Approximately 30 million people world-wide use the Internet and online services daily. The Net is growing exponentially in all areas, and a rapidly increasing number of people are finding themselves working and playing on the Internet. The people on the Net are not all rocket scientists and computer programmers; they're graphic designers, teachers, students, artists, musicians, feminists, Rush Limbaugh-fans, and your next door neighbors. What these diverse groups of people have in common is their language. The Net community exists and thrives because of effective written communication, as on the net all you have available to express yourself are typewritten words. If you cannot express yourself well in written language, you either learn more effective ways of communicating, or get lost in the shuffle. "Netspeak" is evolving on a national and international level. The technological vocabulary once used only by computer programmers and elite computer manipulators called "Hackers," has spread to all users of computer networks. The language is currently spoken by people on the Internet, and is rapidly spilling over into advertising and business. The words "online," "network," and "surf the net" are occuring more and more frequently in our newspapers and on television. If you're like most Americans, you're feeling bombarded by Netspeak. Television advertisers, newspapers, and international businesses have jumped on the "Information Superhighway" bandwagon, making the Net more accessible to large numbers of not-entirely-technically-oriented people. As a result, technological vocabulary is entering into non-technological communication. For example, even the archaic UNIX command "grep," (an acronym meaning Get REpeated Pattern) is becoming more widely accepted as a synonym of "search" in everyday communication. The argument rages as to whether Netspeak is merely slang, or a jargon in and of itself. The language is emerging based loosely upon telecommunications vocabulary and computer jargons, with new derivations and compounds of existing...
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The chassis of a race car has a number of functions that are required of it. It must act as a framework from which major components such as the engine, suspension, steering and axles can be mounted and held together in place. The chassis must be strong enough to take suspension loadings with minimal deflection and the inertial forces of heavy components together with aerodynamic forces, braking forces and torque reaction forces. All of this to be done while combining the greatest possible torsional rigidity with minimal weight. The Formula 750 chassis has many good design features along with a few things that I feel require modification. The chassis is constructed of box section steel in two sizes. Inch box is used for most of the chassis but 2inch box has been used for the lower chassis members. This is very important as the lower chassis members of a vehicle are put into a lot of tension from the bending forces imposed upon them. These forces are even more considerable in an open top car. The sills have got to support the forces of the engine and driver between the front and rear axles. For this reason larger section box is used and as the bending resistance of box section increases with the cube of the distance from the centre, if you double the size of the box the bending resistance increases by a factor of eight. This larger section box however, is not consistent with the inch box that is used for mounting the engine on. Although the engine is relatively light I would recommend using the larger section. Also these rails are butted up to the larger section box and welded. Although the weld is strong, the area around the weld is weakened and due to the inertial and torque reaction...
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The Vietnam War was a war for independence in Vietnam, the north lead by Ho Chi Minh, the south led by Ngo Dinh Diem. In 1954 an international conference decided that Vietnam must be divided into two north and south. At the beginning America was not involved in the war between north and south Vietnam, it wasn't until 1961 when a U.S. boat was attacked in the gulf of Tonkin. The President ordered the military to attack back to prevent further aggression. History: Artillery is a term used to describe large weapons or a branch of the army that implies these weapons. There are four main types of artillery there are large guns such has a M60, mortars, howitzers, and rocket launchers. This weapons are mounted onto boats, aircraft, and tanks. When America joined the war helicopters were used for medical evacuation because there were very few landing spots in Vietnam . Helicopters can land and takeoff vertically that was a real advantage when there was an emergency . When the helicopters were converted into gun ships there maneuverability came in handy when it was under heavy fire , or when they were picking up soldiers near an enemy area. There were many types of helicopters the different types would be armed differently. The AH-1 Cobra would be modified to hold a certain amount of a certain type of ammunition. One of its armaments modifications were to hold a 20mm cannon with 750 rounds and TOW guided missiles with 4 rounds . The second was 20mm cannon 750 with rounds and 2.75 unguided rockets with 14 rounds. The third was 20mm cannon with750 rounds and TOW guidied missiles with 8 rounds. This were the three devisting modifications. Opinion: I think the helicopters were very useful during the Vietnam War especially when bombing bases and evacuating...
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Ever since the dawn of time man has found new ways of killing each other. The most destructive way of killing people known to man would have to be the atomic bomb. The reason why the atomic bomb is so destructive is that when it is detonated, it has more than one effect. The effects of the atomic bomb are so great that Nikita Khrushchev said that the survivors would envy the dead (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, 1982). These devastating physical effects come from the atomic bomb's blast, the atomic bomb's thermal radiation, and the atomic bomb's nuclear radiation. An atomic bomb is any weapon that gets its destructive power from an atom. This power comes when the matter inside of the atoms is transformed into energy. The process by which this is done is known as fission. The only two atoms suitable for fissioning are the uranium isotope U-235 and the plutonium isotope Pu-239 (OutlawLabs). Fission occurs when a neutron, a subatomic particle with no electrical charge, strikes the nucleus of one of these isotopes and causes it to split apart. When the nucleus is split, a large amount of energy is produced, and more free neutrons are also released. These neutrons then in turn strike other atoms, which causes more energy to be released. If this process is repeated, a self-sustaining chain reaction will occur, and it is this chain reaction that causes the atomic bomb to have its destructive power (World Book, 1990). This chain reaction can be attained in two different ways. The first type of atomic bomb ever used was a gun-type. In this type two subcritical pieces of U-235 are placed in a device similar to the barrel of an artillery shell. One piece is placed at one end of...
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The Infamous Watergate Scandal "The Watergate Complex is a series of modern buildings with balconies that looks like filed down Shark's Teeth" (Gold, 1). Located on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. it contains many hotel rooms and offices. What happened in the complex on June 17, 1972 early in the morning became a very historical event for our nation that no one will ever forget. The "Watergate Scandal" and constitutional crisis that began on June 17, 1972 with the arrest of five burglars who broke into the Democratic National Committee (DMC) headquarters at the Watergate office building in Washington D.C. It ended with the registration of President Richard M. Nixon on August 9, 1974. (Watergate) At approximately 2:30 in the morning of June 17, 1972 five men were arrested at the Watergate Complex. The police seized a walkie talkie, 40 rolls of unexposed film, two 35 millimeter cameras, lock picks, pensized teargas guns, and bugging devices. (Gold, 75) These five men and two co-plotters were indicated in September 1972 on charges of burglary, conspiracy and wire tapping. Four months later they were convicted and sentenced to prison terms by District Court Judge John J. Sercia was convinced that relevant details had not been unveiled during the trial and offered leniency in exchanged for further information. As it became increasingly evident that the Watergate burglars were tied closely to the Central Intelligence Agency and the Committee to re-elect the president. (Watergate) Four of these men, that were arrested on the morning of June 17, 1972, came from Miami, Florida. They were Bernard L. Barker, Frank A. Sturgis, Virgillio R. Gonzalez, and Eugenio R. Martinez. The other man was from Rockville, Maryland named James W. McCord, Jr. The two co-plotters were G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt. (Watergate) The senate established and investigative committee headed...
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The Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 helped bring about the demise of the aristocratic Federalist Government in favor of the democratic Republican Government, concerned with the needs of all of its citizens. The new country of the United States of America suffered many growing pains in trying to balance its commitment to liberty with the need for order. How much control is enough and what will be too much? After the Revolutionary War, the country purposely did not have a strong central government (that's what we fought against with the British). The states did as they pleased because the Articles of Confederation in 1781 gave them every power, jurisdiction and right not expressly delegated to the Continental Congress. Congress had no power to tax, regulate commerce, draft troops, or enforce foreign treaties. It was mainly a friendly overseer: thus the expression "the Do-Nothing Congress." Each state considered itself sovereign, free and independent, and easterners and westerners were separated by geography as well as their own concerns. To make matters worse, Spain and Britain were wreaking havoc along our borders. British troops, violating the Treaty of Paris, refused to vacate their garrisons along the Great Lakes; Spain, who held New Orleans, closed the Mississippi River to American shipping below Nachez and actively encouraged American settlers to break away from the Union and establish relations with them; Westerners in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia and Pennsylvania were subjected to attacks by marauding Indians (often instigated by the Spanish and British). Congress did not have the power to send troops for defense or protection, and the easterners in these states were too busy with politics to worry about their western frontiersmen. Consequently, the westerners did as they pleased with no regard to the laws the easterners made. States had the power to levy taxes. Massachusetts imposed hefty taxes to...
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The play written by Henrik Ibsen entitled, Hedda Gabler, focuses on the distress of the main character of Hedda and the conditions of her life that drive her to her own death. At the end of this Ibsen play Hedda Gabler, Hedda kills herself. The protagonist of the play has several reasons for wanting to end her own life. One of the main reasons Hedda reveals for taking her own life is the fact that she is not happy with her living conditions, mainly seen through the circumstances of her life and her surroundings. Hedda's unhappiness seems to come from not having fulfilled her wishes and the source of her discontent is her sense of dissatisfaction with her perception of a lack of accomplishments. Hedda even goes so far as to tell Judge Brack that she did not marry George Tesman because she loved him, but because her time was up, and she needed to make a match. She confesses and confides in the judge about her marriage. Hedda went ahead and married Tesman not for love, but because she felt an obligation to settle down with a lifelong companion once and for all. The setting in which this play took place implies some of the preconceptions for the play. In the past, a stable marriage was a necessity for any type of respectable woman. So if Hedda ever wanted to be accepted into the society in which she lived, she would have to get married to a respectable man before she got too old. The stage setting at the live performance foreshadows the subsequent events of the play. The setting in which Hedda is surrounded by and lives makes it almost obvious that she would eventually take her own life due to the depressing atmosphere. Interestingly though, in the...
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God has graced mankind with countless attributes that can be portrayed as minor or major roles in one's daily walk. Among these features are ambition and hope. Ambition, defined as an eagerness or strong desire to achieve something, relates significantly to motivation, an act of movement toward a goal. Hope, a confidence and trust that something will take place, is extensively used when ambition and motivation are of topic. Victor Hugo, a French novelist during the eight-hundreds, adeptly and cleverly exercises ambitions and aspirations, hopes and dreams and motivations throughout his later written novels, such Les Misérables. In Les Misérables a single glimpse into each character's life, such as Jean Val Jean, the main character, or Cosette, Jean Valjean's daughter, illustrates progression. Hints of greed, love, and sacrifice can be traced far into each man's struggle within himself and with man. Each character uses their attributes to gain and over come their obstacle. Victor Hugo is known to be one of the greatest leaders of the French Romantic Movement, which sought independence from the conservative limitations of the classical style. Hugo's works convey his indignation at social injustices and human affliction. Hugo knew how to write effectively and with simplicity of the common joys and sorrows of the average man and woman. Les Misérables covers a time span of more than twenty years—from the fall of the first Napoleon to the revolts of a generation later. Jean Valjean, a convict of unusual strength, originally sentenced to five years in prison for stealing a loaf of bread for his sister's starving family. Attempts to escape have kept him in the galleys for nineteen years before he is released in 1815. Police inspector Javert is sure he will be back, for his passport proclaiming him an ex-convict, keeps him for getting a job or...
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Georgia O'Keefe is a renowned artist with her intelligent use of color and her interesting subject matter. Though she painted many things, her main focus seemed to be flowers in detail. I had the exciting experience of getting to view a special exhibition of her works at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor. One of my favorite things about Georgia's works is her use of color in all of them. In Oriental Poppies (1928) she uses brilliant reds and oranges that make the poppies pop out to the viewer. In another painting called Fish hook from Hawaii No. 1(1937), she uses pastel colors. These make the viewer feel the serene tropical setting in which the fish hook has been placed. Georgia's goal was to show people what they do not have a chance to observe at first glance. She painted the details that people had to look very closely to see by enlarging the item to a viewer. As a part of her exhibit they had photographs by her famous husband Stieglitz. He took numerous pictures of Georgia and of her hands. They also had other pphotographers that seemed to have taken pictures of the same things that Georgia painted. I especially like the grandiose of Ansel Adam's Granite Slabs, High sierra(1935) and the detail in weston's Cabbage Leaf(1931). Seeing this exhibit was very educational and interesting. Seeing the work in person struck me much stronger than otherwise and I know many other people thought so too - it was very crowded. : )...
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Richard Billingham has established himself as one of the quintessential British artists of the 1990's. While in many respects, his aesthetic style remains distinctive from that of other young British artists, his work concerns issues often explored by his contemporaries. In this essay, I will discuss a selection of what I believe to be his most interesting and definative photographs, in addition to a comparison of Billingham's work, ideology, and myth with those of principal yBa's. The son of an unemployed mechanic and an obese housewife, Richard Billingham was born in 1970 near Birmingham, England. He received his Bachelor of Arts in Fine Arts in 1994 from the University of Sunderland, where as an undergraduate, he took the photographs that have become his best-known works. These large, colorful, energetic and uniformly untitled prints were taken over a period of seven years and compiled into a photoessay entitled Ray's a Laugh. These same images were included in numerous gallery and museum exhibitions, including MoMA's "New Photography" exhibition in 1996, and the infamous "Sensation" exhibit at the Royal Academy in 1997 and at the Brooklyn Museum of Art in 1999. Originally intended to serve as studies for paintings, photographed with an ordinary auto-focus camera, and developed at the local drug store, Billingham did not consider himself much of a "photographer" and was largely unconcerned with the technical formality of photography: "In all these photographs I never bothered with things like the negatives. Some of them got marked and scratched. I just used the cheapest film and took them to be processed at the cheapest place. I was just trying to make order out of chaos." Accordingly, this lax method has not gone unnoticed by Billingham's critics: "Almost every rule of photography is badly broken: pictures are out of focus, over-exposed, printed with a grain so visible...
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