Some men go through life and live it quietly and don't change the world, however they make a difference. However then there are other men who change the way of life for an entire nation. John Kennedy was the second type of man. John Kennedy was an icon to the American culture and this is shown through the momentous changes in civil rights he made, the stands for equal rights that he made, the civil rights leaders that he was affiliated with, and the reasons behind his support. John F. Kennedy was the first president to make major adjustments in civil rights which would affect the way that some Americans lived their daily lives and would correct history by allowing all Americans to share in the ideals of equality of all in the American culture. While he didn't make very many changes he opened the eyes of the American public to the injustices being done to some African Americans and other minorities. While Kennedy was campaigning he promised to address some civil rights issues. His speech is given in a book edited by Doris Saunders. Saunders recalls Kennedy's speech, "I assure you in a new Democratic administration there will be far better representation, on the basis of merit, of persons of all our racial groups, including particularly those who in the past have been excluded on the basis of prejudice. For no American should be disqualified for any office because of his race, color, religion, or family origin. It is time for us to practice what our constitution preaches (22). With these simple words President Kennedy started the ball of civil rights moving. He pushed it at the top of the mountain and not even he could keep up with the pace that it would start to roll down the...
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John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917. He graduated from Harvard in 1940. Once he graduated from Harvard, he followed in his brother's footsteps and joined the Navy. He was the captain of the famous PT 109 during World War II. The PT 109 was famous because a Japanese destroyer in hostile territory rammed it. Then John Kennedy led the remaining members of the crew to islands whose only inhabitants were spotters. JFK came home from the war he became a Democratic Congressman from the Boston area. He became a member of the Senate in 1953. On September 12, 1953 he married Jacqueline Bouvier. John F. Kennedy had chronic back pains all his life. While recuperating from a back surgery in 1955, he wrote the book Profiles in Courage, and won a Pulitzer Prize in history. In 1956 JFK almost won the Democratic Vice President Nominee. In 1960 he was the Democratic Presidential Candidate. Kennedy won the popular vote by a tiny margin, but the Republican, Richard Nixion, did not call for a recount. JFK was the first Roman Catholic president ever elected. John F. Kennedy delivered the famous line: "I call upon all Americans to ask not what your county can do for you, ask what you can do for your country" in his inaugural speech. Not long after he had taken office JFK permitted a band of Cuban exiles to invade their homeland and overthrow Castro. The plan didn't work. After the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Soviet Union started placing missile silos on Cuba. Kennedy enforced a naval blockade around Cuba in attempt to keep the Soviets from bringing in more missiles. The world held their breath as the leaders of the two biggest superpowers on Earth stood eye to eye. The...
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Born as Maria Eva Duarte de Peron, but known better as "Evita," Eva Peron aided in shaping Argentine politics as it is in the present day. Fifty years subsequent to her death, her impact is still felt. Eva was born in 1919, and was the youngest of five children. Her destitute family was devastated when Juan Duarte, Eva's father, passed away in 1926. Eva's mother moved Eva and her siblings to Junin and settled in a tiny, one-room home. All of Eva's family had to work as cooks for a rich family in order to support themselves. It has been said that Eva in no way understood the wealthy because of her experience as a servant. At the age of 14, Eva had a small part in a play called "Student's Arise." At this point, she knew she wanted to be an actress. She eventually ran off to Buenos Aires when she was 15. It was almost impossible for her to find acting jobs because of her age; therefore, she was exceptionally poor, and frequently went without food. Luckily, a prosperous manufacturer fell in love with her, and she then acquired her own radio show. Evita began to make numerous friends in high places. Several of the causes she spoke about on her radio show allowed a lot of individuals to see her opinion. Two of the important people who joined her causes were the Argentinean president and Colonel Imbert, the Minister of Communications, who controlled the radio stations in Argentina. At a fundraising event, Eva met Colonel Juan Domingo Peron, the man behind the new government. She ended up departing from the occasion with him by her side. Peron and Eva became married, even though Eva was half his age. Person eventually became the Minister of Labor and Welfare,...
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On March 18, 1837 in the small town of Caldwell, New Jersey, Stephen Grover Cleveland was born the fifth of a soon to be family of nine. His father was a minister, and raised Grover (he preferred Grover to Stephen) on Bible verses, and fine literature such as Shakespeare. During his childhood he moved around quite a bit. First they moved to the town of Fayetteville, and then to Clinton, New York. There he was enrolled in a school called the Clinton Liberal Institute. However his schooling did not last very long. At the age of 14 he dropped out of school and got a job as a clerk at a general store in Fayetteville. Grover regretted this decision and decided that he wanted to go to college and become a lawyer. However because of financial troubles he was able to achieve this goal until later in his life. He had several jobs until he landed the one that would change the rest of his life. Grover became the clerk at a local law firm called Rodgers, Bowen, and Rodgers. Here he learned the "in's and out's" of the legal system. He was eventually admitted to the New York bar. At this point in his life he became extremely interested in politics, especially Democratic politics. In 1870 he decided to run for Sheriff of the city of Buffalo, and he won the election. While sheriff, he found that the political leaders were cheating the prisoners out of their food. Enraged by this Grover immediately put an end to it. This was foreshadowing to how he would react to scandal and injustices during his presidency. When Cleveland was elected President he was well aware of the responsibility he held as being the first Democratic president sense the Civil war. As president...
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The historian and Hitler biographer Allan Bullock once wrote of his subject, "the more I learn about Hitler, the less I can explain it." To say the least, Hitler presents a challenge for any biographer. According to one of those who famously accepted the challenge, Joachim Fest, Hilter was an "unperson," whose demonic energy and sheer force of will nearly destroyed an entire civilization. In contrast to the darkly romantic overtones of Fest's interpretation, Bullock viewed Hitler as merely a craven mediocrity, "an opportunist entirely without principle," as he wrote in his 1952 biography, tellingly subtitled "a study in tyranny." There is no end to the historiographical battles over the Third Reich and the phenomenon of Adolph Hitler. There is, it seems, no "getting him right." It is no surprise, then, that Hitler is one of the most written about figures in human history. But oddly enough, until the appearance of Ian Kershaw's now complete two volume life(Hitler 1889-1936:Hubris, Hitler:1936-1945:Nemesis, both Norton), it has been several decades since the last full-scale biography. The recent publication of Kerhshaw's second volume occasioned much acclaim for the British historian, who was lauded as the rightful successor to Fest and Bullock. Indeed, it was pointed out that neither Fest nor Bullock tried to explain Hitler as the product of a unique interaction between the Furher and the German people, as does Kershaw; their narratives focused on his personal traits and habit of mind. For Kershaw, Hitler "was a social product--a creation of social expectations and motivations vested in Hitler by his followers." Gordon Craig, one the most prominent historians of modern Germany, praised Kershaw's efforts in the New York Review of Books: "In the telling of his lamentable story, Kershaw keep his temper, and his tone is level, analytical, and judicious." Similarly, Omer Bartov,...
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Huddled in an underground bunker with his country smoldering in ruins around him, Iraqi President SADDAM HUSSEIN seemed buried for good in February 1992. U.N. forces had devastated Iraq in the six-week Persian Gulf War; sewage systems and telephone lines were out, electrical grids were down, and roads were impassable. Harsh international sanctions and reparation debts hobbled recovery prospects for the oil-rich republic of Iraq. But Hussein resurfaced, unrepentant for the failed invasion of Kuwait and its enormous toll. The man who would become known as the enemy of the Western world had beaten the odds before. Hussein grew up in Auja, a village of mud-brick huts northwest of Baghdad. His parents were poor farmers, but inspired by his uncle Khayrallah Tulfah, an Iraqi army officer and crusader for Arab unity, Hussein gravitated to politics as a teenager. Saddam joined the socialist Baath party when he was 19. He made his mark three years later when he participated in a 1959 assassination attempt against Iraqi Prime Minister Abudul Karim Kassim. Saddam was shot in the leg during the botched effort and fled the country for several years, first to Syria, then Egypt. In 1968 he helped lead the revolt that finally brought the Baath party to power under Gen. Ahmed Hassan Bakr. In the process, he landed the vice president's post, from which he built an elaborate network of secret police to root out dissidents. Eleven years later he deposed Bakr and plastered the streets with 20-foot-high portraits of himself. Saddam's years as a revolutionary left him keenly aware of the danger of dissent. Shortly after taking office, he purged and murdered dozens of government officials suspected of disloyalty. In the early 1980s, he used chemical weapons to crush a Kurdish rebellion in northern Iraq. Saddam's power struggles extended well...
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Churchill, Sir Winston (1874-1965), became one of the greatest statesmen in world history. Churchill reached the height of his fame as the heroic prime minister of Great Britain during World War II (1939-1945). He offered his people only "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" as they struggled to keep their freedom. Churchill was also a noted speaker, author, painter, soldier, and war reporter. Early in World War II, Great Britain stood alone against Nazi Germany. The British people refused to give in despite the tremendous odds against them. Churchill's personal courage and his faith in victory inspired the British to "their finest hour." The mere sight of this stocky, determined man--a cigar in his mouth and two fingers raised high in a "V for victory" salute--cheered the people. Churchill seemed to be John Bull, the symbol of the British people, come to life. Churchill not only made history, he also wrote it. As a historian, war reporter, and biographer, he showed a matchless command of the English language. In 1953, he won the Nobel Prize for literature. Yet as a schoolboy, he had been the worst student in his class. Churchill spoke as he wrote--clearly, vividly, majestically. Yet he had stuttered as a boy. Churchill joined the armed forces in 1895 as an army lieutenant under Queen Victoria. He ended his career in 1964 as a member of the House of Commons under Queen Elizabeth II, the great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Few men ever served their country so long or so well. Early life Boyhood and education. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born on Nov. 30, 1874, in Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, England. He was the elder of the two sons of Lord Randolph Churchill (1849-1895) and Lady Churchill (1854-1921). Young Winston, a chunky lad with a mop of red hair,...
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John Adams, who became the second president of the United States, has been accused by some historians of being the closest thing America ever had to a dictator or monarch (Onuf, 1993). Such strong accusations should be examined in the context of the era in which Mr. Adams lived and served. A closer examination of the historical events occurring during his vice presidency and his term as president, strongly suggests that Adams was not, in fact, a dictator. Indeed, except for his lack of charisma and political charm, Adams had a very successful political career before joining the new national government. He was, moreover, highly sought after as a public servant during the early formation of the new federal power (Ferling, 1992). Adams was a well educated, seasoned patriot, and experienced diplomat. He was the runner-up in the election in which George Washington was selected the first United States President. According to the electoral-college system of that time, the second candidate with the most electoral votes became the Vice President (Smelser & Gundersen, 1975). As president, Washington appointed, among others, two influential political leaders to his original cabinet; Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. Jefferson, a veteran politician became the Secretary of State and Hamiliton, a young, outspoken New Yorker lawyer, became the Secretary of the Treasury (Ferling, 1992). Jefferson, like Adams, had also signed the Declaration of Independence. Hamilton, however, was the only cabinet member relatively unknown to Adams (Ferling, 1992). It was Hamilton, nonetheless, who excelled during this new administration by initiating numerous, innovative, and often controversial programs, many of which were quite successful. Adams and Hamilton were both Federalists. Unlike Hamiliton, Adams was more moderate (Smelser & Gundersen, 1975). During this first administration, Adams and Hamilton quarreled (Washington Retires, 1995), and Adams contemptuously began referring to Hamilton as...
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Thurgood Marshall Short Biography (1908- 1993) Thurgood Marshall is one of the most well known figures in the history of civil rights in America and the first Black Supreme Court Justices. He served for 24 years then retired in 1991 due to advancing years and bad health. He died later in 1993 at the age of 85. He also served as the legal director for the NAACP in the years of 1940 through 1961, a pivotal time for the organization, as changing the policy of racial segregation was one of its goals. Marshall and his mentor Charles Hamilton worked together to develop a long-term plan to get rid of racial segregation in schools. Their plan was to start concentrating on the graduate and professional schools, thinking that the judges would be sympathetic to them, then move on to the elementary and high schools. This proved fruitful in the case of _Brown vs. The Board of Education_ in 1954, were it was declared that segregation of schools was illegal. At this time, Marshall was an experienced advocate of the Supreme Court. Marshall presented many cases before the Court in what was his hallmark styles, straightforward and plainspoken. President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the Court of Appeals in 1961. This was not an easy confirmation: a group of senators held it up for months, he served initially under a special appointment made during a congressional recess. From 1965 to 1967, he served as Solicitor General under President Johnson. Marshall succeeded Justices Tom Clark on the Supreme Court, and had argued 32 cases before that body, and won 29 of them. On the Court Marshall said very little except to train his sarcasm on the lawyers struggling through their arguments and some times a fellow Justices. The key to Marshall's work...
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Today I would like to tell you the Biograpie of Ernesto Guevara also called El comandante che. First of all does anybody no anything about che? Young Ernesto GuevaraErnesto Guevara de la Serna is born June 14, 1928 in Rosario, one of the most important cities in Argentina, in a well off family. A family with aristocratic roots but socialistic ideas.After attending a primary school in 1947, Ernesto Guevara meets the young Berta Gilda Infante, also known as Tita. She is a member of the Argentine Communistic Youth. They build up a profound friendship. Together they read Marxist texts and discuss the actualities.In 1948, Ernesto, who is 20 years old at that time, undergoes an examination at the faculty of medicine at the University of Buenos Aires. In March he passes for the examinations of the first year, in June for those of the second year and in December for those from the third year. A journey through Latin-AmericaIn October he decides to make his first trip through Latin-America. Together with Alberto Granado he leaves in January 1952 on an old « Norton » 500-cc motorbike.About Chili he writes: « The most important effort that needs to be done is to get rid of the uncomfortable 'Yankee-friend'. It is especially at this moment an immense task, because of the great amount of dollars they have invested here and the convenience of using economical pressure whenever they believe their interests are being threatened. On May 1 they arrive in Lima. Che meets doctor Hugo Pesce, a Peruvian scientist, and director of the national leprosy program and an important Marxist. They discuss several nights until the morning comes. Year's later Che puts that these conversations were very important for the change in his attitude towards life and the society.On May 17 he...
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A wise man once said, "Ask not what your country can do you for; ask what you can do for you country." The man was the main m contributor in creating the Kennedy Space Program, which expanded NASA. This man was the 35th president and the first Roman Catholic in office. Though not able to finish the process, this man started the civil rights movement, leading to the end of racial discrimination. This man was the fourth president to be assassinated president in US history. This man passed many laws applying to the civil rights movement. This man believed in America. This man I speak of is worthy of not only honor in his personal life, as being a loving husband to his wife Jacqueline and father to his children, Caroline, John Jr. and Patrick, but being a fair competitor in the race for president in 1960. He was born into a rich, politically connected Boston family of Irish-Catholics on May 29, 1917. He and his eight siblings enjoyed a privileged childhood of elite private schools, sailboats, servants, and summer homes. During his childhood and youth, "Jack," as he had otherwise been come to known as, suffered frequent serious illnesses. Nevertheless, he strove to make his own way, writing a best-selling book while still in college at Harvard and volunteering for hazardous combat duty in the Pacific during World War II. Jack graduated from Choate and entered Harvard in 1936. Kennedy's war service made him a hero. After a short period as a journalist, Kennedy entered politics, serving in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 and the U.S. Senate from 1953 to 1961. Kennedy was the youngest person elected as U.S. President and the first Roman Catholic to serve in that office. For many observers, his presidency...
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Tense with expectation, the founder of Russian communism returned from exile to St. Petersburg on April 16, 1917, in a sealed railroad car supplied by his country's age-old enemy, Germany. The homeland, to which he returned, was ravaged by war and starvation. Near collapse and anarchy, Russia was primed for Vladimir Ilyich Lenin's impassioned message: "The people need peace, the people need bread, the people need land. We must fight for the social revolution!" For the next seven years, Lenin gave his countrymen that revolution, one of the most pivotal events of the 20th century. He also gave them chaos, longer bread lines, and a legacy of terror that, while reminiscent of earlier despots in his nation's history, was unique in its vast scale. A master strategist, he combined practicality and idealism to achieve his end, a new kind of utopianism, which sacrificed community to coercion and forbade dissent. Lenin's single-party dictatorship would marry the intellect to the gun like no other before it, forever changing the global political order. By the time of Lenin's death in 1924, the bulwark of Soviet-style totalitarianism — mass executions, the secret police, intellectual repression, arbitrary violence, and concentration camps — stood firm. Even as the son of a hereditary nobleman, Lenin's philosophy was molded leftward. Born on April 22, 1870, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov was immersed as an adolescent in his family's dedication to bettering the lot of the common folk. Perhaps because his parents were teachers, he was also drawn to a life of the mind. He played the piano and excelled at chess, being equally magnanimous in victory and defeat. While he studied law at the University of St. Peters-burg, his older brother Aleksandr was hanged for plotting to assassinate Czar Alexander III. By the time Lenin passed his final examination, he...
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The old world had many great leaders. Alexander the Great, Hannibal and even Julius Caesar met with struggle on their rise to power. Perhaps Genghis Khan was the most significant of all these rulers. To prove that Genghis Khan was the greatest ruler, we must go back to the very beginning of his existence. We must examine such issues as; Genghis¹s struggle for power/how his life as a child would affect his rule, his personal and military achievements and his conquests. Genghis Khan was originally born as Temujin in 1167. He showed early promise as a leader and a fighter. By 1206, an assembly of Mongolian chieftains proclaimed him Genghis Khan. Which meant Universal or invincible prince. This was a bold move for the assembly. They obviously saw some leadership qualities in Genghis that others didn¹t. When Genghis Khan was little, his chieftain father poisoned. With no leader left, the tribe abandoned Genghis and his mother. They were left alone for many years to care for themselves. Throughout these years, his family met many hardships such as shortage of food and shortage of money. Though unable to read, Genghis was a very wise man. His mother told him at a very early age the importance of trust and independence. "Remember, you have no companions but your shadow" Grolier Encyclopedia. (1995) CD ROM This quote was to mean to Genghis, don¹t put to much trust in anyone, trust no one but yourself and if you must go your own way then do so. In 1206, Genghis Khan proclaimed the ruler of Mongolia. Genghis was a very respected leader. Like other leaders he knew what his people wanted. They want everything that is good and nothing that is bad. Genghis knew he could not promise this so instead he pledged to share...
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U.S. Air Force pilot Charles ("Chuck") E. Yeager was born on February 13, 1923, in Myra, West Virginia. Yeager was the first person to fly a plane faster than the speed of sound. His father was a driller for natural gas in the West Virginia coal fields. As the United States began mobilizing for World War II, Yeager enlisted in the Army Air Force in 1941 at the age of 18. In 1943 he became a flight officer, a non-commissioned officer who could pilot aircraft. He went to England where he flew fighter planes over France and Germany during the last two years of the war. In his first eight missions, at the age of 20, Yeager shot down two German fighters. On his ninth mission he was shot down over German-occupied France, suffering flak wounds. He bailed out of the plane and was rescued by members of the French resistance who smuggled him across the Pyrenees Mountains into Spain. In Spain he was jailed briefly but made his way back to England where he flew fighter planes in support of the Allied invasion of Normandy. On October 12, 1944, Yeager took on and shot down five German fighter planes in succession. On November 6, flying a propeller-driven P-51 Mustang, he shot down one of the new jet fighters the Germans had developed, the Messerschmidt-262, and damaged two more. On November 20 he shot down four FW-190s. By the end of the war, at which time he was 22 years old, he was credited with having shot down 13.5 German planes (one was also claimed by another pilot). In 1946 and 1947 Yeager was trained as a test pilot at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. He showed great talent for stunt-team flying and was chosen to go to Muroc Field...
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Henry Philippe Petain was born into a family of peasants in Cauchy-a-la-Tour on April 24, 1856. Petain played an important role in World War II and he is recognized for his achievements. He was known for being the head of the Vichy government by using military tactics. His whole life revolved around the military, trying to make it stronger. At the age of twenty, Petain joined the French Army. He attended a military academy, St. Cyr, and graduated at the age of 31. He later became a teacher at the Ecole de Guerre Military School. There, he studied the Russo-Japanese War and thought of some military tactics that he would later use. He believed that a powerful defense would consist of an increased number of shots made with modern weapons would cause the enemy to retreat. Many believed the opposite of his ideas, including Ferdinand Foch (Spartacus). At the beginning of World War I, Peatain was near retirement but still fought in the war but only was a colonel of infantry. During the first couple of months, he began to advance very rapidly in rank. By the middle of 1915, he became a general of the Second Army. All of his soldiers trusted him because he seldom made mistakes. In February of 1916, Joseph Joffre ordered him to defend the fortress of Verdun. He stopped Germany's attack that lasted six months. Petain directed the French armies in the offensives that later ended the war (Sacklunch). Many with higher power trusted his ideas of not waging an offensive war and started the construction of the Maginot Line during World War II. In May of 1940, Premier Paul Reynaud invited Petain to join the cabinet. Everyone wanted to hear what he had to say about the situation where the French Military had...
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Gaius Julius Caesar was a brilliant general, a great politician, and a powerful dictator of the Roman republic. He was born on July 17, 100 BC and he was assassinated on March 15, 44 BC. Caesar's rise to power was not an easy one, in 73 BC he was made a pontiff in Rome. He gained alot of popularity because of this and because he sided with those seeking power outside the circle of nobles, who at that time dominated the Roman senate. He also gained popularity with the Gauls in 68 BC by supporting them for Roman citizenship. Caesar became the governor of Spain in 61 BC after Crassus had helped pay his creditors after some financial issues. Military actions in Spain helped further restore Caesar's financial security. Caesar outwitted his political enemies by passing up his triumph. He did this in order to win the election to the consulate with the support of Pompey and Crassus. At this time Crassus was the richest man in Rome. Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus formed what was known as the first triumvirate, which means a government of three men, in 60-59 BC. These actions were takin to further their political success. While the triumvirate ruled , the senate became very angered. This led to the breakup of the senate, which gave the triumvirate even more power. Caesar also recieved the governorships of Lllyricum, Cisalpine Gaul, and Transalpine Gaul. He was also given control over a large army that he used to rule over Gaul. He gained alot of political strength from the Gallic Wars which lasted from 58 to 51 BC. With Caesar spending most of his time in the north, Pompey gathered most of his power by making a good relationship with the senate. The Gallic Wars were not Caesar's most...
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Napoleon Bonaparte attendted military school in france, graduating as an artillery officer. As he continues gaining power and winning war after war his marriage with Joesaphine was loosing pasion. In the end Napoleon was beaten and exiled to island of Elba, where he prepared troops and marched back to Paris. Bonaparte was born in 1769 on the island of Corsica. He attended a military school in FRance and every day he would trade his sandwiches for military rasions. After graduating he became one of the greatest generals of all times at the age of 26. In 1796 he started fighting wars which were known as the Napoleonic wars. He won every war he fought until his last few years on the battlefield he used his old technuies that gave him advantages over the other army. His small but forcefull army won the war with the sardines and defeated the Austrians twice. He made them sighn humilating treaties which gave napoleon full control over northern italy. Finally Prussia, Austia, Great BRitian andSweden joined together with Russia to defeat Napoleon. Napoleon tried all of his old techniques but his enimies were to big and pwerful and napoleon could not beat them. So in october of 1813 He was exiled to the small island of Elba. Then he made his way back to France landing in France on 3/1/1815. He march to paris and everyone was so happy to see him. The king sent out troops to destroy him but instead they joinned napoleon. When he reached paris he clamed the throne but the peole didn't like that so they exiled him the the island where he died....
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Robert E. Lee was born in Virginia on January 19, 1807. Robert E. Lee's father fought in George Washington's army. As a child Robert and his brother begged his father to tell them about what he did in the army. Roberts father told them the stories many times, but they never got sick of them and always wanted to hear them again. Soon Roberts father had to go on a trip to the West Indies. Roberts Father took him and his brother for a walk before he left. He told them "To be good while he was away, and to always do what you think is best." A short time after that Roberts father went to the West Indies. Robert never ended up seeing him again. But he never forgot what his father said that day. Robert and his brother weren't the only children. There were three other children besides Smith and Robert. They were Carter, Ann and a baby named Mildred. Robert loved to ride horses. Robert was speaking to one of his family friends Mary Custis. Mary was a step great- granddaughter of George Washington. He was discussing that he wanted to go to college but it was too expensive. He wanted to go to West Point, a Military Academy, but only a few boys from each state were accepted. Mrs. Lee asked and Roberts's relatives wrote letters to the Secretary of War saying that Robert was a fine young man. One morning Robert found a letter, which he would find out that he was accepted to West Point. He went through many weeks of training. Robert graduated from West Point as second rank in his class. Robert Fought in many wars and became very powerful and victorious. He fought in the Mexican War, his first war. Later...
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Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island of Corsica. Through his military exploits and his ruthless efficiency, Napoleon rose from obscurity to become Napoleon I, Emperor of France. He is both a historical figure and a legend -- and it is sometimes difficult to separate the two. The events of his life fired the imaginations of great writers, film makers, and playwrights whose works have done much to create the Napoleonic legend. Napoleon was one of the greatest military commanders in history. He has also been portrayed as a power hungry conqueror. Was he a megalomaniac, and was this an advantage or disadvantage to his rule over France? Napoleon denied being such a conqueror. He argued that, instead, he had attempted to build a federation of free peoples in a Europe united under a liberal government. But if this was his goal, he intended to achieve it by concentrating power in his own hands. However, in the states he created, Napoleon granted constitutions, introduced law codes, abolished feudalism, created efficient governments and fostered education, science, literature and the arts. He was a megalomaniac and because of his desire for complete control, he was defeated and exiled; therefore making it a disadvantage over his rule of France. One reason for napoleon's megalomania was his childhood. He was put into the finest military schools and was taught military tactics and warfare#. Without this napoleon would have probably never learned the skills he did at the school, and would have never become the power hungry leader he eventually became. Napoleon's childhood was different from an average child's life. He was a very small, fiery, hot tempered boy#. He loved to argue and fight with his brother and even elders#. He beat his brother when fighting, even...
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