. Federalism: Constitutional arrangement where by power is divided by a constitution between a national governament and constituent governments, called states in the United States. The national and the constituent governents both exercise direct authority over individuals. 2. Plurality: In a contest of more than two choices, the number of votes cast for the winning choice if this number is not more than one half of the total votes cast. 3. Head of State: Is the person who represents the government or country in acts such as funerals, greeting ammbassadors. An example of such a person is the Queen in the british monarchy. 4. Judicial Review: The power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government regulation that in the opinion of the judges conflicts with the Constitution. 5. Unitary Government: characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority; "a unitary as opposed to a federal form of government" 6. Tony Blair: Prime minister of Brittain from 1997 to present, known in British papers as the "American Poodle." 7. Delegated Powers: 8. Proportional Representation: An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote. Also the opposite of plurality. 9. Conservative: a political party in Great Britain which developed from the Tories in the 1830s. They favor regulation of the economy and favors local or state action over governmental action. 10. Minister: A high officer of state appointed to head an executive or administrative department of government. 1. Describe three ways the American Congress is checked by the other two government branches. One way that the American congress is checked by the other government branches is the power of the judicial branch over the legislative branche. The method that the judicial branche checks is by ruling the laws...
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Chapter 11 Election of 1800-211,212- Jefferson won the election in a close tally. The Election of 1800 was revolutionary because of the peaceful and orderly transfer of power on the basis of an election whose results all parties accepted. 12th Amendment-211,212- Through a technicality in the 1800 election the presidential candidate and Burr, his vice presidential running mate received the same number of electoral votes for the presidency. Under the Constitution the tie could be broken only by the House of Representatives. The 12th amendment reconstructed this technicality. "We are all Republicans we are all Federalists"- Was Jefferson's key statement in his inaugural speech in 1800 which meant that even though we are from separate political parties we are all still citizens of the U.S and overall we have the same goal of bettering the nation for years to come. Hamiltonian System-194- Hamilton's plan was to shape the fiscal policies of the administration in such a way as to favor the wealthier groups, they in favor would lend the government monetary and moral support. Hamilton needed confidence from the people so we urged Congress to "fund" the entire national debt at par which was $54 million. Hamilton also wanted to shift the attachment of wealthy creditors from the states to the federal government, which would chain the states more tightly to the federalist cause. In order to get additional revenue Congress made an excise tax on domestic items notably whiskey. It was now 7 cents a gallon. Overall the Hamiltonian System was Hamilton's system to get the U.S out of debt. Judiciary Act of 1801-216- The Judiciary Act of 1801 was one of the last laws passed by the Federalists. The Act created sixteen new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. Midnight Appointments-216- President Adams remained at his desk until nine o'clock in the evening of...
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The Freedom of the city is a nice play where there are three xchractaters locked in the guildhall trying to escape the british and the soldiers on the march/ its very sad to see the poor society in the 1970's that Lily, Michael and Skinner live in. their poverty stricken lifestye is hard to endure. Lily has eleven children and lives in a very small apartment. she is without many basic commodities and she is very positive about hder life and her children/ she is the sole breadwinner and she is very fair to her family. she looks after both michael and skinner who are younger and has a maternal instict. its skinner who is aware of their fate before they leave the guoldhall to confront the soldiers. life is about enjoyment in the mayor's chamber. Micheal is very scared of the british aristocracy and believes that justice and freedom are attainable through good behaviour and by protestuing silently. it is set in derry otherwise known as Londonderry ireland and is based on the events of Bloody sunday where thirteen unarmed demonstrators were shot by the British police after a public protest for human rights. the play is written by brian friel and he has included the additional perspective of Dodds and the Judge in the judicial ionquiryr asdhsdfglwdg sdgulsdgfsdfl sdulsdfgu;ds; sduiosdghwe; sdueu sueu the yes and yes the and yes thanklu. the three do not achiev justice and equality through their protest and lily marches for declan. the the the freedom of the city is a play by brian friel and is set in Ireland during the civil rights protests...
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Prior to the arrival of Europeans in Canada, the area was inhabited by various peoples who came from Asia via the Bering Strait more than 10,000 years ago. The Vikings landed in Canada c.AD 1000. Their arrival is described in Icelandic sagas and confirmed by archaeological discoveries in Newfoundland. John Cabot , sailing under English auspices, touched the east coast in 1497. In 1534, the Frenchman Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the Gaspé Peninsula. These and many other voyages to the Canadian coast were in search of a northwest passage to Asia. Subsequently, French-English rivalry dominated Canadian history until 1763. The first permanent European settlement in Canada was founded in 1605 by the sieur de Monts and Samuel de Champlain at Port Royal (now Annapolis Royal , N.S.) in Acadia . A trading post was established in Quebec in 1608. Meanwhile the English, moving to support their claims under Cabot's discoveries, attacked Port Royal (1614) and captured Quebec (1629). However, the French regained Quebec (1632), and through the Company of New France (Company of One Hundred Associates), began to exploit the fur trade and establish new settlements. The French were primarily interested in fur trading. Between 1608 and 1640, fewer than 300 settlers arrived. The sparse French settlements sharply contrasted with the relatively dense English settlements along the Atlantic coast to the south. Under a policy initiated by Champlain, the French supported the Huron in their warfare against the Iroquois; later in the 17th cent., when the Iroquois crushed the Huron, the French colony came near extinction. Exploration, however, continued. In 1663, the Company of New France was disbanded by the French government, and the colony was placed under the rule of a royal governor, an intendant, and a bishop. The power exercised by these authorities may be seen in the...
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The road to liberty was a rocky one for the United States of America. A revolutionary war decided the fate of this nation. The colonists won the war, not only with the help of weapons and fighting, but also with the aid of great minds such as Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Thomas Paine, and others. Those founding fathers of America were able to convince the people in the colonies that a revolution was needed and that without one the nation would not progress any further, and eventually would reach a downfall. With the help of essays, documents, speeches, and pamphlets they achieved their goal and an army was organized. Thanks to them the people in the colonies knew why they were fighting the redcoats. They gave the settlers a will to fight for a new nation. Patrick Henry's "Speech in the Virginia Convention," Thomas Paine's "Common Sense," and Thomas Jefferson's "Declaration of Independence" all had a common purpose. Their purpose was to convince the colonists that a war was inevitable, to explain why the colonists should fight the British, and to give the reasons for breaking away from the British Empire. In the speech to Virginia Convention, Patrick Henry stated that America had been trying to peacefully separate from Britain for ten years, but all the British Crown did was accumulate soldiers and navies around or on the territory of the American colonies. Patrick Henry explained that all this aggression from the British was purposely forced towards America. He said, "They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry has been so long forging." To show that America tried to negotiate a peaceful separation, Patrick Henry, who was a very talented speaker, presented many arguments that show that Britain was avoiding all petitions, did...
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Hobbies Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lusky because your life becomes more interesting. Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making things, collecting things and learning things. The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activites, eveerything from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball. Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It's a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses. Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a new hobby but it's becoming more and more popular. Making things includes drawing, painting, designing. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, books, records, postcards. Some collections become so large that they are housed in museums and galleries. Snowboarding is also a way of life, with its own equipment, style, music, clothing and even language. Youth problems All people nowadays have problems and young people are not an exception. Perhaps they have even more. First of all teenagers want to show they're different so they react not only against their parents, but against their older brothers and sisters too. This kind of situation is unfortunately quite common. Young people are in some way lost. We live in difficult times and sometimes they have a rather negative view of life. They keep trying to find ways to enjoy themselves. Although everybody know drugs are dangerous there are many teenagers who have become addicted to them. Some young people take drugs because they help them feel good, some because they lonely or they want to escape from their problems. In my...
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Gulliver's Travels Coursework - From your study of Gulliver's Travels. Show how Swift Uses Language for Satiric Purpose, to 'lash the vice' he Finds in the World. Gulliver's Travels may have been seen as an adventure story by a few misguided individuals, but it is a satirical novel. Swift wrote the book in order to allow people to understand the overall tribulations that were in the British government and British society at the time and to comment on the blemishes of the human race in general. These ranged from hypocrisy to down right pettiness and stupidity. Swift achieved these things through the wonderful use of satire. The novel is a compilation of four books, where in each book, Gulliver lands on a different island with a different or otherwise similar race of creatures or people. This landing on different islands allows Gulliver's perspective to be changed continuously from book to book. Through his perspective changing, Swift uses satire where his objections to the British government and / or the overall human kind come into view. What emphasizes the satirical points is the fairly emotionless language that is used in each book. The reason it emphasizes the points, is because of the style in which it is written, forces us as readers to realize or comprehend problems with the statement, opinion or description that Gulliver makes or otherwise made by someone else. In Part I, where Gulliver arrives on Lilliput by shipwreck, he is taken prisoner on the beach by a civilization of six inch tall people who believe themselves to be the most powerful nation in the world. Gulliver comes to see these people of course, as petty and stupid. What Swift is satirizing in this part of book is the pettiness of the Britain its officials and its patrons. Swift is...
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On this day, one hundred and fifty years ago, a boy discovered the great achievement of the internal combustion engine. This engine burned fuel in order to power its main purpose of operation. The British boy knew only one thing, that the world would never be the same. At the same time America was making its own advancements in crop tending and manufacturing raw materials. During the 19th century many people started to evolve economically. The Industrial Revolution, which started in Britain, made advancements that we know and use today. Many differences between America's Industrial Revolution and Britain's revolution still effect people today. Britain became the most depended on country on earth along with America at the turn of the 18th century. The similarities; however, between America's revolution and Britain's were all social and economical. The first reason the Industrial Revolution started in Britain is because Britain needed a more effective ways of manufacturing its products. America was the answer; America was made of natural resources and other goods that would help Britain. America would sell its goods to Britain and would profit off the sell. The British in turn resold the manufactured goods to America, and profited from the colonists. The British made millions of dollars off the Americans, in effect bankrupting them. The British also supplied more jobs to the public at low pay and long hours. The British merchants turned on the laborers and forced them to work in dangerous environments. The American Industrial revolution was quite the same. The revolution started much later and had a bigger impact on the economy. Like the British revolution, more jobs were available and the population was growing. In both countries labor unions were forming in order to protect the laborers. Congress allowed labor unions as long as they side with Congress on...
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The Blair-Hitch Project "When people decided not to confront fascism, they were doing the popular thing, they were doing it for good reasons and they were good people… but they made the wrong decision." This is Tony Blair suggesting that Saddam Hussein is as much of a threat to world democracy as Adolf Hitler, but how much of a threat is Saddam Hussein to Britain. It is true that he is a cruel dictator who has a blatant disregard for human rights, but it is unlikely he has yearnings for universal conquest and world domination as Adolf Hitler proved he did. It has not been categorically proven that Iraq possesses weapons of mass destruction; Iraq however does possess weapons which could be deemed 'unpleasant', weapons which ironically were 'acquired' from Britain and America. The USA sold Iraq anthrax, West Nile Virus and Botuliniol Toxin in the 1980s. United Nations weapons inspectors have revealed certain weapons but so far, even these reports are not conclusively damning. Since the last gulf war in 1991 Saddam Hussein's 'progress' as a world dictator has been forcefully controlled by international force. On Friday 28th February 2003 Hans Blix, the UN's chief weapons inspector stated that Iraq had promised to destroy their illegal Samoud II missiles which he optimistically declared to be "a very significant piece of real disarmament." Even to the most cynical observer, this reveals a certain degree of uncharacteristic co-operation on Saddam's part in a probable effort to avoid war. However amongst these cynics Mr George W Bush and Mr Tony Blair refuse to be accounted for. Tony Blair, the prime minister of the democratic United Kingdom continues to ignore these gestures. Accused of being America's Poodle, Tony Blair attacked this argument by saying "I believe in it (the war). I am truly committed to dealing with this, irrespective of...
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15th of February, it was the most historic moment in my life. Once the British surrendered, the survivors of war were living a different life altogether. Not only we were deprived of our daily needs, we were also starved of our human liberty and rights. As a 13-year-old boy, I could not make out of the war. Peace was always in my mind. When I heard of the news that Pearl Harbor was bombed, disappointment and a feeling of doom overcame me. What could a 13-year-old student of St. Joseph's Institution do about this? However, the war quickly passed, the horrors would still remain. 16th of February, it was a silent morning. Singapore, or Syonan, was silent. The whole colony was filled with grief, anger, disappointment and fear. How could their so-called masters fail them? The British who was so mighty in their eyes lost to the Japanese and deserted them. I was on my way to school when I heard someone speaking with a loudspeaker in the direction of my school. "Listen everybody, from next week onwards the students in this school must stop school. This building would be used as a screening center. The teachers must find other jobs. Follow orders or…" as the Japanese officer spoke, one of my school master, Brother Lampard, rushed forward and tried to stab the officer using a knife. Everyone at the area was breathless. The officer was dumbfounded and confused. Brother Lampard pierced the knife through his gut. The officer collapsed, before the Japanese soldiers nearby shot the courageous man with their bayonets. Brother Lampard fell dead. The soldiers then stabbed him several times with their deadly weapons. The bystanders were shocked at this gruesome sight. At that moment, something changed my feelings. I was weakened, psychologically and mentally. I was practically under the control of...
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