Applying ergonomics in the workplace has been in existence since the 19th century. It has helped many employers and employees reduce the risk of injury and provide a safe work environment. The meaning of ergonomics comes from two different Greek words and it is often described as relating work equipment with the way employees demand them. The history on ergonomics goes back into the 19th century by Frederick Taylor. Employers benefit from ergonomics in the workplace as well as employees. Research and the readings on ergonomics have made me realize how important it is to apply it in the workplace. Ergonomics has made an enormous difference in the workplace. Ergonomics comes from these two words: "Ergon" which means work and "Nomoi" which means natural laws. Ergonomics is defined as the study of human capabilities in relationship to work demands. Ergonomics introduces methods that help reduce the risk of injury in the workplace. Employees are often unaware of different ways to prevent injury; applying ergonomics in the workplace will introduce several methods that help the employees reduce the risk of injury. The most common injuries at the workplace are eyestrain, lower back pain and arm and hand pain. Ergonomics in the workplace started when a man named Frederick W. Taylor decided to complete a series of studies, which included the improvement of work situations. Taylor was interested in scientific management; therefore, he experimented in different methods on how comfortable workers are and how efficiently they worked with the type of equipment they are provided with. After observing the issues in the workplace, he created a series of theories which eventually turned into "Taylorism". Ergonomics in the workplace is beneficial to the employers. Applying ergonomics in the workplace decreases the injury risk with employees. Employees are at risk at work everyday, but having the correct...
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Why it is important to you to be able to write good reports? Writing business documents is more than putting words on paper. It is a final stage in the complex process of communicating that begins with "thinking." It is very important to me to be able to write good reports because in my opinion academicians and business people view writing skills as very crucial. Writing skills can be the ticket to a better job and successful career. In a labor force full of ordinary writers, someone who writes well and knows how to write business reports is bound to stand out and succeed. I believe that creating written documents reveals my business skills and my personality. My writing tells the reader about my educational background, pride in my work, and business expertise. The emergence of the paperless office, e-mail, the Internet and web pages only increases the power of the written word. Any company with employees who can write clear and concise reports has a competitive edge over others who are still struggling to communicate. In this day of computers with spell and grammar check, it is so easy to let business writing skills lapse. However, by taking business writing classes each student should take advantage of learning how to write business reports so the reader can get as much of the information from reports as possible. In addition, writing reports helps to keep writing simple and current. Reports play a major role among written communications. In addition, reports are vital in today's business operations; therefore, knowing how to write reports for our executives is very crucial because in a business environment communication often needs to be done in writing. Does a person who conducts a one-person business need to know how to write a report for business purposes? A 10-person business? Fifty? One hundred? In...
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Narration is one of the most important aspects of Chronicle of a death foretold and Akhenaten. The two novels are similar because they both have surreal, journalistic and investigative approaches but they differ because in the Chronicle of a Death Foretold, the story is very repetitive since the death of Santiago Nasar is very imminent. Both the stories interview characters who somehow had links with both the protagonist as well as the antagonist. In Akhenaten, each chapter is based on one particular character with others not interfering. While in the Chronicle of a Death Foretold, the information is given very explicitly. In the Chronicle of a Death Foretold, the unnamed narrator's use of repetition confounds the journalistic agenda that the general style of the book seems to engender. The text seems to constitute a sort of ritual repetition of the crime. The narrator states over and over that Santiago Nasar is going to be killed; to be exact, he tells this fact in the very first line; " On the day that they were going to kill him, Santiago Nasar got up at five thirty in the morning to wait for the boat the Bishop was coming on" (1). The discourse of the novel clashes with its alleged end: to shed light on the death of Santiago Nasar. What the text in the chronicle does is to re-enact the death rather than to ever satisfactorily explain it unlike Akhenaten where the agenda was how the pharaoh was killed. The story was repeated by other exaggerations and some with anger. All the characters interviewed by Meriamum had different views on Akhenaten but they all pleaded to be innocent. Both the novels are from a first person's point of view; but the age and the lifestyles of the narrators differ from very young and immature to...
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America is the stereotype for countries wounded by salutary neglect and looking to set themselves free. All countries do not decide to become separate from their mother overnight, it is a long, drawn-out process that requires many actions and reactions, plus unity and nationalism. The American Colonies were strained to the limit before they became one to battle injustice. England had put forth too many acts and duties against its American colonies for them not to rebel. For example, the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was introduced by the British Prime Minister George Grenville and passed by the British Parliament in 1765 as a means of raising revenue in the American colonies. The Stamp Act required all legal documents, licenses, commercial contracts, newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards to carry a tax stamp. The act extended to the colonies the system of stamp duties then employed in Great Britain and was intended to raise money to defray the cost of maintaining the military defenses of the colonies. Passed without debate, it aroused widespread opposition among the colonists, who argued that because they were not represented in Parliament, they could not legally be taxed without their consent. Opposition culminated in the convening of the Stamp Act Congress to consider organized means of protesting against the tax, a joining of American forces for the good of the colonies. Colonial businessmen agreed to stop importing British goods until the act was repealed, and trade was substantially diminished. Refusal to use the stamps on business papers became common, and the courts would not enforce their use on legal documents. The Stamp Act helped enflame the fire burning in American bodies of independence. Richard Henry Lee wrote to Arthur Lee in 1774, (Document C) saying "The wicked violence of the Ministry is so clearly expressed, as...
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There are multiple causes behind the problem the bank is experiencing with a high turnover rate among tellers. One primary cause is an inadequate hiring process. The current hiring process is focused on filling open positions and not on hiring qualified individuals who represent the aspects necessary to succeed as a teller. While the bank has standards for hiring tellers, the standards are not high enough to insure only qualified candidates obtain the open positions. Further, the hiring process overlooks the necessity of defining and analyzing candidates' personalities during the hiring process. A teller position is a position that interacts with the banks most valuable asset, customers, on a daily basis. A teller represents the bank to its customers and has opportunities to sell the customers on additional bank services. A good candidate should be very people friendly and have basic sales skills. Not all applicants will have these characteristics but by analyzing applicants' personalities during the hiring process, the bank can improve the odds of successfully filling the open teller positions and retaining more tellers. The bank cannot control the factors that make up individuals' personalities such as hereditary forces, family relationship forces, social class and other group membership forces and cultural forces (126 Text) but it can find candidates whose personalities will better mesh with the teller position. The bank needs a specific individual who represents a specific mix of the Big Five Personality model. The ideal candidate will be very extroverted and like situations with a good deal of social interaction. They will also have high emotional stability that will help them deal reduce the stress levels associated with the teller position. They will be very agreeable so they can develop and maintain good interpersonal relationships. They must be rather conscientious because of the level of organization...
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History has shown that developing countries face many obstacles, one of which is disease. Diseases have had devastating effects on civilizations. The Roman Empire, Great Britain, China, and The United States all have had historical plagues that have killed thousands. The diseases that were so devastating to our past civilizations can now be seen in new civilizations, but in other forms. In the world today, nations like the United States and Great Britain have developed to a level where disease can be fought and prevented. Unfortunately, other nations have yet to develop to such a level. Even with treatment from other nations many nations still cannot afford the treatment needed. But, as millions die in South Africa each year, who is socially responsible or more importantly, who is going to pay for it? The South African government appears to be the reason for much of their problems. The South African government has failed at any attempt to stop their epidemic and has resisted their need for help. Since the South African government has neglected its own people outside measures appear to be needed. This has left the social responsibility to the world. The costs and efforts of this battle are tremendous and will take years along with billions of dollars to fight. In order to take on such a battle nations will need to unite and fight as one. Organizations like the United Nations and World Health Organization have already started this battle. With the support from pharmaceutical companies and their nations, the battle can be won. In doing so, the needs of all the groups must be considered. No burden should be left on the shoulders of any single entity. Pharmaceutical companies appear to be willing to cut the costs of their drugs to a rate that is not beneficial for them,...
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The most common Internet activity is e-mail. E-mail in its present form will never put the U.S. Post Office out of business, because of its lack of emotion. E-mail is widely used. It is as a way of keeping track of friends one would not normally relate to on a regular basis. This can be viewed as a largely positive phenomenon. Keeping in touch via e-mail is like having a pen pal without the deliberate act of sitting down to write a letter, licking envelopes, finding stamps, and going to the post office. Aside from its convenience, e-mail is a somewhat impersonal way of keeping in touch with friends and relatives. Businesses use e-mail as a quick and easy way of keeping in contact with clients on a regular basis. It is less obtrusive than phone calls or voice mail. Follow-up or "after-thought" e-mail is less of an intrusion to customers than a second phone-call or voice message. Business thrives on push-button database contacts for marketing sales and finance. E-mail can also be an excellent form of inter-office communication, an alternative to memo writing. It is the detached nature of e-mail that makes it less professional than a personal letter or "business lunch." Online greeting cards are less personal than tangible forms of birthday greetings and Christmas cards. Electronic cards are acceptable but are not a replacement for close relatives' and friends' birthday card greetings. Compared to the satisfaction one gains in receiving a birthday card in the mail or handed a congratulation letter for a job well done, e-mail is better reserved for more simple types of greetings. While it does have benefits, e-mail cannot replace closer human contacts. A very popular form of online communication that many people find entertaining is chatting. Chat rooms are a way of talking to strangers from...
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The purpose of this paper is to develop an e-Operations plan for Prehistoric Computers. As we have mentioned on previous papers, technology, when used effectively, can provide any given organization the necessary tools to succeed in today’s competitive business world. In this paper we will going to be focusing on two specific technologies that I’m certain will help Prehistoric Computers achieve its primary goal: increase its sales by 200%. The two technologies are:
- Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
- Supply Chain Management (SCM)
Customer Relationship Management (CRM)Customers are the basis of any organization, and Prehistoric Computers is no exception to that rule. So as management, should be able to answer questions such as the followings, how can we improve customer satisfaction? What are customers looking for? Who are Prehistoric Computer’s customers? How does our customers view Prehistoric Computers? These are just a sample of questions that a technology such as CRM can help us answer. It can not only answer these questions, but can answer them in an intelligent and practical way. Knowing the preferences of our customers will position Prehistoric Computers above the competition. But we have to be very clear that this doesn’t mean that the technology will provide Prehistoric Computers a magic formula to boost its sales. There is going to be a lot of work no matter which CRM software vendor we choose. For example, we need to have very clear which kind of information we need and for what purpose. Too little...
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XML | Applications for Business Process Analysis & DesignXML | Applications for Business Process Analysis & DesignTechnology
Introduced in 1996, Extensible Markup Language (XML) was initially intended to function in the place of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) as the standard format used to define online document structure (Obasanjo, 2003). These intentions are proving inevitable as business organizations begin to realize the real potential found in the family of XML technologies. Potential in terms of improvement in information management practices measured by a company’s reduction in time and overhead. One such organization that has actually realized these benefits in several facets of their operations is Freightliner, a division of Daimler Chrysler who designs, manufactures, and sells specialized commercial vehicles and will be detailed later (Kotok, 2003). XML has proven to be more than simply an advanced version of HTML. It is helping to create a common language for intra and inter-organizational business processes (Obasanjo, 2003). Several aspects unique to XML set it apart from its parent Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and sibling HTML. These are the same aspects spurring a community of software developers, enterprise leaders, and standards commissions to focus on this budding technology as the lingua franca of document exchange (Geyer, 2003). The meta-language not only defines webpage format but also is actually able to provide descriptions of tabular, structured, and semi-structured data. Network protocols, relational databases, program configuration files, web pages, technical drawings and business documents are all examples of these common data forms found in everyday business operations (Obasanjo, 2003). Like HTML, XML incorporates tags that bracket words and attributes. XML, however, uses these tags to define the data leaving the task of interpretation up to the application employing the data. This undefined vocabulary feature allows extensibility in that industry specific terminology is no longer a programming hurdle as in the past (Bos, 1999). XML applications can easily be tailored to plug in and bridge...
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VCE Accounting Unit 1 Starting a small business By Wendy Zhou 1. Define a small business. A small business is a usually owned by one or two owner, these owner manage and controls the business. The business usually consists of 20 or less employees. 2. What is the difference between a sole trader and a partnership? What are two advantages and two disadvantages of a sole trader and a partnership? Sole trader is a business owned by the one owner whereas a partnership is where two or more owners own the business and the share is spread among the owners. The advantages of a partnership includes a greater amount of money being used while can help them to increase the quality of services and goods. The flexibility of having one owner and therefore it gives the other owners the chance to take time off, so that he or she won't have to worry about his or her business as there are other owner helping to look after the business, also the workload is spread. Some disadvantages included unlimited liabilities, which can cause company failure. Many disagreements concerning the running of the business. The advantages of sole trader included the ability to make your own decisions and therefore giving you all the control and decision-making. This also limits the liabilities. Disadvantages includes the huge amount of responsibilities which the owner holds this enable the owner to have too much flexibility. 3. Expert PC Repairs Pty Ltd is a local small business that repairs computers. What do the letters Pty Ltd tell you about the business? What are two advantages and two disadvantages of starting your small business as a company? The letter Pty Ltd stands for Proprietary Limited, this means that the business is a private company. Starting a small business have many advantages and disadvantages. Some advantages included having full...
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