Have you ever been driving down the Highway in the left-hand lane and have someone pass you on the right, only to cut you off? I know I have, as a matter of fact it happened to me just last week. The driver of this particular vehicle was clutching the steering wheel with a cell phone in one hand, and a hairbrush in the other hand. Shortly after this near death experience I was pulled over and cited solely for the purpose of not wearing my seat belt. Most people agree that seat belts save lives in certain types of accidents, and that all children under the age of 18 should be buckled in. Now with that said, I do not believe in the enforcement of the mandatory seat belt law on adults, because these laws are motivated by financial greed, infringe on our rights, and keep the police from working on more important issues. First of all, I think we are all familiar with the expression "There is never a cop around when you need one." The reason is you never see a cop is because they're out patrolling the streets for seat belt violators. This reasoning isn't far from the truth; a friend of mine (who just happens to be a CHP officer) told me that he devotes about 25 percent of his time to seat belt violators. This is a gross injustice of our tax dollars, being that at 91 percent California already has the highest rate of seat belt compliance in the nation. Certainly the police have more important issues to contend with rather than hunting down and ticketing the dreaded seatbelt violators. I think our tax dollars would be better spent on fixing up the roads to make them safer. Secondly, we were told seat belt laws...
pages: 3 (words: 735)
On December tenth 1948 in the Palis de Chaillot in Paris, the United Nation's General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The document is made up of thirty articles which deal with a series of basic human rights and duties. It follows the premise that " the declaration is a common standard of achievement for all peoples and nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the people of member states themselves and among the people of territories under their jurisdiction." However this is not always the case, infraction to the human rights code are all too often practiced, today as much as 50 years ago. War crimes in the former Yugoslavia, terrorist acts in the Gaza strip, Political prisoners in China, the disappercidos of Chile and Argentina, female genital mutilation in orthodox Muslim communities are all too common. However the message this document stands for is one for the universality of man and woman kind alike. It tells of such basic rights as freedom and life that are owed to every human being regardless of the language she speaks. They are inalienable in the fact that human rights have no boundary and are sovereign to no king or state. Shue seems to disagree with this, since in describing the comparative advantage theory of government he mentions that "each nation's own government (or other social institutions) are best able to care for the welfare of the people of that nation..." This latest theory provides some backing for 'cultural soveirgnty', however it does so by demeaning the universality of...
pages: 5 (words: 1268)
Part I Ethical Norms for Business Decisions Past generations paid attention to their experiences, formulated their emerging understanding of how things might be better for themselves and often transmitted that understanding in the form of maxims, proverbs, folk tales, laws and codes of conduct. Ethical norms tend to be refined formulations of such inherited understanding. Besides being acquired through socialization, methods and ethical norms are also similar in their general function as guides to action. Methods are the procedures that should be followed if the results of inquiry and testing are to be conventionally acceptable; ethical norms formulate guidelines for deciding whether various actions are morally justifiable or unjustifiable. The Norm of Individual Rights and Duties "Moral rights and duties flow from one's human dignity and ultimately from the creator, and are supported by law, such as our constitutional rights of freedom of conscience or freedom of speech." Although many legal rights such as, the U.S. Bill of Rights and the United Declaration of Human Rights are documents that stem from moral rights, not all moral rights are enacted legally. The norm of individual rights and duties generate back to John Locke and Immanuel Kant. These philosophers gave lead to the understanding of human rights and the importance of having such norms. We cannot isolate duty separately while asking for our rights. These norms work as lock and key and should go together, not separately. For example, I have the right to rent any property has long as I maintain the property and not destroy it, I have the right to monetary compensation for my work as long as I do my work. Individual rights reach beyond the civil and political liberties, which we now hold sacred. They not only protect our freedoms; they also encompass our aspiration to achieve social and economic justice and to choose our...
pages: 4 (words: 1076)
"all men are created equal" What did Jefferson really mean by this because everyone did not get treated equal The line "all men are created equal" is perhaps the most famous line in American history, from one of the most famous documents that made it possible for American history, from The Declaration of Independence. Today the line refers to anyone in America, including African Americans, Native Americans, and women. Two- hundred years ago, when the Declaration was written, the only people who were treated equal were white men, the ones who wrote it (Thomas Jefferson...) I believe that when Jefferson and his committee wrote the Declaration they meant that all men are created equally better than everyone else. Everyone thought that the Declaration of Independence included everyone in America, but they saw different after women weren't even given the right to vote. Not being able to vote is like not being able to choose who you marry. Women were not given the right to vote until Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote the Declaration of Womens Rights and motivated women to start fighting for their rights and in 1919 Congress finally gave them the right to vote. Now women were feeling more involved and equal. There was no effective law on freeing enslaved African Americans until 1862. In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation which declared freedom for enslaved persons in parts of the Confederacy not under control of the Union Army. Everyone was not treated completely equal until the 1900s. Today everyone in the United States has the same rights and the same freedom. The line "all men are created equal" has never before meant what it does today....
pages: 2 (words: 280)
Introduction In America's current society, a great debate has surfaced about the Constitutions definition of 'marriage'. Does the definition exclusively include male and female relationships, or should it include any relationship of two consensual adults? The United States is a land of free choice and democracy, should changes in society's actions be welcomed in no matter what shape or form, or should certain historical values of human relationships go unchanged? This is a stern worldwide debate that has cause decention among societies in this land and abroad, causing debate from the Vatican City to the USA. This paper is a group effort among freethinking individuals with the pure intent of explaining the story. It will cover the historical aspects, the controversy, the current standings, and future aspects of this great topic, but will not chose a side. Same-Sex Marriage: A History of the Law According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, a family is "the basic unit in society having as its nucleus two or more adults living together and cooperating in the care and rearing of their own or adopted children. Despite this definition lesbian and gay couples--with or without children--is not what is imaged when most people think of a family. Although, lesbian and gay couples (and their children) consider themselves families. Over the past several decades, same-sex couples have been seeking social recognition for their families. It began in the 70's, when same-sex couples applied for marriage licenses and asked the courts to allow one partner to adopt the other, and also took legal steps to legally cement their relationships--most of these efforts failed. By the mid 80's, it changed to seeking "domestic partnership" recognition for same-sex couples from local and federal governments, and private companies. It continued, with increasing strength, into the 90's. Some couples were applying for marriage licenses and...
pages: 8 (words: 2066)
There are 51% of human population is woman in the world, in other words, 2% more than the man. One may think woman can get similar resources and rights as man can. However, the truth is not. Few women in the world can have fair rights and respect as man, and this also can be observed in Taiwan's society. Nevertheless, the role and the position of women are changing gradually in the past fifty years. This can be seen from two phenomena: the one is that the alternation of woman's rule, and the other one is the improvement of the woman's rights and the positions. You can buy essay at WriteMyPapers.org. Plagiarism report, unlimited revisions, proofreading and much more! The first one thing is the alternation of the woman's role. Fifty years ago, woman in Taiwan had the same meaning with "house keeper". The only job they were allowed to do was to finish some unimportant house works that their husbands ordered. It would be impossible to give the woman the decision right because of their low level position in home. But now, the role of woman has been changed and becomes more complicated. At home, they are still responsible for housekeeping in most Taiwan families. But at the working place, they are given the same requirements as the men are. In other words, they undergo the double pressures in their life. The second one is the woman's right and positions are both improving nowadays comparing with fifty years ago. This can be observed form the increment of woman's salary, increment of the education opportunity, and policy for protecting woman. One of the most differences is that woman's payment has been largely increased than tens of years ago. Most enterprises now focus more on one's ability than one's gender, and bosses are...
pages: 2 (words: 516)
During the period 1929 to 1990, the lives of the black people changed a lot, and overall by 1990, their lives had greatly improved. In 1920, 10% of the US population was black and most of them lived in the southern states. As a result of the Jim Crow segregation laws, they suffered the worst education, the lowest jobs, and they lived in separate areas of cities, known as ghettoes. There was a constant risk of attack by the Ku Klux Klan, and the lynchings of black people for petty crimes (without trial) were common public events. Black people lived lives totally apart from white people. Even in the army during the Second World War, the Jim Crow Army was for the black people and the main army for the whites. Despite the black people fighting for their country, they were still victims of bullying by most of the GIs in the army. During the Second World War, the membership of the NAACP, (the movement for black people's civil rights) had increased by 9 times by 1945. As a result of this, extra pressure was put on the government to improve the situation of the black people. Despite this, the only improvement made, was the law which made segregation in weapon factories illegal. The black people of USA still faced mass segregation economically, socially and politically. And although they had the right to vote, a written test had to be passed in order to confirm their right to vote. With poor education, this was virtually impossible for most African Americans. Small victories were won all the time. One example is the Bus Boycott in 1956. Black people were forced to move to the back of public buses, in order to make room for the whites. In 1955, Rosa Parks, a middle aged African...
pages: 4 (words: 843)
Civil Rights Activists Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois were both civil rights activists, yet one man's solution to the problems faced by African Americans in late-nineteenth-century America, was better than the other's. That man was Booker T. Washington. Booker T. Washington was born into slavery where as W.E.B. Du Bois was born a free man. Their different backgrounds created very dissimilar ideas of how the African Americans would achieve full civil liberties and equal rights. Having studied at Hampton Institute in Virginia, Booker T. Washington was motivated to spend his time promoting Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. W.E.B. Du Bois on the other hand, graduated from Fisk University in Tennessee and then became the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard. Washington preached that in order to gain understanding from whites, African Americans would have to concentrate on creating economic security by improving vocational skills. He told blacks to disregard their want for political equality. Du Bois, had a different type of audience and he led them to request full civil freedoms, an end to discrimination, and the recognition of human brotherhood. He mocked and jeered at Washington's ideas. Washington's ideas were nothing to be made fun of. He spoke to a people who had very little education, if any, yet had potential to learn. He spoke to people that were good at blue-collar jobs. He spoke from his heart to a nation of African Americans who deserved their rights, but needed his wise words to help them. Proof that Washington spoke on behalf of the whole African American community is in a speech he gave. He said: "To those of my race who depend on bettering their condition…cast down your bucket where you are-cast it down…in agriculture, mechanics, in commerce, in domestic services, and...
pages: 3 (words: 612)
So how did African-Americans get looked down on? Well it was in 1619 when Africans were brought to America as slaves for the white settlement. While slavery was eradicated after the Civil war the racism and segregation side of it still occurred. During the 20th century the fight for equality for African-Americans led to massive civil rights campaigns. While many of you may have heard of Martin Luther King there may have been things that were left out and today I will tell you a little more about the man that America calls their hero. Martin Luther King was born on the 15th January 1929. While he was originally known as Michael Luther King, he later changed his name to Martin. While Martin was formerly a preacher he became a figurehead of modern civil rights movement by 1957. He married Coretta Scott and raised four children. Both Martins father and grandfather were Baptist preachers and both were involved in the civil rights movement. Martin was very close to his family and at the time of his grandmas death jumped out of the second floor of his home but was fortunately not hurt. After graduating he considered careers in medicine and law but entered the ministry. As a boy Martin suffered racial discrimination. He recalls on one occasion he and his schoolteacher were ordered to give up their seats on the bus to white passengers. Martin did not want to move but at the time it was legal for segregation and Martins school teacher pointed out that they should obey the law. Martin Luther King practiced non violent means of getting his message across. Non violent can also be known as Passive resistance. So what is resistance? Passive resistance is the practice of applying power to achieve socio-political goals through peaceful protests, boycotts, non-cooperation, civil...
pages: 6 (words: 1573)
no text avaiA Raisin in the Sunwas written a few years before the advent of the Civil Right Movement. Do you know anything about the Civil Rights Movement? You have probably heard about Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. There is a lot more to the Movement than Rosa Parks. I'll give a very brief description of the Movement, but you might want to click here to read some more about it. Understanding the civil rights movement will help you better understand the characters in A Raisin in the Sun. The objective of the civil rights movement was simple: to obtain civil rights for African Americans. Civil rights is defined as a person's right to be a fully participating member of the government of his/her country, and also to be granted the full protection of the law. Right up to the 1960s, African Americans were not considered full citizens of the USA, and thus they could not vote. (Do you know of any groups in your own country who are not allowed to vote? Or who were not allowed to vote in the past?) African Americans could not be guaranteed full rights under the law, and were subject to all forms of discrimination. The worst form of this discrimination was the segregation laws, also known as Jim Crow, which ensured that Blacks could not use the same facilities as Whites. Thus, if you were to visit the US in the 1950s, and you were to go to a restaurant, you would see a sign saying "Whites Only". You wouldn't see Black and White students together at the same school. Members of the Civil Rights Movement wanted all these laws repealed. Read more about segregation laws here Quelle: http://collaborative.ucdavis.edu/ed180/an/The%20American%20Dream.html...
pages: 2 (words: 294)