Introduction This essay portraits my journey of learning habits, experiences and strategy I will be using to successfully complete my masters degree. One of the important way of learning I feel is reflective writing and critical thinking which helps to evaluate ones strategies and also to evaluate the overall approach to ones work and their effectiveness in applying skills. In recent years the word critical thinking has become a buzz in education system. For many reasons educators have started teaching 'thinking skills' with contrast with teaching information and content. In a brief version of critical thinking can be stated as " the use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is used to describe thinking that is purposeful, reasoned and goal directed - the kind of thinking involved in solving problems, formulating inferences, calculating likelihoods, and making decisions when the thinker is using skills that are thoughtful and effective for the particular context and type of thinking task. Critical thinking also involves evaluating the thinking process - the reasoning that went into the conclusion we've arrived at the kinds of factors considered in making a decision. Critical thinking is sometimes called directed thinking because it focuses on a desired outcome. " Halpern, Diane F. Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking. 1996. (http://www.kcmetro.cc.mo.us/longview/ctac/definitions.htm) Critical thinking can be seen as having two components: 1. a set of skills to process and generate information and beliefs, and 2. the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behaviour. It is thus to be contrasted with: 1. the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, (because it involves a particular way in which information is sought and treated,) 2. the mere possession of a set of skills, (because it involves the continual use of them,) and 3. the mere use of those skills ("as an...
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For my assignment I used Microsoft Excel. I thought that this would be a good package to use because of its many different features. I felt that it had the best features available that were suitable for my task. There were many advantages to Excel. Using Excel, I was able to enter text, charts, graphs and also formulas. I found that I could input data very easily and the package helped me present my data in a very clear and organized way, more so than if I had used a different application such as Word. If I had used word, I would have had to calculate and enter in the information I needed every time. However, by using Excel I could enter formulas and therefore I did not have to change everything myself when I entered in a new piece of information, but rather they changed automatically. By adding these formulas all my calculations were worked out for me. I could also see what would happen if I added different values to my spreadsheet without having to change everything else i.e. a computer model. If I had have used Word then I would have had to do all calculations by myself. Using Excel I was able to add charts to my work which helped me to present my information even more clearly and also more attractively. Collecting Information I got the information which I required to do my assignment from 'The Link' catalog. I obtained this from The Link mobile phone store in Newry. I also did some ringing around to other mobile phone stores to inquire to see if their prices were the same or cheaper. Evaluation After finishing my assignment and using Microsoft Excel to complete it, I can now come to a conclusion on what tariff would be best for the student and the sales...
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1) The term "sex" is used to define the biological differences between the male and the female. There are differences in chromosomes between both sexes. The female carries two X chromosomes, where the male carries an X and Y chromosome. When describing sex differences, one would pay attention to the dominating hormones in the female and male. The most commonly known sex differences are the physical traits. Females have breasts, a clitoris and a vagina. Males are equipped with testies, a scrotum and a penis. The term "gender" is used to describe the differences between males and females based on cultural influences. "Gender" refers to the social and cultural expectations, based on biological differences. Females are seen as caring, sensitive, nurturing and emotional, whereas males are seen as tough, assertive, independent, and ambitious. Society plays a huge role on the way males and females are seen and how their actions are interpreted. The case from: (Money and Tucker 1975) in the "society in Question" by Peter J. Brym, shows how sex by assignment outweighs biological factors in determining gender identity. It is very important to distinguish between "gender" and "sex" differences because both are unrelated to each other. 2) The play stage of socialization refers to the stage in childhood were the child begins to act out the role of another person within a society. The child will often take the role of an adult figure whether it is a parent or some individual outside the family. The game stage is when the child realizes that there are rules and expectations that influence the way people behave. In turn the child uses norms and rules to evaluate their own thoughts and behavior. Instead of only role-playing, the child enforces rules to govern the micro society that they developed in the play stage. This is...
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How important are perceptions to the study of politics? Can we speak of 'pure' Eastern & Western, Northern and Southern political forms? In recent times, many Eastern countries have begun to acclaim "Asian Values" as principles for the West to perceive and respect. There may be numerous reasons for this phenomena, however the strongest one would have to be that they feel endangered by the sudden influence of Western culture and demands for democratisation and liberalisation as a result of their past economic expansion. This essay will endeavour to analyse the perceptions and values of the East and West, and also establish why there are different political forms around the world. Also, it is important to realise that there have been many anti-western and anti-eastern attitudes and sentiments since the end of the colonialism which will be examined in this paper. "It is not simply a matter of pitting the virtues of Asia against the vices of the West." Encouraged by modernisation, global politics is being reconfigured along cultural lines. Political boundaries increasingly are redrawn to agree with cultural ones: ethnic, religious, and civilisational. Cultural communities are replacing Cold War blocs, and the fault lines between civilizations are becoming the central lines of conflict in global politics. Further, Samuel P. Huntington believes that these cultural differences do not facilitate cooperation and cohesion but promote conflicts for a number of reasons. Firstly, everyone has multiple identities, which may compete with or reinforce each other. Secondly, the alienation of cultural identity creates the need for more meaningful identities as the power of non-Western societies stimulate the revitalisation of indigenous identities and culture. Thirdly, identity at any level-personal, tribal, racial, or civilization can only be defined in relation to an "other" as opposed to the "like us". Fourthly, the sources of conflict between states and...
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Every year more than 300,000 students fail out of college in the United States. The impact of college failure can damage a person's self-esteem, which consequently can influence his or her entire lifetime. Many college students are oblivious to the many obvious causes of failure. Some causes of failure are the lack of high school preparation, the increase of personal freedom and the lack of determination. One cause of failure in college students is the lack of high school preparation. One reason for poor high school preparation is the low educational standards set for a high school diploma. A student may struggle in college because of his or her educational background does not meet the academic demands of the college in which he or she attends. Many students are placed in remedial programs to make up for the lack of effort put forth in high school. Another reason for poor high school preparation is that teachers did not teach students how to evaluate their own work. In high school, judging a students work is primarily the teachers responsibility. Many students were unable to develop high standards for quality work. A student frequently overestimates his or her understanding of college material and quality of his or her written work. Yet another reason for poor high school preparation is the teachers lack of teaching responsibility to students. In high school when a student is unprepared for a test he or she can simply skip the day and make up the test at a latter date. Most high school students were allowed to redo class assignments or turn in late work to the teacher, which gave students a false advantage when it comes to college. For these reasons, many students were set up for nothing but failure. Another cause of failure in college is the...
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With any essay that I write, my main objective is to paint a picture with words. There are three basic guidelines that I follow in order to paint this picture. By writing down my ideas, putting my ideas together on a word processor and then going back to revise is how I compose an essay or any other written work. I feel that these guidelines are essential to a well developed essay. When I'm given a writing assignment, one of the first things that I do is focus on the subject or topic of the essay. If it's a subject that I am knowledgeable of, I would add my own input and incorporate it into my writing. And if it's not a subject that I am familiar with, I would do some type of research on the subject. One of the most important processes of my written work is the gathering of detailed ideas. When I am forming ideas about my subject for an essay, the first thing that I usually do is concentrate on what I want to write. What do I want to say to my audience? What is the purpose of my writing? I have learned that by knowing the purpose of your writing keeps you focused on it. Once I have found the answers to these questions, I try to stay focused. I gather details for my subject that will help support and develop it. I try to utilize sensory details, specific examples, facts and statistics, or incidents or anecdotes - if they are needed. The next thing that I do is figure out how do I want to say it. I'll start by writing out a few sentences about my subject and then I determine which one represents my idea most effectively. Once I have found...
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house party 2 and how it pertains to supervision in the hospitality industry I chose the movie House Party Two to do my paper. I realize that this isn't exactly what you would do for a paper on supervision, but there is a scene in which it seemed perfect. In this movie the plot was basically about a boy named Kid. Kid ends up getting a chance to go to college. His Church gives him the money for tuition and somehow it gets in the hands of his best friend named Play. Everything goes downhill from there. Play end up giving the check to a con artist for a record deal. Kid is the forced to get a job and work in the faculty dinning hall. The bogus part is kid still is technically not a student at the school yet. This movie relates to our supervision class in many ways. One, Kid gets experience working in a running kitchen. Two, the head chef who runs things offers points of motivation and also uses the Carrot and Stick method. Three, Kid gets promoted by working his way up through the job. Finally, it showed me that you have to be careful who you hire because Kid was not exactly a trustworthy employee. The first way this movie applies to our class is the kitchen itself. I have learned that to work in a kitchen is not an easy job. In the kitchen Kid worked in there where many activities were going on. For instance there were line cooks who were performing many duties. Each person in the kitchen was helping one another out. You could also tell there was a lot of organization. The produce was another thing I noticed. Now that as not very organized. There were potatoes all over. The produce was...
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The teen brain consists of four main components that contribute to development. The first component is the corpus callosum, which is a nerve table that joins both sides of the brain. Although it is not completely stated what it is responsible for it is believed that it controls intelligence, consciousness, and self-awareness. This links to the teen brain model because it doesn't mature till your mid 20's which would explain why teens do so called "Dumb" things, because their brains are not fully developed. The second main component is the frontal lobe, which is located in the upper front part of the brain. The frontal lobe is responsible for self-control, judgment, organization, and regulation. The frontal lobe changes and undergoes a series of pruning. The first growth finishes at age five and then at about the age of 10 the brain begins to grow again. Which explains why most teens do not think things threw because this part of the brain is not fully developed. Another component is the changing in the Parietal lobes. The parietal lobe put together information and is in charge of senses like tactile or touch and sight, and makes it comprehensible. What happens to the parietal lobes is the long nerve fibers or white matter that is coated in fatty substance called myelin, allows the nerves to carry information faster and more efficiently when the process is finished. This process is developing until late teens early 20's. Which means the teen brain does not send or receive information as fast or effective. The final result of the parietal lobes is that they can't organize or incorporate the different signs that they receive. They do not adapt because the brain cannot react to it. Like the parietal lobe the temporal lobes are not developed during the...
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Physical abuse is one of the biggest problems in America Today. Many different people abuse children because of a lot of different reasons. There are many different types of physical abuse, which will be discussed later. The cause of abuse is different in most all cases. Education can be the most effective way to prevent abuse. If parents took a class before they had children on how to deal with pressure and frustration the number of children being abused will drop dramatically. If abuse is caught early and stops, the effect on the child won't be as much as if it happens for a long period of time. The warning signs of abuse are important to know so you can report to the authorities if a child you know is being abused. There are also many ways to help families that abuse occurs in like family therapy or hotlines which people can call when they are having trouble. I choose to do my paper on physical abuse to educate people and to help prevent it from happening. Some types of physical abuse are really visible and some are hard to point out. Some physical indicators are a high incidence of frequent injuries like when a child is always bruised or has broken bones frequently. Bite marks, unusual bruises, lacerations, and burns are more indicators that a child is being abused. Severe swelling of the face and extremities should be reported to Human Services and the police so they can investigate and find out what really happened. If a child has fractures in unusual places that is a good sign that abuse is going on. A rare form of physical abuse is Munchausen syndrome by proxy; it is where a caretaker seeks attention by making the child sick or appears to...
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For my term paper, I researched on Cyber Terrorism. I believe that Cyber Terrorism is a big problem in our society and may even be a worldwide problem for all humanity today. I want to do my term paper on Cyber Terrorism because I had some personal experience with this sort of terrorism. About a two years ago, I encountered a Hacker on America Online. I opened an unknown message in my mailbox that was titled Free Nude Teens. Then about a couple weeks later, we received all sorts of bills that had to be paid. My father received bills for many different things such as electronics, clothes, and other items that had been purchased under our account on the Internet. My father was so pissed off because he thought that my brothers or I had purchased all those items. So we called the Company and found that our computer had been hacked into. And the so called hacker purchased items on our account number. And we found that the hacker gained entry by a message that I had opened . So we ended up paying only a thousand dollars out of almost six-thousand dollars worth of goods purchased on America Online. I want to do my research paper on Cyber Terrorism because I want to stress to people that this is a big problem and will become worse in the future since everything is being done in Cyber Space these days. In this research paper, I will prove that hackers gain power and publicity with crimes they commit through cyber space. And it is easy for even amateur hackers to gain information and money from powerful organization without any detection or suspicion. Hacking is also a costly and destructive force for people in Cyber Space. Cyber Terrorism is such a...
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