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Separation of Church and State is a very imperative and principle part of our political, legal, and historical heritage. A "wall of separation" between Church and State was established in the first amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America. This amendment guarantees religious freedom for all. Church and State, should, unquestionably, remain as two separate institutions that are in no way intertwined with the other. As early as the reign of Constantine, the Emperor of the Roman Empire, the issue of Church and State was very prevalent. However, during this time, as well as previously, Church and State were connected. The emperors before Constantine were pagans and made paganism the official religion of the Roman Empire. However, Constantine prayed to the Christian God for help in a battle and ended up winning. As a result of this life-altering event, or change of heart, Constantine became the first Christian Emperor and allowed Christians to practice freely in his Empire through the Edict of Milan in 313 C.E. This precedent angered and astonished many people; however the Christians could now worship freely without having to worry about persecution. Throughout Constantine's rule, he became involved in church matters and tried to run the church. This is because he, just like those before him, saw religion as a way of unifying all of the people under his rule. Constantine, through his reign as Emperor, had one of the biggest effects ever on Christianity. Christianity was once powerless and poor, but at that time it became amalgamated with the biggest force known to man. As head of the Empire, Constantine was admired and looked up to by many. His role as ruler, more than likely, opened people's eyes to a religion that was once illegal and frowned upon by past emperors. As a result of...
pages: 3 (words: 679)
comments: 0
added: 09/10/2011
Case Study 1 "Sex Education in the Schools" Part 1 Up until 1920 there is no history of sex education. In the Library of Congress we find roughly a dozen books prior to about 1910 that deal with sex education. One was written by R. C. Bowl. It was not a sex education book as we know them today. It had a 30 or 40 page discourse on the dangers of bad companions. Its agenda was to keep people on the straight and narrow. It was not a biological approach. One of the first people who introduced a very significant change in all of this was Margaret Sanger. Sanger wrote What Every Boy and Girl Should Know. In many ways it was not a major departure from the approach of other texts although it was very explicit about biological material (this was a departure). Planned Parenthood (PP) developed its programs in the 1920's; it began to provide clinical "services", and was not yet involved with adolescents. There was really not a great deal going on. Unlike today, it would have been very unpopular in the American society to even begin to suggest the idea that contraceptives and programs of sex education should be given to minors. But, PP was alert to developments around the world. For example, Sweden was probably the first place where national sex education developed to a significant degree. In 1933, The National League for Sex Education was founded in Sweden with Eliesse Addison Jensen as president. PP was very thrilled with this development and the members brought the resolution back to the United States. It was modified in 1946, and later in the year, the PP adopted its first formal statement on sex education. It echoed Sweden's idea - "the right of every young person to receive sex education". Between 1953 and...
pages: 3 (words: 678)
comments: 0
added: 12/08/2011
I watched Court TV on May 15, 2002 from 12:00 p.m to 4:00 p.m and then on May 16, 2002 from 1:30 p.m to 4:00 p.m. Kent, Washington, jurors began deliberating on Wednesday in a civil lawsuit brought against police and school officials by the family of a boy fathered two children with his sixth-grade teacher. Fualaau¡¯s family is suing the school and police for about 2.4 million, arguing the district violated its duty to protect the child from a known suspect. Psychiatrist Csaba Hegyvary was testifying rather the case of Letourneau Mary Kay¡¯s sex scandal with a 6th grader Vili Fualaau¡¯s case was a rape or forbidden love affair. In his psychiatric evaluation he clearly stated, it was not rape. His strongest argument was, in order for a male to have heteral sexual intercourse, male body has to react to his emotions in order to erect. Even though it was morally, legally wrong but in his point of view certainly it wasn¡¯t rape. This trial caught America¡¯s attention when it first appeared in public at 1996. She is now serving time in prison for 7 ¨ö years sentence as a convicted felon for a child rape. This case caused a great deal of controversy to the society. It was more shocking to most of the people because it was a beautiful young woman who had a loving family of her own having affair with a 12 year old, one of her student. As much as it caused confusion to the society, it will hit the box office big time when it releases to the public as a movie. She already has sold her story to the tabloids and signed a book deal as well. This story has the three main components that attract movie lovers, Love, Betrayal and Illegal. Few weeks...
pages: 3 (words: 718)
comments: 0
added: 12/17/2011
Let's Talk About Sex In the essay "The Future of Modesty" Shalit believes that our culture has sexualized everything and now people are rebelling against this idea. In our culture sex is used to sell everything, from T.V. shows to gum to football. Our country has moved to having everything sexualized and people want to rebel against it but don't. All across America, people watch the same television shows every night. No matter what show you watch, it is guaranteed that you will be exposed to sexual content. It could be actual sex taking place or it could be comments or remarks that discuss sex somewhat vulgarly. America has become numb to sex; it is everywhere. The reason that America has become numb to sex is because big organizations realized some time ago that sex sells. Even the new action shows no longer have men as the main character. Shows such as "Buffy" or "Dark Angel" clearly show that beautiful women sell an action show better than men. The market for sex has invaded even football, the manliest sport of all. Rebecca Grant, an amazingly beautiful woman, is the star in NFL Under the Helmet. She often makes sexual innuendos and does not dress in football garb; something more revealing is only suitable for national television. Even cartoons intended for children have become sexualized. I watched a cartoon with my younger brother called Beast Machines. It is about the things that can change from animals to war robots. It is a typical theme for young boys. But I have never seen female robots with breasts as large and perfectly rounded like the ones in this show. Nor have I seen robots trying to seduce other robots. Now breasts on robots really do not affect boys that much, but it is an introduction to the...
pages: 3 (words: 811)
comments: 0
added: 02/10/2012
s1. Identify the quatrains. Quatrain 1 - lines 1-4 Quatrain 2 - lines 5-8 Quatrain 3 - lines 9-12 2. Identify the rhyming couplet. Rhyming couplet - lines 13-14 3. What is the central idea contained in the three quatrains? The central idea is based on a comparison between the poet's beloved and a summer's day. Each quatrain introduces a new aspect to this comparison. Shakespeare argues that unlike the transient beauty and nature of summer, his beloved's beauty and memory shall never fade. 4. How does the rhyming couplet clinch the premise contained in the quatrains? The rhyming couplet clinches the argument by claiming that the beloved has been immortalised through the sonnet. As long as the sonnet exists and is read, she will not fade from memory - she will live forever. Name three ways in which the poet's beloved is better than a summer's day. She is more equable and gentler than a summer's day. Furthermore, unlike a summer's day, her beauty will not fade. 2. What is meant by "Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade" (line 11)? It means that she will never die as she has been immortalised in lines of poetry. 3. What impossible claim does Shakespeare seem to be making in lines 9-12? He claims that her beauty and youth will never fade and that she will live forever. 4. How does he substantiate this claim? He substantiates the claim by saying that as long as time lasts, her beauty and memory will last, recorded in lines of poetry. 5. What does 'this' refer to in line 14? "this" refers to the sonnet....
pages: 1 (words: 273)
comments: 0
added: 07/31/2012
The global scenario has experienced many profound changes in recent years, and has forced many people to rethink the terms in which they saw the way international relations work. The events have shaken many well-established schools of thought, and the way the world stage was perceived. With extensive globalization, and integration of previously well defined regions; both geographically and politically taking place, the globe is becoming an ever smaller community. Then there is the role of non state actors, such as International corporations, organized criminal enterprises and terrorist networks operating around the globe, who are not bound within the defined territories of sovereign countries. The widespread information revolution, the ease and freedom with which information can be accessed, shared and transmitted, has had a tremendous impact on almost everyone on this planet. The question is whether all these recent changes have affected the nature of world politics. Is globalization good or bad? Were the problems associated with the globalization anticipated? If so, how are they explained, and is there a way around them? The events of September 11 were just an eye-opener, an event which shows the reach of people who wish to cause massive destabilization. But it was not something that was considered impossible before. The point is that investigation revealed that the people who had plotted and executed this horrendous act had used sophisticated methods of communications and information relaying, and had obtained finances through means which were considered exotic not five years ago, if not impossible, but are now commonplace, and can be obtained by almost anyone, anywhere, the result of extensive "globalization" and breakdown of barriers. Nowadays, with the press of a button, large sums of money can electronically be sent from, say Indonesia to Austria, in less than a second. And it is possible to remove traces of...
pages: 5 (words: 1337)
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added: 02/18/2012
Good morning chairperson, ladies and gentlemen. I am the first speaker for the affirmative team, Erin is the second and Cassie is the third. The definition of asylum seeker is a person seeking protection in another country but not yet officially considered as a refugee by the government. A refugee is one who flees from invasion or political danger. · When a person steps foot in Australia they are entitled to seek rights through the court system and this is why the government has sent the asylum seekers to other countries such as New Guinea and Nauru. · Asylum seekers are not illegal, a person is entitled under international laws to seek asylum from persecution in another country. · Australia needs to stop stereotyping asylum seekers and embrace them as people with the same needs as anyone else. · There is nothing fair about locking up hundreds of children, women and men without charge or review by a court simply because they lack a visa – especially when the vast majority of the people who are detained are later found to be genuine refugees and are eligible to stay in Australia. · There is nothing fair about labeling asylum seekers as "queue jumpers" when there was no queue they could of joined in the first place. · These are traumatized people who have witnessed death, murder and terror on a huge scale who are looking for a safe place to live. · What is so wrong about wanting to improve your life and the lives of your children, are not many of the asylum seekers who come from countries where they're devoted to their own. · About one third of asylum seekers are living in detention and the other two thirds are living in the community. These people should be allowed to stay in Australia depending on the results...
pages: 2 (words: 326)
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added: 02/18/2012
A black limo with a crown symbol and a mile long escort rolls to a stop in the township of Roma. An old lady dressed like a royal steps out. She looks fragile yet is so powerful. Hey guess what everyone; the Queen of England is coming to Roma Yes that's right everyone the Queen of Australia is coming to Roma. Doesn't sound very good when you put it that way, does it? Well I was expecting a large YEE HAA or better off – Tally Ho!!! Looks like we have a few future republicans in here hey, the patriots of tomorrow. Most of you would be wondering why the queen is coming to Roma. Well she is coming to Roma. Well she is going to open the Big Rig, supposedly because the citizens of the Roma area where the highest percentage of non-voters in the last referendum. All I can do is shake my head, my insignificant little head. But we the people in this room are the voters of the future and we have the power to make the change, because Australia's youth are Australia's future. As you probably already know I am here today to persuade you that Australia should become a republic. There are many reasons why Australia desperately needs to become a republic; Australia becoming a republic is inevitable. One source that I have seen really backs this statement up. In life the only two things that are inevitable are death and taxes………and a republic. This shows that YES we are bound to become a republic but when, and my answer is SOON!!! Why should Australia's head of state be the king or queen of England? A head of state is someone who represents one country in the world and its affairs. Our head of state should represent Australia, our national unity and our...
pages: 5 (words: 1107)
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added: 11/25/2011
'Britain should have a written constitution' Do you agree? A major issue in the United Kingdom legal system is the lack of a written constitution. Many people believe that a written constitution would provide greater accountability and democracy. However, other people believe that the traditional unwritten British constitution would provide greater protection. The fact that we have pressure groups and associations such as Charter88, who are campaigning for a written constitution, show that this concept is very controversial. A constitution sets out the system of government and performs three functions. First, the constitution allocates governmental activities, defines what the scope of government power is and what political structures will perform these various actions. For example, the US constitution gives Congress the power to levy taxes but forbids it to establish an official state church. Secondly, the constitution establishes the formal power relationships among the political structures. For example, a British Prime Minister can appoint or dismiss other cabinet ministers. Thirdly, the constitution limits the power of the rulers and guarantees the rights of the ruled. For example, British citizens have a longstanding right under the common law to a jury trial. Constitutions also provide details of election procedures (in the UK the Quinquennial Act requires a general election to be held at least every five years), the composition of elected assemblies, the powers of the Executive and rights of the citizens. Constitutions are also important sources of a society's culture, value system and historical heritage. A written (or codified) constitution is where there is a single document that gathers together the major rules about the system of government. Written constitutions are usually the product of independence struggles (the USA, Nigeria); revolutions (China, Russia) or the impact of wars (Italy, Germany). All modern states except the UK, New Zealand and Israel have a written constitution. The UK does...
pages: 9 (words: 2334)
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added: 10/29/2011
2. "Britain Should Join the Euroland". Discuss 'Euroland' is the colloquial terminology used to describe the collection of European countries that have fully adopted EMU and use the Euro as their currency of exchange. The whole concept of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) came into official being at the Maastricht Treaty in December of 1991, and the Euro started circulating in participating countries on the 1st of January 2002. Britain, along with Denmark and Sweden, opted to pull out of adopting the Euro, and Britain kept their sterling pound in circulation. The Government and the people of Britain have long been divided over when would be the right time, if at all, to fully undertake EMU with Europe and exchange their own currency for the Euro. Combining research with my own point of view, I would like to present both sides of the argument as to whether or not they should join EMU, and also hopefully shed some light on why they are not part of EMU yet. Britain has always seen itself as separate to Europe, and this has been reflected in it's attitude towards The European Union and EMU as a whole. They only joined the European Community (the EU's predecessor) in 1973, so were not part of the original six founders, and this perhaps explains some of it's aloofness when it comes to matters of European integration. In John Millful's book he explains it slightly deeper, 'Part of Britain's unsure attitude to Europe has been based upon a self-perception of 'exceptionalism'. Lord Beloff refers to Britain's specific historic experience, its unwritten constitution, and it's identity which is contrasted to that of "continental Europeans". Unlike them the British are not suitable for full and devoted membership of the Union' (John Millful, Britain in Europe, 1999, Ashgate Publishing House, England). From...
pages: 9 (words: 2286)
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added: 12/13/2011
Should The Congress of the United States have enacted what is now called the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA). This is an endless debate of facts, figures and various economic models. One on side, the so called "supply-siders", and proponents of Reganomics argue that tax-cuts, even when largely benefited by only the top wealthiest in the nation, benefit all in the economy through what has been called the trickle down theory. In contrast there are some economists that think there is little to no benefit of a tax-cut. Also there are citizens who think that a tax-cut should benefit the lower class more so as not to widen the income gap any further, supported indirectly by economist who think that taxes affect demand, also known as Keynesian theory. "The basic belief of supply-side economics is that all aspects of economic behavior-such as labor supply, saving, and investment-respond to economic incentives and, in particular, to incentives in the tax code"[1]. While other economist site Ricardian equivalence to support their argument that tax cuts offer no benefit. "The empirical evidence on Ricardian equivalence is mixed"[1]. There is little argument that there should be some sort of tax relief in the current state of the economy. "Most Americans support Bush's tax-cut proposals. A USA Today/CNN Gallup poll yesterday showed the number rising to 67 percent, from 60 the week before. Yet polls also show a desire for more tax-cut benefits to go to lower-income taxpayers." [2] The economy is currently in a recession and the government is running a surplus. The biggest argument is the fairness of an across the board tax-cut. This tax-cut is seen by many Americans to unfairly benefit the wealthiest in the nation. This paper shall make no attempt to claim that one economic theory is superior to another;...
pages: 6 (words: 1578)
comments: 0
added: 12/27/2011
PAID ADVERTISEMENT Term Paper Gun Control By: Don Sunberg E-mail: "In order to reduce gun vilolence in the U.S., there should be stricter gun regulation." By Don Sunberg U.S. Politics and Government Dr. M. Anderson September 13, 1999 Violence and crime in today's society is inevitable. Human nature is full of hatred, jealousy, and chaos. Throwing guns into the equation adds security for some, and vulnerability for others. Gun regulation is a topic of debate that has been going on for years and looks to be going on for many more to come. Although, each side of the issue seems to have a possibility of security for all, a healthy median of both sides proves to be hard to come by. On the side of no gun regulation, advocates explain that a concealed handgun provides safety, and that people who defend themselves (with guns) may indirectly benefit other citizens. Cab drivers and drug dealers who carry guns produce a benefit for cab drivers and drug dealers without guns (Lott 18). This theory seems like it could be quite effective, but it brings questions of whether drug dealers would even obey gun regulation laws if imposed, since they are already braking the law by dealing drugs. One might ask why do drug dealers need guns? The answer is quite simple, most violent acts are due to drug and alcohol abuse (Write 313). The ability to carry a concealed weapon provides safety to the insecure and vulnerable. Erika Schwartz (the first runner-up in the 1997 Miss America pageant) made her decision to carry a gun after becoming a victim of a carjacking. Other women carry a weapon due to their fear of rape. Laurence Rockefeller's reason to pack heat is because he carries large sums of money and feels that a gun will protect him from becoming a victim of a mugging (Lott 23). Advocates...
pages: 2 (words: 417)
comments: 0
added: 12/01/2011
The issue in this position paper is, should nations align themselves with other nations in the interests of national security and world peace. The importance of this issue is to maintain and preserve world peace and world stability. The dilemma of this issue is that world peace and stability can be maintained either by an alliance within nations or through non-alliance. The alternative position underlining this issue is that nations believe that the goal of world peace may best be attained through joining a power bloc. My position in this is topic is that world peace must best be attained through joining a power bloc or an alliance system. Nations should align themselves with other nations because, after the Second World War given the technology of mass destruction available to us today, it is a successful way of decreasing global conflict and peace is accomplished as a result. An example of this would be the Cold War. The two main countries involved in the cold war were the Soviet Union and the United States. During this period both the countries produced as much nuclear weapons as the possibly can. USSR's aim was to convert the countries under its sphere of influence into communism. While the States aim was to preserve democracy in the countries, which fell under their sphere of influence. But they had on going conflicts between them. As a result both these countries evolved into great nuclear powers to threat each other. Americans started a new pact known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) this was basically to bring an end and also because the threat of Soviet expansion after the Second World War. USSR's response to this was the Warsaw Pact. This was basically Eastern Europe against Western Europe and North Atlantic countries. Eastern Europe was communist,...
pages: 5 (words: 1204)
comments: 0
added: 11/09/2011
I do not think the City of Pittsburgh should not be granted the right to tax Suburbanites. I think that it is just a lazy way to make up for the mistakes the city has suffered from. As a resident of the suburbs, I chose to move from the city for several reasons. I would prefer not to be a city resident, but would rather live among a more relaxed environment. Yes, city residents are responsible for the 3% tax, but I chose to move and pay a lesser amount of tax. This tax is for my local waste management, maintenance of our local roads, and goes towards wages of our municipal employees. When Whitehall was founded, it was considered a borough. It is not the fault of Suburbanites that the City of Pittsburgh has grown out of our jurisdiction. If I were taxed as a city resident, I should be only responsible to pay one tax. There should not be another tax for being a resident of suburban living. What makes that fair? Many people living in the city already get it easy (social security, welfare, etc.), suburbanites earn their homes and posessions. Many suburban employees may eventually have their position eliminated and being considered "city employees." We all have a choice - city living or suburban living. Instead of punishing people from moving out of the city, they should concentrate why residents are moving elsewhere. If I were to agree to pay this tax to Pittsburgh, what will the city have to offer me?...
pages: 1 (words: 256)
comments: 0
added: 01/30/2012
Poland is one of five countries from the former Eastern European Communist Block that is preparing for accession to the EU. Although the integration process requires a lot of compromises and many western policies and practices will have to be adopted, most Polish citizens are prepared to go through those changes. The majority of Poles are looking forward to the accession, which is frequently seen as quite a symbolic cut-off from Poland's communist past. The accession means serious changes of lifestyle in Poland as well as the perception of Poles in the world, and especially in the West. This means that Poland, as a post-communist country will finally get rid of its inferiority complex. Throughout the decades the citizens of this country, trapped between the political and economic powers of East and West, developed a sense of lesser importance and ability to coexist on the international area. Poland's accession to the EU is the process from which not only the country as a political unit will profit considerably, but also its individual citizens. However this enlargement of the EU will have consequences for the UK, current members and those that are planning to join, therefore bringing along a fair share of advantages and disadvantages: The positive changes from which Poland as a country will benefit include a common job market, leading to the free movement of labour and capital allowing polish workers to migrate to more prosperous areas. There will also be free trade and tourist movement, new educational opportunities as well as the development of the Polish military forces. Since 1989 the Polish job market has suffered from rapidly growing privatisation which in turn was one of the major causes of high unemployment. With the accession to the EU Polish employees will have the ability to work in other states of...
pages: 5 (words: 1367)
comments: 0
added: 11/25/2011
To answer the question posed and understand if the study of African politics should be approached differently than the study of politics in the west I believe it is essential to consider them both separately and establish if there any similarities or apparent differences. In order to do this I am going to break this essay down into sections that will enable me to conclude and ultimately answer the question posed. The three sections that I have proposed are; firstly 'Does the study of western political systems help us understand politics in Africa? Secondly, Do we need different concepts and methods to study African politics? And finally, Can the study of African politics tell us about politics in the west? The term the West has, I think two overlapping meanings. In a general sense, the term refers to the cultural and philosophical inheritance of Europe, which has often been exported through migration or colonialism. The roots of this inheritance lie in the Christian religion and the learning of 'classical' Greece and Rome shaped in the modern period by ideas and values of liberalism. When looking at western political systems it is apparent that what exists is a Polyarcy (literally means rule by the many) and this refers to the institutions and political processes of modern representative democracy. The most important feature of a polyarchy is the existence of regular and competitive elections operating as a device through which the people can control and, if necessary displace their rulers. Thus defined, the term 'Polyarcy' may be used to describe a large growing number of regimes throughout the western world. The West defines itself as democratic, its institutions and conventions are formed on ancient ideals of democracy. The political decision making body, the state or government, for example is formed by a democratic vote by...
pages: 9 (words: 2372)
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added: 11/17/2011
new labour has been described by many, primarily those in the "left wing" as "Thatcherism mark 2". Accused of accommodating itself to Thatcherite policies and ditching all its traditional values. Socialist concerns have been replaced by neo-liberal economics and the promotion of individual opportunity and self-help. There are some interesting discontinuities as well as continuities with Conservative Neo-Liberalism, which, while insufficient to justify the label "The Third Way", do mean that New Labout is developing its own distinctive version of Neo-Liberalism, albeit with Thatcherite foundations. It has been described as "thatcherism with a smiley face" referring to the way it lost touch and popularity with the people in the sleaze of its later stages. Perhaps the best description of New Labour politics is post-Thatcherite because New Labour has been defined by Thatcherism in both positive and negative ways. There are many similarities between the two such as: Prime Ministerial Leadership Commitment to free trade Flexible labour markets Sound money and orthodox economics The spirit of entrepreneurial capitalism More private initiative Private ownership encouraged Encouraging people to respond to opportunities and incentives – not to be dependant Public services reform/modernisation Further proof of the Continuity of the policies introduced by Thatcherism include: Various economic policies - One of the first policy initiatives that the Labour government announced was independence for the Bank of England; together with a commitment to a balanced budget, this represents a development from the economic policies of the Thatcher period. Thatchers populist style of appealing to ordinary people and almost by-passing traditional institutions of government have been repeated by Tony Blair. Both have elements of what is called 'spatial leadership'. The embrace of the Free Market and Privatisation. In a similar fashion to the way in which Thatcher weakened the powers of local governments and councils, Tony Blair has talked of the 'forces of conservatism' holding up progress, by which he means those in government...
pages: 2 (words: 409)
comments: 0
added: 01/28/2012
Any time the government attempts to filter the public's access to information, there's bound to be controversy. Such is the case with the current debate over public Internet access and the filtering software that many of these computers have installed on them. On one hand, you obviously do not want a pervert sitting in a public library salivating (or worse) over images of a pornographic nature, meanwhile children sit reading about George Washington in the background. At the same time, the very notion of information filtering by the government (regardless of what kind of information is being filtered) rubs many people in the wrong way. One of the issues with filtering software is the fact that, by the very nature of their design, they often deem appropriate material to be unacceptable. This could interfere with research on a topic such as breast cancer, simply because of the presence of the word "breast" on a website. By making this material inaccessible, the software crosses the line from blocking obscene material to impeding the computer's functionality. Another issue with filtering software is determining the definition of what is obscene material. While we would all pretty much agree that photos of naked Asian schoolgirls rise to the threshold of unacceptable content, but what about the website of the Communist Party of the United States? What about neo-Nazi organizations, or pro-life organizations, or maybe even pro-choice organizations? One person's idea of obscene material might be another person's perfectly acceptable political cause, religious belief, or research project. In this sense, a "slippery slope" argument could be made. Those in power, if given the ability to selectively block access to objectionable information without very specifically laid out guidelines, would likely abuse their authority for the advancement of their own agendas. A knowledgeable computer user can also, quite often, disable...
pages: 2 (words: 485)
comments: 0
added: 07/26/2011
In 1964 the United States Public Health Service released a landmark document which stated that smoking is a major cause of cancer of the lunges mouth and throat. Since then researchers have shown that each year cigarette smoking causes more than 300,000 premature deaths in the United States alone. This is mainly from cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive lung disease, such as emphysema states Evertt Keep a Surgeon General. That is why it is a wise and smart choice to ban smoking from New York City bars and restaurants, it makes perfect sense for this law to go into effect and I can't wait. First and most important, second hand smoke can kill you. The most recent concern about smoking is the effect that tobacco smoke has on non smokers. The innocent people who don't even smoke can get a disease , such as lung cancer and worst. People who don't smoke and are around people that do smoke such as children, waiters, waitresses, and patron that are at beer drenched sport bars and restaurants have to suffer , and they shouldn't. The children of parents that do smoke have more respiratory infections, such as pneumonia and bronchus, than children of nonsmokers. The separation of smokers and nonsmokers may reduce, but does not eliminate he exposure of nonsmokers to environmental tobacco smoke, therefore this law is what we need. Another thing is people who smoke at these bars and restaurants don't seem to care about themselves or other people. Studies show that 90 percent of the United States adult population now recognizes that cigarette smoking causes lung cancer, heart disease, and emphysema. Yet they still continue to smoke knowing the danger of smoking, and second hand smoke. Smoking causes smoker's cough, a lower capacity for exercise, addiction to nicotine, and in the run severe disability and death. According to the United States Public Health Service people who smoke don't care about themselves or...
pages: 2 (words: 519)
comments: 0
added: 12/24/2011
Politicians have a corrupt reputation, and everyone knows it. They seem to have gotten their reputation because the majority of them act dishonest and deceitful. Nearly everyone assumes that politicians will say anything to get elected, and very few will keep their word. Niccolo Machiavelli, in his work, "The Qualities of a Prince," established a set of values that has basically turned into the modern day politicians' bible. Although our nation is supposed to be founded upon Thomas Jefferson's "The Declaration of Independence", the standards set by it have slowly deteriorated over the years. Having completely opposite points of view on our world leaders, Jefferson would probably have quite an argument against the principles set forth by the beloved Machiavelli. Jefferson's and Machiavelli's ideals are very contradicting of each other. Machiavelli's whole system of rules is based on insincerity. In his writing he emphasizes the "say one thing do another" mentality. He lists the qualities that any leader should observe when ruling, but also states "since it is neither possible to have them nor to observe them all completely, a prince must be prudent enough to know how to escape the bad reputation of those vices that would lost the state for him." Basically he's saying be immoral but appear to be ethical overall. Jefferson would most likely strongly disagree with Machiavelli's principles. He believes that our government should "derive their just powers from the consent of the governed," implying that the leaders should be a direct result of what the people want. Jefferson directly states "A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free People." It couldn't be put more simply. If our nations leaders went by Machiavelli's standards, there would be no voice of...
pages: 3 (words: 655)
comments: 0
added: 09/21/2011
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