Dr. David Jenkins Plovdiv University and the American University in Bulgaria Perspective by Incongruity: On the Road with Henry James, Aleko Konstantinov, and Saul Bellow "'What's your road, man?--holyboy road, madman road, rainbow road, guppy road, any road. It's an anywhere road for anybody anyhow…. I'm cutting along in my life as it leads me.'" (Dean Moriarty, in Jack Kerouac's On the Road 206). Scene One: Waiting for a Train Three men were standing together on Platform Five at the Baton Rouge Train Station. One was slightly built, the other two were burly, broad-shouldered and imposing. All were well dressed in the fashion of the time. Other than their improbable names, there was little to distinguish them from the other passengers waiting on the platform. Those names bore an uncanny resemblance to men who are very well known. The three men were Henry James, Aleko Konstantinov, and Saul Bellow. They were on their way to Chicago to visit the World's Fair. James nervously looked at his watch, then turned to Konstantinov, picking up the thread of their conversation. "It's not too late for you… you don't strike me as in danger of missing the train; besides which people can be in general pretty well trusted, of course--with the clock of their freedom ticking as loud as it seems to do here--to keep an eye on the fleeting hour. All the same don't forget that you're young—blessedly young…. Live all you can; it's a mistake not to. It doesn't so much matter what you do in particular, so long as you have your life." Unlike James, who was visiting from London, his adopted home (another uncanny resemblance), Konstantinov was completely at ease in the American South, and for that matter at ease all the way from New Orleans to Minneapolis. Though he had once had hopes of becoming a writer,...
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"Our Secret" Essay No. 2 HIMMLER As I read "Our Secret" it was so far reaching which made it hard to explain. "Our Secret" covered points including; Head of the Nazi police (Heinrich Himmler) concentration camps, violence, and the connection people have with personal life. The author introduced the life of Heinrich Himmler and different situations and compared them to each other. The story had a lot to do with Germany, and how the Nazi created the concentration camp's who formed a coalition. The structure of "Our Secret" was confusing because the author would talk about one thing, compare it to her life and skip to another story all together. Heinrich Himmler was born on October 7, 1900, to a very strict Roman Roman Catholic father who was a teacher. Heinrich's father Gebhard was strict because he came from a poverty stricken family. Johann, Gebhard's father became a soldier in the army. He had gotten himself into some trouble over the years. When Gebhard was born his father was reformed and was a sergeant of the Royal Police force of Bavaria. Heinrich's father taught him the proper way to stand, walk and talk. Gebhard taught Heinrich to be very organized. As a child Heinrich kept a very organized journal of what he did everyday. His father would make him walk through the woods so he would appreciate nature, play chess to stimulate his mind, and play the piano so he would be cultured. As a boy Heinrich was not very popular at school. He was very frail due to influenza as a child. In 1916, Heinrich was old enough to join a regiment. Heinrich served as an officer cadet in the Eleventh Bavaria regiment at the end of WW1. Germany was defeated. Heinrich felt as if he had failed. He came home with no commission...
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The poem "Out, Out--," by Robert Frost shows the poets views on rural living as well as his views on the worth of life. The poem shows the reality, not the romantic view that most people have about pastoral living. A close analysis of this poem shows that Frost relies on such devises as onomatopoeia, and hard, mournful sounds. "Out, Out--," by Robert Frost is comprised of only one long stanza of thirty-four long lines. There is no apparent rhyme scheme. I believe the lack of a rhyme scheme is a little symbolic of the message that the poet is trying to get across; that contrary to popular and romantic ideals about pastoral living, there is nothing grand about getting up with the dawn and working very hard until the sun goes down. The one and only stanza answers the question, "How do the romanticized views of rural life compare to the actuality of the situation." The use of onomatopoeia with the buzzing of the buzz saw is really the only poetic devise that I could find, but in my opinion, and I could be wrong, the poem does not rely on such poetic devises to get its meaning across. The poet relies on the reader fully understanding the truth behind the meaning. Without understanding this, the reader would be lost and just say that "Out, Out--," is just another morbid poem by Robert Frost. In "Out, Out--," Frost places the action in what might be called "a picture postcard setting worthy of Vermont Life," but suggests that the people who live on this farm may be just too busy with the day-to-day business of survival to admire the view. The visual brilliance of the sunset and the five mountain ranges contrasts with the drab, common dust and sticks of the boy's chore...
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Perfection. Perfection can no longer be reached through anyone else. Instead one must look inwards to seek a state of inner calm. This does not work. It is well known and generally accepted fact that no-one is perfect. Doesn't stop us trying. Doesn't stop us crying. I don't care about being perfect or being the same. I only ever wanted to be me. It was never easy to discover my true identity underneath the myriad of masks I had placed on myself. I found it eventually. I worked hard to maintain myself, through thick and thin. Yet soon I found this was yet another mask. I cannot keep my feelings within. And so now what must happen is I must simply let myself go. Just accept the way I feel, and try to express myself in a way only I can figure out for myself. No-one can tell me what to do, or how I choose to show myself to the world. The choice is mine and mine alone. So fuck all you bull-shit preachers, who say that 'hell is other people'. Hell can only be found in oneself, because if you are hell, then it doesn't matter what others are. And if they are hell, why should that bother you? Can it pierce you inner sanctum of perfection? Through good times and shit times we cannot maintain the same outlook, simply because these are different. And so our true selves is ever changing, ever evolving, either for good or worse. This is not to say however, that don't follow the same basic principles. I try my hardest to care about things. On some subjects I have just given up hope. But not on human beings. Humans are incredible creatures, capable of both great hate and great love. I have not lost faith in the good side...
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From Arthur Miller's chilling play script of the Salem Witch trials in 'The Crucible', the determining and though provoking 'Tracks' by Robyn Davidson and Creed's powerful song of past choice 'My Sacrifice', have proved effective in shaping my understanding of the meaning of 'personal choice'. These topics that have been studied this year are all relative to issues that people go through today. From discrimination, to the loss of a family member or friend, these happenings may influence choice on behalf of a person and what their future paths may be. For reasons like these I have a better understanding of my personal choice and respect for other peoples decisions. When Arthur Miller wrote the real life based play script of 'The Crucible', he got into the minds of the characters, allowing for the reader to relate to the character throughout what actions they were carrying out. Play script is easy to understand as it provided the emotion that the character is feeling and how they portray this. Based in 1692, there was little choice for people outside the law that was the church. Everything in those days that was unexplainable became an act of God, from a bad crop to a bad cold, this person must have done something wrong therefore God is punishing them. These people were small-minded when it came to looking at the bigger picture, everything was about their 'creed' (religion). This showed me that today a lot of choices that we make are taken for granted, as in 1692 there was no real personal choice. All choices were made on behalf of the community from the church, or more likely the Reverend Parris, a self-centred, bitter, paranoid man who believes that people are trying to give him a bad name. Abigail, his two faced niece, and...
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The poem "Remembrance" and the character Heathcliff from the novel Wuthering Heights have a lot in common. The poem "Remembrance" deals with a man who has just lost his lover that he has loved since his youth. In the novel Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff loves Catherine since they first met and also has a youth love. As they grow older Catherine leaves to be with Edgar and than dies after giving birth. Heathcliff is saddened by this and becomes depressed. In "Remembrance" the man loses his lover but does become depressed. Another difference between the two men is that Heathcliff stops eating and kills himself. Even though the two men have differences, there is also many things alike. They both have loves and relationships that start in their youth. Also when the lovers dies they both miss them much and wish for them to come back. Finally, they are both saddened by the lost of their lovers and do not how to go on living at first. Eventually the man in "Remembrance" starts to cope with it likewise, Heathcliff commits suicide. That is the only way these two men are different in coping with the death process. Heathcliff lets it eat at his soul and he becomes consumed with all these emotions at once and does not how to deal and does not want to deal with them. The man in the poem feels all the same emotions but he learns to cope with them and carefully go through each one instead of letting them all flood into him at once....
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The Bible is one of the greatest books containing metaphors and similes often referred to as parables. In this case, a metaphor will be used describing two different aspects inspired by the written word of God. "Ye are the salt of the earth"(Matt. 5:13) will be the example given in this essay. "Ye are the salt of the earth" represents how Christians, as salt, should portray themselves while being in "the world". Salt has many abilities that of Christians. Salt is generally used to enhance or season food. In this case, Christian also should bring forth flavor to the world. Additionally, salt is occasional used in the preserving of meat wherefore it would rote. As a Christian the world should have perseverance to sustain the world from danger through prayer and acts of righteousness. Salt also imbues or in some cases poisons that which it contacts. For instance, once a snail cones in contact with salt it begins to deteriorate. In comparison, Christians should have the same effect on the world. We are poisonous to the sin if the world and we have the power to penetrate though everything that seems to come against us. Just as salt creates a thirst for water, Christian should promote a desire for Jesus. Salt is known to be one of the most stabled substances in the world. Therefore a Christian should establish stability throughout their life. Salt never changes rather it seasons, preserves or penetrates everything that it contacts. Instead of allowing "the world" to change them, Christians should be capable to change everything that they contact. Thus, it is important that Christians maintain their saltiness by portraying all the abilities of salt. Although, it is a privilege and a honor it also includes God discipline and responsibility to be considered such a strong substance....
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"Students should memorize facts only after they have studied the ideas, trends, and concepts that help explain those facts. Students who have learned only facts have learned very little."
I definitely agree that Students should memorize the facts after they have understood the ideas and concepts well but it depends on what we are talking about and also the age to which its being addressed.If they memorize the facts but doesnt understand the concepts well they will not be able to apply it in day to day lives but if they memorize the fact and apply the concept to the fact that makes learning complete. If the student memorizes that 2 + 2 = 4 but doesnt understand the addition concept then he/she will not be able to apply this for other types of additions for example 3 + 2. My daughter who is a Kindergartener knows how to do additions but she doesnt understand the place value concept behind that. Its difficult to teach that concept to a 5 yr old. Infact we start teaching them to add first and then teach the place value concept. She is left with no other choice than memorizing the addition. But when the concept is being taught she must be able to make the connection to what is in her mind and to the concept and also at that point work on applying the concept with more challenging things. On the other hand we teach the stidents alphabets and the sounds it makes and after that words where they have to apply the sounds taught earlier to make a word. This way the concept is being taught first and it should be made stronger, than when they are reading words and sentences, its the concept is being memorized rather than facts. The whole learning hierarchy depends on what we are talking about, it cannot be generalised....
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The character Jessica Wakefield in "Sweet Valley High" Revised by: Jessica Arredondo Jessica Wakefield in Francine Pascal's Sweet Valley High series is like no other ordinary girl. She is a beautiful, bright, get out of my way sixteen-year-old girl growing up in modern day Northern California. Jessica is very interesting because she is a cutting edge trendsetter like Gwen Stefani and Jessica does not take unreasonable orders or let herself be controlled by anyone because she is independent like Katie Boss. Jessica makes up one half of the wakefield identical twins, yet Jessica and her sister are a contrast in personalities. Whereas Elizabeth is she and studious, Jessica is self centered and often reckless. Never thinking before acting, Jessica finds, herself in many compromising situations as she races through a teens many misadventures, letting no one stand in her way. Self-centered to the core, Jessica feels that school and social functions do not truly begin until she arrives, proving her own theory by never wearing a watch and always showing up late. Jessica is like every other teen girls: She is totally self centered to the core. While on the phone, Jessica often accidentally "reminds the person on the other line, that school and other social functions do not truly begin without her, by simply adding it whenever talking about the subject. Jessica will do anything to acquire what she wants which includes a variety of choices that enable her to get what she desires. Some of the things, or choices, she makes give people certain impressions like when she often admits she is going to win every kind of competition, or that she will lie, cheat and deceive her way into getting what she wants. This also means that in a way she does not give up easily without an action or...
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Tainted Perception In a world where crime happens every minute, people are killed daily, and adultery runs rampant, it is hard for society to gain an optimistic view of their world. In literary pieces such as Othello, The Scarlet Letter, and "Hands," and Taming of the Shrew, this pessimistic view placed in society is easy to see. Because society is often solely focused on only the evil of the world, they are more apt to overlook the inherent good of its people. In Shakespeare's Othello, overlooking the natural virtues of people and focusing only on the perceived misdeed, can lead to tragedy. As part of evil Iago's sinister plan, Iago leads Othello to believe that his lovely wife, Desdemona, is cheating on him with his lieutenant, Cassio. Overlooking Desdemona's inherent kindness and honesty, Othello's jealousy grows more and more. Othello states to Desdemona, "Heaven truly knows that thou are false as hell" (IV ii 39). This rising jealousy leads Othello to crime, killing his own wife, saying "Get me some poison, Iago; this night: I'll not expostulate with her, lest her body and beauty unprovide my mind again: this night, Iago" (IV i 188-190). After killing Desdemona, her mistress, Emilia, convinces Othello of Desdemona's honesty. Guilt-stricken, Othello takes his own life saying, "I kiss'd thee ere I kill'd thee: no way but this; Killing myself, to die upon a kiss" (V ii 358-361). Othello is a great example of how ignoring the natural goodness can ultimately lead to one's downfall. In The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, dishonesty in marriage also plays an important part through which the main character, Hester Prynne, is severely criticized by her society. Although formerly thought of as "youthful and fair" (Ch. 3), Hester becomes impregnated by a man she is not married to. Her husband had been missing for a number of...
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Curtis Rockwell 10/02/03 Essay English The two poems, "The Beowulf Syndrome" by Cynthia Cheung and "Ozymandias" are two great pieces of work. The Beowulf Syndrome and Ozymandias can by compared in many ways. You can compare literary elements and techniques used in both poems. The Beowulf Syndrome is written in paragraphs of four. In this poem Cynthia tells about the novel Beowulf. In the beginning of the poem she write "specks of sand under darkened sky" this is a metaphor in which sand is really man. In this poem humans are shown as "poor". This is because the believed they could master time and their work could last forever. "With time out of reach". This did not happen because "once more the sands as flat as Haorot's shadows Crabs sidling in men's vanishing footprints. Man didn't achieve their goal to live forever. They returned back to the sand. The poem Ozymandias is a fourteen line poem in which the first eight lines get answer by the last six lines. In line eight "the hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed" is a metaphor . "The hand that mocked them" is really the sculptor hand mocked the king. And "the heart that fed" is the king feeding on power. In this poem Ozymandias is powerless. In both poems there are some sounds and tone. Like in The Beowulf Syndrome . She also wrote some alteration in the 2nd paragraph of the litter "T" in the 3rd and 4th line. "Only to turn on themselves biting their own tails, forgettable feats". This rhyming scheme is also like in Ozymandias. " I met a traveler form a antique land who said: two vast trunkless legs of stone stand in the desert…near them, on the sand, half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, and wrinkled lip, and sneer...
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M. Tepper accurately states "Many teens have problems with which they most cope." M. Tepper is implying that teenagers go through hard times, and they just have to cope (deal) with the problems. The story THE CATCHER IN THE RYE, by J.D. SALINGER supports the quote. The main character Holden Caulfield, a 16 year old boy, who's dealing with a lot stress and gets put in to a institution, in which he shouldn't of been put in there. For example Holden has trouble excepting his younger brother (Allie) death. Then he has a problem with lying or blowing things out of proportion. Holden seems to be a little on the un normal side, but he still a regular teenager. Holden lost a younger brother, who's name was Allie, and had passed on because he had leukemia. Holden didn't go to Allie funeral, so Holden didn't make any closure, he thinks of Allie of being alive. For example, Holden in quote says "I certainly don't enjoy seeing him in that crazy cemetery, surrounded by dead guys and tombstones and all." Referring to Allie, stating that Allie doesn't belong there, in a cemetery. When Holden is upset and/ or miserable, he talks to Allie as if he were right in front of Holden, like when Holden got kicked out of school he would talk to Allie and ask him how is he gonna tell mom and dad. Another example of him talking to Allie is when he was going to cross the street and he started to talk to Allie like he was there and say's to Allie "don't let me disappear." Then when he gets to the other side Holden says "thanks" to Allie like if he were there. Holden might seem a little not there, but he's not crazy, he just...
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Andre Dubus (1936-1999) describes his characters in the short story "The Curse" in great detail. In this story, Dubus describes ten separate characters and helps the readers depict them in their minds very easily. Mitchell Hayes is the main character, Bob the bar owner, Smitty and Dave the cops, the five biker/punk guys, the female victim, Susan – Mitchell's wife, Marty and Joyce – Mitchell's step-children, customers, and Reggie – the bar regular; are all in the short story to give it depth in just a few short pages. Every motion the characters make, feelings that the characters feel, and visual descriptions all contribute to total affect of the story. Dubus is very descriptive about the actions the characters make; his detail encompasses the general to the specific. Mitchell, the main character, explaines how he tries to dial emergency 911 but can not due to the restraint of the biker guys. He explains how the bikers take turns in committing the crime and help hold Mitchell back from being able to dial. The victim continuously cries after the whole ordeal is over, and cannot say a word because of the shock she is in. Susan, Mitchell's wife, does everything for her husband; from cooking breakfast to massaging his weary muscles in order to relax him from thinking about the past situation. The stepchildren are very supportive in their actions, by laying Marty's hand on Mitchell's shoulder to Joyce holding her stepfather's hand during the traumatic story he had to repeat. Reggie's character is a great ending to the story, due to the acceptance of Mitchell not letting him have another drink when he knew he had had enough, so he just winks at Mitchell and went on with his business. "The Curse" has many different types of feelings that are associated with...
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ENL4014 "The Devil Made Me Do It" Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses is a complex novel exploring identity. With its opening lines "To be born again…first you have to die," sang by the character of Gibreel Farishta as he and Saladin Chamcha fell towards the English Channel, the novel sets the scene for an erratic journey through religion and individuality. (Versus 3) Rushdie draws upon multiple plots, cultural diversity, wavering religion tolerance, and personal liberties to bring about questions within the minds' of readers. It is by no means a definitive stance supporting or opposing a particular religion or political viewpoint. Literary critics Bennet and Royle explain that "literature has an evil streak" and The Satanic Verses takes full advantage of the demons in literature. (B& R 154) It should not be mistaken; Rushdie's novel is not 500 pages of demonic language supporting Satanism. It is highly complex, composed of verbose metaphorical language and underlying social expositions. Rushdie wants his readers to realize identity does not stem from God or heredity but from personal decisions. His literary creativity takes the reader through confusing and impossible situations intermingled with modern day religious and political concerns. Chapter upon chapter describe dream visions, utopias, and humans transforming into spiritual beings both heavenly and demonic. Many miraculous events occur that have no other explanation than the supernatural. To believe in the supernatural, God, and angels one must have faith. To believe in the authority of God one must have faith. Rushdie purposes: "Question: What is the opposite of faith. Not disbelief. Too final, certain, closed. Itself a kind of belief. Doubt." (Verses 94) Rushdie forces his readers to think deductively and not rely on religious support. In order to believe a person must have a level of faith. The stronger the belief, the stronger the faith while the weaker the belief,...
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"What we are today comes from our thoughts of Yesterday and our present thoughts build our life Of tomorrow: our life is the creation of our mind." ~Dhammapada~ Upon reading the "Epic of Gilgamesh," one may wonder if there is a lesson to learned. What insight into life is presented as a moral of the story? One lesson may suggest the conditions that inspire a fulfilling life. This lesson is one of growth; to appreciate a life that inevitably ends in death, a person must prepare a foundation of experiences to leave as a legacy. Through the experiences of the principle character, King Gilgamesh, the "Epic of Gilgamesh" suggests that acts of personal greatness and selfishness are not the key to a fulfilling life and legacy. Additionally, the text suggests that meaning and appreciation can be established through wisdom and altruism. Building a fulfilling life begins by examining the negative qualities that are not essential to the end result. In the "Epic," it is the selfishness portrayed by King Gilgamesh that suggests to the reader that a legitimate life legacy requires more than personal indulgence and fame. As king, Gilgamesh aacts less like a guardian shepherd, watching over the "flocks" of Uruk, than he does as a wild, uncontrolled force the people of Uruk refer to as an "unmatched beast" and a "loose bull" (3). The reason he is described in such negative terms is that he does nothing positive for the citizens of Uruk. Instead, he spends his time taking young boys from their families, as well as keeping young women from their husbands "for his own purpose" (4). That the king tyrannizes over his citizens in this manner suggests that he longs for power and greatness, but shows he does not care for his people in the way a shepherd would care for...
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By: Donald Goode Dramatic events in the world cause people to vent their frustrations in many ways. This can be done in a verbal speech, a written article, and act of violence, or a poem of thought. A poem of thought is what Richard Eberhart has done in, "The Fury of Aerial Bombardment". The theme of this poem is described with questions and angry emotion. Who is the poet angry at? Is it mankind, for the warpath and destruction it creates? Or is it God, who lets this destruction happen in its uncertainty? Richard Eberhart uses harsh descriptive words in his poem to define the emotions. An example of this is located in the first paragraph. He states, "You would think the fury of aerial bombardment would rouse God to relent" (808). The key word here is fury. Fury in this instance is a direct description of a violent occurrence, like the destructive path from a hurricane, or a tornado. The author is wondering why God allows this type of destruction to happen to innocent people. This is evident when he says, "Would rouse God to relent; the infinite spaces" (808). The poet wonders why God will not soften the blow from a bombing, or stop mankind from enabling this capability for destruction. In an interview between Frank Anthony and Richard Eberhart, Frank asks Richard if he has any reflections on his famous poem, "The Fury of Aerial Bombardment"? Richard's response was, "Yes, I do." He spoke of the second line with the words, "The infinite spaces are still silent." He gave a brief description of a philosopher he studied that talked about looking up at the stars on a quiet night and, "was filled with the awe at PAGE 2 the vastness of the universe and the shortness of human duration." This focus here...
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In Hemingway's "Hills Like White Elephants," nature, darkness, and lightness are all strong symbols. The story is set in northern Spain at a train station near the Ebro river. We learn about the natural qualities of "this side" (757), or the side where the train station lies, versus "the other side" (760) of the valley. "The girl," as the main character is referred to as, is much like the valley of the Ebro - caught between "this side" and "the other side"; life and death. The girl and "the American" (757), her lover, sit waiting for a train on "this side" of the valley. They discuss, semi-heatedly, whether the girl will abort her recently discovered pregnancy. As he tries to persuade her to do so, they "[sit] at a table in the shade" (757). This dark description coincides with the rest of "this side" of the valley. There are "no trees" (757) and the country is "brown and dry" (758). This parched land seems very infertile; no vegetation grows, and it sounds unpleasant. It is appropriate that they discuss this issue in the infertile land, in the shade - the darkness represents what seems evil and unhappy to the girl. There is no life on the side they're on, and the girl can't help but gravitate toward the other side. On the other side, the girl sees that are "fields of grain and trees" (760). She walks over to the opposite side of the station and sees that "far away… [are] mountains" (760). Such life is on the other side, such fertile land, such possibilities. She realizes what all this means when she "[sees] the river through the trees" (760) - she now understands the benefits of the other option. "And we could have all this" (760) are her words of hope....
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The Knight described through his own narrative in "The Knight's Tale" is consistent with Chaucer's satire of the "worthy Knight" described in the General Prologue. Through the Knight's story, the reader is given insight into those ideals truly valued by the Knight, and is found to not exactly live up to the standards of the "ideal knight" which he is often assumed to embody. While the knight truly values the ideals of chivalry; including "Trouth and honour, freedom and curteisye," through "The Knight's Tale" one learns of his true passions for riches and fame, and excitement of combat; cravings which are masked by the knight's "love and devotion to chivalry." The reader also learns that the knight's devotion to religion isn't as pure and righteous as it might outwardly appear. At the beginning of the knight's story, he describes the Duke Theseus, who was the ruler of Athens and "so great a conqueror There were none mightier beneath the sun." The Knight makes special note of Theseus' "pennon of renown" that "Shone rich with gold" which he received for slaying the Minotaur in Crete. This description shows the knight's interest in gold and riches, as well as the glory of battle. The Knight goes on to describe Theseus' conquer on Creon, in which he "slew him manfully" and became a knight, showing again the Knight's glorification of battle and merciless death. Later in his tale, the Knight describes the vow Arcite and Palamon agree to fight each other for the right to Emily. Arcite says to Palamon, "you are an honourable knight willing by battle to decide your claim," glorifying this barbaric act through knightly values. The Knight describes the fight between the two, describing how "They fought till they were ankle-deep in blood," comparing the two to vicious animals, and...
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"The Life You Save May Be Your Own," is a dramatic short story written by Flannery O'Connor, which captures the element of trick plotting at the slightest bit. The reader is fooled toward the end of the story, when one of the three main characters, Tom T. Shiftlet, completely leaves his wife, Lucynell Crater, and drives off to a city called Tuscaloosa. He earned the trust of Crater's mother, also going by the name Lucynell Crater, for two things: to gather as much money from them as possible, and to drive off with something he never could afford to have: an automobile. It is an example of clear deception. In addition, the way O' Connor drops the subtle hints of deception throughout the story, is for the reader to find out toward the end, that Shiftlet is up to no good. However, the theme O' Connor makes is powerful. No matter how good a person thinks they are, sometimes, it is them who need the most help. The story begins with the mother and her daughter (both Lucynell Craters) minding their own business and living their daily lives. Shiftlet is the outside stranger that approaches them. Almost immediately he begins asking questions about their possessions, creating an impression to the reader as if that was all he was interested in. Shiftlet also used a good strategy by conveying a superficial form of innocence, bringing up many of his philosophical beliefs. Because Crater, the mother, was philosophical herself in some ways, he was able to appeal to her. During their first encounter, as Shiftlet was looking around the house and offering to fix anything that was not functioning properly, "mother Crater" quickly replied how she had no money to offer, just hospitality and care. This was an effort by mother Crater to see...
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Richard Wright's short story, "The Man Who Was Almost a Man", illustrates the hardships a boy goes through while becoming a man. This time can be very awkward and stressful for anyone, but it seems the stress is doubled for Dave. Dave is seventeen and yearning to be treated as an equal by his father and the other workers. Dave believes if he has a gun it will make him a man. The gun in this story is an obvious phallic symbol. It represents manhood, strength, and power, as it does in our society today. Boys often see getting a gun as their first step into adulthood. It takes maturity to be able to own and use one responsibly. It would be crazy to give a child a gun and expect him not to kill himself or someone else. When the day comes that a boy finally gets this status symbol, he is elated, and feels very powerful. Assuming he is ready to control this kind of power, it can be a good self-esteem builder. In the story, Dave irrefutably is not ready to own a gun. It is obvious by his reaction to having it in his hand. "Could kill a man with a gun like this. Kill anybody, black or white. And if he were holding his gun in his hand, nobody could run over him; they would have to respect him." (Wright 278). Dave wants to be thought of as a man so desperately, he's willing to gain that respect by instilling fear in other people. The story then goes on to say that he doesn't even know how to fire the gun (278). This clears up any doubt about his reasons for wanting the gun. He doesn't want it so much for fun as he does to gain the...
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