Plato and Aristotle were great Philosophers whose philosophy made a great impact. Both Philosophers had their own ideas as to the world and how we should live in it. Their philosophies where similar, yet had their own ideas that made them unique. Aristotle was a student of Plato, which in turn was a student of Socrates. Plato (428BC-328 BC) a student of Socrates also know as an idealist, had four basic premises which include the following; that there are two worlds, the super sensible and the sensible, the concept that the soul is immortal, the recollection theory and the participation theory. His ethics include the theory of rational thinking. Plato also wrote several books including The Republic, which is the publishing Plato is most recognized for. Aristotle (384BC-322BC) a student of Plato and a materialist believed that all men by nature desire to know. His metaphysics conclude that there are four causes of change and that matter remains the same and form changes. His philosophy stated that there are two types of change, the unnatural and the natural. His ethics include the notion that man is alive because he seeks happiness and that the soul has two parts, the irrational and the rational. The only writings that exist on his philosophy are based on the notes of his students who attended his school of higher learning. His writings include The Metaphysics, which is one of the most recognized books on his philosophy. The first of Plato's four basic premises is that he believed that there are two worlds. The super sensible world, which contains the forms and ideas (according to Plato-Knowledge never changes) is what your soul is before you are born. The sensible world is where your soul is in after you are born. The second is the idea that the soul...
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Introduction Newspapers play a huge part in British life and there are numerous printed throughout the UK so there should be something for everyone. In terms of daily national papers, newspapers are divided into the broadsheets and the tabloids. The broadsheets are at the top end of the scale in terms of quality, and they include The Times, The Telegraph and The Guardian. The tabloids vary greatly in quality with some being more preoccupied with gossip and scandal than news. Tabloids include the Daily Mail, the Daily Express and the hugely popular Sun. There are clear differences between the broadsheet and the tabloid newspaper although you can also find some similarities. Concept & Classification: Broadsheet & Tabloid A broadsheet is a newspaper size, and a term applied to papers, which use that format compare tabloid. Broadsheet newspapers tend to be more ¡°high-brow¡± than their tabloid counterparts, examining stories in more depth and tending to shun sensationalist celebrity stories. A tabloid is both a paper size and a term for the style of the newspapers that ¨Cespecially in the UK-tend to use that format. Tabloid is the smaller of the two standard newspaper sizes. Tabloids tend to emphasis sensational stories and are reportedly prone to create their news if they feel that the subjects cannot, or will not, sue for libel. Headline The headline of Tabloids takes up the majority of the front page; it often uses short, sensational and exaggerated words. Whereas the Times headline takes either only a small part at the top of the Newspaper or a quarter of the left hand side of the Newspaper. Most Tabloid Newspapers use very large, colorful and bold fonts, as it grasps the attention of its readers. A typical headline for The Sun would be something to do with a famous pop star or sportsman¡¯s personal life, for...
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Throughout this report, the above question will be answered through consideration of two contrasting countries: the United Kingdom and Afghanistan. Firstly, however, a definition of the title is required. Quality means "the degree or standard of excellence"1, while health provision may be defined as "a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, not merely in the absence of disease and infirmity."10 (WHO). Provision means "something that is supplied or provided"1, while MEDC stands for "More Economically Developed Country", e.g. UK, and LEDC stands for "Less Economically Developed Country," e.g. Afghanistan. Therefore, the title may be interpreted as the degree to which the country, and indeed the sole individual, is provided with the required healthcare, on a physical, mental, social and spiritual level. A range of factors will be considered, from the provision of healthcare, to how this affects the quality of life present, reflected by indicators such as life expectancy and infant mortality rate. Regional variations in the UK will also be considered. The UK is the MEDC of choice due to the availability of healthcare information, and the ease with which this information can be interpreted and related to. Afghanistan is the preferred LEDC, mainly because of the political issues that arise from how the healthcare is affected by the extreme fundamentalist government (the Taliban) that are in power there(a). Furthermore, Afghanistan contrasts with the UK in terms of wealth (GNP), quality of life, and ultimately, the quality of healthcare provision. Within the United Kingdom, the most widely used healthcare service is the National Health Service, NHS, predominantly because it provides healthcare free at the point of use funded by taxation - irrespective of gender, race or religion. It was set up in 1945, and is recognised by the World Health Organisation as being one of the best health services in the...
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While studying for this module I will be expected to comprehend and reiterate the way that criminal justice institutions are run in England and Wales, considering their comparative factors along the way. I should also be capable of explaining the sentencing process and structure of criminal justice institutions, as well as being able to compare and contrast them using a well suited analytical framework. In the skill element of the course I will be expected to be capable of using the internet, including email and word processing. On a communicational level I should be able to produce work with the correct bibliographic sources and referencing. In seminars I will be able to exchange ideas and contribute to group discussions as well as taking part in a presentation. This type of work should a good level of self reflection and division of work. My cognitive skills should enable me to identify concepts and models, construct evaluations and hypothesis. On a personal level I feel that I will have to focus more on participation in group work (i.e. seminar presentations), my learning strategy for this would be to make sure that I contribute at least once to a discussion and to work hard on presentations making sure that I play a part. I also need to work hard at my self learning as this is where I believe I am weakest. To do this I have created a timetable for my free time which has enabled me to dedicate time to reading around lecture and seminar subjects, as well as social time. This should allow me to improve on the module objectives and skills where I am poorest. As a regular computer and internet user for a number of years now I believe I am capable of reaching the desired levels, for at least the first year. My...
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I have chosen to compare and contrast the different representations of the female form by researching artists Andy Warhol who is known for his pop art, Brett Whitley who is known to be more romantic, Gyula Halász Brassai who was a photographer and Henri de Toulouse Lautrec who was a painter. One focal point which links all these artist together is there different perspective on women and the female form, also the way they express it. I plan to compare the different eras, from the 1800s to the 1980s, also the different ways they express their lives and surroundings. Henry de Toulouse-Lautrec was a famous painter of parison nightlife. He stayed in the Montmartre section of Paris, the centre of the cabaret entertainment and bohemian life. Another similar artist around the same era is Gyula Halász more famously known as Brassai a photographer. Brassai photographed prostitutes, opium addicts, lovers, street hoodlums and performers, similar to Lautrec. Brett Whitley is an Australian born artist recognised for his paintings of his wife and the female figure. Andy Warhol raised in America is best known for his pop art. Brett Whitley is an Australian artist that is well known for his bathroom seris, he is a contempary artist. The painting I chose of his is 'wendy drunk', this painting is of his wife many of Whitleys paintings are of his wife. The reason I chose this painting is because its unusual composition. It's made up of plain black and dark brown brush strokes that make up his wifes arms, face and hair while she is leaning over the back of a chair. Unlike many of his other 'wendy' paintings it is very plain, it captures the relationship between him and his wife. Whitleys influence from japanese brush work is clearly evident in this spontainious composition....
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Everyone knows how hard it is to find a mate for marriage. Having said that, each person is free to decide how the mate selection will take place. Some people would rather conduct this selection by themselves, without any help, while others prefer to get help from someone else, like their parents or a matchmaker. Before continuing it is wise to make a distinction between the traditional arranged marriage and the modern definition of an arranged marriage. The arranged marriages that happen by tradition in parts of Africa, most of Asia and a good portion of Eastern Europe are determined by the parents without the consent of the future couple. The modern view is very different from traditional view. Today's definition makes a distinct emphasis on choice, courtship and convenience. In most instances it is a service, provided by an agency, or a good friend. The purpose is to find a compatible mate, with the greatest number of similarities and the same primary objective: marriage. This text will compare and contrast some of the advantages and disadvantages of today's version of the arranged marriage. It is clear that the concept itself is controversial. Some people find it cold and little romantic to choose your lifelong partner using this method. Most young people tend to believe that the only way to choose a mate is to date until you fall in love plan a wedding and get married. This point of view is not very realistic if we define marriage as a lifelong commitment. If the young marriage is based on love alone the soon to be adults may grow together based on other similarities or goals they have identified, or may grow apart because they have found nothing else to keep them together. It is safe to say that you will...
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Comparing and contrasting two artists as talented as Caravaggio and David is not an easy feat. Each artist was known for doing extraordinary things in their time. Both their techniques and styles will live on in the art world forever. Caravaggio and David both have a distinct style that holds them apart from other painters. Each had there own way of representing the subject to the fullest. In this essay I will compare and contrast four paintings Caravaggio's the calling of Saint Matthew and the Martyrdom of St. Matthew and David's The Death of Socrates and the Death of Marat. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the artist, Michelangelo Merisi (called Caravaggio), began to paint in a manner that was at once new and exciting as well as echoing the best of the Renaissance Masters who had come before. Few artists in history have exercised as extraordinary an influence as this tempestuous and short-lived painter. Jacques-Louis David was a French painter. He was a supporter of the French Revolution and one of the leading figures of Neoclassicism. David spent six years in Rome. It was during this period (1775-81), that he abandoned the grand manner of his early work, with its Baroque use of lighting and composition for a stark, highly finished and morally didactic style. This was influenced by the ideas then current in Rome (Winckelmann) and by artists such as Hamilton who were already experimenting with a neoclassical idiom. During the French Revolution, David played an active role both artistically he reorganized the Académe and produced numerous and spectacular propaganda exercises - and politically, as an avid supporter of Robespierre, who voted for the execution of the king. He also attempted to catalogue the new heroes of the age, abortively and successfully in his pieta-like portrayal of the Death of...
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English Coursework Discuss the social and historical context of each text reflected in 'The Speckled Band' by Arthur Conan Doyle and 'Lamb to the Slaughter' by Roald Dahl. In this essay, I am going to compare and contrast the two short stories "The Speckled Band" by Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle, and "Lamb to the Slaughter" by Roald Dahl, picking out techniques used which make it exactly, or exactly the opposite of a typical detective story/murder mystery. Both "The Speckled Band" and "Lamb to the Slaughter" have ingredients for a detective story, i.e. they both have a cold murderer who is just a little mad. On the other hand, they are presented to us very differently, making one story very formulaic, and making the other very untypical of the murder mystery genre. But, both stories contain similar elements but different due to the time in which they are written. Both Conan-Doyle and Dahl use various techniques to make their stories more interesting; for example, in Dahl's "Lamb to the Slaughter" the story revolves around the character of Mrs Mary Maloney, loving housewife and psychopathic killer. Normally, many stories concentrate on the detective or the victim, this story concentrates on the character of the murderer. This perspective helps with the telling of the murder, making it more unexpected. The story includes two major plot twists; the first being the murder itself, made unexpected by what we have seen of Mary Maloney's character, the second plot twist is at the end, where the detectives eat the murder weapon. Conan-Doyle used techniques in writing "The Speckled Band" also. His story revolves around the character of the detective, Sherlock Holmes. The story is told as seen through the eyes of his companion, Dr Watson, providing a good example of writing in the first person. Unlike Dahl's story, "The Speckled Band" is...
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Throughout The Tragedy of Julius Caesar the audience sees how Brutus and Cassius compare and contrast in many ways. Brutus us a noble character while Cassius is dishonest and conniving. Brutus is also more naïve. He tends to dominate the other characters of the play. In contrast to Brutus, Cassius is more realistic. Brutus and Cassius display different character traits especially in the areas of their reasons for killing Caesar, their decisions throughout the assassination, and their morality. Cassius and Brutus both want Caesar dead, but their reasons for killing him are completely different. Brutus wants Caesar dead for the good of Rome; the audience can see this when Brutus carefully and thoughtfully weighs his decision to join the conspiracy (Brutus Character Sketch 1). Once Brutus decides to join the conspiracy, he does not view the assassination as a murder, but a sacrifice (Kermode 92). Brutus states, " It must be by his death. And, for my part / I know no personal cause to spurn at him, / But for the general" (II. i. 10 – 12). Also Brutus says, "And therefore think of him as a serpents egg / which, hatched, would, as his king grow mischievous/ and kill him in his shell" (II. i. 32 – 34). Because he feels that he must destroy Caesar before it is too late. Cassius' reasons for killing Caesar are not completely noble. He is extremely jealous of Caesar; Cassius holds grudges against him because of his power (McDonnell, Miller, and Hogan 497). Even though their reasons for assassinating Caesar are different, both Brutus and Cassius want him dead for one main reason, which is fear. Throughout the conspiracy, Brutus and Cassius make many more important decisions besides murdering Caesar. Between the two, Cassius, unlike Brutus, has a more realistic outlook on the...
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This essay will compare & contrast the protagonist/antagonist's relationship with each other and the other jurors in the play and in the movie versions of Reginald Rose's 12 Angry Men. There aren't any changes made to the key part of the story but yet the minor changes made in making the movie adaptation produce a different picture than what one imagines when reading the drama in the form of a play. First off, the settings in the movie are a great deal more fleshed out. In the play, the scene begins with the jurors regarding the judge's final statements concerning the case in the courtroom and then walking out into the jury room. In the movie, the audience is placed in the role of the invisible casual observer, who for perhaps the first 5 minutes of the movie, walks throughout the court building passing other court rooms, lawyers, defendants, security officers, elevators, etc. Not able to remember much about this particular part of the movie, I believe this introductory scene's purpose was to either enhanced the realism of the setting by emphasizing the court building's efficient, business like manner or to provide a timeslot in which to roll the credits for producer, director, stars, etc. The settings aren't only built upon through use of scenery and extras in the movie. Invisible and distant in the play, we see in the movie the judge, bailiff, those witnessing the trial and most importantly of all- the defendant. This is an important change because in the play, we are free to come up with our own unbiased conclusions as to the nature and identity of the defendant, whom we only know to a be a 19 year boy from the slums. Seeing his haggard and worn face in the movie changes all of that,...
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