One of the main functions of literature written during the Middle Ages is to represent the value system and culture of that time period. With The Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer does just this. Through the various tales told by the travelers on their pilgrimage to and from the tomb of Thomas a 'Becket, the reader gets insight on the social theory, class boundaries, and value systems of the age in which it is set. One issue that Chaucer deals frequently with is the idea of what an ideal wife should or should not be. In both the Franklin's tale and the Clerk's tale, the reader is presented with two women, Griselda and Dorigen, who exemplify the characteristics which an ideal Medieval wife should depict. With the Franklin's tale of the larger Canterbury Tales, Chaucer characterizes the ideal Medieval wife through Dorigen, the main woman of the story. When the reader first meets her, she is described as being a "lady in the highest wise" (3) and "the fairest under [the] sun" (6). Out of pity she agrees to take an honorable knight to be her husband, thereby lowering her social status, and vows to be forever a faithful wife and lover to him. Together they have a happy and prosperous marriage overflowing with trust and respect. Being a knight, though, Dorigen's husband is often traveling. During these periods of separation, Dorigen "mourn[s], watche[s], wail[s], she fast[s] and complain[s]" (91) for her husband's swift and safe return to her, much as a noble wife should. On one such occasion, however, a young squire pledges his loyalty to her if only she consents to be his lover. To this, Dorigen, in jest, responds thus: Aurelius . . . by God above, Yet would I well consent to be your love, Since I hear you complain so...
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The United States is a nation of Immigrants. Many people come to the United States every year from all over the world. These immigrants include international students, professionals, and refugees. They come to the United States for many different reasons, but mainly for better opportunities for themselves and their families: better jobs, better life, to join family, to escape war, and for freedom. Some immigrant is a person who leaves one country to settle permanently in another country or region to which one is not native. A group of people may immigrate to another country because of some conditions which make it difficult for them to live in their home environment. Many immigrants come to the United States for better opportunities for jobs and life due to political unrest or war in their own countries. Some countries have a mandatory service in the military. There are individuals who do not believe in this forced service and chose to leave their countries for that reason. In addition, some professionals in their own countries also had jobs with a higher salary until things changed in their countries due to political unrest or war. Furthermore, most immigrants are striving to improve their standard of living. People living in the republican countries were persecuted by political. The people from republican countries have fled war and economic stagnation to seek greater stability in the United States. Therefore, many political refugees from the republican countries have arrived seeking relief from persecution. Another way to reason this matter is by looking at the level of education and skills. Many students immigrate to the United States because in their countries of origin, they had less opportunity to attend school than Americans. The education systems in the United States are better than other republican countries. Also, there are plenty of good colleges and...
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Media is mass communication, a connection all over the world, which informs, entertains, and influences us. There are so many examples of media such as television, radio, Internet, newspaper and so on. An individual can control what he/she sees, feels and thinks. To an extent this is true but can something so popular and common as media have an effect on the average person without their even knowing it? To answer this question some common types of media can be evaluated. Television, the Internet, music, and the newspaper are good models of mass media. Television has developed and grows with the society. Yet, who controls this widespread form of education and entertainment? Most would answer the general public determine the selection of television programs, however if people decide what is shown how can they complain about the result? On an individual day, there are about five to six violent acts per hour on the television. This cannot be tolerated with the children; children are likely to behave in aggressive or harmful ways towards others because of all the violent that they show on the television. Television has a lot of influences on a child's behavior. Another tool used in media consists of the Internet and its accessibility. Recently the Internet has become very popular among us, more and more people are online. The Internet can be found anywhere: at home, school, or office. However, what is the extent of the Internet's influence? Apparently it has not only helped students write research papers, it has helped criminals make bombs. A chat room may seem like the perfect place to make friends with people like you, until a child molester uses this to victimize a child. The Internet can be an incredible and useful tool but it also a deadly weapon. People and a lot...
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Throughout time, great literature has given readers the opportunity to explore the world without ever leaving the comfort of their homes. Authors give us the ability to experience the thoughts and feelings of characters with many different backgrounds and lifestyles. Reading about far away people and places may sound difficult or rather boring to some, especially if they are not familiar with the subject; however, good authors have found ways to make reading more interesting by using elements that are familiar to everyone. Toni Cade Bambara gives readers a glimpse into the life of Sylvia, a poor, young black girl in "The Lesson." Bambara illustrates exactly how unfair life is even though America is supposed to be and land of equal opportunity and equal rights for all. The author uses the elements of diction, setting, and theme to allow the readers to personally relate to the work even if their life experiences are not similar at all to those of the characters. Webster's dictionary defines diction as "choice and use of words in speech or writing." Obviously this is a very important element in making a story seem more real. They way the characters speak to each other tell readers a lot about them. For instance, when Sylvia, who is also the narrator in "The Lesson," states "…Miss Moore rounds us all up at the mailbox and it's puredee hot and she's knocking herself out about arithmetic. And School suppose to let up in summer I heard, but she don't never let up," the reader can automatically assume certain things about her just by the way she speaks. You know she is a young, naïve girl who is uneducated. The fact that the readers can gain all of this insight into the characters background simply from the way they speak and...
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The Impact of Media Media is mass communication, a connection all over the world that informs, entertains, and influences people. Examples of media are things such as TV, Internet, periodicals, music, and radio. A common assumption is that an individual can control what he sees, thinks, or feels. To an extent this is true. However, can something so popular and prevalent as media have an effect on the average person without their even knowing it? To answer this question some common types of media can be evaluated. Television, the Internet, music, and the newspaper are good models of mass madia. Television has evolved with society. Ratings determine a show's airtime and time slot. Yet, who controls this widespread form of education and entertainment? Most would answer the general public determine the selection of television programs, however, many claims have been made as the adverse effects of TV. If people decide what is shown how can they complain about the result? Studies have linked violence to children's behavior. On an individual day, there are about 5 to 6 violent acts per hour on prime-time television, and 20 to 25 acts of violence on Saturday morning children's television (Gerbner, 1990). Children "may be more likely to behave in aggressive or harmful ways towards others." If this is true, than there is a possibility that other facets of TV can influence a child's actions. Commercials have also been known to impact a person's lifestyle in that advertising a specific product on TV can boost sales. Evidently, the better a commercial is the more chances the company has to sell their product. Companies have many persuasive tactics at their disposal to attract their viewers. Examples of these appeals are that of the bandwagon, intelligence, emotions, and immulation. Another tool used in media consists of the Internet and its...
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Literature is an opportunity to reveal the truth of life. Authors create stories of how life really is, defying the traditional ideal life. American authors in particular, kill the illusion of the perfect white picket fence, hard working husband, obedient wife and 2.5 children. Readers are often shaken with the realities of American life, but the novels characters always overcome these realities and are able to survive. In several American novels, authors portray characters that are deeply affected by their father. In one way or another, throughout literature, fathers play an important role in the development of their children's lives. In Death of a Salesman, Willy is almost too involved in his son's life during his childhood. Willy believes that popularity is the key to success, therefore he promotes his sons football career and social events, rather then forcing him to study and earn good grades. Willy ignores his son's dreams and needs, instead he focuses on their reputation and how his son's fame makes him feel more successful. Willy's lack of understanding of the world, results in being a bad father, which in turn ruins his sons life. Although fathers often try to do their best, their own ignorance of the world can often reflect onto the children. In the end, Willy's sons, are able to learn from their fathers mistakes and create their own beliefs of true success. Their father's mistakes in life helped them to become better people. Huck Finn's father is often said to be the cruelest father ever written. In many readers opinion, Huck's father is simply a biological father and Jim, the run away slave is in fact the closet father figure Huck has. Through their adventures, Jim and Huck become extremely close. Jim teaches Huck the ways of the world and about life. Jim becomes...
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Oscar Wilde's play, The Importance Of Being Earnest, is an example of his use of "dandyism." Throughout the play he uses humorous depictions of class tensions and delights in the play's characters' confused sense of values. Lady Bracknell is perhaps the choice character to use to make a mockery of materialistic, middle-class society. She is a highfalutin Victorian lady who stresses good breeding above all other matters. When she is informed that Jack has asked Gwendolen to marry him, she quickly dismisses Gwendolen and with pencil and notebook in hand begins to interrogate Jack, not first without giving him notice that his name did not appear on her list of eligible young men. She appeared to be at least satisfied with his answers to her line of questioning until she asked about his parents. When he tells her that he lost both of his parents, she replies, "Both? To lose one parent may be regarded as a misfortune – to lose both seems like carelessness." Then she goes on seemingly dismissing that fact and begins trying to establish at least his fathers ranking in life. He then has to admit he was orphaned, found in a handbag on a train. With this information she says she will not allow her daughter to marry him. In contrast of her firm convictions of not settling for anything less than coming from good breeding, in Act III she learns that Algernon intends to marry Cecily, whom she also doubts her background, but warms to her and gives her consent when she discovers she has a large personal fortune. The twist of it all is, that when Lady Bracknell told Jack to, "Acquire some relation as soon as possible," she did not know of course that one of them would be her self. The person...
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THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST CHARACTER STUDY LADY BRACKNELL Manner of Speech Lady Bracknell's untiring set of rules and standards and her overuse of "should" and "must" are characteristic of the voice of English authority. Her dialogue and aggressive, masculine control ("You can take a seat, Mr. Worthing") are unbelievable, and therefore comical and hilarious. Although Lady Bracknell's haughty tone, pace, and manner in offering advice to Gwendolyn and Jack about how, whom, and when to marry seem normal, her "monster-like" description and queries about money and property seem masculine. The style of her language is familiar but her words are unexpected: Jack should know "nothing"; his occupation should be "smoking"; an engagement should be a "surprise". Lady Bracknell is a socio-conscious person, who believes that money and position in society reflects goodness of person and success. These beliefs are reflected in her manner of speech. "I do not approve of anything that tampers with natural ignorance. Ignorance is like a delicate exotic fruit; touch it and the bloom is gone. The whole theory of modern education is radically unsound. Fortunately in England, at any rate, education produces no effect whatsoever. If it did, it would prove a serious danger to the upper classes, and probably lead to acts of violence in Grosvenor Square." "The chin a little higher, dear. Style largely depends on the way the chin is worn. They are worn very high, just at present." "London society is full of women of the very highest birth who have, of their own free choice, remained thirty-five for years." "A moment, Mr Worthing. A hundred and thirty thousand pounds! And in the funds! Miss Cardew seems to me a most attractive young lady, now that I look at her."...
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Ben Loman may not be the central character in ARthur MIller's Death of a Salesman, but he belongs to the heart of the story. It is tempting to disregard his character as just another creation of Willy's delusional mind because he is encountered only in Willy Loman's hallucinations of the past. However, Ben is much more than that. His character, representative of Willy's unreallistic dreams and the reality of his life appears when Willy is feeling most low and suicidal. Ben is first encountered by the audience while Willy is playing cards with Charlie as he expresses exhaustion after coming home from working. Here Arthur Miller uses Ben to inform the audience of Willy's past relationship with his father and brother, providing background for Willy's misguidedness and insecurities - Ben left to look for their father in Alaska when Willy was only three years and eleven months old(47). Ben speaks of their father in the same manner as Willy speaks of him - in superlatives. "With one gadget he made more [flutes] in a week than a man like you could make in a lifetime."(49) These boasts are exaggerations meant to emphasize Willy's feelings of inadequacy to his brother and father. This familial history complements Willy's relationship to Biff, just as Biff thinks himself a failure in his father's eyes, Willy sees himself as inadequate compared to his father and brother. This is Ben's most important role. He supplies the audience with information regarding Willy's past, explaining how and why he ended up the way he is at present. Ben Loman is also representative of Willy's lost opportunities. In his second appearance in the flashback after Willy is fired by Howard Wagner, Ben offers Willy the opportunity to come with him to Alaska. Willy declines, sacrificing this dream in favor of a...
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Throughout the history of black American culture, the pursuit of dreams has played a pivotal role in self-fulfillment and internal development. In many ways an individual's reactions to the perceived and real obstacles barring the path to a dream define the very character of that person. This theme has been quite evident in black literary works regardless of time period or writing style. For example, in both Fences, by August Wilson, and Their Eyes Were Watching God, by Zora Neale Hurston, dreams enhance the plot and message of the story, though the two stories develop under different circumstances. The importance of dreams in character development is one common thread that unites Fences and Their Eyes Were Watching God, two stories penned by authors similar only in their racial backgrounds. While Their Eyes Were Watching God focuses little on the dreams of men, the author's attitude toward this subject is clear from the very first paragraph of her novel. She claims that men's dreams are "mocked to death by Time", implying that men are so inherently passive that they have less control than the "tide" over their own desires (Hurston 1). Logan Killicks and Joe Starks provide physical representations of this opinion. Logan's dream seems to be to find a beautiful woman to love. While his marriage to Janie fulfills this wish, the reader witnesses Logan's inability to hold on to Janie; Janie soon leaves Logan with no control and little hope. Joe, too, fails to succeed, but he is shiftless in another way. While he perseveres in accomplishing his dreams, he spends his life pursuing the wrong dreams. Janie accuses him of not seeing or understanding a "whole heap uh things" he "could have"; how true it is! (Hurston 86) Rather than accepting the facts of life and making plans around...
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Can you imagine what it would be like if you couldn't tell the one's you care about that you love them? Language is such an important part of our everyday lives. To these four courageous writer's language meant so much more, and was a way for them to express who they really were. There is Amy Tan who loved English so much that she was ashamed of her mother. The truly inspirational Helen Keller, overcame being deaf and blind. To be one of the most influential writers of our time There is Fredrick Douglass who had to overcome being a slave in order to become an important piece of our history. Then there is Chang-rae Lee a man with such a unique way with words. Language played a major role in the lives of Helen Keller, Fredrick Douglass, Amy Tan, and Chang-rae Lee. First is Amy Tan who was born in California in 1952( WP 271). Her parents immigrated from China to give Amy a chance at a good life here in the states. At the age of eight Tan "won a writing contest that would in turn ignite her passion for writing" (Tan 271). Tan loved English at an early age and picked it up rather well. Tan was one of the smartest students in her class and excelled pretty quickly in her studies. Tan said later as an adult that: " language helped shape the way she saw things, expressed things, made sense of things" (Tan 273). Tan's mother was not educated, and knew very little English. Tan's mother's English was often called broken because hardly anyone could understand what she was trying to say. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants didn't take her seriously because they didn't know what she was saying. Some ignorant people...
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The Importance of Nonconformity The proposals presented in both Henry David Thoreau's "Civil Disobedience" and Mark Twain's "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" depict similar positions and ideas on the moral and ethical inferences for both the individual and society. In "Civil Disobedience," Thoreau presented many radical and distinct suggestions on what the government, democracy, and society should ethically instill upon individuals. Mark Twain also explored this idea of contrary morals and ethics through the adventures of his rebellious character, Huckleberry Finn. Henry David Thoreau and Mark Twain share many similar concepts reflecting on the morals and ethics that are classified between the individual and society. Both writers stress the importance of the individual's personal beliefs and perseverance for freedom, as Thoreau discusses the implications of government, and Twain describes the adventures taken against slavery and society. One of the most important themes throughout Thoreau's work is the notion of individualism. Thoreau held a negative stance on the existing democratic government system that was unparallel to mainstream society. He believed democracy to be corrupt and immoral since it valued the majority's opinion, rather than the intellectual or honorable views of individuals. He rejected the idea that a person must adapt his own values out of loyalty to his own government. He thought that democracy was ultimately about compromise when he asked "can there not be a government in which majorities do not virtually decide right and wrong, but conscience?"(135). Thoreau recognized that people accept the decision of the majority and tend to conform to the judgments of others. In his extreme perception, Thoreau asks people to remove themselves from the government when they believe they are being asked to do something wrong. In fact, he suggests in his work "Civil Disobedience," "that government is best which governs least" (134). Thoreau knew that not...
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The play "Simply María", written by Josefina López explores social and gender values which are clearly exposed in the play. We see how a particular scene can show most of the main ideas the author would like the reader to think about when they read the play. For me, scene seven of the play, although it's simplicity, shows various themes that are also presented throughout the whole play. From this stems the importance of the scene. In this scene María tells her parents about the scholarship she received and how that would help her reach her dream of becoming an actress. An argument begins in which her father Ricardo, her mother Carmen, and herself participate. In first place the stereotype or machismo shown by Ricardo when he tells María: "I didn't know you had to study to be a whore". That line, found in page 1904 shows Ricardo's ignorance mixed with a false stereotype toward women, specially actresses. He thinks the only decent women are those who get married and dedicate only to their husband and kids. He also thinks that women are no good without a man by their side, which I consider to be a complete "machista" thought. As María says, women can do both, be a good housewife and mother and also have a career and be successful in the two aspects. Vega 2 Ricardo doesn't want María to deny Mexico if her life gets better because that would be to deny him and her mother. He's afraid that could happen because where he works there are Mexicans that deny their origins. María is kind of mad with her father because he had encouraged her to get educated when she was young and helped her construct her dreams for the future. But now that she's clear with what she wants to...
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Simon is like a saint in the novel as he has a compassion for all the other boys on the island. He is the type of character that likes to find the truth and get to the bottom of the problem. He also shares experiences of the littluns and the older boys. With the littluns, he loves to help them and feels for them but has the knowledge of the other boys and understands them more than they understand themselves. Simon faints many times while he is on the island and also suffers from hallucinations. The fits he suffers from symbolize the state of the visionary experience. He also represents a martyr who is not valued to any extent and in the society the boys have formed together he is not being understood. His views or feelings do not mean a thing to the other boys. Simon tends to be troubled by the rest of the group and takes life much more seriously than the others. He can be classed as unique because he can hear the voice of the beast while the other boys cannot. He gives up his own life in an attempt to tell the rest of the boys about the beast. The beast is a pigs head on the stick and only Simon sees it. This is an extract from Lord of the flies by william golding. I need help in extending this essay so i can write upto 800 words for my GCSE coursework. All your work will be aprreciated. Thank you every so much....
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Two short stories that have been effectively crafted to leave the writer with a strong impression of the main character are, 'The Wedding Gift" by Thomas Raddal and "Piece of steak" by Jack London. Both Stories evolve around entirely different circumstance but show the journeys of the main character. "A Piece of Steak" is the story of a prize fighter called Tom King who has gained wisdom but has lost his youth. His body was now battered and bruised, his knuckles were swollen and his arteries no longer did the work. Tom is matched with a young boxer called Sandal, "Tom was the grizzled old chopping block that guarded the highway to fame and fortune". If Sandal managed to beat Tom he would go on to bigger and better things, if Tom won, there would be food on his table. Tom puts up a good fight, carfully calculating every move to make the most of his diminishing strenght. Despite Tom's wisdom, Sandal is just to fit and his youthful exuberance helps him overcome Tom. Although Tom is deeply saddened he holds no grudges. He had done the same to Stowsher Bill twenty years ago and Bill had cried afterwards like a baby. Fighting was business to him and there was one winner and one looser. He was more unnerved about his wife waitning for him at his home that loosing. From the end we get the impression that Tom is a man who accepts life for what it is and this is shown by his battle with Sandals youthful exhuberence. In The Wedding Gift, the main character Kezia is also faced with a troublesome task with the same unlikelyhood of beating it. Kezia is forced to marry a man who nearlytwice her age who lives in a remote fishing town some distance away. She has to travel to the town on a horse in the snow acoompanied by the towns preacher....
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The Influence of "Black" Music on Literature One of the best methods for examining the characteristics of a culture is to study the art it produces. Over the years, "black" music has served as a cultural guideline to the ever-changing American popular culture. From yesterday's blues to today's hip-hop, "black" music has evolved many times over helping create the culture we know today. No better way to witness this evolution than to experience the music of the Dirty Dozen Brass Band. Fusing influences like the blues and avant-garde jazz, they offer an accurate glimpse into the past and future. The Dirty Dozen's performance is an appropriate example of the influential connection the elements of "black" music share with other artistic genres, especially literature. The Dirty Dozen's music possesses an intoxicating effect that absolutely absorbs the listener. One of the major characteristics of "black" music is this capability of drawing the listener in. It can best be explained by the idea of "soul." "Soul" is a feeling of genuineness, a sensation that goes straight to the heart. In his book, The Reluctant Art, Benny Green depicts Billie Holiday as "one of the most remarkable natural musicians jazz has seen" (936). She possessed an innate ability to mesmerize her audiences, almost from the first word. In one of her strongest songs, "Strange Fruit," Holiday sings of a lynched man. The emotion in her voice captivates the listener, forcing him to focus on the harrowing images she describes. The song is a powerful protest to the pain and suffering African Americans were forced endure. Blues songs often chronicle the same feelings of adversity. The blues originated from work songs slaves sang in the fields. These songs offered them a means of emotional release. The Dirty Dozen played a few blues songs during their performance. Serving as...
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Anorexia Differing from what most people, including me, had believed before reading The Origins of Anorexia Nervosa. Anorexia is not new to the world as we believe. Most people assume that it originated from the modern models we see on TV and in magazines. But as we very interestingly find out that anorexia has a long history dating back over 120 years. In 1873 Anorexia was determined by two different doctors in two different counties. One in France and one in England. Charles Lasegue gave an incite into the minds of young girls, in the nineteenth century, with a dysfunction in the bourgeois family system. In our terms, middle class parents wanted to show off their new found abundance of food. They would fill the table with fancy dishes covered with large amounts of food and topped off with fancy silverware. Brumberg goes on to talk about the pressures of marriage. The women are put through a lot of different expectations by their father. They needed to look right. They needed to act right. And they needed to do exactly what the men in the family wanted them to do. My not eating, it was an easy way for them to rebel. It was expect for the daughter of a middle class family to marry a man of a middle class family. Anorexia is a women disorder though. There are not many signs for this. They don't cause large amounts of attention by other people around them. Not eating was a way for some women to act out. They didn't have to yell, hit people, or make a scene the just did their own thing. For the Victorian middle class this was women like....
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Macbeth, the main character in William Shakespeare's tragedy, Macbeth was not secure in his manhood. This insecurity led to the downfall of Macbeth because he felt the need to prove himself to Lady Macbeth. After he proved himself by killing Duncan, Macbeth became desensitized to killing. In the beginning of the play Macbeth showed his love for Lady Macbeth in many different ways. He told her his feelings toward her "My dearest love" (act I, scene v, l 58). Macbeth listens to what Lady Macbeth has to say, and takes her advice into consideration every time he makes a decision. He also has great love for her and tries his best to make her happy no matter what it takes. Lady Macbeth convinced Macbeth that he wasn't a man unless he went through with the murder of Duncan. She threatens his manhood by saying When you durst do it, then you were a man;/ And to be more than what you were, you would/ Be so much more the man (act I, scene vii, l 49-51). Slowly Lady Macbeth manipulated his mind to think the right thing to do was kill Duncan. Macbeth had decided in order to prove his manhood he must go through with this horrible act. After Macbeth had committed the crime he felt that his soul could never be cleansed no matter what he did. He said They pluck out mine own eyes!/Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood/Clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather/The Multitudinous seas incarnadine, /Making the green one red (act II, scene iii, l 58-62). This shows that he really didn't want to kill Duncan, but he did it in order to prove himself to Lady Macbeth, and to become the king. By the end he had no fear, and had killed not only...
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The Intrinsic Worth of Growing Older Our society worships youth. Advertisements convince us to buy Grecian formula and Oil of Olay so we can hide the gray in our hair, and smooth the lines on our face. Television shows feature attractive young stars with firm bodies, perfect complexions, and thick manes of hair. Middle-aged people work out in gyms and jog down the street, trying to delay the effects of aging. Would any person over the age of forty sign with the devil just to be young again? Is aging an experience to be dreaded? Maybe it is un-American to say so, but I believe the answer is "No." Being young is often pleasant and exciting, but being older has very distinct advantages. The advantages of being older are, no longer being obsessed with appearance, having most difficult decisions in the past, and having a better sense of who you are. When young, people are apt to be obsessed with their appearance. As a teenager I took mega doses of vitamins and worked feverishly to perfect the body I had. I was involved in every sport possible, such as track, basketball, cheerleading, and gymnastics. Pouring all of my time and energy into these sports was an attempt at turning my wiry adolescent frame into some muscular ideal. When I was young I begged and pleaded for the "right" clothes. If my parents did not get them for me, I felt my world would fall apart. How could I go to school wearing some bulky, loose-fitting coat, while everyone else would be wearing tailored leather jackets? I often wonder how my parents tolerated me. However, I now spend all of my energy on my education. I have learned to love my tall wiry frame, and playing sports has become an enjoyable hobby. I...
pages: 4 (words: 1028)
The Irony of Invisible Man's Variance of Morality Rated by Kohlberg's Methods In Invisible Man his morality has been developing slowly throughout the book. In analyzing the battle royal scene, it was noticed that there could be many different levels of Kohlberg's stages applied to this scene. For Example during Invisible Man's speech he accidentally or subconsciously says Social Responsibility with Social Equality. And upon saying the audience stops everything they're doing and asks him what did he say. And by him saying that he meant Social Responsibility, the crowd calmed and he finished his speech. Some people might say that from this passage, that Invisible Man's morality is at level four, which basically means that, he is concerned with maintaining a good social order. And this can be considered true, but if we look at his surroundings, many very powerful whites in the south surrounded him. Many of who possibly had guns such as the sheriff. So therefore when he was standing before the whites of his town, he is being threatened without words, with a severe punishment. When the scenario is put into those terms it seems, that he is at stage one, where he simply acts on what he will get punished for. From analyzing one of the first scene's in the book where there were two possible stages for one action. It can be safely assumed that if one of the first scenes has various levels of morality. Therefore, there is a high possibility that the majority of the book would be difficult to prove without some form of doubt or questionability. Another stage that should be analyzed is Invisible Man at college, when he is driving Mr. Norton around and he visits Trueblood's. It seems that Invisible Man is ashamed of Trueblood. And when Mr. Norton gives Trueblood...
pages: 5 (words: 1292)