Ever wondered the reason behind racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, children committing crime or violence? The main reason is that censorship is not properly imposed or there is a need of censorship in the society. Censorship is the suppression of ideas and information that certain people, individual, groups or government officials find it objectionable, offensive or dangerous on others. There are varieties of other definitions but all have in common the concept of withholding information and/or resources from those who seek it. Hence censorship is essential in society to eliminate discrimination on basis of race and sex, protect children, maintain stability and restore what censor sees as lost moral values. Censorship occurs when expressive materials like books, magazines, movies, videos, music or work of art are restricted to particular audiences based on their age or other characteristics. (http://www.ala.org/oif/intellectualfreedeomandcensorship.html) Censorship is not a recent development. It wasn't imposed properly or there weren't strict regulations before. In the article "Hate Radio" by Patricia J. Williams, the writer says that radio was a powerful source of media. It had influenced a lot of people. The power of media can change the course of history. The host on the radio such as Rush Limbaugh and Howard Stern were also influencing a lot of people. The theme was not merely the specific intolerance on hot topics as race and gender, but a much more general contempt for the world, a verbal stoning of anything different. Most of the audience on this radio shows were white and male. Most of the callers have spent their lives walling themselves off from any real experience with blacks, feminists, lesbians or gays. Rush Limbaugh tell his audience "what you believe inside, you can talk about it in the marketplace." Unfortunately what's inside is then mistaken for what's outside, treated empirical and...
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This essay will attempt to discuss the topic of censorship. It will look at the development of censorship in society throughout history. It will also use examples to show the problems in trying to define censorship and also the problems caused when people exercise their freedom of speech but at the same time cause harm to others. After discussing censorship in general the essay will then refer to the censorship of pornography with direct references to Britain. It will express the current laws on pornography and then attempt to show the problems caused by the distribution of pornography. The essay will also talk about the development of new forms of pornography distribution such as cable & satellite television and the Internet and how these new forms affect the distribution of pornography in Britain. One of the most vehemently discussed examples of censorship in Britain is the case of the British National Party (BNP). The BNP are a political party, which strongly believe that the ever-increasing numbers of ethnic minorities are eroding British culture. The party has raised a very heated debate with both sides making valid claims that the party should or should not be banned depending on a particular viewpoint. The case study of the BNP is of key importance to the censorship battle in that it asks the question of whether harmful free speech should be banned and does harmful free speech transform into harmful actions? On the one hand it can be argued that the BNP are a political party much like any other in that they have a recognised headquarters and distinct policies. However, it is these policies and what they allegedly invoke that are the cause of problems. People believe that their policies are wrong but in a free society it is hard to ban opinions. However,...
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Is Censorship Justified? Ever wondered the reason behind racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, children committing crime or violence? The main reason is that censorship is not properly imposed or there is a need of censorship in the society. Censorship is the suppression of ideas and information that certain people, individual, groups or government officials find it objectionable, offensive or dangerous on others. There are varieties of other definitions but all have in common the concept of withholding information and/or resources from those who seek it. Hence censorship is essential in society to eliminate discrimination on basis of race and sex, protect children, maintain stability and restore what censor sees as lost moral values. Censorship occurs when expressive materials like books, magazines, movies, videos, music or work of art are restricted to particular audiences based on their age or other characteristics. (http://www.ala.org/oif/intellectualfreedeomandcensorship.html) Censorship is not a recent development. It wasn't imposed properly or there weren't strict regulations before. In the article "Hate Radio" by Patricia J. Williams, the writer says that radio was a powerful source of media. It had influenced a lot of people. The power of media can change the course of history. The host on the radio such as Rush Limbaugh and Howard Stern were also influencing a lot of people. The theme was not merely the specific intolerance on hot topics as race and gender, but a much more general contempt for the world, a verbal stoning of anything different. Most of the audience on this radio shows were white and male. Most of the callers have spent their lives walling themselves off from any real experience with blacks, feminists, lesbians or gays. Rush Limbaugh tell his audience "what you believe inside, you can talk about it in the marketplace." Unfortunately what's inside is then mistaken for what's...
pages: 5 (words: 1189)
Japanese anime is a visual art style that has become increasingly popular in western culture over the past five decades. The recent explosion of anime shows has caused concern by American parents over the violence and sexual content that is occasionally exhibited in episodes that are loosely edited. Mainstream anime that is heavily edited has also caused pandemonium, mainly by the anime otaku (fan base) in America who are accustomed to viewing anime in its full and unedited form. Even though it is good that parents are concerned about what their children are viewing, I personally believe that anime should have the same right as any other American program to be shown on television, or at least be sold in stores, as an unedited art form. The main reason for the debate over anime content stems from the differences between Japanese and American culture. The Japanese are a bit more lenient as far as censorship goes. The Japanese government adopted most of its constitutional basis ironically from the United States after World War II and strongly exercises a right similar to the First Amendment. Much of the content seen in Japanese media has been lightly, if at all, censored. Only recently has the Japanese government attempted to make laws and obscenity codes concerning child pornography and depiction of pubic hair and genitals (Reyes). The American government, however, has had no clear definition of obscenity. In spite of this, any material that contains objectionable material is usually subject to be censored to some degree. Anime is considered to be a serious art form in Japan, and a good percentage of shows and manga (comic books) are of visual artistry. Many Americans who know little about anime view these shows as strictly cartoons for children, and a lot of the time they are...
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Are movies too outrageous and need to be censored? There are unsupervised children watching and imitating what they observe from movies. There are more violence, sex, and drugs than ever showing in the movies. For various reasons, some citizens agree, and others disagree with the censoring of movies. A reason why many citizens would want movies to be censored is there children are watching them. For example, a few movies have nonstop unnecessary violence throughout the show. A parent would not want his or her under-aged teen exposed to negative type of material. Theaters currently have a rule against young adults entering movies over the rating of "PG-13". The rule requires that no one would be permitted into the theater of a movie that has a rating of "R" without valid identification. Many adolescents negate that rule. An adolescent could ask an adult to buy their ticket, and then watch the movie. If a child sees something they think is "cool", they might imitate what they witnessed. Some of the material they imitate in the movies could harm their self or someone else. On the other hand, some individuals disagree with censoring movies. Many people feel that they are adults and want to view the original movie. Movies could influence a child more than it may an adult. For instance, a movie that is screening an individual killing someone could be influential. In the movie, it may show someone becoming upset to the extent he or she pulls out a gun on someone else. For a child, after watching the movie, they would feel pulling out a gun is the right thing if your upset. Movies do no show the end results of what happens after someone is murdered. As for adults, they would know the consequences and not pull out a...
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Trying to impose censorship on objectionable media outlets is wrong. Artists, developers, and not to mention every citizen of the United States should be protected by the first amendment, and those who aren't ignorant to the Bill of Rights usually are. Taking away this right is unconstitutional. Federal authorities sometimes try to put censors on stuff. This happens when people complain about something being obscene. If an individual thinks the content of an album, movie, website, etc. is objectionable or obscene, they shouldn't view it. They should just sit down, shut up, and find something else for them or their children to do. Perhaps if they got their lazy butts outside once in a while they wouldn't be so worried about what's on TV or in video games. As mentioned, the first amendment of the bill of rights, also known as SPARP, or the Freedom(s) of Speech, Press, Assembly, Religion, and Petition, protects the citizens of the United States by giving them the right to speak or act out for or against what they may choose. This also gives people the right of artistic expression. Music, games, websites, paintings, even showing off lacy under-garments on stage, can all be considered forms of artistic expression. Music artists (atleast the real ones) write, sing, perform, and sometimes dance to their music. Directors make videos for those bands. Once in a while that music may end up in video games and such. So what's the point? All this is just the artistic expression of these creative people. Often times one of the goals for those people is to push the boundaries and explore new extremes of their genres. Harder, faster music, flashier, gorier games, better graphics, sexier videos, all these are created to entertain, but at the same time push the limits of the...
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The topic of pornography is widely controversial, and is deeply rooted into our cultural beliefs and trends. Although pornography has become readily available nowadays, it is an early sexual expression, that appears in almost every culture. The complexity of the subject develops from the individuality of human nature, and therefore the difficulty to withhold a clear definition of what should and what should not be considered pornographic. In general terms, pornography will be defined as any material that depicts erotic behavior and is intended to cause sexual excitement. It can take the form of written, graphic, or oral representations of erotic subjects and is usually divided into two categories: soft-core, in which the erotic material is less explicit; and hard-core, in which the erotic content is more intense. Although in common usage pornography is often associated with obscenity, the latter is a legal term covering anything offensive to public morals, whereas the former refers specifically and exclusively to the erotic content. Although pornography is a longstanding phenomenon, it has become more readily available throughout the last decade. The effect of pornography on society is not yet understood, but to a certain extent, pornography works as a behavioral conditioner and stimulates violence, sexual discrimination, etc. According to recent reports, pornography appeared to be a significant factor in the chain of events leading to abnormal sexual behaviors in 25% of the cases studied. Apparently, it leads to an association between sex and violence which provokes unhealthy attitudes towards the opposite sex and their sexual identities. The fact is, pornography has and is determined to remain as a widely controversial issue over which most people would rather turn a blind eye, in order to avoid the crude reality. Sex, throughout history has been more than merely a method of procreation. Indeed, the human...
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Pornography is tearing apart the very fabric of our society. Yet Christians are often ignorant of its impact and apathetic about the need to control this menace. Pornography is an $8 billion a year business with close ties to organized crime.(1) The wages of sin are enormous when pornography is involved Pornography involves books, magazines, videos, and devices and has moved from the periphery of society into the mainstream through the renting of video cassettes, sales of so-called "soft-porn" magazines, and the airing of sexually explicit movies on cable television. To some, pornography is nothing more than a few pictures of scantily-clad women in seductive poses. But pornography has become much more than just photographs of nude women. Nearly 900 theaters show pornographic films and more than 15,000 "adult" bookstores and video stores offer pornographic material. Adult bookstores outnumber McDonald's restaurants in the United States by a margin of at least three to one. defined pornography as material that "is predominantly sexually explicit and intended primarily for the purpose of sexual arousal." Hard core pornography "is sexually explicit in the extreme, and devoid of any other apparent content or purpose." Another important term is the definition of obscenity. The first type of pornography is adult magazines. These are primarily directed toward an adult male audience (but not exclusively). The magazines which have the widest distribution (e.g., Playboy, Penthouse) do not violate the Miller standard of obscenity and thus can be legally distributed. But other magazines which do violate these standards are still readily available in many adult bookstores. The second type of pornography is video cassettes. These are rented or sold in most adult bookstores and have become a growth industry for pornography. People who would never go into an adult bookstore or theater to watch a pornographic movie will obtain these video cassettes through bookstores or...
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Socialites by day, Deviants by night Charlotte Bronte is a product of her own time, thus, much of what Lawrence criticizes her for is applicable. However, as much as Bronte may have relegated her direct support of the discussion of sex to subtlety and shadows, she was in fact a proponent of the discussion of sexuality and its analysis. In Pornography and Obscenity Lawrence is criticizing Bronte for allowing the sense of pornography to enter her writing. Pornography is defined as: "the depiction of erotic behavior (as in pictures or writing) intended to cause sexual excitement" (Merriam-Webster). When I think of pornography it seems to have an innate negative ring to it, one of indecency or undesirability. Lawrence explains that this definition was created by the puritan relics of the past the ones Lawrence termed the old grey ones who he adamantly maintained belonged "to the last century, the eunuch century, the century of the mealy-mouthed lie, the century that has tried to destroy humanity, the nineteenth century" (Lawrence, 83). Lawrence's new definition for pornography is: "the attempt to insult sex, to do dirt on it" (Lawrence, 74). It is this quality that is unpardonable in his eyes, and it is this type of portrayal of sexuality that he is attributing to Charlotte Bronte's writing in Jane Eyre. So, does Bronte treat sexuality in this degrading way? There certainly are plenty of harsh portrayals of sex and sexuality in general throughout the book. However, one must not fail to take into account the time period and audience to which Bronte wrote. Victorian England was a time and place very far removed from the human emotional and physical reality, it was a land of hypocritical idealism, a land that condemned sexual relations and simultaneously upheld that masturbation was unhealthy and dangerous. In this light one...
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In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in attempts to explain the motivational factors behind his murderous escapades. However, the strongest and most feasible of these theories came not from the psychologists, but from the man himself, "as a teenager, my buddies and I would all sneak around and watch porn. As I grew older, I became more and more interested and involved in it, [pornography] became an obsession. I got so involved in it, I wanted to incorporate [porn] into my life, but I couldn't behave like that and maintain the success I had worked so hard for. I generated an alter-ego to fulfill my fantasies under-cover. Pornography was a means of unlocking the evil I had burried inside myself" (Leidholdt 47). Is it possible that pornography is acting as the key to unlocking the evil in more unstable minds? According to Edward Donnerstein, a leading researcher in the pornography field, "the relationship between sexually violent images in the media and subsequent aggression and . . . callous attitudes towards women is much stonger statistically than the relationship between smoking and cancer" (Itzin 22). After considering the increase in rape and molestation, sexual harassment, and other sex crimes over the last few decades, and also the corresponding increase of business in the pornography industry, the link between violence and pornogrpahy needs considerable study and examination. Once the evidence you will encounter in this paper is evaluated and quantified, it will...
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