There are many reasons that America is great. In fact, that it is very difficult to narrow these down into categories, much less, five specific characteristics. In my opinion, a few things that make America great are the freedoms we have, our unique government, our amazing pastimes, the great educational opportunities our country offers, and last, but definitely not least, the Great American Hot Dog. In America, we have the freedom to live our lives pretty much any way that we like, as long as we do not cause harm to others. These are called our civil rights. The most common rights we have are freedom of speech, religion, and press, as stated in the First Amendment of our Nation's Constitution. These three freedoms give us so much more than we acknowledge. In many countries, you can be thrown into jail or even killed for speaking out against someone. If all countries had religious freedom, there would be fewer martyrs dying by standing up against their governments strict national religion laws. For example, in Pakistan in 1997, a 17 year old girl and her 18 year old sister, were put on trial, and then put to death for sharing the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Thousands of martyrs die yearly throughout the world for standing up for their religious beliefs against their governments. The press in other countries is often not even tolerated, or is dictated by the government. America has a wonderfully unique government. You can search the world over and not find a government as great as America's. The systems of checks and balances, separation of powers, and limited authority guarantees that no one branch of our government has too much power. The documents that our nation is founded on are amazing also. The Declaration of Independence established our freedom from...
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:It is frequently advisable for those in a position of authority in government to withhold information from general public”
There are plenty of reasons why to withhold the information from the public, but the challenge of a progressive authority should whenever possible to act with a transparency and honesty. The main reason to withhold information is the fear from criticism and attack. While a vague political statement might leaves everybody satisfied a lucid plan would always cause disagreement and debate. Another reason could be to cover mistakes and corruption: he who does not know does not bother. And finally there is the fear from commitment, if you are a local chief and you show a plan to reduce the crime rate in 30% within a year. If you wont follow the plan you would lose your credibility. Although all the above is true a modern authority shared the information with the public. A progressive society would not be satisfied with vague information on one hand and would demand debating and take part in the decision process. To create a confident relation with the public a honesty is required. The dialogue between the authority and the public through the media would finally create better decision that would be accept with greater alacrity than a decision taking without debate. The challenge is to create a system that support sharing information to their advantage. Finally I would like to add that the challenge is also for the media and the legal system. The media should disclose the array of ideas in an objective manner and avoid from being a stage for demagogy. The legal system should be efficient to avoid long delay in the execution process. Is the public ready? Are the media and the legal system ready? I believe that at the end they would. --...
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Having the right to vote is a part of America's Constitution. Never the less, African Americans did not always have that opportunity to vote. In the past, African Americans had to face many challenges that prevented them to vote. Although presently, many people do not know of The NAACP, established in 1909, decided to contest the law. At first, it successfully closed loopholes in southern disfranchisement that had permitted some poor, illiterate whites to vote. But its most important early success was the Supreme Court's 1944 decision prohibiting the white primary. The Court ruled that Texas had made the party primary part of the public electoral process; therefore the white-only primary violated black rights under the Fifteenth Amendment. Despite that victory, poll taxes, literacy tests, and the manipulation of election laws by local registrars effectively excluded the vast majority of black adults. The struggle for southern enfranchisement (a major goal of the civil rights movement) accelerated after World War II for several reasons, among them the belief that the United States was hypocritical in claiming that it was defending freedom against Soviet communism while oppressing African-Americans at home (Niemi, 1993). But the most important reason was the migration of millions of black southerners to the North, where blacks already voted. That circumstance gave blacks political leverage on both parties. But because Democrats hoped to retain the allegiance of southern white voters and Republicans wished to attract those voters, weak compromises resulted in the form of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, which ineffectually authorized federal protection of black voting rights. The civil rights struggle intensified in the early 1960s. After passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, activists focused increasingly on the suffrage. The Mississippi Freedom Summer in 1964 registered few black Mississippians but drew national attention to black disfranchisement....
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Euphiletus's testimony is an insightful document, accounting, first-hand life in Classical Greece. This article opens the door to the inner workings of Greek home life as it pertains to husband and wife, as well as family and servant. Because of the nature of this document, there is also a great deal one can learn about the citizen's attitude towards the law. Euphiletus, after killing the man who seduced his wife made the case to the court that he was merely upholding the law. One can naturally assume that Euphiletus was not a man of great material wealth, he even said himself, and "I have a small house, which is divided into two." (2, p46) It would seem that during 400 B.C. only the wealthy would have exposed access to the laws of the time. Although ordinary citizens would serve on the council of 500 and attend the assemblies, to make decisions regarding alliances etc… In Euphiletus's plea for justice, he cited several laws in documents that he declared would free him. It becomes evident that the ordinary citizen truly must have been exposed to the law a great deal. Textbooks on Classical Greece rarely give an accurate depiction of Greek life, especially Greek home life. This document is profound in that it truly expresses the intimacy within the home. Western Civilizations can only give one a clue as to the inner workings of a family living during that time. This textbook is correct as we later see proved by Euphiletus that, "Perhaps Athenian women led less restricted lives than it might seem. Let us distinguish between theory and practice."(1, p88) After the birth of their child, Euphiletus trusted his wife and "handed all (his) possessions over to her."(2, p46) This article uses the servant girl to help expose Euphiletus' wife and reveal a...
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Organization of African Unity Origins The Organization of African Unity is a common, and one of the first, examples of Pan-Africanism. The Organization of African Unity was established in 1963 in Addis Abeba which is a city in Ethiopia. The Membership has grown from 32 independent Member States in 1963, to the total of 53 today. Now, one interesting development is that the OAU will soon no longer exist due to the new formation of its successor, the African Union, or AU for short. In July of 2000, in Lome, Togo, under the strong push by Libya's, Muammar Qaddafi, the AU was born. All in attendance agreed that the OAU would phase out soon after 2003, and that the AU would take its place as a stronger, more unified organization. Goals In 1963, in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, 32 member states gathered together and drafted the charter of the OAU. In Article II they state the main objectives of the OAU, which are: 1. To promote the unity and solidarity of the African States. 2. To co-ordinate and intensify their cooperation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa. 3. To defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity and their independence 4. To eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa. 5. To promote international cooperation, having due regard to the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The OAU Charter further goes on to state that the members of the OAU will combine their efforts in these specific fields in order to accomplish their goals: 1. Political and diplomatic cooperation. 2. Economic cooperation, including things like transportation and communication. 3. Educational and cultural cooperation. 4. Health, sanitation, and nutritional cooperation. 5. Scientific and technical cooperation. 6. Cooperation for defense and security. Finally, the OAU states in Article II that they will adopt the following principles: 1. The sovereign equality of all...
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Herr's view of the Vietnam war is diffucult to interpret because at times he describes it as a hell with brutal accounts of mutilation and death. At other times, he seeks solice in the exhileration that comes from the fear. He was there "to cover the war and the war covered me", is easiest way to describe what he encountered. Herr was nieve at when he first got to Saigon. He writes of the moring before he was dropped off on the front lines, he had purchased fatigues and dressed up in them, stood in front of his mirror "making faces and moves I'd never make again". He, and probably most men entering this war thought it would be like old war movies or cowboys and indians. Much later, he ends up buring this set of fatigues and with them, any misconceptions he had that a person could come out of this war the same as they went into it. Herr, personally believed that he didn't understand what he was about to see until much later, even after he had been back in the United States. He was just responding to whatever stimuli he encountered moment by moment. When describing the origins of the war itself, it is clear that Herr felt it should have never become and international war. In early 1962 and 1963, he saw it as a struggle amoung the already corrupt of Vietnam vieing for stature within the country. There was the occassional American adventurers or CIA, fighting on their own terms, he labelled as Irregulars, "woring in remote places under little direct authority, acting out their own fantasies with more freedom than most men ever know." (This may be a forshadowing of type of individuals who actually were able to survive the war). It began with individuals...
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Through the voice of a Dutch observer, the African slave market is described in high esteem. The Dutchman depicts the slave ships as providing a higher quality of life from what the slaves knew prior to their imprisonment. However, this man's portrayal of the slave trade is far from the truth. Although the slave market in North America is most commonly remembered of all slave markets, traffic in slaves had existed for centuries before the arrival of the first European fleets along the African shore. The slaves used throughout Africa were mainly prisoners captured in battles with neighboring rivals. Slavery also existed in European countries before making its presence in the New World. But, with the discovery of the New World in the 1490s came the subsequent planting of sugarcane in South America and the Caribbean Islands. The new plantations required more workers than could be provided by the small and inexperienced American Indian population in the New World. The European colonists were desperate for more laborers to toil in the brutal conditions of their sugarcane plantations. As a solution to this problem, African slaves were shipped from the coasts and inland areas of Africa to labor in the New World. The new African slaves were somewhat less susceptible to European diseases than the American Indian population. This made the African slaves a much more desirable purchase. Altogether, between the early sixteenth century and the late nineteenth century, as many as ten million African slaves were transported to the Americas. The Europeans were not the only people in support of the African slave trade. African intermediaries, such as private merchants, local elites, or trading state monopolies, were very active in the slave trade. Local monarchs in African states viewed the slave trade as a source of income. These elite Africans fully supported the...
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An essay can have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same no matter what. You may be writing an essay to argue for a particular point of view or to explain the steps necessary to complete a task. Either way, your essay will have the same basic format. If you follow a few simple steps, you will find that the essay almost writes itself. You will be responsible only for supplying ideas, which are the important part of the essay anyway. Don't let the thought of putting pen to paper daunt you. An 11 page exploration of the relationship which exists between nursing contribution and patient outcome. The author of this paper asserts a more and more predominant theme in nursing is the nurse's one-on-one interaction with the patient and the consideration of such factors as culture and even spiritualism in patient care delivery. While at one time nursing was a discipline which concentrated primarily on the science of human anatomy and physiology, nursing has evolved to a discipline which recognizes not only the hard scientific facts of physiology but also the importance of psychological and sociological factors. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Filename: PPnrsOut.rtf A 5 page paper discussing the association of depression and bypass surgery. There are more than a half million coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgeries done in the United States each year. Depression has been associated with the surgery for years, either as a condition existing before the surgery or as something that develops afterwards. The most common view is that it develops afterward, but the literature review contained in this paper includes research suggesting that depression that does not exist prior to bypass surgery likely will not develop after it, either. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Filename: KSnursBypDep.rtf asdasd...
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By Dan CANBERRA -- Aboriginal activists -- Wadjularbinna Nulyarimma, Kevin Buzzacott, Isobell Coe and Robbie Thorpe -- have begun legal action against John Howard, Tim Fischer, Brian Harradine and Pauline Hanson, and all federal parliamentarians, for complicity in the genocide of Aboriginal nations and peoples. This action has its foundation in the need for Aboriginal people to protect themselves and future generations. The concern is that genocide will continue unless restrained by law. There is an unwritten common law right to protection from genocide. For nearly 50 years, Australia has failed to keep international treaty obligations under the 1949 Genocide Convention by failing to enact domestic law to prevent and punish genocide. Those responsible for genocide receive no immunity from being parliamentary representatives and cannot hide behind the Act of State doctrine, which the High Court and the commonwealth have used to deny the sovereign rights of Aboriginal people. Genocide is declared a "crime of universal jurisdiction" because it is a profoundly serious crime. For this reason, charges of genocide can begin, in theory, in any court in the world. When the charges of genocide were laid in the ACT Magistrates Court on July 3, the court registrar refused to act on the grounds that genocide "is unknown to the law of the ACT". A notice of motion was then filed in ACT Supreme Court to order the registrar to issue the warrants or summons. There will be a second hearing in the ACT Supreme Court at 10am on September 14 to determine whether genocide is a criminal offence in the ACT. The Aboriginal prosecutors and the Aboriginal Tent Embassy aim to prove to Australia and the world that genocide is certainly known to Aboriginal people, that it is against Aboriginal law, and that Aboriginal people and law are strong enough to survive and condemn it. The prosecutors and...
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Throughout the semester, I have been researching information concerning abortion. Many people are totally against abortion, while others feel that there is nothing wrong with it. Some say that even if the fetus is one week or 45 weeks old it is still considered murder. Where do we draw a line? It is obvious that there will never be a right or wrong answer. Every women should have the right to do what she wants. Whether it is abortion or not. Some say that even contraception is wrong. Martin Luther called contraception homicide. One man said that who ever uses contraceptives would lose their souls. This does relate to abortion because if a couple only has sex just to initiate life, then there would be less diseases, very little abortions, and not many adoptions. Throughout the semester, I have been researching some of the many issues that relate to abortion. There are a few questions from type "A" category that I will try to answer based on what I have read throughout the semester. Many people often wonder what type of restrictions or shall I say rules are there for different states. In Pennsylvania, there is a requirement that teenagers show the consent of one parent or a judge, and another that puts a 24-hour waiting period for a woman after hearing a presentation from her doctor of alternatives to abortion. There has also been a provision that would have required women to inform their husbands if they wanted to have an abortion. Since states cannot ban abortion completely, they are trying to push restrictions like those in Pennsylvania. In most states, there will be a decision on whether or not teens have the right to obtain an abortion without involving their parents in the decision. Some say that if this...
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Abortion is a very controversial topic in the U. S. There are two obvious sides that remain completely polarized for abortion, and there seems to be no middle ground, no chance for compromise. Pro-abortion advocates, who call themselves pro-choice, believe that abortion is right. Pro-life people object to abortion. There are many opinions that pro-choice and pro-life people insist on. When abortion was first legal in the U. S. and Canada, few people knew much about fetal development or abortion. Most objections to abortion arose from religious beliefs. Some people, like catholic, opposed abortion because they thought it was against God¡¯s will. As the time goes on and people know much about abortion, more arguments come up. More and more people who come from different race, religion, and education take part in the discussions. The arguments are intense. So what do pro-choice people believe? There presents some of the main ideas. Pro-choice people believe that the fetus is not a human, just a mass of tissue. And pro-choice people who want Planned Parenthood claim that legalization of abortion can reduce the number of unwanted children some of whom were subjects of child abuse. Furthermore, Planned Parenthood is a group that focuses on contraception. Contraception is needed because of the overpopulating of the planet. And it¡¯s a woman¡¯s right to control her own body. No one has the right to impose his/her morals on others. A woman herself can choose abortion whether or not. And that abortion must be kept legal, especially for all the rape and incest pregnancies. And what¡¯s about the pro-life people? Their ideas are absolutely opposite. Pro-life people being a religious person believe that the Bible backs up their views on abortion. And Pro-life people believe that the unborn child is human. They believe that a constitutional amendment should be...
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A fifteen-year old girl from southern Texas sits on a hard wooden table, alone. She is wearing nothing and quite nervous. After a moment, the ?doctor? comes in and instructs her to lie down and open her legs. He then thrusts a sharp instrument inside her vagina and jaggedly scrapes the lining of her uterus and pulls the resulting pieces out of her vagina. The ?pieces? are chunks of a first trimester fetus. It looks roughly like pieces of uncooked hamburger, raw and red. The person who performed this procedure was unlicensed and untrained. It was highly likely that fragments of the instruments that he used for the procedure would be left inside this young girl?s vaginal cavity. There was a chance that this young girl would be one of the estimated 8,179 abortion related deaths in 1936 in the United States (Gorney 23). Throughout modern American history, there have been many controversial subjects that the US government has had to handle and settle pertaining disputes. One such issue has been the woman?s right to abortion. There are many legal and moral issues involved in the arguments. Abortion had been performed both legally and illegally for centuries (both in the United States and Overseas), now the United States government has the responsibility of deciding if a woman has the right to choose whether or not she is ready to become a mother. Funk & Wagnall?s Dictionary defines abortion as ?the expulsion of a fetus prematurely; miscarriage? (2). The miscarriage can be either naturally occurring or induced. From the time that the United States of America was formed up until the landmark case of Roe v. Wade in the 1970?s, abortion has been an illegal operation. It was obtained in back alleys through midwives and untrained ?doctors? as well as a few (very cautious)...
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Homosexuality in our society today has become more openly widespread than ever, yet many still view it as something new and strange. Shakespeare wrote of cross-dressing in the Twelfth Night and the famous poet Walt Whitman was a homosexual. So, why does society put an emphasis on homosexuality as being "dirty" or "evil"? Two men or two women should be allowed to join in matrimony and adopt children in more than two states. Racism and prejudice are synonymous words yet, one would think that to be racist is worse than being prejudice. If one admits that one is a racist society condemns he or she; however, a fear or dislike of homosexuals seems to break a common ground for most heterosexuals in our society. That fear or dislike of a person could be aptly defined as a type of prejudice. Bruce Bawer explains, "In a world of prejudice, there is no other prejudice quite like it. Mainstream writers, politicians and cultural leaders who hate Jews or blacks or Asians but who have long since accepted the unwritten rules that forbid public expression of those prejudices still denounce gays with impunity" (61). There are many reasons people have as to why same sex couples should not wed. For some it is a deep personal and private reason and for others it is the fear of being exposed to something that is different. Two of the more prominent and maybe more discussed reasons are Aids and child abuse. Lets take each of these reasons and briefly discuss how they affect a persons emotions, alters his or her judgment, and how not to let these reasons weigh so heavily on a person's feelings and perceptions of others. Child abuse is a very common problem. Many children are abused in some form whether it is physical, verbal,...
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According to st augustine should members of the city of god regard political power as something that was good or bad
According to St Augustine, should members of the City of God regard political power as something that was good or bad or with indifference? St Augustine has long held a reputation as one of the most influential and important political thinkers of all time. His ideologies and concepts which were formulated many centuries ago, have continued to hold their weight even in our contemporary world. It is this apparent ability to bridge the obvious cultural differences that remain between the society that St Augustine was writing in and our far more technologically and socially adept society that ensure that his documents relevance has not waned. His writings, as did many of his time, focus on the significance of religion and it's application within the political order that existed. One of St Augustine's most important theories was of the existence of the 'City of God'. To decipher how political power should have been viewed by the members of the City of God is a very complex issue because the writings are very intense and to come to a definitive answer would prove almost impossible because of the many interpretations that can be understood. However, it is an issue which can cause great debate and contains a number of issues which must be developed further. The City of God was one of St Augustine's most important writings and it's importance can not be forgotten. He placed great importance on the City of God and it's counterpart the Earthly City. St Augustine believed that every member of society would eventually become a member of one of these particular cities, this was to include those who had not yet even been born. In essence, every member of the social order had their destiny marked out and were to eventually arrive in one of these destinations. However, the two cities were not to be separated until the end of time and as a result members of the society...
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Throughout history dictators such as the King George III, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Nikita Khrushchev have risen to power and filled the world with fear. Each time one of them came to power, the world sat back and watched as his power in his own government rose, and eventually bringing the world into war. Yet, again, our world is facing a similar rise of power, and yet, again, we are watching with no intervention. On August 24, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait against warnings from the United Nations that invasion would be intolerable. Three days later President Bush declares that the invasion "will not stand" and on the 8th of August the first U.S.A.F. fighter planes arrive in Saudi Arabia. Five months later, Operation Desert Storm commenced, with the objective of ejecting Iraq from Kuwait. After Saddam Hussein's Iraqi forces were defeated in late February, the U.N. passed several sanctions, and ordered Iraq to disarm itself. On February 27, 1933 in Germany, members of the Nazi party set fire to the Reichstag Building, beginning Nazi rule of Germany. For six years, the world watched Germany and Adolf Hitler become a danger to the post WWI peace. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, beginning WWII. In all of Europe, including his home country of Austria, Hitler began the total extermination of the Jewish population. By the war's end over 12 million civilians (6 million being Jews) were killed in his quest for a perfect race. In the European theater of the war, over 35,000,000 people were killed, all because a country ordered to disarm at the end of WWI did not. By not intervening with Hitler's rise in power, the world went into despair and war. The birth of our own country was sparked by the tyranny of an individual claiming absolute...
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Adam Smith(1723-1790) and Jean Jacques Rousseau(1712-1770) each provide their own distinctive social thought. Smith, political economist and moral philosopher, is regarded as the father of modern economics. Rousseau, a Franco-Swiss social and political philosopher, combines enlightenment and semi-romantic themes in his work. Thus Smith's work places emphasis on the relationship between economics and society, whereas, Rousseau focuses his attention on the social inequalities within society. Therefore, Smith and Rousseau, of the Scottish and Continental Enlightenment respectively, provide unique insights on their existing society. Adam Smith is one of the main figures in the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith's main concern was the establishment of the free market, as laid out in his work "The Wealth of Nations"(1776). In the "Wealth of Nations", Smith is very critical of the division of labor. The emphasis falls equally on the economic and social consequences of the division of labor (Smith, 1998:26). Moreover, "What is significant about the contribution of the Scottish Enlightenment to Sociology is the clear awareness that society constituted a process, the product of specific economic, social, and historical forces that could be identified and analyzed through methods of empirical science. Society was a category of historical investigation, the result of objective, material causes"(Smith, 1998:26). Smith believed that society would benefit from individuals who were self-interested in their own personal economic gains. Furthermore, Smith believed that the division of labor had a negative impact on society. He thus was very critical of the division of labor. For Smith, "the man whose life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are, perhaps, always the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding? "He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertion and becomes as stupid as it is possible for a human creature to become"(Lecture Notes, 2001:5). Smith clearly...
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Introduction Canada is a country that, historically, was built on people moving from other country to seek a new life. Refugees have played an integral role in making Canada what it is today. In 2001, the total number of refugees in Canada was 27,894. As a signatory to the United Nations' Convention to Refugees, Canada is obligated to protect people who are in fear of their lives. The protection of refugees in also incorporated into the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act which in 2002 replaced the Immigration Act. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate the effectiveness of the administrative system in Canada with respect to the protection of refugees under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. It is divided into three main sections. The first section describes Canada as an administrative state. The second section lays out both the IRPA with respect to refugees and the role of the Immigration and Refugee Board. The third section is a critique of the IRPA and the IRB with respect to their treatment of refugees. Canada as an Administrative State Administrative law plays a role in everyone's life from the time of birth, and is interwoven throughout most daily activities. David J. Mullan, in Administrative Law, has described it as the "field of law that has as its concern the statutes (other than the Constitution), principles and rules that govern the operations of the government and its various emanations." Administrative law concerns the implementation and regulation of public programs which are administered under a statute. The government, either federal or provincial depending on the jurisdiction of the issue, can create an agency under a statute to deal specifically with the problem and separately from the court system. The purpose of administrative law is to oversee the fairness of the administrative procedure, the adequacy of the...
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Politics is assuming command of the American economy in the form of pervasive "equal opportunity" enforcement. In today's society, All people are supposed to be equal and have equal rights, but in employment there is more discrimination now than ever before. American citizens need to do away with affirmative action so that American job opportunities can be based on merit and not on skin color or ethnicity. Laws have been passed, quotas have been established, and seemingly everything has been done to prevent discrimination. NOT SO! Instead of solving a problem these new laws and quotas have discriminated against the once over powering white male. What happened to America being the land of opportunity? The general theory is if you work hard, and are the best qualified then you'll get the job; but in today's work place this no longer the situation. Now, in order to be employed, qualifications do not always matter as much as the color of a person's skin or his/her ethnicity. In dealing with this subject, the first question that is always asked is " What's wrong with hiring a variety of African Americans, Hispanics, and women?" The answer is Nothing. The problem is not with hiring those from different ethnic groups, but when the most qualified of them gets the shaft because he/she is not of a certain ethnic or minority group. More and more white males are being discriminated against because they are not African American, Hispanic, or they don't have breast. Affirmative Action, action in the form of quotas and special treatment for "protected classes," has resulted in a politicized process in which white males have been discriminated against. A 1994 poll shows that one out of every seven males has lost a promotion due to quotas. White males have become invisible victims because the...
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Is affirmative action a problem in the United States? According to certain people it is a problem and to others it is not a problem. Employment practices involving affirmative action have been a controversial issue among the public and private human resource departments for many years. Affirmative action means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded (Fullwinder, 2002). When those steps involve preferential selection on the basis of race, gender, and ethnicity, affirmative action generates intense controversy. Affirmative action clearly takes an opposite approach to employment practices over the nondiscrimination approach. The nondiscrimination approach protects certain classes of people from being discriminated against on the basis of their race, gender, national origin, and religion. On the other hand, affirmative action programs offer individuals such as women and minorities a chance to equal employment opportunities. The debate over affirmative action has caused a number of upset individuals. Angry white men blame affirmative action for robbing them of promotions and other opportunities. While many minorities and women support affirmative action, a growing number say its benefits are no longer worth its side effect which is the perception that their success is unearned. Judging by the results, the playing field would appear to still be leaning very much in favor of white men. Overall, minorities and women are in vastly lower paying jobs and still face active discrimination in some places (Froomkin, 1998). Affirmative action programs that were born as a result of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, were basically imposed to prevent the dominance of one particular group in the work force. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, religion, national origin, and gender. Under these new laws, all individuals...
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After you graduate from college, you will be putting in your application for a job that you went to college for. Even though you might be the most qualified for the job you still might not obtain the position. Affirmative Action sometimes causes this because companies have to hire a certain number of minorities relative to the size of the company. This means that if there are no minority citizens available, immigrants who aren't even US citizens can take the position. This is why Affirmative Action should be readjusted, because it is helping immigrants instead of the people it was meant for, American citizens. The fact is that the current Affirmative Action plan is helping immigrants more than it is helping the American people. For instance, millions of immigrants and foreign visitors are eligible for, and many are actually using, Affirmative Action benefits to grab a head start of US born minorities because they do not have enough US minorities to fill the positions. In effect, many of today's immigrants are coming to this country and moving right to the head of the line. James Robb, a Senior Analyst of the The Social Contract, a quarterly journal and the author of the study, "Affirmative Action For Immigrants: The Entitlement Nobody Wanted" came up with a great example of how immigrants are using affirmative action to there advantage. He states, "Of all US science doctorates awarded in 1993, forty-six percent went to foreigners. There were ten science PhD's awarded to non-citizen Asians to every one awarded to a US Asian" (Robb). It doesn't end there, because after they receive their PhD's many immigrants will stay in the US to take jobs. This is bad for American citizens who have their PhD's because they struggle to find jobs, many of which are already...
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