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English Coursework Discuss the social and historical context of each text reflected in 'The Speckled Band' by Arthur Conan Doyle and 'Lamb to the Slaughter' by Roald Dahl. In this essay, I am going to compare and contrast the two short stories "The Speckled Band" by Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle, and "Lamb to the Slaughter" by Roald Dahl, picking out techniques used which make it exactly, or exactly the opposite of a typical detective story/murder mystery. Both "The Speckled Band" and "Lamb to the Slaughter" have ingredients for a detective story, i.e. they both have a cold murderer who is just a little mad. On the other hand, they are presented to us very differently, making one story very formulaic, and making the other very untypical of the murder mystery genre. But, both stories contain similar elements but different due to the time in which they are written. Both Conan-Doyle and Dahl use various techniques to make their stories more interesting; for example, in Dahl's "Lamb to the Slaughter" the story revolves around the character of Mrs Mary Maloney, loving housewife and psychopathic killer. Normally, many stories concentrate on the detective or the victim, this story concentrates on the character of the murderer. This perspective helps with the telling of the murder, making it more unexpected. The story includes two major plot twists; the first being the murder itself, made unexpected by what we have seen of Mary Maloney's character, the second plot twist is at the end, where the detectives eat the murder weapon. Conan-Doyle used techniques in writing "The Speckled Band" also. His story revolves around the character of the detective, Sherlock Holmes. The story is told as seen through the eyes of his companion, Dr Watson, providing a good example of writing in the first person. Unlike Dahl's story, "The Speckled Band" is...
pages: 3 (words: 732)
comments: 1
added: 10/21/2011
Current Affairs -An important part of the effectiveness of current affairs programmes is the way they tap into viewers' values and emotions in order to encourage a particular attitude in the viewer.Discuss this statement with reference to a specific cur An important part of the effectiveness of current affairs programmes is the way they tap into viewers' values and emotions in order to encourage a particular attitude in the viewer. Discuss this statement with reference to a specific current affairs segment you have viewed in class. The purpose of Current Affairs is to not only inform, but to also provoke an emotional response from the audience. Current Affairs programmes can encourage a particular attitude by providing information and images that will successfully appeal to the viewer. An example of how current affairs benefit from provoking emotion from an audience is "America Mourns" by Jennifer Byrne from Foreign Correspondent." Selection of Detail, Emotive Language, proximity and the structure of the news story create the opportunity of emotional response. The process of adding, cutting and editing the information acquired, helps the Current Affairs (CA) programme construct and develop the themes and meanings it wishes. By controlling the information of the whole story, Jennifer Byrne is able to propose a 'one sided' view to appeal to the viewer and provoke an emotional response. 'America Mourns' contains many examples of how a theme or idea is developed to produce an emotional reaction from the viewer through the selection of detail. From the opening statements, the news story only presents sympathetic information that may appeal to a viewer. "Here, desperate hope meets biter reality." This quote is Jennifer Byrnes commentary as mourners and family members contact the list of the identified. In reference to the statistics of the dead organised by volunteers, the segment is edited and selected to only display...
pages: 4 (words: 963)
comments: 1
added: 09/20/2011
The "Bushtucker Man: Stories of Survival" is an effective film that utilises numerous film techniques to help communicate the directors purpose – to communicate information about the Australian out back and Australian history. The language features used in "SoS (stories of survival)" include dramatisation, personalisation, and anecdotes. The presenter "Les Hiddins" gives a sense of importance to the viewer by the way he presents his information to the audience, Hiddins' use of language features make him win the viewer's attention and respect with his comfortable and conversational tones. The language of Hiddins is very conversant and educated, it helps communicate the message to the user because of the knowledge of the presenter for example in Gold Fever Hiddins says "Lasseter did not impress me as a man who knew this country, but as one who read about it". Hiddins also cares deeply about the subject, which is very advantageous to get across the meanings and messages to the viewer. Hiddins makes the information seem interesting and does not make the viewer get bored, he makes it appealing whilst still entertaining by creating the sense of an adventure with the successful structure of the show. Throughout the "SoS" Hiddins uses dramatisation to convey and confirm the meaning to the viewer. An example of the dramatisation used by Hiddins is in "Gold Fever" when Lasseter could not decide which way to go. The dramatisation creates a tension and intensity that cannot be done by just plain reporting. The acting out of the event makes the viewers feel more personal and can make the viewer feel like they are there. It makes them get the message easier with someone acting out the event rather than having to think of it themselves. Hiddins' personal anecdotes help create and enhance the messages being expressed to the viewer. Anecdotes...
pages: 2 (words: 411)
comments: 1
added: 02/04/2012
In opposition of many academic scholars' opinions, we should not feel that the increase in knowledge and awareness of AIDS in today's youth will put this generation at a lower risk of contracting the disease. Many of the academic elite on the study of AIDS agree with Uzi Brook's statement that the "importance of adequate knowledge about AIDS in relation to infection control is evident" (272). However, I disagree with this statement. The younger generation maybe more learned on the subject of AIDS, but they also carry with them a perceived vulnerability about contracting the disease. With seventy to eighty percent of school children having a sufficient amount of knowledge on the subject, many narrow minded adults are lead to believe that these young people apply this knowledge to their everyday lives (Brook 275). The reality, however, is that today's youth is "experiencing a growth rate of HIV infection" (Crosby 186). Though the amount of knowledge about AIDS is generally increasing, academic knowledge on the disease is not enough to motivate today's youth to remain aware of high-risk factors. According to Crosby, "knowledge alone is not enough to produce a change in outcome; however it is the first step in labeling high-risk behavior" (187). Many of today's youth view the textbook facts about AIDS as a fantasy or an issue in which they will never have to face. Teens often participate in high-risk activities like drinking and driving or drug abuse because they feel that "bad stuff" only happens to others; similarly, the new generation believes that AIDS remains an issue for social deviants and not young people rebelling against the norm or expressing themselves during their adolescent years. Frequently, adolescents fail to change knowledge into action, "once [this] dissonance appears, it must be accelerated to a threshold that will move...
pages: 4 (words: 925)
comments: 1
added: 12/02/2011
Topic: Lack of Certainty and Celerity in the Criminal Justice System accounts for the high level of crimes committed. Dependent Variable: Crime Level Independent Variable: Criminal Justice System Operationalization Celerity. Celerity for this study refers to the swiftness with which criminal sanctions are applied after the commission of a crime. Certainty. Certainty refers to the probability of apprehension and punishment for a crime. Crime Levels. Crime levels in this study refer to the statistics on the levels of reported crime in the country as reported by agencies such as STATIN. Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System in this study refers to Elaboration of central thesis. The idea is that the levels of crime are high not only as a result of economic stress and other such factors but also as a result of lack of certainty and celerity in the Criminal Justice System. This fosters opinions and impressions of the manipulation of the Criminal Justice System. These beliefs decrease the threat of punishment for illegal activity produced by the Criminal Justice System. If punishment is not swift and dependable then it looses power as a threat against illegal activities. Beccaria theorized that a minimum amount of punishment was needed if criminals were convinced that their violations were certain to be discovered and swiftly punished. This was similar to the Rational Choice Theory. It can be argued though that criminals are victims of such factors as racism, poverty, alienation, strain and their crime is an expression of their frustration. Their anger is a creation of social inequality. The Criminal Justice System serves to control the "have not's". It serves to secure the power of the affluent and judges those before it by two standards of justice. Within it the rich have private attorneys while the poor get public defenders. This process includes most lawyers. The best lawyers, from the best schools, with the best experience are quickly absorbed into...
pages: 13 (words: 3306)
comments: 1
added: 09/23/2011
George Washington's nonviolent ability to handle both foreign and domestic affairs, people of different political parties, and to lead a newly independent nation has made him well known as an impressive, historical figure. Washington's experiences with foreign affairs, Constitutional ideas, and national concerns have helped to shape our nation at a crucial time. As Washington left office, he held the belief that America should remain isolated and avoid permanent alliances with other countries, a theory he developed from his experiences with foreign affairs. Washington first earned nation reputation as war hero of Braddock's defeat. Throughout the French and Indian War, Washington became known as a leader and celebrated hero. Although Indians were a potential threat, they became dependent upon the colonists and Washington managed to negotiate successfully with the Indians in the Ohio River valley. Many Americans supported the French in their revolution, partially due to the aid France had offered America in their own revolution and war with Britain. The most impressive factor in the way Washington dealt with foreign affairs was his lack of violence. As a result of the Provision Order in 1794, Washington signed a temporary embargo on transatlantic trade. Washington then attempted to end the British seizing of American ships by negotiating, rather than violence. Throughout Washington's life, he managed to have large success in foreign affairs, from the Revolutionary War to later relations with European powers. Although Washington did not have strong political views regarding most of its principles, he was very effective in the development of the Constitution. Washington brought the concept of separate government branches to check and balance each other to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He favored a powerful central government, believing that the Constitution should leave local matters to the states, giving the federal government control over matters affecting the entire...
pages: 3 (words: 608)
comments: 1
added: 12/05/2011
A Brave New World by Aldous Huxley is an effective book, which is set in a futuristic time. The book has twists and turns, captivating and intriguing the readers, making them want to read more. By taking aspects of real life, Huxley makes it a possibility that a fictional book can become reality. It does not seem futuristic now, but it is still relevant to life now and in the future. More than seventy-five years after it was written, A Brave New World, is still a good read. Captivating with twists and turns is one way Huxley makes his book effective. As the readers begin to delve further into the book they find that there is not only one protagonist but two. The two protagonists are Bernard Max and John. Bernard is the first protagonist until he visits the reservation, then John is introduced into the story. This brings a whole new character and story into the book. When John is introduced into the book, he is not only a new character, but also new to the society. He is an outsider who was raised on Shakespeare. Even though John is brought up well, he follows Shakespeare's morals; thus, he ends his life due to his inner conflicts. Another twist is when readers discover that in this society, all babies are "test tube" babies. As the readers begin to study the book, they discover that Huxley puts many aspects of ordinary, or real, life into his book. Even though the book is a utopia, the society still judges people by their origins, for example: Quote: Alpha children wear grey. They work much harder than we do, because they're so frightfully clever. I'm awfully glad I'm a Beta, because I don't work so hard. And then we are much better than the Gammas and...
pages: 3 (words: 711)
comments: 1
added: 10/15/2011
There have been significant changes in the regulation of financial markets in Australia. Financial markets consist of the buying and selling of financial securities. The key markets within the financial sector are the primary market, which is concerned with the first issue of the securities and the secondary market, which is concerned with the buying and selling of the securities after the initial issue. The key changes in the regulation of the financial market occurred in 1983. Prior to 1983, financial markets were heavily regulated, most importantly the total regulation of the Banking System by the Reserve Bank of Australia, which set products and prices (interest rates). However, in 1983 there was a deregulation of the financial markets which included: • Dramatic removal of regulation • Freedom to develop innovative products • Floated currency • Freedom to set prices (interest rates) This dramatic deregulation allowed for a better allocation of resources. The current regulatory framework in Australia consists of three key organizations: Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) These three separate organizations work both independently and together to achieve financial market stability, however their effectiveness is questionable. The Reserve Bank of Australia is definitely the most important of these regulatory bodies as it aims to achieve overall financial stability, that is, to avoid crisis within financial markets. The RBA aims to achieve stability by regulating certain aspects such as supply of currency and monetary policy. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission deals with issues such as reducing fraud and unfair practices. ASIC aims to achieve this by enforcing and administering corporation laws and consumer protection laws. The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority aims to reduce excessive risk by financial organizations. Together, these bodies set up the regulatory framework of Australia by ensuring prudential supervision, market integrity and consumer protection and the overall stability...
pages: 2 (words: 445)
comments: 0
added: 01/16/2012
There are some theories that suggest motivation is thoughtful and rational decision-like process. One of the major theories from this type of approach is expectancy theory (e.g., Vroom, 1964). Expectancy theory basically says that people choose their behaviors based on the subjective estimation that such behaviors lead to the valued outcomes. Vroom’s valence-instrumentality-expectancy theory (VIE theory) states that there are three main components that affect human motivation. Valence is the degree in which the outcome the person will have is valuable for him/her. Instrumentality represents the degree in which the first outcome (e.g., performance) leads to the final valued outcome. Expectancy refers to the subjective probability that a certain effort or behavior leads to the first outcome or performance. VIE theory suggests that the multipricative function of valence, instrumentality and expectancy represents motivational force, which predicts a person’s choice (e.g., goal choice). As described above, expectancy theory is a very rational approach to motivation. The strength of this approach is that it predicts a person’s choice (e.g., such as occupational choice) well and is predictive if the task is fairly simple and easy for the estimation of VIE. However, the weakness of this theory is that its predictive power might be low for complex tasks, uncertain environment, and so on. Meta-analysis shows that the multiplied VIE factors doesn’t explain human motivation better than each independent component alone (VanElde & Thealy, 1996). Goal setting theory (Locke & Latham, 1990) also includes some thoughtful, rational process of motivation. The major finding of goal setting research is that difficult, specific goals lead to high performance. Mitchell et al. (2000) suggest that there are direct and indirect effects of goal setting. Direct effect of goal setting is that goals stimulate arousal, attention and direction, and intensity and persistence. This might rather automatic process than thoughtful process....
pages: 7 (words: 1673)
comments: 68
added: 04/29/2011
Question one is about the different ways of listening to music. This is a reading debate essay of the three. Whilst you should make arguments, it is necessary that you quote from readings and back them up because you can’t get enough simply from looking at particular uses of music in the contemporary scene. They should be there to reinforce and illustrate your marshalling of other peoples’ arguments. It doesn’t mean that you’ve got no voice. Your voice in this type of essay first of all is from the way that you use the arguments, certainly which bits you tend to cite or lean on from the texts and also what points you are trying to make by using them. We are looking for a reasonable depth of reading on it and looking for an academic quality of balanced argument. I don’t think when you have done the reading that it is actually viable or valid to come up with a very strong argument down one side of this. There are strong cases, as one would expect really for a mix of these three factors. I would tend to adopt a set approach to each of the three propositions. In what way can you demonstrate that the music itself affects how listeners listen to it without any knowledge of the artists or anything? I think it is certainly possible to argue that that is only a hypothetical premise anyway because if for example anyone puts on Method Man, people laugh and are clearly going to respond in the contextual way – it is not just music with different musical values, it carries cultural coding and values. Now whether you call that the music itself or whether you call that part of its cultural trappings is down to your line of argument....
pages: 12 (words: 3057)
comments: 1
added: 04/29/2011
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