On December tenth 1948 in the Palis de Chaillot in Paris, the United Nation's General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The document is made up of thirty articles which deal with a series of basic human rights and duties. It follows the premise that " the declaration is a common standard of achievement for all peoples and nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the people of member states themselves and among the people of territories under their jurisdiction." However this is not always the case, infraction to the human rights code are all too often practiced, today as much as 50 years ago. War crimes in the former Yugoslavia, terrorist acts in the Gaza strip, Political prisoners in China, the disappercidos of Chile and Argentina, female genital mutilation in orthodox Muslim communities are all too common. However the message this document stands for is one for the universality of man and woman kind alike. It tells of such basic rights as freedom and life that are owed to every human being regardless of the language she speaks. They are inalienable in the fact that human rights have no boundary and are sovereign to no king or state. Shue seems to disagree with this, since in describing the comparative advantage theory of government he mentions that "each nation's own government (or other social institutions) are best able to care for the welfare of the people of that nation..." This latest theory provides some backing for 'cultural soveirgnty', however it does so by demeaning the universality of...
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Part I Ethical Norms for Business Decisions Past generations paid attention to their experiences, formulated their emerging understanding of how things might be better for themselves and often transmitted that understanding in the form of maxims, proverbs, folk tales, laws and codes of conduct. Ethical norms tend to be refined formulations of such inherited understanding. Besides being acquired through socialization, methods and ethical norms are also similar in their general function as guides to action. Methods are the procedures that should be followed if the results of inquiry and testing are to be conventionally acceptable; ethical norms formulate guidelines for deciding whether various actions are morally justifiable or unjustifiable. The Norm of Individual Rights and Duties "Moral rights and duties flow from one's human dignity and ultimately from the creator, and are supported by law, such as our constitutional rights of freedom of conscience or freedom of speech." Although many legal rights such as, the U.S. Bill of Rights and the United Declaration of Human Rights are documents that stem from moral rights, not all moral rights are enacted legally. The norm of individual rights and duties generate back to John Locke and Immanuel Kant. These philosophers gave lead to the understanding of human rights and the importance of having such norms. We cannot isolate duty separately while asking for our rights. These norms work as lock and key and should go together, not separately. For example, I have the right to rent any property has long as I maintain the property and not destroy it, I have the right to monetary compensation for my work as long as I do my work. Individual rights reach beyond the civil and political liberties, which we now hold sacred. They not only protect our freedoms; they also encompass our aspiration to achieve social and economic justice and to choose our...
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"all men are created equal" What did Jefferson really mean by this because everyone did not get treated equal The line "all men are created equal" is perhaps the most famous line in American history, from one of the most famous documents that made it possible for American history, from The Declaration of Independence. Today the line refers to anyone in America, including African Americans, Native Americans, and women. Two- hundred years ago, when the Declaration was written, the only people who were treated equal were white men, the ones who wrote it (Thomas Jefferson...) I believe that when Jefferson and his committee wrote the Declaration they meant that all men are created equally better than everyone else. Everyone thought that the Declaration of Independence included everyone in America, but they saw different after women weren't even given the right to vote. Not being able to vote is like not being able to choose who you marry. Women were not given the right to vote until Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote the Declaration of Womens Rights and motivated women to start fighting for their rights and in 1919 Congress finally gave them the right to vote. Now women were feeling more involved and equal. There was no effective law on freeing enslaved African Americans until 1862. In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation which declared freedom for enslaved persons in parts of the Confederacy not under control of the Union Army. Everyone was not treated completely equal until the 1900s. Today everyone in the United States has the same rights and the same freedom. The line "all men are created equal" has never before meant what it does today....
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Introduction In America's current society, a great debate has surfaced about the Constitutions definition of 'marriage'. Does the definition exclusively include male and female relationships, or should it include any relationship of two consensual adults? The United States is a land of free choice and democracy, should changes in society's actions be welcomed in no matter what shape or form, or should certain historical values of human relationships go unchanged? This is a stern worldwide debate that has cause decention among societies in this land and abroad, causing debate from the Vatican City to the USA. This paper is a group effort among freethinking individuals with the pure intent of explaining the story. It will cover the historical aspects, the controversy, the current standings, and future aspects of this great topic, but will not chose a side. Same-Sex Marriage: A History of the Law According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, a family is "the basic unit in society having as its nucleus two or more adults living together and cooperating in the care and rearing of their own or adopted children. Despite this definition lesbian and gay couples--with or without children--is not what is imaged when most people think of a family. Although, lesbian and gay couples (and their children) consider themselves families. Over the past several decades, same-sex couples have been seeking social recognition for their families. It began in the 70's, when same-sex couples applied for marriage licenses and asked the courts to allow one partner to adopt the other, and also took legal steps to legally cement their relationships--most of these efforts failed. By the mid 80's, it changed to seeking "domestic partnership" recognition for same-sex couples from local and federal governments, and private companies. It continued, with increasing strength, into the 90's. Some couples were applying for marriage licenses and...
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There are 51% of human population is woman in the world, in other words, 2% more than the man. One may think woman can get similar resources and rights as man can. However, the truth is not. Few women in the world can have fair rights and respect as man, and this also can be observed in Taiwan's society. Nevertheless, the role and the position of women are changing gradually in the past fifty years. This can be seen from two phenomena: the one is that the alternation of woman's rule, and the other one is the improvement of the woman's rights and the positions. You can buy essay at WriteMyPapers.org. Plagiarism report, unlimited revisions, proofreading and much more! The first one thing is the alternation of the woman's role. Fifty years ago, woman in Taiwan had the same meaning with "house keeper". The only job they were allowed to do was to finish some unimportant house works that their husbands ordered. It would be impossible to give the woman the decision right because of their low level position in home. But now, the role of woman has been changed and becomes more complicated. At home, they are still responsible for housekeeping in most Taiwan families. But at the working place, they are given the same requirements as the men are. In other words, they undergo the double pressures in their life. The second one is the woman's right and positions are both improving nowadays comparing with fifty years ago. This can be observed form the increment of woman's salary, increment of the education opportunity, and policy for protecting woman. One of the most differences is that woman's payment has been largely increased than tens of years ago. Most enterprises now focus more on one's ability than one's gender, and bosses are...
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So how did African-Americans get looked down on? Well it was in 1619 when Africans were brought to America as slaves for the white settlement. While slavery was eradicated after the Civil war the racism and segregation side of it still occurred. During the 20th century the fight for equality for African-Americans led to massive civil rights campaigns. While many of you may have heard of Martin Luther King there may have been things that were left out and today I will tell you a little more about the man that America calls their hero. Martin Luther King was born on the 15th January 1929. While he was originally known as Michael Luther King, he later changed his name to Martin. While Martin was formerly a preacher he became a figurehead of modern civil rights movement by 1957. He married Coretta Scott and raised four children. Both Martins father and grandfather were Baptist preachers and both were involved in the civil rights movement. Martin was very close to his family and at the time of his grandmas death jumped out of the second floor of his home but was fortunately not hurt. After graduating he considered careers in medicine and law but entered the ministry. As a boy Martin suffered racial discrimination. He recalls on one occasion he and his schoolteacher were ordered to give up their seats on the bus to white passengers. Martin did not want to move but at the time it was legal for segregation and Martins school teacher pointed out that they should obey the law. Martin Luther King practiced non violent means of getting his message across. Non violent can also be known as Passive resistance. So what is resistance? Passive resistance is the practice of applying power to achieve socio-political goals through peaceful protests, boycotts, non-cooperation, civil...
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When one thinks about civil rights what may come to mind? Possibly a person may wonder about over what civil rights they themselves have. Others might remember a certain civil rights leader that was brought out during one of the greatest movements in United States history. However, even though people know of the civil rights movement a person could never really know what struggles thousands of people went through in order to reach and preserve the rights that we all enjoy today. Let us acknowledge how they went about doing so. Within the first section of the constitution it states; all men are created equal under god. Contrary to what this natural right says, if you a minority living up to or during the 1950s – 60s you would know that these were just words on paper, not a guideline that people lived their life by. Even though a natural right looks and appears fine on paper, if people do not abide by it; it means nothing. This was the first problem faced by activists during the civil rights movement, getting a natural right (which was protected under a philosophical basis) and making it a hundred times stronger as a civil right. In essence, this was what the root to what the movement was all about. Throughout the civil rights movement our judicial system sometimes had to act as the final word when it came to a civil rights issue. One of the first victories for civil rights activists occurred in 1954 with the Supreme Court case of Brown V. Board of Education. The court ruled that having segregation in public schools was unconstitutional act. This was a large battle that was won and it signified that the way in which people were living their lives was going to change. Civil rights activists...
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Governments are created to protect the rights of its people, which are bound by law. The law that binds the rights of the people in this country is known as the Bill of Rights. In England, William and Mary signed a law to limit a rulers power which is known as the English Bill of Rights. In the U.S. the Bill of Rights was established for the same reason, to restrict the government and its power. Three similarities between the English Bill of Rights and U.S. Bill of Rights are the freedom of speech, prohibition of the quartering of troops, and posting of bail. The first similarity between the English and U.S. Bill of Rights is the right to freedom of speech. The English Bill of Rights states that a person has the freedom of speech in parliament. In the U.S. version it is stated that we have this freedom in all circumstances. They both offer the same right and privileges. It also gives people the right to join together and discus current affairs. It is a right that can be taken away if it violates another person's rights. Freedom of Speech, in both of the English and U.S. Bill of Rights, gives people the right to express their views on politics, religion, and society openly. The second similarity between these two Bill of Rights is the prohibition of the quartering of troops. This law states that no people are allowed to house soldiers during a time of peace. This law was established for the same reason in both England and the U.S.. It was established in England because of an earlier English king who forced families to quarter troops without support or funds. It was established in the United States during the colonial period when it was still British practice. This...
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Critically discuss the sociological perspective in terms of the implications of globalization, human rights and religion.Politics
Sociology is the disciplined study of patterns of human social interactions and their efforts on human thought and conduct. Sociology studies the social rules and processes that bind, and separate, people not only as individuals, but as members of associations, groups, and institutions. The main goal of sociology is to understand human behavior. Sociological perspective is a point of view that focuses not on individuals but their group, or society.In that perspective, globalization, human rights and religion can be explained using social facts or social forces. Globalization is a way to be global, worldwide, international, and intercontinental. While internationalization has inclined to refer to the process, today globalization has become identified with a number of trends. These include greater international movements of commodities, information, and people, and development of technological, organizational, legal, and other infrastructure to support the movements. It is the combination of internationalization and localization. Business deals, negotiations between governments, dialogue among religious groups, exchanges of ideas among scientists, democratic governance in an increasingly pluralistic world all require social perspective taking and the values it generates. All People have certain rights and certain expectations from their community and their nations, which are their expected needs. Now food, clothing and shelter are just the basic needs of people, but in the emerging civil society, the basic needs are extended and count the whole of societal life support system as a necessity. In Societal life support system, the society has the obligation to provide people with the means necessary for survival such as foods, shelter, job security, health care, and education. The tragedy of September 11 was consciously committed by individuals who could have chosen to act differently, and who bear moral and legal responsibility for their actions. What could have lead to an attack of this sort? The findings indicate that...
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An individual has quite a few rights when in court. One right is that everyone is entitled to a lawyer and a fair trial as seen in "Gideon's Trumpet" when Gideon gets convicted of robbing money from the pool house he soon goes to trial after that. At first, he cannot afford to pay for a lawyer so he defends himself. A person in court can also choose to defend themselves in court if they feel that they do not need a lawyer to defend them. Another right an individual has while in court is to be appointed to a local lawyer that can represent them in court. If you cannot afford a lawyer and also do not want to represent yourself then you can represent yourself. In court, the responsibility of an individual is to behave properly and not to yell or scream at the judge. If someone is brought up to the witness stand, then their responsibility is to tell the truth and not lie. Showing up to court especially if you're the judge,part of the jury, or the defendant /complaintif is definately the responsibility of those individuals. Not fulfilling responsibilities in court can affect whether or not a person is able to be proven innocent. If an individual does not fulfill his or her responsibility even if it wasn't intentional then there's a good chance that they can be penalized to being guilty even if they weren't guilty. For example, if a lawyer dosen't have evidence at court then they messed up pretty bad in their responsibility to defend their client in court because most likely they will not win the case without evidence. In this case the lawyer would probably be fired since there was no point for him/her if they were going to mess up so badly. The...
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