1. Introduction In most lower-division university writing or composition courses in Korea, the primary focus is placed on sentence-building techniques. Students learn to practice basic sentence patterns and learn how to express their thoughts in writing. Needless to say, such activities are a fundamental step toward mastering the written English language. When a student has acquired a satisfactory command over the written language, however, he or she can profit further by looking at the composition process from a holistic point of view. In upper-division writing courses, ideally, an important part of class time and the writing task should be devoted to the rhetorical analyses and strategies of writing. Thus the instructor can initiate many activities such as "invention" to stimulate the students' interest and discuss the various writing assignments in depth. In recent composition studies, the significance of "invention" or prewriting exercise is greatly emphasized. Invention is designed to help the writer to choose an appropriate topic, test his or her choice and define its significance to the writer (The St. Martin's Guide to Writing 49). Before writing the essay itself, the writer goes through various steps to ensure that the topic he or she has chosen is the right one and will generate enough material to write a satisfactory paper. Both in the United States and Korea, I have had the opportunity to teach composition courses which dealt with rhetorical and thematic writing problems rather than grammatical ones. Of course, the basic premise of such courses was that the students had already acquired competence in the written English language to the degree that they did not need remedial work. However, I feel that their experiences and the structuring of courses can serve as a guide and a possible heuristic device for upper-division composition courses in Korea as well as abroad. Writing...
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Case Analysis Lori Clouse Comm 215 – Essentials for College Writing Professor Sophie Hsia July 30, 2003 Blue Grocery Store Analysis Arthur Reed, warehouse supervisor for Blue Grocery Stores faces a daunting task each summer. His challenge is to maintain a fully staffed business while accommodating his employees' requests for vacation, as well as with increased occurrences of sick days. This issue is exacerbated by the fact that it is only a three-month timeframe, nothing long term. It is not cost effective or productive to hire additional full time employees. To alleviate this problem outstanding management skills are required. Given a challenging situation such as this, an excellent manager is able to provide a productive environment, and a variety of skills needed to glean the highest level of accomplishments from their employees. Doing this creates a mutually satisfying and fulfilling relationship that brings lasting effects or benefits for both the employer and the employee. In order to minimize or alleviate this recurring problem, it is necessary to consider all sides. First, an employee does have the right to a vacation. It is quite common for vacations to be taken during the summer as children are out of school and the weather is nice. However, the company must be able to meet its needs and those of the consumer. Secondly, the persistent issue of increased sick days. Granted, a company does not want its employees to come to work sick. There is an expectation that if an employee calls in sick, they are truly sick and unable to perform their duties. Where does the heaviest burden lie in solving this problem? Should the employer (Blue Grocery Store), in an effort to maintain the needed workers mandate when employees are able to take their vacations? Should employees be responsible for coordinating their schedules so there are no shifts left...
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Mission Statement We will connect our customers' business needs with the most effective and easy to use computer technology solutions. Pricing Strategy There will be three options to pick from: 1) An hourly rate – typically used during the beginning phase of an installation for gathering requirements and clearly defining deliverables for the complete implementation phase. We will do a preliminary review of general requirements and provide an estimate to the customer of how many hours it will take to complete the analysis or implementation. I am still collecting data on the hourly rates charged in the metropolitan Detroit area for this type of consulting. 2) A fixed price contract – typically used once the deliverables for the systems have been clearly defined and agreed upon. 3) A retainer fee – this approach could follow the implementation of an integrated business systems suite of applications which the owner wants to continue enhancing or monitoring. It could also cover a "production support" type service that would monitor daily, weekly, monthly operations and perform such things as backups and restores. The advantage of a monthly retainer fee or an annual retainer fee paid monthly is the benefit of a steady income as opposed to a fixed price contract for a one-time service. To get the business started and to gain a better idea of the effort involved in the implementation of a suite of integrated applications we would set up two or three businesses for free. This would give us valuable experience, an opportunity to get the "kinks" out, references to put in our advertising, and the potential for positive recommendations from the owners we set up. Price Elasticity Because owners of businesses, both large and small, are very sensitive to costs, a percentage decrease in price could very well result in a greater percentage increase in demand for our services...
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"Not one person telephoned the police during the assault; one witness called after the woman was dead" (Gansberg 86). Martin Gansberg's essay, "Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police," describes a true account of witnesses allowing the death of a neighbor and friend. In this essay Gasberg uses various techniques, including language and tone, to catch the readers attention. Martin Gansberg begins his essay by luring the reader through the use of manipulative techniques: the author attempts to make the reader angry, shows the reader an apathetic public, and also forces the reader to consider what he/she would do. "Chief Inspector Lussen said, "If we had been called when he first attacked, the woman might not be dead now,"" (Gansberg 86). Gansberg's use of this dialogue works specifically to try to make the reader furious. The author then demonstrates how much time elapses and how many times the killer leaves and returns to prove that the woman dies because no one steps in. In addition, Gansberg reveals that Miss Genovese is not a stranger to the witnesses or an unknown neighbor; she is a friend who most knew as Kitty. Still, Gansberg shows an apathetic public by emphasizing that not just one person, but several hear and even watch this heinous crime without making the effort to help. There are no calls to the police and no heroic attempts to aid, simply Gansberg asserts, because no one wants to become involved. ""We went to the window to see what was happening," he said, "but the light from our bedroom made it difficult to see the street." The wife still apprehensive, added: "I put out the light and we were able to see better,""(Gansberg 88). Gansberg's characterization of the couple reveals that they even turn out a light to accommodate their...
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High School Heartaches It seems like today whenever I read about public schools I see the same exact questions or statements. ?What exactly are our children learning in school?? ?Are public schools the right answer?? Finally, the ever popular, ?Low test scores in public schools.? Well I guess you can add two more writers to the list. Casey Banas and Mary Sherry have both written stories about our high schools and the education they provide to their students. Banas wrote an article called, ?Why Are Students Turned Off?? This article is mainly about a woman named Ellen Glanz who became a student for a little while to see how it is like in a high school class. Glanz later reported to Banas on her experience. The other writer, Sherry, entitled her essay ?In Praise of the F Word.? This is mainly about how teachers should start failing students if they do not deserve to pass the course they are enrolled in. The arguments that these two writers bring to the table are interesting, and do need to be taken into some consideration. The two essays agree on three arguments. These arguments consist of problems with the educational system, teachers who need to get the students? attention and the students? future after high school. First and foremost, both essays agree that the educational system has problems. According to Glanz, a high school social studies teacher posing as a student, students did not do that much in order to pass classes or get good grades on tests. Also she found many classes dull and assignments were avoidable. One example on how to maneuver around assignments that Glanz gave was to give an excuse to the teacher for not doing homework assignments and the teacher accepted the excuse with no questions asked. The only option...
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High School, A Realization of its Benefits" Leon Botstein, who penned "High School, an Institution Whose Time Has Passed," stating that high school is all "about cliques and the artificial intensity of a world defined by insiders" (page 472). It is easy to see why Botstein argues that high school is all about the image and fame since people are self-conscious about their status and respect. This is relevant to every high school in the nation and it is like a disease that has been infecting many people throughout generations. For example, the importance of wearing trendy clothing would establish one as a trendsetter. The difference of having on signature garments, like Abercrombie and Fitch, and economical-type of clothing, is the cost and the brand. Abercrombie and Fitch is more of a known company and have higher prices than a company that sells cheap clothing. However, Botstein does not realize that there are still student who would rather be who they are and focus more on their studies than a temporary fad. In this selection, Botstein also starts to highlight the social structure in the school system. He points out "insiders hold sway because of superficial definitions of attractiveness, popularity, and sports prowess" (page 473). The meaning of this statement is well relevant not just in high school, but also generally in this modern society. A student must not be blamed for whoever he/she wants to be, for one is liberated enough to establish an identity. For example, a student whose hobbies include football joins the football team. Many admire him for his remarkable talent. This student should not be condemned of this identity since it was done out of his own capabilities and not for fame. Another of Botstein's interesting points is about the exposure of young students to certain elements outside of...
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Write An Essay: The Writing Process In this paper you will learn how to successfully write an essay by following the writing process. Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell authors of Patterns for College Writing, introduce step-by-step instructions for successfully petting together an essay together. Prewriting is very important in writing an essay because it will help you brainstorm ideas. You can brainstorm by reading journals and diaries. After this it is best to group your ideas. Grouping your ideas helps you to organize your thoughts so the essay has a chronological sequence by either an outline or clustering. Then you have the outline. The outline is the key point in the body paragraphs of the essay. When the outline is completed it is transferred into paragraphs. You also have to know the different sections of an essay such as, the introduction, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion (paraphrasing). The length, audience, and occasion of the topic in which you are writing should be a part of brainstorming and your prewriting (paraphrasing). The length of the essay should be considered. For example: if your teacher tells you to write a two-page essay, you will want to limit the writing and stress mainly on the key factors of the topic. A purpose is how you are going to word what you want to say in the essay (paraphrasing). Do you want to influence the reader to believe your opinion on a particular subject? Is it directed towards customers and are you trying to get them to buy something? These are examples of questions to ask yourself to determine the purpose of the topic in the essay. Next is your audience. Decide what group you are writing the essay to. If you were to write the essay to an employer, you would want...
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Me Talk Pretty One Day By David Sedaris David Sedaris' Me Talk Pretty One Day contains a variety of cynical, witty, and unconventional essays that hold the tone and the reader's interest throughout the book. While describing his timeless scars from the "girlish pitch and excited tone" of his own voice in middle school, to his addictions to pathetic art and methamphetamines, Sedaris offers a view and a voice like none other. Each story is unique and short, each written in different styles while avoiding confusing language, while still making nearly constant references to things that require a more matured life experience. (A few references to the bible and others to politics are not something that every reader can understand.) Stories range from short and punchy, to more journalistic. No chapter is more than twenty pages, and in the brief accounts of his life, he integrates the events leading up to the piece, and often adds the outcome of his outrageous adventure. Although original, nearly every story begins with an anecdote, which is weaved carefully throughout the piece. A tale of secret agents will flow seamlessly into a narrative about Sedaris' speech classes, while keeping the reader on their toes. The reader gains faith in Sedaris near the end, knowing that a chapter that begins with, "I'm thinking of making a little jacket for my clock radio…" will turn into something hilarious, yet having very little to do with clock apparel. The anecdotes turn into an equally amusing part of the tale, leaving the reader to keep on turning the pages. Sedaris pokes fun at himself, like an elementary child who knows if he makes fun of himself first, no one else can. Describing his seemingly Obsessive-Compulsive father, ("My father saves everything…cherry tomatoes, sausage biscuits…he hides these things in strange places until they are rotten....
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Joseph Renaldi 10/28/03 College Writing It is a date that I am sure everyone will remember, September 11, 2001. The disaster at the World Trade Center in New York City was certainly something I will never forget! I was at school, going to class when I heard other students talking about what had happened. Everyone was very upset. There was no TV available at the time and I had to wait till my class was over to see what was going on. The student center at Penn State had a television and I went there after my class. There were a lot of students watching what was happening. It didn't seem real. I remember looking at the towers with so much smoke and flames. The news people were saying that planes had crashed into the towers. At that time nobody really knew what was going on or how many people would die that day. I came home and started watching TV. The news people were describing what was going on. They said that it was a suspected terrorist attack but they did not know who had done such a terrible thing. You could see things falling down from the top floors of the towers. The news reporters said it was people jumping, which made me feel sick. When the towers fell it happened so fast. They seemed like dominos falling over. It was really scary to see people running away from the towers. They were crying and were covered with fine dirt from the falling buildings. You could see fire trucks and ambulances all over. They even showed parts of the planes that had landed on the ground. A lot of people were just standing and looking at the Twin Towers. You could tell by the looks on their faces that they couldn't believe what was happening. They...
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The movie, Natural Born Killers, directed by Oliver Stone, written by Quentin Tarantino, viewed by scores of prominent citizens and common moviegoers, raises many controversial and moral issues (1). NBK presents us with what's supposed to be a social satire on the public's fascination with the violence in the media, in a raw form. People rant that NBK holds solid performances, and has great experimental film technique. However on the critical side it contains, extreme carnage, sex, drugs, and language. The movie is frightening and delivers a strong message about the violence we obsess over but is the message too strong? Oliver Stone strongly defends his movie and he stands proudly behind it has a satire, to protect him from any lawsuits that might come his way. His movie is supposed to be a satire about society's obsession with violence in the media but seems more along the lines of a ferocious array of madness and carnage. His movie promotes violent lawlessness instead of revealing the follies of society. Stone's beloved controversial movie, NBK, definitely gives a sense of violence but doesn't present itself as a satire. Obviously this movie is an overkill of manslaughter, sexual innuendos, and violent crimes. It is so much so that you really can't distinguish if it even is a satire. Stone undeniably claims NBK is a satire but its suffers from the worst failings, an unbelievably heavy-handed tone, cartoons and camera tricks that don't contribute to the message, mind-numbing repetitiveness, annoying performances by the leads, and the evident fact that Oliver Stone attempted to make a satire, while he himself lacks the one irreducibly necessary element of satire: subtlety (2). The gruesome movie numbs your senses to violence, leaving you confused, feeling disoriented, giving you a sense of disturbance, and not knowing weather to like...
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