The methods of abortion are divided into two categories: surgical and medical. Surgical abortions are the most common, accounting for about 98% of the abortions performed in the United States. Suction curettage, also called vacuum aspiration, is the most common method for abortions from the 4th-12th week of pregnancy. The procedure can be done quickly and the risks of complications are small. A speculum is inserted into the vagina, and the cervix is cleansed with a surgical solution. The cervix is then dilated and the specially designed hollow tube is inserted into the uterus. This tube is connected to a powerful pump with a suction force 29 times more powerful than a home vacuum cleaner. The procedure tears the baby's body into pieces and the hose frequently jerks as pieces of the baby are removed. In 20-30 seconds, the uterus is emptied. To ensure that no fragments of tissue are left in the uterus, the doctor scraps the uterine lining. The entire suction procedure takes only 5-10 minutes. The Dilation and Evacuation procedure largely replaced saline and chemical abortions. This procedure can be performed for 4-6 months of pregnancy. A plier-like instrument is used because the baby's bones are already developed. The abortionist inserts the instrument into the uterus and feels for a leg, or other part of the body and, with a twisting motion, tears it from the baby's body. This is repeated again and again. The spine must be snapped and the skull crushed. The nurse's job is to reassemble the body parts to be sure that all were removed. The unborn child feels intense pain because there is no anesthetic for the baby. Dilation and Curettage (also called D&C) is similar to the suction procedure. During this abortion the abortionist inserts a loop shaped steel knife up into the uterus. The placenta is...
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ABORTION: LEGAL AND ILLEGAL The most important part of reproductive rights is the principle that a woman has the right to decide whether and when to have a child. Religious beliefs, politics, incident of pregnancy, support, economy, long term consequences, such as regrets and depression, being able to take responsibility, and health issues are major factors that must be taken in consideration before resulting to abortion. To eat, survive and reproduce are primary needs for every human being. Modern society is for several reasons a non-child-friendly society. In many cases there is no time for the parent(s) to take care of the new born child as in countries such as the U.K. and the USA, parent(s) do not have sick leave to stay home with their newborn. Governments are bound to respect this basic human right by ensuring that women have access to the full range of quality reproductive health services, including abortion. 62% of the world's people live in the 64 countries where induced abortion is permitted for a wide range of reasons or without restriction as to the reason. For the remaining 38% of the world's population, abortion may be prohibited altogether or permitted only to protect a woman's life or health. Though throughout the last 20 years there has been seen a clear trend toward the removal of legal barriers to abortion access, the right to choose abortion still remains unavailable or under threat in many parts of the world. In 1955, the anthropologist George Devereux demonstrated that abortion has been practiced in almost all human communities from the earliest times. Women faced with unwanted pregnancies have turned to abortion, regardless of religious or legal sanction and often at considerable risk. Even Hippocrates, the famous philosopher, spoke against abortion because he feared injury to the woman, recommended it on occasion...
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"Abortion is murder". People opposed to abortion strongly believe that abortion takes away the "right to live", and is morally wrong. Though, others for abortion argue that the statement is just a religious belief. Pro-abortionists consider that having an abortion is the women's' choice. What makes it judge that abortion is murder? First of all, abortion is the "termination of pregnancy". Stopping the women's pregnancy means to destroy the embryo or of the fetus. To the anti-abortionists, this is the same as slaughtering a baby. They believe that the fetus is a separate human being. To this, pro-abortionists disagree that the fetus is still dependent on the mother until it is actually born. As the fetus is connected to the mother by the placenta, and is only separated at its birth, they conclude that abortion is not murder. The problem with this argument is when do we call a fetus a person? From the religious perspective, a baby is already a person from the start of the conception. Some of those who oppose abortion believe that a fetus is a person when their central nervous system is developed. This is because, when the nervous system is made, a baby will feel extreme pain when abortion takes place. Advocates disagree to the religious viewpoint, but agree about the matter that babies will feel pain when their nervous system is built. Though, the baby's "brain structure and nerve-cell connection that characterize the thinking and feeling part of the brain" will not develop until the seventh or the eighth month of pregnancy. In addition, abortion never occurs after the twenty-fourth week, which means that abortion is not a crime of murder, and does not take away a person's life In the United States, thousands of women died from illegal abortion, until 1973 when abortion became legal...
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In "Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Women Participating in Outpatient Drug Abuse Treatment" Ms. Gil-Rivas, Mr. Fiorentine, and Mr. Anglin discuss the role played by abuse in the success or failure of treatment of drug abuse. There is indication that sexual and physical abuse results in an increased level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Sexual abuse has been defined as being, "Forced or pressured to perform, or being involved in, any sexual act against the individual's will" (Gil-Rivas, et al). Physical abuse defined as, "being hit or beaten so hard that the individual suffered from cuts or bruises" (Gil-Rivas, et al). These definitions included family members, acquaintances, and strangers and were used for assessment. Women in outpatient treatment programs for alcohol and substance abuse are more often to be victims of sexual abuse from family, acquaintances, and strangers than are men. Women are more often sexually abused as children as well as during adulthood. Men generally have a decline in the abuse at the onset of puberty. The physical abuse of women often occurs by family members, and acquaintances with less frequent physical abuse taking place by strangers. Men, however, are more often physically abused by family and strangers. Those women who have entered into drug treatment with symptoms of PTSD also show signs of other mental illness symptoms including depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and low self-esteem. These symptoms are signs that could signify a higher rate of relapse. Women with sexual and physical abuse histories have a higher likelihood of entering treatment and if secondary symptomology is treated, then there is a greater success of participation in the treatment process. There is research to support that those who have had trauma often do not develop skills to manage events of trauma, psychological stress, or life experiences. One of...
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Acupuncture Many people experience headaches, migraines, back spasms, backaches, and sore muscles. Often times these potentially serious problems were probably treated with Tylenol, a doctor's visit, or a trip to the chiropractor, but how many of them considered acupuncture? Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese treatment used as an anesthetic to relax and relieve a person's pain. With very fine metal needles, a healer inserts the needles into specially designated channels on the body and manipulates pain. In China, acupuncture has been known to be used during child birth and surgery. Traditional Chinese doctors prefer acupuncture over new aged pills such as Vikodin and Tylenol. Unlike modern anesthetics, acupuncture does not slow down breathing or lower the heart's rate and does not leave the person nauseated. This form of anesthetic may be very useful for treating patients that have allergic reactions towards pills. Acupuncture is an ancient healing method, and although it was once dismissed by western doctors, it proves to be more practical with less physical stress than any modern day pain reliever. In order to understand how acupuncture works one must understand the Chinese philosophy behind this antediluvian treatment. During the Han Dynasty, philosophers who studied cosmology derived the theory of yin and yang. The yin and yang represent all the opposite principles one finds in the universe. "Under yang are the principles of maleness, the sun, creation, heat, light, Heaven, dominance, and so on, and under yin are the principles of femaleness, the moon, completion, cold, darkness, material forms, submission, and so on. Each of these opposites produce the other" (Hooker). Often times, people have the misconception that yin and yang represent good and evil. What yin and yang really represent is balance between every existing object in this universe. According to David and Ming Ming Pan Molony, "the ideas...
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Acute Renal Failure: When acute renal failure occurs, waste products and excess water build up in the body, which upsets the body's normal chemical balance. Substances that are normally needed for the body to function properly become poisonous to the body when the reach abnormally high levels Treatment: Treatment for ARF depends in large part on the cause and therefore varies widely. It may be necessary to: • Replace lost fluids, such as water, blood, and plasma, and restore blood flow to the kidneys. In cases of prerenal ARF caused by dehydration or blood loss, for example, kidney function often can be restored rapidly once fluid and blood losses have been corrected. • Stop any medications that may be causing the problem, such as antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and, if possible, avoid X-ray tests that require a contrast agent. • Treat kidney disease that is causing intrinsic ARF by using plasma exchange, glucocorticoids or other medications, depending on the specific disease. • Use immunosuppressive medications, such as cyclophosphamide, when an autoimmune disorder is causing ARF. Autoimmune disorders that cause ARF include lupus, Wegener's granulomatosis, Goodpasture's syndrome, and other types of vasculitis. • Remove or bypass a blockage in the urinary tract. In cases of postrenal ARF, kidney function often returns to normal rapidly once urine is allowed to flow out of the kidneys. Some obstructions, such as kidney stones, can be removed. If the obstruction cannot be removed, urine flow may be rerouted around the obstruction using a catheter or another method. If the bladder is not emptying properly, placing a catheter in the bladder to empty it can rapidly relieve symptoms and allow kidney function to return to normal. Kidney Stones: Kidney stones are one of the most painful disorders to afflict humans. A kidney stone develops from crystals that separate from urine and build up...
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"Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging" (Proverbs 20:1). At the last it biteth like a serpent and stingeth like and adder" (Proverbs 23:32). These biblical verses depict the continuing use of drugs and addictions with which mankind has struggled with over the ages. All of us have addictions, whether they be drinking alcohol, eating chocolate, drinking coffee, gambling, or overspending each time we shop. Yet, God warns us to stay away from addiction for our own good as it only produces "sorrow and woe." Nearly everyone seems to have relatives or friends who are abusing alcohol, nicotine, or some other drug. Unfortunately, chemical substances and alcohol have become part of our daily lives. Many people use drugs to relax, to feel less inhibited, to increase our pleasure, or to get rid of unwanted emotions. Pharmacologically speaking, the word drug is defined in the book Drugs, Society and Human Behavior, as "any substance natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical nature alters structure or function in the living organism." Most people probably continue to think of addiction, for the most part to illicit drugs as primarily a moral or character problem and that they simply lack willpower. Yet, I have learned in our class, addiction to alcohol and other drugs is a phenomenon that has been clouded by many myths. Now scientific research has led experts to believe that addiction is actually a brain disease, such as a chronic illness like diabetes or hypertension. According to our book, it is believed that the mesolimbic dopamine system is a critical pathway for the dependence of many drugs. Because of the advances in technology we are now able to examine the brain and understand the disease causes changes in the brain. This does not mean one can not change the addicted...
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This Assignment discusses the issues relating to the admission of an older person into residential care. I will consider the ways in which residential staff, field work staff and other concerned individuals can influence the process so as to make it as positive an experience as possible for the older person concerned. Relocation is a widely studied life event of later life as it often effects older people (Armer 1996) and of the various types of relocation, transition into the care and environment of a residential home has been highlighted as the most significant (Lee 2002). To varying degrees, admission to a residential care home has been found to evoke feelings of abandonment, stress and uncertainty, loss of home and loss of social networks (Brooke 1989, Mikhail 1992). It is therefore important to understand the impact of change on an individual so as to be able to support them to minimise negative aspects and promote positive experiences. Residential and fieldwork staff who may be involved in the admission process need to be aware of oppression and discrimination faced by older people. Thompson (1998) states that a fundamental basis for social work with older people must be the need to work consistently within a context of anti-ageist practice. There is currently no specific legislation to cover discrimination on the basis of age. This is in part due to the fact that ageism is a relatively new concept. "Discrimination the grounds of age is a relatively new addition to anti-discriminatory discourse." (Thompson 1997, pg18) Ageism is the term used to describe discrimination on the basis of age and is associated with the attachment of negative stereotypes to older people. The Collins Dictionary of Social Work (1999) defines ageism as: "a prejudicial approach towards people that implies inferiority on the basis of age." (pg 12) Thompson (1997)states that ageism is...
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According to James Marcia adolescence identity achievement can be seen in terms of distinct categories, called statuses (Feldman 414). During adolescent, and early adulthood people explore and experiment with different statuses, until they have reached their set status or identity achievement. There are five distinct identity statuses that depend on whether each of two characteristics, crisis and commitment, is present or absent. Crisis situations are what help people choose between various alternatives and make decisions. Commitment is choosing a course of action and holding on to that chosen course of action. The evaluation of my own personal identity has developed by experiencing different identity statuses over time. Each different identity status played an important role in shaping my current sense of identity. The first identity status that I experienced was identity foreclosure. I entered this stage at about the age of 17. Identity foreclosure is the status of adolescents who prematurely commit to an identity without adequately exploring alternatives. With so much pressure from teachers, parents, and counselors, many high school teens are forced to foreclose on a career and an identity. At this point in my life I had decided that chemical engineering was the only route for me to take. Chemistry and science were my strongest fields of study so a career in engineering was the only way for me to go. My life was all planned out perfectly; however, life had a different plan in mind. I never thought about a back up plan, because my plan to attend a four-year college, graduate, and enter the workforce seemed so easy and attainable. This plan also seemed to keep teachers and counselors from worrying me about career choices. By the age of 19 my state of foreclosure began to open up. In my 2nd year of college I realize that...
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Empathy Oriented Assessment Case #1 Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder a) One of shithe! employees asks Joe a 35-year-old male "Why is your desk always so neat and tidy?" Joe: "I try to keep my desk organized. That is how all desks should be, nice and neat. There is no excuse for an unorganized desk. Look over there, someone got pencil shavings on shithe! corner of my desk!" Employee: "I don't see any pencil shavings, your desk looks perfect to me." Joe: "How could you not see them, there right over here? Now I have to clean my whole desk all over again. I'm going to take everything off my desk and wipe it down with a rag." Employee: "Why are you going to take every thing off your desk. It's already clean. That's stupid." Joe: "Are you crazy! There is dust all over my desk. If you were smart you would go clean your desk too. While I'm at it I think I will get everything ready for tomorrow. I have to leave in 17 minutes to pick up shithe! kids from school. I can't be late! Employee: "I don't think you have to worry your never late. By shithe! way how do you like your new secretary, is she better than Sara was?" Joe: "I don't know. She seems to be shithe! write person for shithe! job and she has shithe! qualities of a good secretary. I just don't know if she has shithe! organization skills that Sara did, but she does keep a clean desk. On shithe! other hand Sara was never late so she might have been better. Then again shithe! new secretary is a hard worker. I just don't know who is better. Well I have to go, I can't waste another minute talking about this!" Case #1 Justification A At shithe! beginning of shithe! conversation Joe states that...
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"My life sort of changed at that moment. Like I used to always be happy and suddenly I was sad." Eight year old Tapp Francke (Francke 15) looks back to what she may now consider the worst sit down meal in her life. During that meal not only did Francke find out that her parents were going to get a divorce, but she also became part of the 40 percent of children in America that experience a parental divorce. From infants to adolescents divorce has many negative effects on children. A child at any age who experiences a parental divorce confronts many emotional and behavioral changes. AGES 0-5 The infant living inside his mother's womb may suffer from his parent's divorce in many harmful ways (61). Once the mother's emotions, such as rage, anxiety, or fear become too overwhelming, the infant's nervous system may start pumping extra chemicals into his own blood stream while his adrenal glands send out a variety of emergency hormones (61). According to Lisa B. Francke, an author and editor for the New York magazine: The damage to the baby can be substantial if the pregnant women's stress continues throughout pregnancy. The baby is apt to be born either prematurely or with a low birth weight. And that's just the beginning. Babies born to unhappy, distressed women are often unhappy and distressed themselves. They tend to be irritable, hyperactive, and squirmy….They have difficulty sleeping, cry excessively, and have an unusual need to be held. (62) Divorce may also result in parenting difficulties, such as under parenting or over parenting the child. Children may become under parented if their mother is experiencing distress. The mother may try to keep herself occupied, frequently crying or sleeping a great amount. While the mother is trying to deal with her problems, the child's physical and...
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709623540 Unit 3 Project. 11/19/2002 Carl Coseart. AIDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA One of the major factors of the increasing death rate in sub-Saharan African countries is the deadly virus HIV positive (Human Immune Deficiency Virus) and disease AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The region accounts for 70% of the world's HIV/AIDS population. Researches by various groups have reported that this disease is directly linked to the high poverty rate in the region. Research done by Desmond Cohen the author of the article "Joint Epidemics Poverty and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa", states that countries with low economic status such as Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, South Africa, and Zimbabwe suffer highly from this deadly disease. With Botswana having 35.8%, Lesotho 23.5%, South Africa 19.9%, and Zimbabwe 25%, of the world's HIV/AIDS population, they also have low economic status that makes treatment difficult for their AIDS patients, and for others to come up with a solution for this problem (Cohen 1). There have been numerous proposed solutions for this problem, from introducing the drug, nevirapine to African countries manufacturing generic versions of AIDS drugs themselves, and also developed nations providing assistance. According to the article "Aids in Africa", an editorial in the Nations Journal, the best solution is for the WTO (World Trade Organization) to lift restrains on sub-Saharan countries so they can manufacture generic medication for their HIV/AIDS patients, and acquire capital to build healthcare systems for long term drug therapy, educative programs HIV/AIDS, and the support needed for HIV/AIDS positive orphans to have the opportunity to attend school, which in my opinion is also the best solution. But before I discuss the proposed solutions and their effects, I will establish the extent of the problem. The Extent of the Problem Statistics released in January by the University of Natal at Durban, show that South Africa's HIV- related problems are...
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Case 2: Treating AIDS- The Global Ethical Dilemma BACKROUND: The majority of the worlds HIV/AIDS cases are found in Africa, Latin America and Asia. The vast majority of these people in these countries can not afford that drugs that help make AIDS a chronic disease rather that an early death sentence. The pharmaceutical companies are unable to reduce the prices of these drugs low enough for the people to afford them. The companies are also fighting to protect their intellectual property laws, which prevent their patented drugs from being copied into generic brands. The governments of Africa, Latin America and Asia are trying to find their own ways around the high prices and property laws, even if it means breaking the laws, to get their people the drugs they need. ISSUE: Should the pharmaceutical companies change their prices and patent laws for these less fortunate countries? ANALYSIS: Yes, the companies should lower their prices and change their patent laws for inferior countries. For one thing, it would show that they have compassion for these people that are not as fortunate as our country. By lowering the prices, more people would be able to afford these drugs and the death rates in these countries would steadily drop. Most of these companies sell their anti-AIDS drugs mostly to wealthy countries, so it should not be necessary for them to keep their prices so high. They should be more concerned with life than with their profits. Patent laws should only be between countries that are technological equals. Patent laws are designed with only national interests in mind, not international. Each countries interest is different from one another. The pharmaceutical companies should allow the less fortunate countries to make their own generic copies of the AIDS drugs, since they are unable to afford the real ones, even when...
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Airborne Virus Control in Hospitals There are many examples of infectious aerosols affecting occupants of health care facilities. It is expected, patients are often the main source of infectious cases, and their presence is a potential hazard to other patients and to employee. Certain infectious such as tuberculosis, chicken pox, measles, and Germen measles can be spread easily in air. Employees and visitors can also be the reason of airborne infection on patients. Airborne droplets often carry bacteria such as S. aureus, S epidermides, and gram-negative rods, which are common causes of postoperative wound infections. Cases of infection with Apergillus have been reported in immunocompromised patients. So the activity as building construction and renovation that may be removed from the patient care area has been shown to increase the airborne concentration of fungus spores and the incidence of aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. Bacterial Infection Examples of bacteria that are highly infectious and are airborne and also travel threw water are Mycobacterium, tuberculosis, and Legionella (Legionnaire's disease). Wells (1934) showed that droplets or in agents of 5 mm or less in size can remain airborne indefinitely. This is because bacteria are typically present in colony forming units that are larger than 1 mm. Some authorities recommend the use of high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters having test filtering efficiencies of 99.97% in certain areas. Viral Infection Examples of viruses that are airborne are chicken pox, Rubella, and measles. Epidemiological evidence and other studies indicate that many of the airborne that transmit infection are submicron in size. There is no know method to effectively eliminate 100% of the viable particles. Ultra low penetration (UPLA) filters provide the greatest efficiency available. Attempts to deactivate viruses with ultraviolet light and chemical sprays have not proven effective enough to be recommended by most codes as a primary infection measure. Isolation rooms are used to prevent the spread of airborne viruses in the health care environment. Molds Evidence indicates that some molds such as Aspergillis be fatal to advanced leukemia, bone marrow...
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ALS is actually Amnyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, but it is commonly known as Lou Gehrig's Disease. It comes from greek words meaning: A-without; Myo-muscle; Trophic-nourishment; Lateral-side (of the spinal cord); and Sclerosis-hardening or scarring. This disease is a rare ailment where the body's neurons die, causing the muscles in your body to waste away and become paralyzed. ALS is not contagious, however at least 10% of ALS cases are hereditary. 30,000 Americans face the grim prospect of spending their final days feeling virtually buried alive as they go through the terrible effects of ALS. This disease was named after a Yankee slugger who died at age 36 in 1941 from this disease. Lou Gehrig was a famous baseball player in the US during the 1930's. He became afflicted with ALS at age 36, just 2 years after being diagnosed. Tony Cortinas is an ALS patient. He was diagnosed with ALS in 1997 and since then has lost the use of his arms and hands and, at 54, is showing signs of advanced ALS: respiratory problems, frequent choking, nearly unintelligible speech. This disease does not just affect a single person, it affects everybody in that person's life. ALS attacks nerve cells in the brain as well as the spinal cord, which controls muscle movement. The motor neurons shut down and die; victims lose more and more of their ability to move. It affects speech and swallowing when the disease involves the corticobulbar area of the brainstem. Death of this disease comes when the chest muscles can no longer force air in and out of the respiratory tract or when food becomes stuck in the lungs, causing aspiration pneumonia, which usually comes 2-5 years after the disease is diagnosed. Some of the first signs of ALS are in the inability to do simple tasks, such...
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...Alternative medicine, also known as alternative therapies, lie outside the realm of conventional medicine. An alternative therapy is any intervention that: is not reimbursable by most health insurance providers in the United States, is not well supported by scientific tests establishing safety and effectiveness, and is not taught by most medical schools in the United States. They are also called adjunctive, unconventional, or unorthodox therapies. There are many general areas of alternative medicine. This paper...... ...Alternative medicine, also known as alternative therapies, lie outside the realm of conventional medicine. An alternative therapy is any intervention that: is not reimbursable by most health insurance providers in the United States, is not well supported by scientific tests establishing safety and effectiveness, and is not taught by most medical schools in the United States. They are also called adjunctive, unconventional, or unorthodox therapies. There are many general areas of alternative medicine. This paper...... Words: 1696 Pages: 8 3. Alternative Medicine ...Alternative Medicine by Joe Grodjesk Sociology Of Medicine Professor Buban May 5, 2001 Alternative Medicine Throughout recorded history, people of various cultures have relied on what Western medical practitioners today call alternative medicine. The term alternative medicine covers a broad range of healing philosophies, approaches, and therapies. It generally describes those treatments and health care practices that are outside mainstream Western health care. People use these treatments and therapies in a variety...... Words: 2837 Pages: 14 4. Alternative Medicine ...RATING= TIMES=0 OTHER1= OTHER2= Throughout recorded history, people of various cultures have relied on what Western medical practitioners today call alternative medicine. The term alternative medicine covers a broad range of healing philosophies, approaches, and therapies. It generally describes those treatments and health care practices that are outside mainstream Western health care. People use these treatments and therapies in a variety of ways. Alternative therapies used alone are often referred...
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I can recall my grandmother when I was a child; she was nice, happy, and could always remember stories about her younger years and even everyone in our family's birthday. All of that changed one day though, my grandmother was at home about three years ago when all of the sudden she had a miniature stroke attack. Physically she was fine after the attack; but mentally she was not well. The miniature strokes had triggered a horribly devastating disease called Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease that destroys mental and physical functioning in human beings, and invariably leads to death. It is said to be one of the leading causes of adult death in the United States. The disease can create emotional and financial catastrophe for any families that has had a loved one inflicted with this horrible disease. Alzheimer's disease deteriorates the inflicted person's memory to the point that they can not even remember who their children are. In a recent study done by scientist, they found that "based on recent estimates, about five percent of the American population over 65 suffers from this incurable disease. In the mid-1980's, at least 2 million people were condemned to live the last years of their lives in helplessness and mental disability."(Frank 11). These results ca be devastating to anyone who has a history of family members who have been inflicted by this disease. Previously, some people believed that confusion and trouble with memory were a natural part of growing old. This mental disability was often called being senile and considered a sad but unavoidable condition suffered by those who were unlucky enough to live a long life Much still remains unknown about this destructive illness, research is being done on Alzheimer's disease, and more is being learned about it...
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The German neurologist Dr. Alois Alzheimer first described the disease in 1906. It is the most common cause of dementia (progressive loss of intellectual abilities). The disease is not very common below the age of 65 and virtually unknown below the age of 45. Approximately 4 million Americans have Alzheimer, 10% of all people over 65 and nearly 50% of those over 85. A person with Alzheimer's will live an average of 8 to 20 years or more from the onset of symptoms. Alzheimer's is a progressive, degenerative disease of the brain and the average lifetime cost per patient is $174,000. No one knows yet exactly what causes...
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Alzheimer¡¯s disease(AD) is a progressive, irreversible brain disorder that most frequently affects elderly people. It is the fourth leading cause of death among Americans. Currently there are approximately 4 million people in the US diagnosed with AD, and half of those over 85 years of age have AD. Although the cause of AD is not known, genetics play a role. Recent data suggests that those who take antioxidants in their diet, or who take anti-inflammatory medication have less AD. In Alzheimer¡¯s disease, parts of the brain degenerate, destroying brain cells and reducing the response of the brain¡¯s chemical messengers. Abnormal plaques and proteins can be observed by autopsy. The first sign may be forgetting recent events, though sometimes it starts with depression, fear, anxiety, or personality changes. Speech patterns may change. Over time the individual may deteriorate to the point where social interaction is very difficult. Alzheimer¡¯s disease is the most common cause of dementia. Dementia is a decline in mental functioning in which memory, thinking, judgement and the ability to concentrate are impaired. There also may be a change in personality. Dementia can develop suddenly when a severe injury, disease, or toxin destroys brain cells, or it can develop slowly especially in senior citizens. Most commonly, short term memory loss and the reduction in learning ability is a response to atherosclerosis in seniors. Dementia is very serious decline in mental ability. It usually develops over time. Memory and the ability to recognize people, places, and objects diminish over time. Usually there are problems with word usage and abstract thinking. In Chinese medicine, memory depends on the state of the Spleen, Kidneys and Heart and there is a considerable overlap among these three organ¡¯s functions. The Spleen houses intellect and influences memory in the sense of memorization, studying and concentrating. The Heart controls memory because...
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SUMMARY: This article gives you some insight on the disease Alzheimer's, which affects nearly half of every person over 85. Alzheimer's is a brain disorder that affects a person's ability to do daily activities that are usually common sense. Alzheimer's disease affects the parts of the brain that controls thought, memory, and language. Alzheimer's starts off as mild forgetfulness such as recent events, activities, or even simple math problems. Slowly AD takes over the body and in the later stages a person with this disease can forget how to do simple tasks such as brushing their teeth. They can even forget loved ones who are very close. Scientist and researches still do not know the exact cause of AD. Age is one of the main factors that cause AD, family history of this disease, and different levels of apolopoprotein E (apoE) may also be a factor of AD. In addition to apoE there are may leads about what may cause AD are being studied such as education, diet, environment, and viruses. There is one way to 100% correctly diagnose Alzheimer's disease. That way is to find out if there are plaque tangles in the patients brain tissue. The only way to look at a person's brain tissue is to do it after a person has died. At some specialized centers that study AD they can correctly diagnosis the disease with up to 90% accuracy. There are several factors that they take into consideration when they are diagnosing a patient with "probable" AD. First is a complete medical history with the person's recent medical problems. Second is a series of medical test including blood, urine, and spinal fluid. Third are neuropsychological tests measuring memory, problem solving, attention, counting, and language. Lastly is a brain scan or a CT so the doctor can see if...
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