Introduction As more and more students go online and spend more time on the Internet (Pastore, 2001) [summary], web site navigation has become more important in helping students find information for their studies. This paper details navigational design techniques that help web site designers make their navigation more user-friendly, especially for educational users, such as university students and researchers. The Purposes of Navigation Krug (2000, p.59) [summary] outlines these as firstly, telling users how to find information, for example by offering menus and search functions, and secondly, helping users to understand their location in the site by using page titles, breadcrumbs, colour coding etc. Thirdly, navigation gives users an overview of the site's content, for example through site maps and the text of the menus. Finally, navigation shows users how to use the site if the site requires some kind of process, such as registration or login, for example as in WebCT. Standard Navigational Components These are usually available as links on the home page. The logo of the organisation identifies the site and is usually visible on most pages. The logo can help to assert the authoritativeness of this source of information, which is especially important to students as the Internet contains many pages that are not quality controlled by independent editors (Schroeder 2001) [summary]. Outside the home page the logo is often a clickable link to home. Although many users are now familiar with this convention, it may help new users if the logo looks clickable, for example if it is on a button, or if an explanation pops up when the mouse is placed over it. Users expect the logo to be positioned in the top left corner of the page (Bernard, 2001a) [summary]. Home pages should also give a site description or 'tag line', informing the user of what they can do...
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You will need to include more than just the examples in your supporting paragraphs. You will need good topic sentences, direct quotations from the text, smooth transitions from one example to the next and from one paragraph to another, and logical concluding sentences. Use exemplification paragraphs to provide instances that clarify your topic statement. The topic sentence is supported by examples that illustrate, support, and clarify the main point. Exemplification is part of any good essay. However, for this assignment, you will be judged primarily on your ability to provide strong, concrete examples to support your overall thesis. Please see the grading rubric for more information about what makes an "A", "B" and "C" essay. Please note that because this essay is expected to be formal in tone, I will not allow the use of lax sentence construction in the name of "personal style". This means that you cannot use sentence fragments for effect. This is formal, academic writing. All essays must be presented using MLA format, including a Works Cited page (the only work you will be citing will be Angela's Ashes. Please see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html for specific guidelines or visit The Writing Center (CAC 121) to refer to one of the many MLA style books available there. A good thesis is not a statement of the obvious; rather, it is a statement that requires evidence to support its veracity. In contrast to the thesis statement presented above, one might argue that McCourt's book offers no hope to its readers, as the author's story chronicles the cyclical pattern of rejection and abuse in his life. Regardless of what your thesis is, you will have to support it with compelling examples from the text. Your thesis should be sophisticated. It should make the reader think about the topic. It should raise questions and challenge assumptions. Given that you...
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The Assignment Write a one- to two-page, type-written, double-spaced cause and effect essay on one of the following topics or one that you choose. Your essay may consider causes, effects, or both. Your audience consists of your classmates or members of the community in which you live. 1. The popularity (or lack of popularity) of a particular sport in China 2. The popularity (or lack of popularity) of a public figure 3. A miscommunication or misunderstanding between two people or two groups 4. Cheating on college exams 5. Rising cost of living 6. A current trend or fad 7. A major change or decision in your life 8. A problem on campus or in the community As you develop your causal analysis essay, consider how you can use one or more other patterns of development. For example, you might use narration to help explain the effects of a particular community problem. In an essay about the causes of a current fad, you might compare the fad to one that is obsolete. Or you might classify rising college costs in an essay covering the causes and effects of that phenomenon. Consider Your Purpose, Audience, and Point of View Once you choose a topic, your next step is to decide whether you want your essay to be informative, persuasive, or a mixture of both. Depending on your purpose, you may decide to explain why an event, problem, or phenomenon occurred (causes), or what happened as a result (effects), or both. Keep the length of your essay in mind as you think about these issues. It would be unrealistic, for example, to try to discuss both the causes and effects of the Chinese Revolution in a five-page paper. The level of technical detail you include should also be determined by your audience. The point of view you choose should suit your audience and purpose. Although the...
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Stage1. 'Where I am now' a) My personal skills audit In this part of the report, I'd like to express my personal strengths and weaknesses. My personal skills audit shows that I am good at the following factors: A5, A9, B2, B4, D5, D6, and D8 in the transferable skills; and scored highly in B3, D1, and G5 in the personal attributes section. First of all, I am willing to learn. (A9) I always believe that the willingness to learn is crucial not only for students, but also for people who have already got good careers. As a university student, I am trying to learn as much knowledge as possible to prepare myself. When I get into the real workplace, to continue learning will be compulsory for me as well. I am working very hard at all elements of my course, which is often very difficult and demanding as I am an overseas student and have had to adapt to a big new learning experience. It is very important for me to set and achieve goals. (A5) I have my own opinions on how to set a goal. Generally speaking, I prefer to set a particular goal for current or short-term work. I think the internal or external environment that may influence the task is hard to change during a short period. On the other hand, I just set a general goal for future or long-term work. This is essentially because I cannot be sure what will happen over a long time. Things can change even though they are seen to be OK to day. For example, I try to concentrate on my assignments and try hard not to worry about exams at the end of the year. More, I believe that I can establish a good working relationship with people at different levels of...
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What is the definition of a ¡§guy¡¨? Dave Barry, a humorous columnist in the United States, effectively uses the power of language to explore gender stereotypes and indirectly answers the above question in ¡§Guys vs. Men¡¨. His purpose is to show how language affects people¡¦s views regarding gender stereotypes. To make his argument clear and convincing, he points out critically that males consist of two types: ¡§guys¡¨ and ¡§men.¡¨ In other words, the level of maturity and masculinity differs between ¡§guys¡¨ and ¡§men.¡¨ Furthermore, Barry uses his humorous writing style, logical diction, and allusion to critique the gender stereotype that formed in society degrades the characteristics of ¡§guys.¡¨ Barry creates a stereotype that degrades ¡§guys¡¨ through his establishment of a clear and focused tone in his essay. He opens his essay by indirectly mentioning the tone for his essay is humorous rather than serious in order to inform his readers about his attitude towards the gender stereotype. He states, ¡§This is a book about guys. It¡¦s not a book about men. There are already way too many books about men, and most of them are way too serious.¡¨ Clearly, the topic he is emphasizing on is ¡§guys¡¨ and not ¡§men.¡¨ Also, he is making a distinction between the characteristics of ¡§guys¡¨ and ¡§men¡¨ by interpreting ¡§men¡¨ as more serious and ¡§guys¡¨ as not. The purpose of making the distinction between ¡§guys¡¨ and ¡§men¡¨ is to allow readers to understand the gender stereotype that he is creating. The stereotypical comment he makes is that ¡§guys¡¨ are not as serious as ¡§men.¡¨ Furthermore, by informing his readers that he is writing about ¡§guys¡¨ he is purposely to tell them the tone of his essay is not going to be serious, because he mentions the books for ¡§men¡¨ are too serious. Furthermore, the development of...
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Spencer Marte Mr. T. D'Orazio Academic Writing February 4, 2003 Reality? TV. Television has come to a new low. Reality TV rakes in the money for television stations while demeaning America's public. It is amazing that people are still tuning in to shows like Joe Millionaire, Survivor and The Osbournes. Sure a look into the lives of celebrities is always fun but these other shows are regular Joes (no pun intended) in a different environment, yet people are still interested. It seems as though the writers of these shows pick a fun bunch of people and put then in different environments and/or scenarios and claim they have a show. I'm still waiting for Bus Stop the only reality TV show filmed in a real bus stop. All these shows have the same idea lets take these people, put them here and film it and maybe sometimes we'll give them something to do. The simple fact of the matter is that these shows however many there are make money and that's all that the networks care about. People watch them no matter how stupid the show is they are just so interested to see what these people will do next. Reality TV shows are fake moneymakers that the American public can't get enough of my question is "WHY?". First let's pick the Reality TV show apart. There are 4 basic elements to all RTV shows. Sometimes these shows are real people in real or outrageous imposed situations. Sometimes they're celebrities in real or outrageous situations but they are always showing emotions. What these shows are always about is emotion. In survivor you'll often hear "4 votes Aimee, the tribe has spoken." Now we see Aimee and the tribes emotions the fruits of the shows effort. Think about it these shows are all about pulling emotion from people....
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As you develop your causal analysis essay, consider how you can use one or more other patterns of development. For example, you might use narration to help explain the effects of a particular community problem. In an essay about the causes of a current fad, you might compare the fad to one that is obsolete. Or you might classify rising college costs in an essay covering the causes and effects of that phenomenon.Consider Your Purpose, Audience, and Point of View Once you choose a topic, your next step is to decide whether you want your essay to be informative, persuasive, or a mixture of both. Depending on your purpose, you may decide to explain why an event, problem, or phenomenon occurred (causes), or what happened as a result (effects), or both. Keep the length of your essay in mind as you think about these issues. It would be unrealistic, for example, to try to discuss both the causes and effects of the Chinese Revolution in a five-page paper. The level of technical detail you include should also be determined by your audience. The point of view you choose should suit your audience and purpose. Although the third person is most often used in academic writing, the first person may be used to relate relevant personal experiences. Discovering Causes and Effects After considering your purpose, audience, and point of view, use one or more of the following suggestions to help you discover causes, effects, or both. 1. Brainstorm all possible causes and effects, writing causes to the left and effects to the right. 2.Replay the event in your mind. Focus on one or both of these questions: ¡°Why did the event happen?¡± and ¡°What happened as a result of it?¡± Make notes on the answers. 3.Try asking questions and writing assertions about the problem or phenomenon. Did a...
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Edward Said once said, " Remember the solidarity shown to Palestine here and everywhere…and remember also that there is a cause to which many people have committed themselves. Why? Because it is a just cause, a noble ideal, a moral quest for equality and human rights." In these words perhaps one can sense the conviction of Edward Said, the activist, the intellectual, the humanist, the dissident, the abiding and radiant light in a world suffused with darkness. It is difficult if not impossible to estimate the influence that Said had on a whole generation of individuals like myself; how he made us rethink our priorities, question the purpose of our scholarship and refashion our beliefs and ideas; above all perhaps how he placed the plight of the Palestinian people and oppressed people generally squarely within our lived realities so that the struggle for the liberation of Palestine became our struggle as Khalil Barhoum stated in the Jordan Times Said "provided us with a moral compass, one that helped us navigate a path through the murky moral and political terrain which have often impeded a clear perception of the enduring justice of the Palestinian cause". The question then is how do you begin to do justice to a person of such proportions, such stature and such capability? How can you begin to articulate the immense contributions Said made in fields as far-ranging as literary criticism, linguistics, cultural studies, comparative literature and post-colonial studies? I can only attempt in some small and insignificant way to present my understanding of the complex phenomenon called "Edward Said" he was after all as remarked" A Giant amongst pygmies". When I think of Said, I think about a number of things, I think about truth, I think about power and I think about the relationship between knowledge...
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the word university comes from the latin word'universitas' meaning 'the whole'. later, in latin legal language 'universitas' meant 'a society, or corporation'. thus, in mediaeval academic use the word meant an association of teachers and scholars. the modern definition of a university is 'an institution that teachers and examines students in many branches of advanced learning, awarding degress and providing facilities for academic researches'. the origins of universities can be traced back to teh middle ages, especially teh twelftth to fourteenth centuries. in teh early twelfth century, long before universities were organised in the modern sense, students gathered for higher studies at certain centres of learning. the earliest centres in europe were at bologna in italy, for law, founded in 1088; salero in italy, for medecine: and paris, france, for philosophy and theology, founded in 1150. other early ones in europe were at prague, czechoslovakia, founded in 1348; vienna, austria, founded in 1365: and heidelberg, germany, founded in 1386. teh first universities in england were established at oxford in 1185 and at cambrodge in 1209. the first scottish university was founded at st andrews in 1412. by comparison, the oldest universities in the usa are at harvard, founded in 1636, and yale, established in 1701. a big development in recent years was an education act in 1992 that allowed former polytechnics to become universities. before the act there were 47 universities in the uk: after the act there were 86 universities. all british universitiess receive some government funding, except buckingham, which is britain's only independant university, founded in 1983. this runs two-year courses instead of teh usual three years. academic writing course, by: R.R. Jordan...
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Have you ever had to write analytical essays? If so, then you probably know what it is. However, let us give you more detailed description. An analytical essay isn’t a regular essay one may write in the middle school; it is a special kind of essay that is written in order to help the reader gain a better understanding of a particular object. In other words, in the process of analytical essay writing you should answer the following questions: “What does the object look like?”, “What message does this object convey?”, “What are the component parts of this object?” and “What is my attitude towards this object?”. Proceeding from the characteristic features and requirements applicable to analytical essays, a lot of students find it difficult to write analytical essays. According to the statistics data only few of them will write analytical essays on their own and make profound research on the topic. The vast majority of students however will start to surf the Internet trying hard to find analytical essay samples or ready-made essays. Thus, teachers often have to read analytical essays that are full of stolen ideas taken from unreliable sources. If you need to write an analytical essay and want to avoid hackneyed phrases and doubtful arguments, we are ready to render professional analytical essay help. You just have to make several simple steps:
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