Ellis Island was the principal federal station in the United States from 1892 to 1954. More than 12 million immigrants were processed here. Over time, the immigration station spread over 3 connected islands with numerous structures including a hospital and contagious disease wards.. In its early years, when the greatest number of immigrants entered the country, Ellis Island mirrored the nation's generous attitude and open door policy. After passage of immigration laws in the 1920s, it was used more for "assembly, detainment, and deporting aliens," and symbolized a closing door. Immigrants were required to pass a series of medical and legal inspections before they could enter America. The actual experience of going through inspection or detainment on Ellis Island was often nerve wracking. Those who did not pass these inspections were returned to their country of origin on the boats that brought them here. Even though only 2 percent of those coming to America were turned away at Ellis Island, that translated to over 250,000 people whose hopes and dreams turned to tears. History of Ellis Island Where did immigrants arrive in NY? Before August 1855 - wharfs of Manhattan August 1, 1855- April 18, 1890 : Castle Garden April 19, 1890-Dec. 31, 1891: Barge Office January 1, 1892- June 13, 1897: Ellis Island June 14, 1897 - Dec 16, 1900: Barge Office December 17, 1900-1924: Ellis Island Timeline 1620s · Finding oyster beds near the future Ellis Island, Dutch settlers name it "Oyster Island." · Salem is founded on Massachusetts Bay by fifty colonists. · Bubonic Plague kills half the population of Lyons, France, later ravaging much of northern Italy. 1760s · After the execution of pirates on the island, including one named Anderson, it is known as "Gibbet Island." 1765 · The Stamp Act is passed by British Parliament in 1765 to defray he costs of troops stationed in the colonies. Independence is won in...
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LIERARY ANALYSIS E1nglish 1 Focus: "American History" by Judith Ortiz Cofer TITLE: a) "American History" b) I think the significant meaning of the title "American History" is the full name "American History", because the time frame in which the story is set in, is when President Kennedy was shot and killed which is in American History. It was also in the time when it was hard for immigrants. The lived in crowded buildings in the city. AUTHOR: a) Judith Ortiz Cofer b) Judith Ortiz Cofer was born in Hormigueros, Puerto Rico, she came to the United States as a young girl after her father joined the U.S. Navy. When Ortiz Cofer was taught Spanish first and then taught English. Ortiz has won such honors as a 1989 National Endowment for The Arts fellowship in poetry, the 1990 Pushcart Prize for Nonfiction, And the 1994 O. Henry Award for outstanding American short stories. She now lives in Georgia. SUBJECT: a) In the Story "American History" Cofer tells about her child hood and growing up in a building that is housed by immigrants. It tells about her troubles and hardships of her life as being an immigrant from Puerto Rico. She finds a boy she likes and he ask her to come over and study but his parents don't approve of her. SUMMARY: a) The story the "American History" is about a girl and her life growing up in a town called Patterson. The girl lives in a crowded building called El Building. The story tells about her troubles at school and her troubles in being an immigrant. Someone new moved in the house next to her and they have a son. She becomes friends with their son and he asks her to come over and study. When she does the boys mother answers the door and tells her that he does not need her help. LITERARY...
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The story of American history is a long and fascinating journey. A journey that endured many complications and sacrifices by some of the first Americans. Even some Europeans had to endure hardship in the discovery of America. In October in 1943 a young man named Christopher Columbus discovered this new world. From there he made a few more journeys to Central America and South America. Years later a boom of American colonization starts with the pilgrims journey across the Atlantic on the Mayflower headed to the American colonization, and found themselves in the south end of Massachusetts bay. They set built the Plymouth colony on the site of Pawtuxet1. Half of the original pilgrims died of malnutrition or disease before the spring of 1621. Even with these tragic tales, still more settlers made their way to the new world. Settling in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, and Connecticut. While making a home and fending there land from the savages, the settlers still had to live by the Kings rule. Many settlers felt that the King should not have such a long reach to the colonies. While the settlers struggled to stay alive, the King imposed several Acts to impose Taxes and Rules for the colonials to follow. One of these was the Navigation Acts. In 1651 while Oliver Cromwell was the leader of England, the first of the famous Navigation Acts was passed. The chief provisions were, that no goods grown or manufactured in Asia, Africa, or America should be transported to England except in English vessels, and that the goods of any European country imported into England must be brought in British vessels, or in vessels of the country producing them. The law was directed against the Dutch maritime trade, which was very great at that time. But it was nowhere strictly enforced,...
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American History Evaluation Our American History project consists of many important events. We've included a TV show that includes the Westward Movement, the Progressive Movement, WWI, The Great Depression, and WWII. The topics we have discussed taught us how these events effect us today. Our first topic was the westward movement, which took place in the 1800's. The Westward Movement created new markets, more resources, and better transportation. All these things lead to more inventions, better consumer goods, and the Industrialization Era. Industrialization created factories and made a demand for consumer goods. Industrialization lead to the Progressive Movement. The Progressive Movement was the fight for certain laws and rights for the middle class. The middle class was angered because all the wealth was concentrated in the hands of the few, and big businesses did many unfair things. President Theodore Roosevelt helped the progressives accomplish many things by using his power of office. If it weren't for the progressives, we wouldn't have laws such as direct election of senators, pure drugs and food act, and regulation of big business. The next topic we discussed was WWI. We mainly entered WWI to spread democracy. After the war we became the greatest world power. WWI gave us women's right to vote and caused us to fear communism and another war. Historians say WWI lead to WWII. The Great Depression sunk in when the stock market crashed in 1929. It crashed because of the large amounts of people buying on margin. A loss of hope, self-esteem, and pride swept over the nation. President Roosevelt did his best to establish the New Deal and other programs to rebuild the economy. It was a hard time but it taught Americans to regulate money in the stock market and be more cautious. Since the Great Depression we've taken steps to be more...
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American history experienced several life altering events, some with positive and several with negative outcomes. In the period of the 1870's to 1917 the country saw the status of America's rise to the "Industrial Giant." Some of the events that occurred were the expansion west, railroads, job opportunities, technology, and the rise of corporations. The westward expansion allowed farmers to get away from city life, the government, and to have the chance for a new life. This expansion permitted agricultural for farmers and grazing land for ranchers. On the other the government thought it best that the western part of the country needed access to railroads, but in all actuality the government just wanted to "rule" over them. Hence, the expansion westward resulted in the prosperous opportunity for one of the postwar's main engines. Railroads alone partook in the single most economic growth between 1878 and 1893. Railroads allowed for the transportation of vital commodities such as coal, farming produce, and people. As a result, it spurred up industrial growth in the mountains and high plains. Railroads also boosted steel production and singly employed the largest amount of people in 1893. In addition to employees, city life provided jobs for migrants and immigrants, opportunities for education, health care, shops, etc. As a result, cities' populations began to rapidly grow, increasing the amount of employers and as a result factories began to flourish, and America was on the verge of becoming an industrial nation. As the cities grew and factories flourished, I believe that technology played the vital role in industrialization. The invention of the fascinating gasoline-powered engine ( Model T) and electrical power gave Americans' electrical lighting, the type writer, elevators, subways, telephones, air brakes, phonograph, and electric trolleys and railways. Technology also leads the way to corporate growth. With the invention of the...
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The beginning of the century is characteristic for the massive migration – the number of European immigrants reached 13.000.000 between 1900 – 1914. When Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895, American sympathies and interests led to war with Spain (1898). Victory brought the U.S. its first overseas territories (the Philippines, Puerto Rico). However, the U.S. had to pay for their great-power status. Eventhough President Woodrow Wilson promised neutrality in World War 1., the U.S. was unable to remain outside the struggle. Its entry into the war in 1917 was decisive in bringing about an Allied victory and started American involvement in the Europen balance of power. The prosperity of the decade that followed World War I. came to a sudden end in 1929 when the stock market crashed and the Great Depression began in the era of President Franklin Roosevelt. His First Hundred Days and The Second Hundred Days legislation greatly helped the country´s economy, but a full economic miracle was still not achieved until war production became massive on the eve of the World WarII. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour brought the United Sates into World War II. on the side of Britain and the Soviet Union against the fascist nations of Germany, Japan, and Italy. In 1942 American and British ships landed in Algeria, the army was under the command of General Eisenhower who later became the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe. The Allied victory in 1945 left the U.S. the leader of the western world. The 40-year-long rivalry with the Soviet Union became known as the Cold War. In 1947 Secretary of State George Marshall propsed an aid program to help rebuild the destroyed continent of Europe, the Marshall Plan. But the Soviets and their block rejected the offer. In 1949 the United States formed the...
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The United States declared War on Great Britain on June 12, 1812. The war was declared as an end result of extended and aggressive clashes with Great Britain. The War of 1812 was not founded on a single reason; it was started for political, commercial and patriotic reasons. "It was always unpopular with a great number of the American people and it went badly for the Americans on the whole, but that was settled finally in 1814 on terms at least mildly favorable to the United States."1 The key events and causes of the War of 1812 all started in 1803. In Europe The Napoleonic war put Britain and France at war that affected trade with the United States. Napolean kept out British goods from "fortress Europe."2 American ships were caught in the middle as the British responded with a blockade. "American ships were seized by both sides, Great Britain seized 1,000 United States ships and France seized 500 U.S. ships, and American sailors were impressed into the British navy" 3. From 1803-1812 British impressed American sailors on the high seas. British captains took up to 14,000 American citizens to man British ships. In June 1807, just three miles off Norfolk, Virginia, the British ship H.M.S. Leopard stopped the U.S.S. Chesapeake in search of British deserters. The Leopard fired on the U.S.S. Chesapeake after refusing to be boarded. "The American commander, James Barron had no choice but to surrender."4 Four alleged British deserters were taken off the ship. After it was all over, three Americans were killed and eighteen were wounded. There was a great public outcry for war when the news reached the United States. The action of the British Navy was more than enough grounds for war and "if Congress had been in session it might have declared war."5 President Thomas...
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Introduction To The Topic American History X is a great film that portrays prejudice, stereotyping and conformity. Prejudice is negative attitudes toward others based on their gender, religion, race, or membership in a particular group. Prejudice involves beliefs and emotions that can turn into hatred. Having an opinion or idea about a member of a group without really knowing that individual is a part of prejudice. Some people make judgments about a whole group of people without knowing very much about them. Sometimes people are afraid of those who seem different from them and unfortunately, they express that with name-calling and negative treatment. When people grow up with these ideas, sometimes it's hard to get rid of them. Like in the movie American History X, a father is sitting at the family dinner table and states his opinion of why he feels certain people of minority groups got their job. This influences how his children feel. Prejudice is a premature judgment, a positive or negative attitude towards a person or group of people, which is not based on objective facts. The prejudgments are usually based on stereotypes, which are shared beliefs about the characteristic traits, attitudes, and behaviors of members of various social groups including the assumption that the members of such groups are usually all alike. As the story line unfolds in American History X, the main character of the story will realize that not all people of a particular race are the same. A prejudgment may be based on an emotional experience we have had with a similar person, sort of our own personal stereotype. Stereotypes also provide us with role expectations. How we expect the other person or group to relate to us and to other people. Our culture has many of ready made stereotypes such as leaders...
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As for Nathaniel Hawthorne's approach to American history, we are obliged to focus especially on his perception of the early Puritan colonists' generation. This stage is depicted by him essentially as full of hope and faith in their common future on the one hand, but brimming over with hardship and bringing sadness, gloom, and darkness to themselves, as well as to others, on the other hand. The Puritans' hope and steady belief in bright future has indeed a lot to do with the fact that they managed to move from England, to get to their Promised Land, and to set up a community on the basis of common confession, and thus a community free of religious persecution. On a more specific level, their hope in happy destiny can be observed in their attitude towards pastor Arthur Dimmesdale; he is in fact the chief person with whom their expectations rise and fall. They perceive him as a symbol of their community, they wish him all the best, almost canonize him and, as he seems to be a completely virtuous and generally good human to them, they feel incredibly proud of the fact that someone as perfect as him was able to arise from within their community. But there is the other side of the shield, too – the negative part of the Puritans' character. Their representation in The Scarlet Letter suggests that they irritate the author with their manners, which are depicted as inappropriately extreme and exaggeratedly stern; their religious and ethical strictness often nears fanaticism and hatred (for example, their perseverance in ignoring and lax attitude towards Hester spoils her life entirely). Puritans came to the "New World" (according to Hawthorne) to set up their Utopian community of satisfied humans and shiny future. This can be the true and chief reason of their inhospitability,...
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A poet, an author, a play-write, an actress, a mother, a civil-rights activists, historian and most important a survivor. Perhaps Maya Angelou, award winning author of many books is one of the most influential African Americans in American history. I believe that she rates at the top of the list of American authors, with Hemingway, Hawthorne, and Voight. I believe through my research and reading of Maya Angelou that she should be among the members of The American Authors Hall of Fame. Maya was born on, April 4th, 1928 as Marguerite Johnson, in St. Louis Missouri. She was raised in Stamps Arkansas, by her Grandmother Annie Henderson and Her Uncle Willie. Stamps was a rural segregated community. However, it was tight knit between the African Americans. Maya grew up during a very difficult time period in American history. They were just recovering from the Great Depression, and learning how to deal with different races of people. Maya knew this and made it clear in her writing. "It was awful to be Negro and have no control over my life. It was brutal to be young and already trained to sit quietly and listen to charges brought against my color with no chance of defense. We should be dead. I thought I should like to see us all dead, one on top of each other. A pyramid of flesh with the whit folks on the bottom, . . . and then the Negro's." (Angelou Caged Bird 153) "If growing up was painful for the Southern Black Girl, being aware of her displacement is the rust on the razor that threatens the throat." (Angelou, Caged Bird) Page 2 Grandma Henderson was a very religious person, and a key factor in Maya's upbringing. as with the rest of the people of Stamps. Maya and her brother Baily were punished as necessary. She kept Baily and Maya out of trouble and on the right track....
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