Like many other aspects of the computer age, Yahoo! began as an idea, grew into a hobby and is now a publicly traded company. Created in 1994 by two Stanford University Graduates, David Filo and Jerry Yang, the two started their guide in April as a way to keep track of their personal interests on the Internet. There were no system or software programs available at the time so Dave and Jerry wrote a software program that enabled them to group their lists into various subject areas. Dave and Jerry spent twenty to forty hours a week locating, identifying, and indexing web sites using the software that they developed. They were determined to cover the entire Web and set goals to visit and categorize at least 1000 sites a day. This unofficial list of private links became a very large list of shared links and was named "Jerry’s Guide to the World Wide Web". It was not originally designed with an external audience in mind but it had attracted one. Jerry and Dave received countless encouraging e-mails from people praising their site. In the fall of 1994 the name of the site changed to Yahoo! which is an acronym for "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle." Dave and Jerry insisted they select this name because they considered themselves "yahoos". The two now converted Yahoo! into a customized database designed to serve the needs of the thousands of users that began to use the service through the closely bound Internet community. The Web was entering one of its fastest periods of growth and Yahoo! was experiencing an increase of traffic, so much traffic their database of web sites started overloading Stanford’s computers. This is when they decided to turn their hobby into a career. In early 1995 Marc Andreessen, co-founder of Netscape...
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Ever since the discovery of electricity, many advances in technology have changed the very way we conduct our lifestyles. Without electricity, technology as we know it today would be non-existent. The use of electrical impulse in medicine and electrical charge technologies are still being perfected to this day. The following paragraphs will describe how they use of electricity has evolved over time, the disadvantages of electricity, and how electricity has changed the overall lifestyle of Americans. Most people visually remember the discovery of electricity from the stories of Benjamin Franklin's world-renowned kite-flying experiment in the middle of a thunderstorm. What Franklin discovered was static electricity, a usually harmless yet potentially dangerous form of electrical charge. Had it not been for the shelter Franklin was standing under, the dry length of string would have been wet and Franklin most likely would have been killed. What most people do not realize is that this is not the same form of power used in appliances today. Not even the direct current (DC) power that Thomas Edison produced with his generators to light the incandescent lamp was used. A man by the name of Nicola Telsa perfected a form of electrical current named alternating current (AC). This form of power, although dangerous, is a much more safer form of current than direct current at the same voltage. AC voltage has the capabilities, through step up and step down transformers, to travel great distances on high voltage power lines. If these lines, or any power cords or cables are grounded thru a conductive object such a person, the results are usually fatal. This brings us to disadvantages of electricity. Although AC power is a much more safer form of electricity, AC power can be just as dangerous as DC power. Presently, the U.S. the Department...
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African Americans were not always a major part of the Armed Forces. They were not a big factor in the military until the Civil War, when The Emancipation Proclamation opened the door full-fledged for Blacks to participate in the military. Both black slaves and freemen saw this opportunity to serve in the military as a chance to relinquish their chains and to help the nation develop as a whole. There was widespread resistance by whites on both the Union and Confederate sides in accepting Blacks as part of the military. Blacks joined the military for a variety of different reasons including challenge, education, manliness, job opportunity, and to escape living conditions. By the time The Spanish-American War came in 1898, African Americans were already participating in the military. When the U.S. beat the Spanish they received Spain's colonies. This sets up the initial stage of the U.S.'s Empire. This essay will tell prove that with the help of African Americans the U.S. military is stronger as a whole, as shown in the Civil War and Spanish American War. Leadership and honor were some of the prime reasons that African-Americans wanted to serve in the U. S. Military. When the island of CUBA was seeking its independence from SPAIN in 1898, the black military units were ready to serve. It took the explosion of the American battleship, the U. S. S. Maine, killing 260 Americans (22 which were black) on February 15, 1898 in Havana Harbor that the United States a reason for declaring war. The preparation for the war was fast, and on April 24, 1898 declared war on Spain. Congress also activated ten regiments of all black troops. Only four of the regiments saw action in the short war. It was no surprise, under the circumstances, that among the first...
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Harry S. Truman was the most influential figure in early Cold War politics. His policies on Soviet expansion and cooperation with western bloc countries set the stage for how other Cold War era presidents would act. It is through his handling of the Korean conflict and the issue of communism, both domestic and abroad, he can be considered the father of Cold War politics. The beginnings of communist distrust in America may be found in the Red Scare of 1919. The Red Scare of 1919 began out of a growing distrust of Bolshevism and strong desire by many groups to preserve America's status quo and throw out the foreign influences that might subvert it (1). People only became more outraged by such frivolous comments by Bolshevik leaders like Vladimir Lenis that "it is necessary to break eggs to make an omelet"(2). Under mounting public pressure the attorney general, Mitchell A. Palmer, conducted anti-alien raids across America. It was not until the arrest and deportation of hundreds of aliens that the national hysteria began to die down as a result of growing public disapproval. Despite the end of the first Red Scare a feeling of Bolshevik distrust continued to pervade America throughout the 20's, 30's, and 40's. At the end of the Second World War America had emerged as the world's most powerful nation. While most of the world lay in shambles, America served as a sort of economic crutch, providing trade and industry to war stricken nations that could no long do so themselves. With programs such as the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), European Recovery Program (ERP), and the Truman Doctrine the United States was clearly making a concerted effort to re-establish trade with and re-stabilize the countries of Europe. The Marshal Plan, which later evolved into the European...
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The United States Flag is the third oldest of the National Standards of the world; older than the Union Jack of Britain or the Tricolor of France. The flag was first authorized by Congress June 14, 1777. This date is now observed as Flag Day throughout America. The flag was first flown from Fort Stanwix, on the site of the present city of Rome, New York, on August 3, 1777. It was first under fire for three days later in the Battle of Oriskany, August 6, 1777. It was first decreed that there should be a star and a stripe for each state, making thirteen of both; for the states at the time had just been erected from the original thirteen colonies. The colors of the Flag may be thus explained: The red is for valor, zeal and fervency; the white for hope purity, cleanliness of life, and rectitude of conduct; the blue, the color of heaven, for reverence to God, loyalty, sincerity, justice and truth. The star (an ancient symbol of India, Persia and Egypt) symbolized dominion and sovereignty, as well as lofty aspirations. The constellation of the stars within the union, one star for each state, is emblematic of our Federal Constitution, which reserves to the States their individual sovereignty except as to rights delegated by them to the Federal Government. The symbolism of the Flag was thus interpreted by Washington: "We take the stars from Heaven, the red from our mother country, separating it by white stripes, thus showing that we have separated from her, and the white stripes shall go down to posterity representing Liberty." In 1791, Vermont, and in 1792, Kentucky were admitted to the Union and the number of stars and stripes was raised to fifteen in correspondence. As other states came into the Union it became evident there would be...
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The American Supreme Court is a well-rounded look at the creation and nature of the Supreme Court. The author , Robert G. McCloskey, starts off with a look at how people felt about the Court when it was created, giving the reader a feel for the time. It continues on to explain the importance of the creation event using specific details. By making the reader feel proud of being a part of such a great system, the reader is drawn into the book and grows anxious to read on. As the reader goes on information is given about what kind of power was intended for the Supreme Court and a debate is formulated about whether the Court is Constitutionally just. The point is made that the Constitution gives Congress the power to create any court system it feels necessary but the question is asked, does the constitution guarantee the Supreme Court's has final authority. Many of the Forefathers seem to have created the Court in the hope that it would keep the other branches of the government in check according to the Constitution. As the first section goes on, explaining the nature of the Supreme court's power, and telling of the checks and balances that keep the court from gaining more power than is necessary, by only allowing the court to rule on an issue if it is presented in the form of a case. It points out that the power given is that of a court's power as well as something more. A number of facts are debated, such as whether or not the court should play a large part in directing the states. The overall nature of the courts power is covered and presented in a form, which is at times confusing and roundabout, but always backed up by reasoning...
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LIERARY ANALYSIS E1nglish 1 Focus: "American History" by Judith Ortiz Cofer TITLE: a) "American History" b) I think the significant meaning of the title "American History" is the full name "American History", because the time frame in which the story is set in, is when President Kennedy was shot and killed which is in American History. It was also in the time when it was hard for immigrants. The lived in crowded buildings in the city. AUTHOR: a) Judith Ortiz Cofer b) Judith Ortiz Cofer was born in Hormigueros, Puerto Rico, she came to the United States as a young girl after her father joined the U.S. Navy. When Ortiz Cofer was taught Spanish first and then taught English. Ortiz has won such honors as a 1989 National Endowment for The Arts fellowship in poetry, the 1990 Pushcart Prize for Nonfiction, And the 1994 O. Henry Award for outstanding American short stories. She now lives in Georgia. SUBJECT: a) In the Story "American History" Cofer tells about her child hood and growing up in a building that is housed by immigrants. It tells about her troubles and hardships of her life as being an immigrant from Puerto Rico. She finds a boy she likes and he ask her to come over and study but his parents don't approve of her. SUMMARY: a) The story the "American History" is about a girl and her life growing up in a town called Patterson. The girl lives in a crowded building called El Building. The story tells about her troubles at school and her troubles in being an immigrant. Someone new moved in the house next to her and they have a son. She becomes friends with their son and he asks her to come over and study. When she does the boys mother answers the door and tells her that he does not need her help. LITERARY...
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The story of American history is a long and fascinating journey. A journey that endured many complications and sacrifices by some of the first Americans. Even some Europeans had to endure hardship in the discovery of America. In October in 1943 a young man named Christopher Columbus discovered this new world. From there he made a few more journeys to Central America and South America. Years later a boom of American colonization starts with the pilgrims journey across the Atlantic on the Mayflower headed to the American colonization, and found themselves in the south end of Massachusetts bay. They set built the Plymouth colony on the site of Pawtuxet1. Half of the original pilgrims died of malnutrition or disease before the spring of 1621. Even with these tragic tales, still more settlers made their way to the new world. Settling in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, and Connecticut. While making a home and fending there land from the savages, the settlers still had to live by the Kings rule. Many settlers felt that the King should not have such a long reach to the colonies. While the settlers struggled to stay alive, the King imposed several Acts to impose Taxes and Rules for the colonials to follow. One of these was the Navigation Acts. In 1651 while Oliver Cromwell was the leader of England, the first of the famous Navigation Acts was passed. The chief provisions were, that no goods grown or manufactured in Asia, Africa, or America should be transported to England except in English vessels, and that the goods of any European country imported into England must be brought in British vessels, or in vessels of the country producing them. The law was directed against the Dutch maritime trade, which was very great at that time. But it was nowhere strictly enforced,...
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American History Evaluation Our American History project consists of many important events. We've included a TV show that includes the Westward Movement, the Progressive Movement, WWI, The Great Depression, and WWII. The topics we have discussed taught us how these events effect us today. Our first topic was the westward movement, which took place in the 1800's. The Westward Movement created new markets, more resources, and better transportation. All these things lead to more inventions, better consumer goods, and the Industrialization Era. Industrialization created factories and made a demand for consumer goods. Industrialization lead to the Progressive Movement. The Progressive Movement was the fight for certain laws and rights for the middle class. The middle class was angered because all the wealth was concentrated in the hands of the few, and big businesses did many unfair things. President Theodore Roosevelt helped the progressives accomplish many things by using his power of office. If it weren't for the progressives, we wouldn't have laws such as direct election of senators, pure drugs and food act, and regulation of big business. The next topic we discussed was WWI. We mainly entered WWI to spread democracy. After the war we became the greatest world power. WWI gave us women's right to vote and caused us to fear communism and another war. Historians say WWI lead to WWII. The Great Depression sunk in when the stock market crashed in 1929. It crashed because of the large amounts of people buying on margin. A loss of hope, self-esteem, and pride swept over the nation. President Roosevelt did his best to establish the New Deal and other programs to rebuild the economy. It was a hard time but it taught Americans to regulate money in the stock market and be more cautious. Since the Great Depression we've taken steps to be more...
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American history experienced several life altering events, some with positive and several with negative outcomes. In the period of the 1870's to 1917 the country saw the status of America's rise to the "Industrial Giant." Some of the events that occurred were the expansion west, railroads, job opportunities, technology, and the rise of corporations. The westward expansion allowed farmers to get away from city life, the government, and to have the chance for a new life. This expansion permitted agricultural for farmers and grazing land for ranchers. On the other the government thought it best that the western part of the country needed access to railroads, but in all actuality the government just wanted to "rule" over them. Hence, the expansion westward resulted in the prosperous opportunity for one of the postwar's main engines. Railroads alone partook in the single most economic growth between 1878 and 1893. Railroads allowed for the transportation of vital commodities such as coal, farming produce, and people. As a result, it spurred up industrial growth in the mountains and high plains. Railroads also boosted steel production and singly employed the largest amount of people in 1893. In addition to employees, city life provided jobs for migrants and immigrants, opportunities for education, health care, shops, etc. As a result, cities' populations began to rapidly grow, increasing the amount of employers and as a result factories began to flourish, and America was on the verge of becoming an industrial nation. As the cities grew and factories flourished, I believe that technology played the vital role in industrialization. The invention of the fascinating gasoline-powered engine ( Model T) and electrical power gave Americans' electrical lighting, the type writer, elevators, subways, telephones, air brakes, phonograph, and electric trolleys and railways. Technology also leads the way to corporate growth. With the invention of the...
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