The best example of terrorism in the present day was the attack on the Americans on September 11th when the world trade center was destroyed. It certainly caught the attention of the world and succeeded in its goal. Terrorism is defined as using terror-inspiring methods of governing: is this a productive political strategy? Terrorists usually campaign for their political view to be enforced. By drastic, extreme methods, such as the September 11th attack, terrorists are able to inspire fear and make their views known in effective ways. USA civilians mourned the loss of life on September 11th but they also mourned over their loss of faith in the system that protects them from any attack. This fear was created by terrorism. Action taken by terrorists is made more significant by the inevitable publicity terrorists crave. Gaining the public eye allows terrorists to emphasize the political point they are campaigning about well, which is exactly the desired effect of terrorist attacks. It is evident that terrorism is a successful means of displaying a message because US President George Bush made clear the motive of the suicide bombers on September 11th. He advertised their cause for them. A “war on terrorism” is almost impossible as terrorism is what might be called an abstract concept. Terrorism cannot be demolished through plain hand-to-hand combat, as the USA discovered in the Vietnam War against the communist guerrillas. Terrorism can only be abolished by the causes of terrorism being abolished, making the world a place free of grievances, which is almost impossible to achieve. Certain terrorist movements can be combated by intelligence agencies. However, terrorist operations ensure that their plans will not be known by many people, so it is extremely difficult for the intelligence agencies to find out what they are doing. This method of terrorist organisation is...
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America: busy streets, dingy clouds of tinted gray exhaust, the shrill beep of horns, and a monotonous, got-to-get-ahead way of life. This characterization of a country I know well vastly differs from the serene, relaxed atmosphere that envelops the emerald slopes of Ireland. Having lived in both, and with the advantage of hindsight, I am able to appreciate the tremendous difference in terms of culture and life in general. America and Ireland are as opposite as night and day, the contrast between them as great as the ocean that serves as a divider. The discrepancy between the two is not so much in tangible qualities, but rather in the natures of the countries themselves: the way of life, the people, and the values held in esteem. I often get frustrated by the frantic pace at which life seems to fly by. Day upon day passes and I don't know where the time has gone; get up, go to school, go to a meeting, go to practice, maybe go to another meeting, go home, eat supper, have some free time, go to bed, get up? It seems as if I'm always looking forward to that time in the future when life changes, but at each new stage it appears further and further away. I often ask myself why I do so much if I don't enjoy it, but it seems that the answer is clear. I feel as though I have to, that it is expected of me. The activities I partake in now will help me to get into a good college, then get a good job, then have a good future, then provide my good children with a good life of their own. Good, good, good. I find everyone is so focused on success and getting ahead that they often...
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It is twenty three hours thirty universal time and here is the news in Special English on the Voice of America. I'm Jim Tedder in Washington. President Bush has made a short secret visit to American troops in Iraq.The trip was not announced earlier because of security concerns.White House officials had said the President would spend the Thanksgiving holiday at his Texas home.But late Wednesday Mr Bush fled to Baghdad on the presidential plane Airforce One.He shared a holiday meal with six hundred American troops and several members of the Iraqi governing council in Baghdad.President Bush reportedly left Iraq after about two hours. The head of the Iraqi governing council now says a plan for returning self government to Iraqis should be amended.Council Chairman Jalal Talabani agreed the changes are needed after meeting with Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani in Najaf.Observers say it is very important that the country's top Shiite clergyman support the plan.After the meeting, Mr Talabani said the plan remains in place.But he said it would probably be changed to meet the clergymen's objections.He said the Ayatollah wants direct community and legislative council elections organized by Iraqis,not Americans. Taiwan's Parliament has passed a bill permitting the island to hold votes on independences and other major issues.Part of the measure gives Taiwan's President the power to call for an independence vote if Chinese attack Taiwan.However opponents of the bill succeeded in making sure that the final version permits parliament to consider other possible issues.They will do so before asking citizens to vote.The legislators accepted the measure in Taipei.It now must be signed by Taiwanese President Chen Shuibian. A Chinese born human rights activist has admitted to a United States court that she exported restricted technology to China.Gaojian pleaded a guilty of financial wrongdoing and exporting eighty computer devices to China without United States...
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"All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have complained th
In this argument, the writer argues that all students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. The writer's reasoning is based on several accidents in and around Centerville over the past two years that involved teenage drivers, and that parents have complained that they are too busy to teach their own teenagers to drive. The writer also states that although there are two driving schools in Centerville, some parents cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. The writer's argument is based on faulty logic and suffers from several critical flaws. In the first place, the writer cites several accidents over the past two years in and around Centerville involving teenagers as evidence that they should be required to take a driver's education course at the high school. The writer assumes that these accidents were caused by the teenagers' lack of driver's education, which may or may not be the case. There is no evidence presented that directly shows a causal link between the teenagers' lack of driver's education and the cause of the accidents. It is entirely possible that these teenagers had already had the driver's education courses, and that the accidents were simply unavoidable or even the other driver's fault. Without further direct causal evidence, the writer's argument fails to convince that all teenagers should be required to take the driver's education course. Secondly, the writer produces no evidence that shows a direct link between the driver's education course at Centerville High School and the prevention of accidents involving teenage drivers. The writer assumes such a causal linkage but delivers nothing other than his or her personal opinion as evidence that the driver's education course helps prevent accidents. Furthermore, the writer states that all students should be required to take the driver's education course. The...
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“An eye for an eye makes the world go blind." Discuss in relevance to recent events. Two guys were always engaged in bitter rivalry. The cause for this rivalry – a girl. Both these guys fought against one another to get the eventually the luckier one won her heart. But the ill fortuned one didn’t give up. He mind started working as crookedly as it could. He thought of a devious scheme to dispose of his foe. He had a grandly sinister plan. One day, he set out to accomplish his plan. The next day morning, the entire media was buzzing. The news of a person being murdered was always a cause for publicity. The murdered, not surprisingly was the lucky man. Forensic examinations revealed that he had been poisoned. All evidence pointed towards the ill fortuned man. His motive was extremely conspicuous. He was trialed, found to be guilty, and was sentenced to capital punishment. The only one left in tears was the girl. Such is the tragic end to any story beleaguered with revenge and malice. Nor do people learn from such stories. In this context also pertinent is the saying “An eye for an eye makes the world go blind." I pluck your one eye out and in retaliation you gouge one of mine out. I go for the second round of fire and pull out your last eye. You, overwhelmed with fury, and remove my last eye. The end result – two blind people. I fear that that is only the surface meaning of a metaphorical quote which has so much to teach us. If one might remember, the infamous quote mentioned above was said by the venerable Mahatma Gandhi when he saw the atrocities committed during the partition in 1947. India was divided into India and Pakistan based Muslims...
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John Fitzgerald Kennedy, born in 1917, was the youngest man ever elected President, and he was the youngest ever to die in office. He was shot to death on Nov. 22, 1963, after two years and 10 months as chief executive. The world mourned Kennedy's death, and presidents, premiers, and members of royalty walked behind the casket at his funeral. Kennedy was succeeded as President by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson. Kennedy won the presidency with his "New Frontier" program, after a series of television debates with his opponent, the then Republican Vice President Richard M. Nixon. At 43, Kennedy was the youngest man ever elected President. Theodore Roosevelt was 42 when he became President upon the death of William McKinley, and was not elected President until he was 46. Kennedy, a Democrat from Massachusetts, was the first President of the Roman Catholic faith. He also was the first President born in the 1900's. In his inaugural address, President Kennedy declared that "a new generation of Americans" had taken over leadership of the country. He said Americans would "... pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty." He told Americans: "Ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country." We must once again ask ourselves this question as we further investigate whether there truly was a conspiracy involved in his untimely death1 . The Warren Commission thought they had an open and shut case, and attested that there were three bullets and one assassin.2 But two unpredictable things happened that day that made it virtually impossible; one, the 8mm home movie taken by Abraham Zapruder while standing near the grassy nole and two, the third wounded man, James...
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The language of politics is one that is universal to all languages. In 1948, George Orwell published an essay entitled Politics and the English Language, which discussed just that. In paragraph 21 of this essay, he claims, “political language…is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidarity to pure wind." This is absolutely right, it was in Orwell’s time, and it still holds true today, in a time of mass media, corporate influence, and colossal magnitudes of sensationalism. I plan to explain what Orwell meant by “political language" and show how those who misuse it to their advantage can get away with blatantly lying, yet still amassing support of the misled. Right at the beginning of his essay, Orwell claims civilization to be decadent and therein infers that civilization’s language must be decadent as well. This is an interesting point that I did not agree with until I finished the reading. Orwell then goes on to explain, “The decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes," which is definitely true. Keep in mind that his essay was written in 1946, shortly after World War II had ended, so he is speaking from a time where nearly everyone in the world knew of society’s evils. In addition, throughout the essay, Orwell uses exceptionally strong expressions to describe the current state of the English language by using the analogy of a downtrodden individual succumbing to alcoholism, and then referring to the “slovenliness" of Modern English, explicitly written English... However, Orwell also claims that this same slovenliness of the English language can be reversed… Now in his extremely well written essay, Orwell makes it extremely clear about what needs to be done to preserve proper English in writing. His first step in doing such...
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"Possible Effects on the Political Beliefs of American Voters" Many factors affect the way American citizens view political ideas and decisions. Often one's environment or background strongly influences the opinions that one develops over time. However, while these variables make an impact on American political beliefs, they cannot always predict how an entire group will vote. One's family background generally shapes a person's political views. Children begin identifying with their parents' political beliefs very early in life. By fifth grade, over half of American children identify with a specific party, and another fifth claim to be independents. As children grow older, they take on even more of their parents' views. By the time they are finishing high school, only nine percent of children identify with the party opposite to that of their parents. Although once children leave the nest, their parents' influence lessens; about sixty percent of American adults retain the same party affiliation as their parents. However, children frequently have opposing views on specific issues and party policies. This difference in opinion is often explained through variance in generational values, more idealism in young people, or lack of thorough communication of consistent positions by parents to their children. Peer group, social class, religion, and geographic area also have effects on a citizen's beliefs. Just as children pay attention to the views of their parents, people respond to the thoughts of their peers. Political discussion and activity exposes people to other ways of thinking, which may cause them to change their ideas to match those of their peers. One's peers are usually in the same social class, and live in the same geographic area. Certain religious denominations share many of the same voting patterns. When religious and ethnic groups first immigrated to the United States, they settled in the same areas, had the...
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The passage entitled, "Slow, Slow, Quick-Quick, Slow" is done in first person narration as the words "I" and "me" are used. We can easily identify the narrative as soon as we start reading the passage as Kate, the narrative voice was asked a question at the beginning of the passage and Kate commented to the readers, "Margaret Connelly and I were stumbling around the school hall doing a parody of the foxtrot." This tells us that they are rehearsing for a dance for a special school event and that's why Margaret asked Kate what she will be wearing for that night. We see Kate as a shy, but disobeying character, and she seems to describe other characters in detail, and adds humour to the situation. "I got the distinct impression that she might break into a fandango and go stamping across the stage in a flurry of high heels and dust." We share with her, her thoughts and expectations of events and other characters, such as her best friend Geraldine, "Geraldine liked to shock people and usually succeeded…" Miss Cordova, Annette Furlonger and Margaret Mary Connelly were also identified with Kate's dialogue and light hearted personality. Jennifer Dabbs, the writer, is positioning the readers to emphasize with the narrator. Kate and her friends are seen as stereotypical female teenagers, who never seem to obey adults and always seem to be in a world of their own. The author uses colloquial language, such as "unhealthy looking lot" and "I slunk out after her". No past is revealed, but the present reveals many of the characters attitudes and personalities. We recognize Kate's true personality from the last paragraph, "We were always off together somewhere on our own. I suppose we must have seemed odd, but we never felt anything except delightfully superior and...
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THE PHILOSOPHY Regardless of the fact that even his name has come to be equated with cunning and political manipulation in modern times. Machiavelli himself was uniquely committed to furthering the agenda of what he thought of as a "true" leader. His books, The Discourses and The Prince, are, in fact, devoted to endeavoring to discover the laws of political behavior that lead to success in political action. The Prince, which is his most renowned work, centers on the principle that justifies the definition that: The Prince is a handbook for tyrants about obtaining and retaining political power at any cost ---that is, "the end justifies the means". From this principle, Machiavelli establishes a number of "rules" he perceived vital to the obtaining and retaining process of a successful state. His aim was to persuade the monarch that he could best preserve his power by using violence carefully and economically, by respecting the persons, property, and traditions of his subjects, and by promoting material prosperity. The Prince begins by classifying the types of principalities, how one wins them over and how to hold on to them. Machiavelli cautions princes to be prudent in their hunt for glory and wealth. According to him, when taking over a municipality one must do only two things, kill the previous prince and his whole family and do not change the current laws and taxes. Once you take over a country and kill the prince and his family, it is easy to rule: there is no one to fear. Abstaining from changing their old rules will save you from the hostility that will arise from the people. However, if it isn't possible for you to do so, Machiavelli proposes a number of ways to pacify the colony into submission. According to him, in order to achieve this...
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In what ways does Miliband address the shortcomings of Marx'x assertion regarding the framework of capitalist societies?
"The executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie". (Communist Manifesto) In what ways does Miliband address the shortcomings of Marx's assertion regarding the framework of capitalist societies? Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published the Communist Manifesto in 1848 as turmoil wracked Europe. Few people noticed this major work, even though Marx and Engels saw it as one of the most important documents ever written. In writing the Manifesto, they were sure they had found the solution to most of the problems that plagued humankind. (Marx & Engels, p7) When Marx made the statement in the Communist Manifesto that: "…the Executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie", he also gave the bourgeoisie credit for historically playing a revolutionary role in changing society and in taking over that same society, replacing the hierarchy of the monarchy with the political power of the bourgeoisie. Marx saw this new capitalist class as using the state to administer, control and rule. (p82) The idea that the executive of the modern state was there to look after the interests of the bourgeoisie comes up in many of Marx and Engels work as Miliband writes: "…they never departed from the view that in capitalist society the state was above all the coercive instrument of a ruling class, itself defined in terms of its ownership and control of the means of production." This concept was accepted universally by Marxists but was too simplistic according to Miliband and not a good enough explanation as to what the state stood for. Although the early period of capitalism studied by Marx and Engels was not the Monopoly capitalism we know now, present day Marxists still attach themselves to Marx's explanation. (Miliband,pp5-7) In criticising Marx, Miliband...
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PLSI 275 1st Paper October 9, 2003 "The True Lie": Just or Unjust? "Then for the rulers of the city, if for anyone, it is proper to use falsehood, to deal with enemies or indeed with citizens for the benefit of the city..." (Plato 186) The central focus of "The Republic" is answering the question of whether it is more beneficial to live justly or unjustly. Through the dialogues concerning a just society, several sub-questions develop, including the subject of lying. Is it just to tell a lie? Is there a distinction between types of lies? These questions are explored throughout this piece, including a small part of Book III that tells the story of "The Myth of the Metals". It examines the controversy of lying in the context that a "falsehood" may actually benefit a society, and increase the stability of it. "The Myth of the Metals" is a fictional story that is used as an example for a "necessary lie". It would be told to the people of the city that their upbringing and education was all a dream. The people were actually being "moulded" inside the earth to then be delivered, and to live on the land and protect it as if it was their mother. Because all came from the inside of the earth, they will view everyone as their brothers and sisters. They will then be told that while they were being made, bits of metal were used on each of them. On some, God used gold, which meant they were fit to rule. On others, He used silver on the "assistants" (or guardians), and then used iron or brass on farmers and craftsmen. "Then because of being all akin you would beget your likes for the most part, but sometimes a silver child may be born from a golden...
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Abstract In the shadow world of child abuse, the Internet is a Stroke of luck. The sinister threat of an increasingly sophisticated and devious internet trade with dues-paying organizations promoting and condoning pedophilia over the Internet and the trading of meticulous records of their collections and victims are on the rise. By use of the computer, these groups can quickly organize material, communicate with others who share like interests and troll the net for potential victims, seek validation through communication with like minded abusers, and find comfort in the secret corridors of cyber-space. Child molesters can remain in teen and pre-teen chat rooms indefinitely without arousing suspicion. Up loading, exchanging, and often selling of detailed logs of their experiences and sexual conquests. Through these electronic arenas, pedophiles has unlimited and unrestricted access to vulnerable children. Chat rooms makes it much easier and less risky to interact with children. Governments and law officials recognize the internet could lead to a substantial rise in child abuse. Delivering material into the home, putting ideas into people's heads, from fantasizing about abusing adolescents to actual live baby abuse and bondage. The fact that what people are watching an abuse actually taking place can make them think about doing it themselves Today, any man, woman or child with a modem can use the most effective tool for the distribution of pornography the world has ever seen. In recent years, the creation of these groups and the flood of pornography over the Web have terrified and enraged Americans some times to the point of vigilante justice. DARK SIDE OF THE WEB (CHILD ABUSE AND THE INTERNET) Children are innocent and vulnerable. They are interested in obtaining knowledge. And the Internet provides a doorway to the information highway. Anything they want to know is at their fingertips. Unfortunately, the computer is a double-edged sword. Even things they do not want to know nor need to know is out there also....
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This essay will attempt to discuss the topic of censorship. It will look at the development of censorship in society throughout history. It will also use examples to show the problems in trying to define censorship and also the problems caused when people exercise their freedom of speech but at the same time cause harm to others. After discussing censorship in general the essay will then refer to the censorship of pornography with direct references to Britain. It will express the current laws on pornography and then attempt to show the problems caused by the distribution of pornography. The essay will also talk about the development of new forms of pornography distribution such as cable & satellite television and the Internet and how these new forms affect the distribution of pornography in Britain. One of the most vehemently discussed examples of censorship in Britain is the case of the British National Party (BNP). The BNP are a political party, which strongly believe that the ever-increasing numbers of ethnic minorities are eroding British culture. The party has raised a very heated debate with both sides making valid claims that the party should or should not be banned depending on a particular viewpoint. The case study of the BNP is of key importance to the censorship battle in that it asks the question of whether harmful free speech should be banned and does harmful free speech transform into harmful actions? On the one hand it can be argued that the BNP are a political party much like any other in that they have a recognised headquarters and distinct policies. However, it is these policies and what they allegedly invoke that are the cause of problems. People believe that their policies are wrong but in a free society it is hard to ban opinions. However,...
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Discussion On No Real Seperation Of Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary Powers In The UK Constitution
There Is No Real Seperation Of Powers In The UK Constitution Nor Does There Need To Be.'Discuss What are the separated powers? Executive = the administrative branch of government; it makes laws by way of delegated legislation and drafts bills. Legislature = the law making branch of government Judiciary = the law enforcing branch of government What can you say about the separation of powers? The overlap of powers allows Parliament to make any change it wishes by Act of Parliament and helps to insure against arbitrary exercise of power. There is almost complete separation of powers in the USA where governmental intransigence in controversial matters is a much bigger problem than it is here (here the judges can indulge in greater law making activities if necessary). There is little executive-legislature separation in the UK but much legislative-executive/judiciary separation. The concept of the separation of powers was first discussed by Charles Montesquieu (after observing the British system). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- To what extent do we have imperfect separation of powers? The executive controls, and makes the legislature by creating peers(subject to the approval of the Queen), whips, dissolution (subject to the approval of the Queen, but note that permanent prorogation possible without her permission), prorogation (in theory this is under the Royal Prerogative but the Queen's permission is not necessary), controlling the timetable. Part of the legislature (the government ministers) form the executive. The legislature controls the judiciary by removing senior judges (in the name of the Lord Chancellor). The executive (the Lord Chancellor) controls the judiciary by removing (or perhaps worse not removing) junior judges. The judiciary do not have their salary voted on by Parliament The judiciary reviews the activities of the executive. Paid judges cannot be in the Commons. The executive (the Lord Chancellor (with the Prime Minister in appointing law lords)) appoints judges. The executive makes treaties, which have a degree of legislative influence (though not true legislative...
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1)The causes,effects on both family and community and ways in which teenage pregnancy can be dealt with?2)What are the main ideas and themes in act two,scene one ,scene two and scene three'A Raisin In The Sun'by Lorraine Hansberry?
1)The causes,effects on both the family and cummunity and ways in which teenage pregnancy can be dealt with? 2)What are the main ideas and themes in act two.scene one,scene two and scene three 'A Raisin In The Sun' by Lorriane Hansberry? i need all the infor mation you can ever find on these topics . i have to do this essay by thursday and i need a head start before everyone else in my classroom. literature is alot of fun in her portrait family embattled chicago family, hansberry anticipated issues that range from generatioal clashes to the civil rights and womens movements .she also posed the essential questions about identity ,justice and moral responsibilities at the heart of these great struggles .the result is awork that captivated audience from every walk of life and has become a clasic of america letters.teen the most thing that makes ne so angry is that my mother usually thinks that i am the one whon makes all the mistakes in lfe but she do reaally lok back and see thatr i an only a child and i am sopposed to act like one .yet she still play like as tow i am perfect my life is so boring thst i feel to kill myself at times .the real thing is the my whole family is so onsane but still i cannot stop them from trying to pass it all on me ..i just might bet pregnant what do you think i alwys wanted to fly what about you...
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What was the motivation behind US policy with respect to the government-sanctioned overthrow of the democratically-elected government of Iran in 1953? On August 19, 1953, the United States sanctioned its first, peacetime use of covert action to overthrow the constitutional government of a sovereign nation, successfully orchestrating the overthrow of Iran's popular Prime Minister, Mohammed Mossadegh, and restoring the Shah to his throne. The question is -- why? Thesis This paper will argue that the Marxist framework of international relations -- namely that economic interest determines politics and political structure, and that the goal of economic (and political) activity is the redistribution of wealth and power -- provides the most effective explanation as to the driving force behind the US government's fateful decision. The paper will reconstruct the information available to the Eisenhower administration up to the planning and execution of Operation Ajax, as the coup came to be called by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), so as to ascertain the key elements that would have factored into the government's foreign policy decision-making process prior to the event. It will then illustrate the aptness of Marxist theory, first, of its own accord, as well as through offering a comparative analysis of an alternative Realist theory. Finally, the paper will conclude by distinguishing between the US government's motivation versus its justification for the coup, thereby demonstrating not only why but also how this particular foreign policy decision was undertaken. Two prevailing theories have been posited to explain the rationale behind the US government's decision to topple the Iranian government in 1953. The first is a Realist notion, a key proposition of which is the balancing of power between states. This argument proposes that US decision makers concluded that the regime of Mohammad Mossadegh posed a sufficient threat to US national interests to merit overthrow. This...
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THE FIRST AMENDMENT "Congress shall make no laws respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." What exactly are the limits to free speech, anyway? This amendment forbids the government from making any law that prohibits it. The debate against this will rage on forever, even judges can't agree. One of the big things that cause argument is people suing publishers and editors for all kinds of things. We need to remind these folks that the First Amendment is a man-made law, not something that is God-made and perfect in all situations, it does have it's limits. Our founding fathers wouldn't mind if we drew the line at a book that gives instructions on how to commit murder. There have been many songs that talk about violence against the police. A man from Texas claimed that the lyrics from Tupac Shakur's "2Pacalypse Now" inspired him to murder a deputy sheriff. But Tupac's song wasn't a how-to on killing police, with explicit instructions. There is a thick line that falls between a work of art that depicts or describes an act of violence and a book that gives advice on murder. Anyone with even a shred of common sense knows that you can't say or write anything about any subject at any time you please. That's why newspapers and magazines across the country go through a self-censorship process that's stricter than any amendment would impose. Unlike some people, most editors and publishers know that the First Amendment's forbidding government from making a new law impinging on freedom of speech doesn't mean that private individuals can't sue you. One judge might throw their cases out, another might rule for the...
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Michael T. Moreno Poly Sci Final Exam # 6 Aug. 1 2003 The 2000 Presidential Election has been nothing short of a fiasco on many levels. Historical in the sense that this has never happened in the United States before, but a fiasco, nonetheless. The popular vote showed Gore as winning the election, however, the popular vote did not determine the next tenant of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. That was the job of the Electoral College. The winner of Florida's electoral votes, and apparently of the election was Bush. Bush had won Florida's 25 electoral votes, however, reports of voting irregularities, problems with the "butterfly ballot" and voters allegedly being turned away from the polls, raised concerns as to who the actual winner of the crucial Florida electoral votes was. The popular vote was so close that it required a recount, effectively taking the electoral votes, the election and the Presidency away from Bush for a short time. The 2000 Presidential Election has done nothing, but raise serious questions about our election process. Lack of standardization in the voting process, methods of vote tabulation and the media's role in determining the outcome of an election have all come under scrutiny. The question raised most often, however, seems to be about the Electoral College, and it's validity as part of the election process in the 21st Century. In the short term, however, the entire political system is entering a kind of recovery period after undergoing an extraordinary series of shocks and stresses. As the conflict between the two candidates and their legions of surrogates careened from one battlefront to another, it engulfed virtually every component of that system, first in Florida and then on the national level. The institution that arguably suffered the most tarnish was the judiciary. Called upon to referee a raw contest for political power...
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The second amendment to the constitution is one that seems to be infringed upon more and more as time goes on. This Amendment has turned into a very controversial topic over the past few years. The 2nd amendment of the constitution gives any citizen in the United States the right to own and posses guns. The right to bear arms in the United States has been challenged, and meet with great opposition. The reason that I choose to write on this topic is because of its very controversial nature. This amendment is a good case study on how the liberties bestowed on American citizens are being reinterpreted by today's government leaders. The second Amendment was passed early in the United States history. The Amendment was proposed by Thomas Jefferson who is quoted as saying " Laws that forbid the carrying of arms....disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes. Such laws make things worse for the assaulted and better for the assailants." The second amendment was developed to give citizens a right to self defense. This amendment was adopted along with nine other amendments known as the Bill of Rights. Along with the second amendment the Bill of Rights sets up the base of liberties that our country now operates on. The main interest involved in the development of the second amendment would be the right of ordinary citizens to self defense. In the seventeen hundreds when this Amendment was adopted to the constitution, there was very little opposition to the amendment. The amendment was opposed by very few people, because owning a gun was very common at that time. One of the main advocates of this amendment was Thomas Jefferson. With his support and the time in which the Parr 2 amendment was proposed, the amendment was passed along...
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