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The book is an autobiography of David Pelzer. He writes about his struggle to stay alive in a home where he is treated like a slave and an animal. The book begins with the people at Dave's school finally report Dave and his condition to the authorities. The whole book is a flashback, except for the very beginning, when a policeman is taking the boy away from his mother, to freedom. His mother was the "perfect" mother, when he was younger than four. She taught them something new every day and took them on many fun family vacations. Then, singled out one of her children to be the family slave, but it didn't stop there. She also played cruel games, with the boy. Some of her favorites were the gas chamber, and the starvation tease. She played "games" with David; these games were sick and twisted. Although David had to learn how to cope and "play" these games in order to survive. There were three main characters, Dave, (the boy,) his mom, and his dad. The writer makes me believe that these people are real by describing them in very fine detail. I like Dave, because he seems really kind to everybody that he knows how to be kind to. Also, he tries to be honest, and is almost always hopeful and wishful. He is innocent, and smart. Here is a quote about him thinking about his relationship with his brothers: "After the boys had carved their pumpkins, I could hear mother, in her soothing voice, telling them a scary story. The more I heard, the more I hated each and every one of them. It was bad enough waiting, like a dog, out in the backyard on the rocks while they enjoyed dinner, but having to lay in a...
pages: 8 (words: 2156)
comments: 0
added: 02/15/2012
"You are what you buy." In one way or another, everyone's identity is related to the products that they purchase. Nearly every product on the market is directed towards a certain group of people, whether it is based on their gender, age, or even their income level. Trying to target a particular group of people is one of advertisers biggest concerns. Some products, such as make-up, are always directed at females ranging from teenagers to middle age women, other products such as cars are usually directed at middle-age males. Advertisers could not care less who buys their product, but directing their ads towards a certain group of people will result in higher sales. Though there are exceptions to the statement, "you are what you buy", the product a consumer purchases is generally based on either their gender, age, or income level, just as the marketer intended. The majority of products on the market today are directed towards either a male or a female. Different toys, clothing, make-up, and even cars are just a few of the products normally directed towards a particular gender. Whether the advertisement has a male in it or it has a setting in the woods, it is clearly implying that the product is targeted towards males. Just as if an advertisement has a pink background or all females in it, it is directed towards a female. It would be very awkward to have a male model for a commercial on cover girl products, because that product just was not made for a man. Nearly every toy is made for either a male or female. Looking at the toys I had when I was little such as GI Joes and Transformers, one would guess I was a little boy. Other toys I owned such as remote control...
pages: 6 (words: 1630)
comments: 0
added: 02/17/2012
Throughout history people have decorated and altered the appearance of their bodies in many different ways. Body piercing is one of the oldest and most interesting forms of body modification, yet the reasons for piercing the body are as diverse as the cultures they come from. Throughout history body piercing have been practiced by many cultures for many centuries; it is believed as long as five thousand years. Body piercing was often identified with royalty and portrayed courage and virility. Egyptian Pharaohs pierced their navels as a rite of passage. Roman soldiers pierced their nipples to show their manhood. Mayans pierced their tongues as a spiritual ritual, and both sexes of Victorian royalty chose nipple and genital piercing. In our culture we have brought to the mainstream some of these ancient and tribal practices. The big difference here is the expression of self choice. In our more permissive modern day society an individual can pierce their body for any number of the reasons listed above, but is not limited or obligated to a specific set of rules or conduct. Another unique principal behind modern day piercing is that unless the piercing has been overstretched, it can be viewed as temporary. The person can take out the jewelry if he/she desires and re-transform their "look" again and again! We believe that much of the recent attraction and popularity of this "piercing renaissance" stems from the fact that up until the present - people were just unaware it was possible to pierce the body in so many different ways! Nose piercing is very attractive, and can accentuate the face, because the nose is the face's most prominent feature; Leonardo Da Vinci believed that the nose set the character of the whole face. Nose piercing was first recorded in the Middle East aproximately...
pages: 18 (words: 4873)
comments: 0
added: 01/29/2012
"Loneliness adds beauty to life. It puts a special burn on sunsets and makes night air smell better" says by Henry Rollins. Most people, however, are terrified of living alone. They are used to living with others – children with parents, roommates with roommates, friends with friends, and husbands with wives. But I think everyone needs to know how to live along because in our life circumstances often force people to live alone. For example, many high school and college graduates move away from their hometowns and continue their educations or take jobs. Also, married people might feel they will always be together, but currently one out of two marriages ends in divorce or even sadder: the death of a spouse. These facts show that most people have to live by themselves at least once in their lives whether they want to or not. One good way to prepare for living alone is to learn how to take care of practical matters. For example, some students and newly single people might not know how to do something as simple as opening a checking account. When divorced or widowed people were married, perhaps the other spouse did the choosing or the couple made the decisions together. But how long can a person manage with a refrigerator that cannot be repaired or a car that will not run? The confidence that single people get from learning to deal with practical matters can boost their chances for establishing new friendships. When singles feel self-reliant, they can have an easier time getting out and meeting new people. Likewise, the idea of going alone to the beach or to parties can paralyze some singles. However, people alone usually find that almost everyone welcomes a new, friendly face. Probably the most difficult problem for people living...
pages: 2 (words: 434)
comments: 0
added: 02/16/2012
[b]An Overview of Life in Mexico[/b] Since Mexico is such a close neighbor to the United States, one may find oneself curious of its culture. For those who have been curious enough to visit, there are usually no regrets for time well spent. Mexico has much to offer culturally. Its population is diverse and through the years, they have produced fine literature, art, and music. Moreover, because of Mexico's closeness, the United States is easily able to relish its cuisine. It is becoming more common to come across a Spanish-speaking family or individual in the United States. It is also very common to find a preponderance of Spanish speaking people in a community as is evident in parts of California, Florida, New York, Texas, and New Mexico. There are well over 2 million Mexicans and Mexican-Americans in Los Angeles alone. Mexican people are crossing United States borders daily and settling in this country. As they become more a part of the country and integrate their background with American culture, a look at their culture becomes more enticing. Moreover, it becomes more important to be more sensitive linguistically. Firstly, we must accommodate Spanish speaking Mexicans in our businesses, stores, banks, and government buildings by including directions and signs in Spanish. Secondly, some of us may find it necessary to acclimate ourselves to the Spanish language in order to communicate effectively. This especially holds true for teachers that find themselves with a Spanish speaking student who is lonely and scared in an English speaking classroom. The intent of this unit is to allow elementary students the opportunity to discover Mexico and its culture. The way in which students will do this is with as many hands on activities as possible. Experiencing a particular subject matter in this hands on fashion will make...
pages: 14 (words: 3694)
comments: 0
added: 12/16/2011
We have seen that the Mikado's food was cooked every day in new pots and served up in new dishes; both pots and dishes were of common clay, in order that they might be broken or laid aside after they had been once used. They were generally broken, for it was believed that if any one else ate his food out of these sacred dishes, his mouth and throat would become swollen and inflamed. The same ill effect was thought to be experienced by any one who should wear the Mikado's clothes without his leave; he would have swellings and pains all over his body. In Fiji there is a special name (kana lama) for the disease supposed to be caused by eating out of a chief's dishes or wearing his clothes. "The throat and body swell, and the impious person dies. I had a fine mat given to me by a man who durst not use it because Thakombau's eldest son had sat upon it. There was always a family or clan of commoners who were exempt from this danger. I was talking about this once to Thakombau. 'Oh yes,' said he. 'Here, So-and-so! come and scratch my back.' The man scratched; he was one of those who could do it with impunity." The name of the men thus highly privileged was Na nduka ni, or the dirt of the chief. In the evil effects thus supposed to follow upon the use of the vessels or clothes of the Mikado and a Fijian chief we see that other side of the god-man's character to which attention has been already called. The divine person is a source of danger as well as of blessing; he must not only be guarded, he must also be guarded against. His sacred organism, so...
pages: 7 (words: 1855)
comments: 0
added: 02/12/2012
Conformity is an essential part of every culture. It's basic a likeness and understanding that can draw people together. A culture who has citizens who conform will be stronger. The regularity brings power, and stability. Because if all men are equal, then those who are together will become stronger than those alone. Conformity can be small things as simple as speaking the lands native language, or it can require more like following the laws and paying the taxes. It can even mean following a religious deity or having an arranged marriage. It's just allowing yourself to be a part of the norm. There is truth in the statement "united we stand, divided we fall". Conformity is a necessary tool of all real progression. People die, and things are lost. That's why cultures matter. Cultures have existed longer than any man can remember, and effected many. If an idea, or invention or anything else is good or substantial, it can be passed on through a culture. Cultures make it possible for the thoughts and actions of man to withstand mortality, more substantially. So by adhering to a norm or a law, you can accept the knowledge of others. By accepting and participating in a culture, you mix the ideals of others with your own, for better or worse. It's creates a never ending cycle of the growing wisdom of more than one man. By conforming, it means that mankind isn't damned to repeat itself eternally, because every man only works for himself. Our collective forms our culture, which changes with everything we do. We can grow and become greater, rather than simply existing. For as long as I can remember, I've gone to school. School is a tool of learning, and conformity. It prepares me to go out, and work for...
pages: 2 (words: 472)
comments: 0
added: 01/18/2012
Are we living in a post-modern society? Why/why not? The world in which we live is becoming increasingly powerful in that societies are represented through diverse and multifaceted structures that interrelate and bind groups together in order to produce a consistent and rapid growth of changes and continuities. Postmodernity is a recent concept initially introduced in the 'arts and architecture, spread to the study of popular culture and were developed most fully in philosophy, but they are becoming increasingly influential in the social sciences, particularly sociology' (Taylor 1999, p.16). The historical processes of the Great Transformation and modernity have played a significant role in the development of a post modern society. Sociological theorists such as Jean-Francois Lyotard and Daniel Bell reinforce the notion of post modernity and its existence in our world today; however Ulrich Beck does not support this concept. The Great Transformation, involving the processes of 'industrialisation and the expansion of market capitalism', was 'first observed in the Europe of the 18th and 19th centuries' (Holmes, Hughes & Julian 2003, p. 22). The most important change was the 'great European industrial revolution' which began in the '1780s right through to the 1950s' (Holmes, Hughes & Julian 2003, p. 24). The great European industrial revolution was '…a period of massive innovation in production of everything from manchester to heavy engineering. This revolution also saw the steady movements of populations into cities, looking for wage work in factories' (Holmes, Hughes & Julian 2003, p. 24). As a result of industrialisation, the establishment of modernity enabled sociologists to enhance greater understanding of where the world was working towards. Modernity is a significant concept used in sociology to: '…describe the complex range of phenomena associated with the historical process, commencing in the 17th century, which saw Western societies change from a agricultural...
pages: 6 (words: 1603)
comments: 0
added: 11/30/2011
Childhood is the culturally defined period in human development between infancy and adulthood. In a historical perspective, this is a relatively new social construction. Early childhood, as an especially important "superperiod" of childhood, most often refers to the months and years between infancy and school age children (Corsini 345). To understand why childhood is such a crucial time in human life it is important to study the development before and after birth along with any factors that may alter life in between. Heredity is the transmission of characteristics for parents to offspring through genes. Genes are information carriers. There are two types of genes, dominant and recessive. Dominant genes will emerge each time they are present. A recessive gene will only appear when paired with another recessive gene (Coon 88-89). These genes make each person unique. They determine what color hair and eyes you will have, your body type, and possible even your personality. A problem can take place in any pregnancy. Such problems can be caused by fate or by fault. Genetic problems are cause by a natural defect in the genes, which are inherited by the offspring's parents (Coon 88-93). These defects can result in a number of diseases. Cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs disease, and sickle-cell anemia are examples of this type of abnormalities (Shelov 522-523). It can be said that genetics is all a roll of the dice. Fortunately, through modern science, many of these defects can be diagnosed through prenatal testing. The invention and use of the ultrasound has made obstetrics a more precise science pregnancy a much less worrisome experience. In fact, ultrasounds have become so common that they are now used in ninety percent of pregnancies today. It is so common because it allows visualization of the fetus without the hazards of x-ray. Ultrasound works...
pages: 11 (words: 2933)
comments: 0
added: 12/01/2011
Comparison Essay of "Guys" and "Men" In a world full of ethnic, racial, and sexual discriminations, it seems only befitting that we go as far as to draw dividing lines within gender. It has long been disputed that there exist many clearly defined points that set a "guy" apart from a "man". This subject is often tossed around jokingly, with lines such as "Guys start projects. Men finish them." This statement places the man in a higher place of professionalism, giving guys no credit for being reliable. A classic contrast between guys and men is that guys are more in touch with their basic instincts (eat, sleep, have fun), where men seem to be more in touch with a sophisticated world (drink fine aged wine, read Crichton, and play golf). Men spend so much time trying to be a better man, guys just do not waste time on such trivial things. Ironically though, it is the man who will always say that he is "just one of the guys". Although the subject may be viewed from many perspectives, I believe that men are simply guys who have been conditioned to a point that they no longer know who or what they are. Men have been conditioned by what they define as "success". Success drives a man to be a professional in his field, to wear dress shirts and slacks, to put every ounce of energy within into becoming something greater. No matter how powerful or prestigious a man becomes, he will always strive for more. Manhood is defined by an inability to be content, which masks itself as success. Guys, on the other hand, share a different meaning of the word success. To a guy, success does not come in the form of status or stock figures, success comes in...
pages: 3 (words: 805)
comments: 0
added: 11/07/2011
There are many cultural differences between the United States and France. Some of these are simply social and others are cultural. The differences include different freedoms that have been given to French teens and not to Americans. Some of these include; drinking, driving, school, and many others that are not as obvious. Education in France is really different than in the US. You need a high school degree for almost anything in France. Even some of the "burger flipping" jobs require a degree of some kind. Consequently education is taken very seriously and it is very difficult. Students in middle school will go to school six days a week, and it is not uncommon to stay until four or five in the evening. They study all the time, and also many different subjects. They are required to take at least two foreign languages, some take even more. French students usually know what field they are going into by the time they leave middle school. This allows them to go into a more specific high school, and get classes that are more angled towards there future. In the US. It is very common for students to not really have an idea of what they are going to do as the receive their diploma at graduation. Before a French student leaves middle school he has to take a very hard test, in the subjects of; French, math history and geography. They also have to take even a harder one to get out of high school. This test is called the Bac. They are first tested on French at the end of there eleventh grade and then the next year they have to take another which covers math, science, history geography, ECT.. This test is very hard and it is done through out...
pages: 3 (words: 663)
comments: 0
added: 12/08/2011
I sat in awe when a Native American, dressed in traditional regalia, walked forward and began speaking to us about his life and culture. Never in my nineteen years of life had I actually seen a Native American aside from television. Prior to that point I never had any first hand experiences with their culture, so therefore all of my opinions and thoughts were based on stereotypes I had come to absorb over the years. Therefore, he looked how I had imagined he would, but I had no clue what to expect from the person underneath the garb. Gabe Desrosiers, an Ojibway Indian, was able to convey his culture's message through the song and dance of his people. Through his powwow examples that he was willing to share with us, I was able to add human feelings and emotions to a stereotype that began and ended with physical appearance. Gabe Desrosiers is an Ojibway Indian who continues to spread the song and dance of the Ojibway tradition throughout the North American continent. He hails from the Lake of the Woods area in Ontario, Canada where he is the lead singer and the composer for the Ojibway drum group known as The Northern Wind Singers. Gabe and The Northern Wind Singers have traveled extensively throughout the United States and Canada on the powwow circuit. In many ways Native American traditions continue to survive through the powwow. Gabe began his presentation by describing his cultural background. Immediately he stressed the importance of women, and how they are respected greatly. Women are an important foundation in Native American life by being the bearers of life and therefore coincide with "mother earth." Gabe mentioned that women pass the drum from creator to the tribes. This being inherently important since the drum is considered to...
pages: 6 (words: 1642)
comments: 0
added: 12/08/2011
When Mawi Asgedom was three years old he fled the war-torn country of Ethiopia with his family. He ended up in a refugee camp in Sudan where he spent three years of his life. In these camps, him and his family heard magnificent stories about a place called "Amerikha." This, of course, caused them to want to move there. After about a year they were able to immigrate to Chicago, Illinois. When they arrived in Chicago they lived in a one-room motel room while an immigration office tried to find a church to sponsor them. After that failed, they were moved to the rich suburb of Wheaton, Illinois to see if a church would sponsor them there. They did find a church there and they ended up living in a nice two-story home, which the church paid for most of. But the years ahead of them would be long and hard. Throughout Mawi's life in adolescence and as a teenager, he had to deal with many conflicts that all made his life harder. First of all, all of the kids at the school he went to made fun of how him and his brothers/sisters were black. Kids would wait after school for him just to beat him up and make fun of him. Another thing that he had to deal with was language. He didn't speak much English, which made it very difficult for him to learn things. Poverty was another thing he had to cope with. Him and his family had to get all of their clothes from a dumpster. Poverty also led him to stealing. He once found a parking meter and took it off of its hinges with his brother. They tried to open but before they could a police officer found them. They ran all of...
pages: 4 (words: 1027)
comments: 0
added: 12/26/2011
Culture definitely aids in the determination of gender roles. Socialization in all cultures is directly linked to the final product of a human being. Culture dictates, at a very young age, how boys and girls are supposed to act, feel and respond to certain situations. Boys and girls are separated by gender at birth. Boys are wrapped in blue blankets and girls in pink. Before a child is born, everyone close to the family wants to know what the child will be, so they will know what to purchase. This is very common practice throughout our society. Boys are taught to play with trucks, trains, male action figures, swords and guns. These items aid in defining masculinity. Girls, on the other hand, are taught to play with dolls, toy stoves or easy bake ovens, and other toys to aide them in identifying with nurturing. These factors lead to identifying gender roles by our society. Anything that deviates from this is considered somewhat abnormal. For instance, if a small male child wants to play with dolls, most fathers will immediately intervene and provide them with a more masculine toy. At the very least, he will show disapproval. Girls, on the other hand, may be labeled as a tom boy if they show interest in his truck. These actions move through adolescence and well into adulthood. Our society is changing true enough. However, these actions are very much in line with the traditional American family. Certain items labeled as household chores are also fitted into this formula. Boys mow grass, take out the trash and do most of what is determined to be "men's work." Girls are expected to wash dishes, mop floors, wash laundry and other feminine chores. Our society has seen numerous changes in these roles, yet our culture has...
pages: 2 (words: 307)
comments: 0
added: 01/13/2012
Deculturalization refers to the "stripping away of a people's culture and replacing it with a new culture" (Spring 1). Deculturalization is one of the most inhumane acts one can partake in. A person's culture is his/her main defining feature. Culture is the medium through which people communicate their beliefs, values, and morals. Inserting one's own culture in place of someone's pre-existing culture is the basis of ethnocentrism. People have repeatedly become victims of deculturalization, especially in the United States, and by analyzing this ethnocentrism one learns the importance of sustaining different cultures in society. There are many methods of deculturalization, such as segregation, isolation, and forced change of language. When the content of curriculum reflects culture of dominant group, it is deculturalization. Also, dominated groups are not allowed to express their culture and religion, which is deculturalization. Use of teachers from the dominant group to teach those that are dominated is another form of deculturalization (Spring 49). "The problem was the assumption that U.S. institutions, customs, and beliefs were the best in the world and they should be imposed" (Spring 42). Throughout much of the past century, the United States sought to stamp its cultural ideal upon almost all peoples who existed within its realm of influence. It is only through the relatively modern ideology of multiculturalism and the celebration of diversity that the United States has begun to make amends for the injustices it has committed on other cultures. Today, with multiculturalism entering into the classrooms and other realms, different cultures are finally getting the attention they deserve. The American idea of cultural and racial superiority began in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries with the colonization of northeast America by predominantly Anglo Saxon colonists. Ironically, the colonists came to America to escape persecution for their religious beliefs. The Anglo...
pages: 5 (words: 1239)
comments: 0
added: 01/21/2012
I've never had sex in India, the country where I was born and spent most of my first eighteen years. I've had impatient kisses in the shadows of whale-backed ambassador cars, and I've necked in the bucket seats of crowded movie theaters in Hyderabad, the city in southern India where I was born. But that was a long time ago, when I was young and naïve and India was a conservative, closed nation, where "love marriage" was a dirty term and riotous Valentine's Day celebrations were still a generation away. My high school sweetheart and I were the only lovers in our high school of 2,000 students, save for one other couple: her best friend, a busty Telugu rebel named Nirupama, and Samer Khan, her handsome, brooding Muslim with green eyes, an Enfield motorcyle and a pocket knife. So scandalous was their affair in mid-80s Hyderabad, that Nirupama was banished to her grandparents' in neighboring Tamil Nadu so that she might come to her senses. For months her amore rode all night to rendezvous with her for a few hours. When those visits were curtailed, I heard she tried to commit suicide. My girlfriend's family was less traditional: they had lived in Papua New Guinea, where she kissed boys under the mistletoe at "X-mas" time. I, too, was more progressive, born of a mixed marriage, my mother a relatively liberal Syrian American. We would steal quick embraces in her tiny, doorless bedroom, her grandparents constantly peeking in on us. Once we were caught fondling each other on the roof of her apartment complex by a neighbor. He hauled us into his living room, threatening exposure and subsequent censure unless we listened quietly to his diatribe on morals and bowed our heads in shame for the sins we had just committed....
pages: 9 (words: 2414)
comments: 0
added: 11/11/2011
Does Clothing Have an Impact on Social Interactions: An Observational Study in the Classroom There are many reasons why we choose to wear a particular article or style of clothing. Many of us consider our choice in clothing as an extension of our identity. While many others pick items from their wardrobe that reflect their current mood. There are also many times when we choose to dress a certain way in anticipation of being in a particular social setting. Even people who don't seem to bother with matching clothes or wearing a designer label or walk around wearing clothes that are torn and dirty, are making a statement. What remains to be examined is whether or not there is a clear relationship between the clothing we wear and our social interactions. The implications of such a relationship could lend itself to a variety of benefits. Imagine knowing that if you are dressed a particular way; you are more likely to get better service in a restaurant. We already know that when showing up for a job interview, there is certain dress attire that will make you more likely to get the job. Why do you think that when you're single and going out, you tend to spend more time getting ready and dressed up? The answer is because we associate first impressions and attraction to our physical appearances. A variety of studies using empirical reasoning in many different settings, have tried to establish a relationship between the two. Pamela Regan of California State University, Los Angeles was cited in the Washington Post as saying "First, people need to dress appropriately – if you want to be treated well, then dress the part," after she concluded an observational study of shoppers, the service they received and the way they were dressed....
pages: 5 (words: 1259)
comments: 0
added: 01/18/2012
Education is a common practice throughout the world that is the basis for a child's upbringing. Different cultures teach their children education in many different ways that respond to their respected traditions. We are going to look at the education practices of three different cultures compared to that of the one that I experienced here in the United States. The education practices we will be talking about are the African education, the Aztec education, and the indigenous education. Africa is a large continent consisting of many countries and thousands of different cultures. Although there are many cultures, the educational experience is somewhat the same. The African educational experience is more of a natural process where a child gradually acquires skill and knowledge over time through oral traditions and life experiences. A traditional African education is divided into seven goals. These goals are "to develop a children's latent physical skills; to develop character; to inculcate respect for elders and those in position of authority; to develop intellectual skills; to acquire specific vocational training and a healthy attitude towards honest labor; to develop a sense of belonging and to participate actively in family and community affairs; and to understand, appreciate, and promote the cultural heritage of the community at large." Individuals that complete these goals will be looked at as adults that are respected and honest. This type of schooling is more of a life school than a traditional school that I attended when I was young. In the African experience, people learned all the time. There was no certain time that a child would attend a certain school and stay there for the day learning about history or math. Instead, every adult in the community was looked at as a teacher that could have some important lesson that could be shared...
pages: 8 (words: 2112)
comments: 0
added: 12/08/2011
This dissertation endeavours to explore the link between absent fatherhood and the effects that this may have on the criminality of children. This topic has been selected due to the scale of interest and concern being afforded to it compared to the disproportionate amount of conclusive research actually conducted into the area. The paper will take the form of a library based investigation; this is due to the complexity involved in gathering participants with a criminal background whose criminality can be attributed to the absence of their fathers; it is often very difficult and time consuming to negotiate access to such individuals and is thus unrealistic within such a limited time frame and without any funding to conduct a research based project. These limitations and further methodological reasons concerning this dissertation will be discussed in-depth in the methodology section. Although the paper is not based on primary research this is not an indication that new conclusions and the solutions to previously unanswered questions cannot be attained, outstanding issues shall be addressed within the paper and recommendations shall be made as to how to proceed in order to further investigate this topic. Absent fatherhood is an issue which is often brought to the attention of the public particularly by politicians and religious leaders; this is largely due to the moral panic surrounding youth crime that exists within the UK. Youths have become stigmatised and criminalised, particularly within the media, and have now come to be viewed as what Jock Young would refer to as "folk devils". Recent panics concerning gun and knife crime have also tended to focus on groups of criminal youths and have increased the public's fear of this supposed subculture of adolescents. However, throughout this debate little time is afforded to discussing the reasons why these youths may...
pages: 18 (words: 4868)
comments: 0
added: 01/24/2012
The topic of this paper is the debate of whether or not maternal employment has any effect on infant development. Research on this described topic has recently become popular due to the rise of working mothers over the past several decades. Their increasing numbers in the workplace and decreasing numbers as stay at home moms are creating a number of different issues to be studied. The effects of maternal employment are determined by a number of factors that include, the mother's job satisfaction and drive, amount of work, and the mother's opinion of quality versus quantity time with children. The main concept at hand here is the importance of an attachment in the first few years as being vital to a child's later development. One side of the argument backs up this fact saying that it is important for a child to have their mother home with them during this period of development. The other side argues that they are finding that it may be more beneficial for the child to be placed in some form of nontraditional care environment. This paper will examine these different effects on infant development whether they are positive or negative. There are two sides to this argument as expected for any issue in debate. I will discuss these two sides by using the arguments of researchers that have studied this topic and written articles on their opposing feelings on maternal employment. I will summarize separately these two researchers' different views along with their findings. After I have summarized some of their findings I will be presenting my own personal view on this topic. The authors arguing the yes side of this debate are, Jay Belsky and David Eggebeen. Their purpose in writing on this issue was to touch upon some of the issues involved...
pages: 6 (words: 1639)
comments: 0
added: 12/20/2011
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