plot is simple but the characters have very complex personalities that are formed and changed through the course of the minimal story line. The two characters I am comparing and contrasting are Othello and Iago. *Note: these characteristics being discussed are the ones portrayed at the beginning of the book. The progression of their characteristics follows the progression of the book but that's a whole different paper. Let's go in ascending order of the characters I said I was comparing. Othello is a black military man. He is loving and his love is pure and not lustful. His love for Desdemona faces many trials but he states that his love is pure and is with good intentions (Act 1 scene 2 lines 16-27) He also states that he has been honest with the Signiory and has done them favors and has proved his integrity. He is a militaristic man, too and he talks and thinks of himself that way. "Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them", is what he states in act 1 scene 2 line 58. Instead of saying "don't fight", he gives the more practical, militaristic response to a fight about to take place. Othello is brash and fearless also. He is well respected and an accredited soldier and leader. Iago, on the other hand, is full of hate and spite. He tells Brabantio, Desdemona's father, that Othello has drugged her and seduced her, in order to create trouble for Othello. Two...
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Throughout Othello, the devil-reincarnated Iago is seen to be scheming something. As the story unfolds, we see that Iago manipulates the people around him, by helping them in hope and confidence to achieve the success of his plans to bring down Cassio and use all efforts to make himself Lieutenant. The first person that we can see Iago uses is Rodrigo. At the start of the play, we see two characters, Iago and Rodrigo talking about something outside Brabantio's house. Rodrigo's love for Brabantio's daughter, Desdemona is unrequited and because of this love, Iago persuades Rodrigo to tell Brabantio, that his very own daughter has secretly married the moor, the hero of the play, Othello. In this way, we can see how Iago uses Rodrigo to incite trouble between Brabantio and Othello. On another occasion, Rodrigo was told by Iago to start a fight with Cassio while he was drunk and when Montano, governor of Cyprus stepped in to resolve the fight, Cassio lost control and stabbed Montano. This caused the stripping of Cassio from his position as lieutenant. Rodrigo is a naïve person, and he likes to hear things that make it sound as if it would satisfy him. Knowing that he couldn't marry Desdemona because her father didn't want Rodrigo to be his son-in-law, he kept persisting in doing so. Iago knew that if he said a few right words, he would be able to make Rodrigo trustworthy of him and he did this by advising Rodrigo to do things that would eliminate those whom Desdemona loved. Iago said that she was only loving them for the time being and that her love for these other people, meaning Othello and even Cassio would not last for eternity and eventually, she will return to Rodrigo. Rodrigo was overwhelmed with this...
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Devils, witchcraft, feminine and racial subordination and a fear of disorder, these were the main issues people were subject to during Shakespeare's time and this is reflected in his play "Othello". Though a lot has changed after five hundred years that has affected the way people respond to his dominant reading such as the feminist movement and the drive for coloured people's rites in America. Act 1 begins with Iago and Roderigo plotting in the dark and doing so very sneakily. "I follow him to serve my turn upon him". To an Elizabethan audience the darkness would represent the work of the devil (who supposedly only worked at night) and would stir their supernatural beliefs. Though a modern (Christian) audience after the reforms of the church don't see the devil as having a large stranglehold on the events in the world and would miss this dominant reading and just see them as being sneaky and maybe only to some a little mischievous. If so this takes away from Iago's character and makes him seem, only just a little, less villainous. This use of night is continued when Iago and Roderigo awake Brabantio to tell him about his Daughter's relationship with Othello. "Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags. Thieves, thieves, thieves!" shows at the time not only how women are men's subordinates but how, through Othello the devil in the night has stolen away this influential man's daughter, "That with some mixtures powerful o'er the blood, or with some dram conjur'd to this effect, he wrought upon her". For a woman to have power was also a sign of deterioration, something that a fifteenth to sixteenth century audience was very afraid of. After the effects of the feminist movement the view of Desdemona being "stolen" has changed and we now...
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Think of Christmas and the rush of images is dizzying, jingling bells and bulging stockings, the scent of evergreens mixing with spices from the kitchen, carloads of loved ones traveling great distances to be with the family. Such moments give shape to the holiday. Christmastime is my favorite holiday. It is a wonderful time of the year for me. It is the most joyous and memorable season and has always been a magical part of my life. As the holiday draws near, my excitement builds, as I think of the traditions my family celebrates. The season, filled with laughter and merriment, always starts the same. On Thanksgiving Day, while we are still suffering from our excessive over eating, we bring out the department store advertisements that were stuffed in the daily newspaper. The children scan the advertisements one by one and circle the pictures of the gift items that they like. Every one of them circle ten times more gifts than they would ever expect to receive but we are happy to start with some suggestions. The adults also search the papers looking for ideas for their holiday gift giving. We retire for the day early, and set our alarm clocks for the crack of dawn. The countdown has begun! Family members, young and old, wake up early in the morning to start their holiday shopping. Off to the malls we go, shopping lists in hand, looking for the perfect gifts for our family and friends. Every delightful treasure is chosen with great emotion and love. Signs of Christmas are everywhere we go; enchanting Christmas music blaring from the intercoms, brightly decorated trees at every corner you turn, sparkling garland, life size candy canes and Santa Claus in every mall. People on their way in, their arms empty, push past people on their way...
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"Our Day Out" is a political play. Willy Russell wants us to think about his characters and the world they inhabit. What is your response to the drama and the way it is told? I like "Our Day Out" because it makes you think. There are numerous different perspectives to see the story from – the children's perspective,Briggs' perspective, even the bus driver's perspective, and each is unique. Willy Russell has created strong and realistic characters who we can believe. The story begins in Liverpool in 1977. The scene is dreary and desolate. The area is a deprived, dilapidated example of post-industrial blight. The kids are products of this environment. It is the "progress class" day out and the headmaster of the tough school they attend is the epitome of society's view of them. He is content to let their hopes and fortunes go by the wayside. Of Mrs. Kay the progress class teacher he says "She keeps 'em happy with their reading machines and plasticine." This is a view that these children have no goal in life, that the system is not prepared to give them an opportunity to work out of poverty. He believes each of them has their goal in life – to be a labourer or factory worker. Mrs. Kay, whose decision it is to go on the trip, is more lighthearted and understanding. She loves and cares for each individual child regardless of their social status or background. For some, she is the closest thing they have to a mother, unloved at home and not cared for. Her authority however is questioned by Mr. Briggs, who is a straight-laced disciplinarian. The two have conflicting views on how the children should be taught and treated, and I feel that Briggs chose to come on the trip at the last...
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Dunstable Ramsay, protagonist of Robertson Davies' novel Fifth Business, was a very interesting man who led a rich and intriguing life. He possessed many positive traits that led to his successes, but he also had his share of faults that would inevitably lead to certain failures. Dunstan's reclusive and judgmental nature meant that he could neither truly ever love someone nor belong anywhere as he would have wished. The fact that he was a man unto himself, a unique specimen, affected his professional life as it disturbed some people who could influence its direction and because he did not follow a typical career path. His inherent qualities hindered his progress in life. Our hero, though gifted in many ways, always retained a reserved and private nature, which denied him of intimate relationships with those he cared for most. From the beginning of the book, we see that Dunny's tyrannical mother incited him to shrink away from intimacy. She never showed him the love he so hungered for and never sought his affection. He was never taught, and so he never learned, to let his emotions out, instead of bottling them permanently and damagingly inside of him. As a boy, Dunny became his own best friend for lack of a better companion. He developed a rich inner life at the cost of valuable social interactions. This inner life continued and grew throughout his life, particularly once he had developed a unique interest in saints. Although he would have liked to, as he expressed in his 'wisdom' later on in life, he never got very close to anyone. He held secrets deep inside and kept his desires and opinions to himself, leaving the true identity of Dunstable Ramsay as an enigma. After masquerading for so long, Dunstan simply forgot that sharing himself with others...
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Chance McGuire stood at the top of a six hundred and fifty foot concrete dam, looking down, hoping that his parachute will open facing away from the dam, and that the wind will not slam him into the hard concrete. He takes a big breath and jumps. He soars down the face of the dam only feet away from the deadly concrete. His parachute opens and he glides away from the dam to a safe area next to the river. But what if his parachute did not open? People all over the world take risks; some love the adrenaline rush, some are born with a predisposition for risk-taking, some anxiously want what they don't have, and some want change in their lives. Due to changes in the world and people's lives, risk-taking has increased in the past decade. Many young people, mostly between the ages of fifteen and thirty five, are taking risks these days. Though oblivious to the consequences of their actions, they are accomplishing dangerous and often deadly feats. Base jumping, which is basically jumping off a cliff or bridge with a parachute, has become a sport with one of the world's highest fatality rates. In its eighteen year history, forty six participants have died, yet it remains very popular. Other types of risk-taking include skydiving, which, in 1992, had a fatality rate of two for every one hundred thousand jumpers; and mountain climbing which has a death rate of forty seven to every one hundred thousand climbers. There are also non-life-threatening risks that can be financially hazardous. More than thirty percent of U.S. households own stocks of one kind or another. People all over the world are quitting their jobs more than ever to start their own internet businesses or to start a business of their own. So why do people...
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