Rap music has received lots of criticism for often containing obscene language, and shocking themes of homicide, drug use, rape, guns, violence, and murder (Robert 2). Many people believe that rap music has had a negative influence on today's youth, causing listeners to be anti-social or even violent (Hip-hop 1). One source talked about a thirteen year old student at West Side Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas who shot fifteen people at his school. A teacher at this school, Debbie Pelley, testified in court on June 16, 1998, that she believes that modern rap music may have been what inspired him to commit these violent crimes (Pelley 1). Students at this school said that he was very passionate about rap music, and verified that the message of most gangsta rap is that killing and being on death row is cool (Pelley 1). Some rappers criticize America for its racial and economic discrimination and blame youth crime, violence, and drug use on that, rather than rap music and media violence. Rapper Juvenile said in an interview with USA today that he believes that better home training and leadership would help kids keep things in perspective, and that rap music is not to blame when violent crimes occur (Hip-hop 1). His opinion is very biased though, since he is a rap artist that has used very explicit lyrics in his songs. The question is, can violent words and images actually incite violent actions? Numerous studies show that children exposed to media violence and rap music containing explicit lyrics are at a greater risk to behave violently (Robert 1). Should these studies be evidence enough to enforce censorship or put boundaries on what rap artists can rap about? British rapper Slick Rick, after just getting released from prison for attempted murder, stated in an...
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Science Fiction and Fantasy Essay Science Fantasy -Fantasy is the discovery of the real world within the unreal, the credible within the incredible, it constructs new futures for the exploration of the great complexities of human existence, life, love, death and morality. Ursaula K.LeGuin Science fantasy is no doubt "the discovery of the real world within the unreal, the credible within the incredible, it ……." as quoted above by Ursaula K.LeGuin. We can clearly experience these concepts in Sara Douglass's "Battle Axe". Sara Douglass takes us on a magical journey though the created and magnificent lands of Achar (Tencedor), though this journey we experience the thrills of discovering a new world, a world complicated by wars, race differences, life, love, religion, survival and so much more. It is a hard book to put down once picked up. The creation of a real world within the unreal is evident before you even read one word of the story. There is a map of the world, on which the story is based, the features on the map (islands, hills, mountains, rivers, cities etc) in this unreal world are familiar to us, and therefore it does not alienate us from the unreal world that Sara Douglass has created. This world has a medieval feel to it with the clothing of the people, weapons being axes, swords, arrows, etc but with a twist of magic and enchantments. The Acharites people in the story are very much like people in our world in the medieval times. Though this technique of using combination of scenery and characters who feel: love, hate, hardships and more, it makes us believe in the people and the unreal world that has been made and makes us want to explore the part of the world that is not familiar to us, so we can relate to...
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In the Short Story "Two Friends" the climax is to a great extent effective. This short story is about two Frenchman who decided to go fishing. The 2 friends were then caught by the Germans who wanted to get the password to enter France. At this moment the climax occurs. It is effective because it is unexpected, fills the reader with suspense, and makes the reader have particular feelings when the conflict is resolved. First of all, the climax was a surprise for the readers because the two friends wee just fishing, and then suddenly have to choose to die or give the password. This creates suspense; the reader wants to know if the two friends will give the password. The reader also wonders what would happen if they do not. The conflict is resolved when the two of them choose to die. It reveals the theme of the story; loyalty to country, friend, and themselves. The climax is striking because the reader feels sad for the French man, angry about the war, but proud because there are such people. In conclusion, the climax of the short story "two friends" is very effective because a enjoyable fishing trip turned out to be unexpected, full of suspenseful and made the reader wonder about more issues. Two Friends is also very much of suspense and the wonder of the fishing trip is very unexpected. The climax is striking because the reader feels sad for the French man, angry about the war, but proud because there are such people....
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Essay Question: The situation, the characters, the capacity of the play to keep one guessing and the use of the vernacular are qualities which make 'Summer of the Seventeenth Doll' more than an ordinary play. Discuss. An extraordinary play is where the play, via the actors, exchanges something and leaves and impression on the audience. 'Summer of the Seventeenth Doll' written by Ray Lawler tells about the struggle of how a group of midddle-aged adults, living in the '50s, have to cope with the realization that their youth is over, aging is inevitable and change is a season in life. It is written in a very austere, yet simple manner, truly mirroring the openness of the Australian character. Lawler cleverly combines the different qualities including written textual features such as the situation, the characters and the use of the vernacular to deepen the capacity of the play. Lawler uses all these qualities to force the audience to repond, to keep guessing, to tease their expectations and emotions. In this way, 'Summer of the Seventeenth Doll' is more than an ordinary play. The situation that the play is balanced on, is vital in keeping the audience guessing and clinging to the edge of their seats. 'Summer of the Seventeenth Doll' does not have a tranquil or calmness of atmosphere. It is always changing and brewing, even from the beginning, when Pearl who is 'the outsider', replaces Nancy. Slowly, conflicting situations--differing opinions, conflicting outlooks, arguments, fights, twisted emotions--within the play emerge and grow between the various characters. The situation is easy for the audience to relate to as it is totally relevant to the Australian lifestyle and background. It keeps the audience intense, waiting for the ever-building climax where all pretended gaiety and pride is stripped away, leaving emotions raw. It keeps the audience...
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Juan Estrada Basically, My taste in music very much, I grew up with my parents old spanish music such as nortenas, folklorico, and tejeano music I myself enjoy the tejano music. Tejano music is a kind of country mixed in with some polka together or that's my opinion anyway, my mother and father like the old folklorico music it's a kind of music that started out in or around the early 1800s and it just progressed to a newer more kind of hip music which pretty much turned out to be tejano music, the other type that I was talking about nortenas is a spanish polka it is more for dancing around that type of dance is called a cumbia, a cumbia is basically just a two step dance anyone can do it you just rotate your hips in and out and move your feet and just dance around in circles. I also have a taste for spanish music, As I said in the last paragraph I litsen to tejano music I like it because it puts me in a good mood I also enjoy dancing to it because it is simple to dance to all your friends want to join in with you and your around more people of your race. I believe that my most favorite band in this kind of music the group called the Kubia Kings, what they have done is taken the new tejano music and mixed it in with some rap and have developed a new kind of spanish music, I do not know what that kind of music is called but it seems to have evolved and now everyone is starting to listen to it. The band originated back In 1999 and were not paid much attention because some people thought that they were butchering...
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The British phonographic Industry; Introduction and historical development The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) was launched in 1972, although was formally incorporated in 1973, and has since been representing the interests of British record companies. The industry started off with just five members and its principle aim was to fight the growing problem of music piracy. Since then, the BPI now represents 267 record companies to date ranging from small independent labels, these includeV2, Independiente and Mushroom, to multi-national corporations such as BMG and EMI. Everyone who works for the BPI has one aim in common: to help create an environment in which the British music business can thrive and remain a world leader (BPI Handbook). To achieve this, the BPI's work has been concentrated in four main areas. Firstly, to fight against music piracy on a commercial scale. Secondly to gain Rights' negotiation and the provision of legal expertise to lobby government on behalf of the member record companies. The BPI also considers promoting the music industry to the media, politicians and the public. Lastly the BPI takes note and research and publication of key statistics on the value of the UK record business. Music piracy The act of music piracy has been abusing the main assets of BPI members along with their rights for decades, and is now more serious than ever. The BPI's Anti-Piracy Unit is fighting for these rights and taking action on their behalf to reduce this act. Currently, one in three recordings is a pirate copy and this results in costing the UK music industry millions of pounds each year. Within the UK, the BPI face threats from the growth of the CD-recordable disc highly sophisticated counterfeit CDs from Eastern Europe, and Online Piracy. Napster, which has been the centre of controversy for many months, is a type...
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Censorship by definition is the prohibiting of words, images or ideas that are "offensive" to others. I feel that the laws governing film censorship should be more versatile. The teenagers of today are becoming more mature and adult-like at an earlier age. They are taught about the dangers of sex as well as drugs in Enrichment or in Personal and Social Education (P.S.E) and know more about certain subjects than adults today would have known when they were younger. I feel therefore it is ridiculous not to allow them to see films containing sex, drugs and violence on TV or at the cinema, until they are 18. In my opinion teenagers today are clearly mature enough to see these films at the age of 16, which is when they are able to finish their secondary education. At this stage they will have been taught everything they need to know. My main argument is that I feel that the laws on the classification of films are outdated. I believe that the 18 certificate and the 15 certificate should be abolished and replaced by a 16 certificate. This means that they will be able to see the films that they are (in my opinion) mature enough to see. My main argument is that I feel the laws surrounding film classification are outdated. Censorship by definition is the prohibiting of words, images or ideas that are "offensive" to others. I feel that the laws governing film censorship should be more versatile. The teenagers of today are becoming more mature and adult-like at an earlier age. They are taught about the dangers of sex as well as drugs in Enrichment or in Personal and Social Education (P.S.E) and know more about certain subjects than adults today would have known when they were younger. I feel therefore it...
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Everyone uses different defense mechanisms to help them get through frustrating experiences. There are three major types of defensive mechanisms that I use most frequently: rationalization, verbal aggression, and displacement. I often rationalize a situation before getting mad, that is, I often try to consider all courses of actions and choose one that will lead to my desired end result. Is it really worth it, or what is there to gain? Consequently, I often avoid a confrontation or bad a situation by taking to time to think before I speak. This avoidance of conflict helps me keep my stress level to a minimum at the same time it prevents be from speaking out sometimes. I began doing this as a child looking for ways to avoid arguing with my stepfather. He, like others I know, always enjoys a good argument. He is very talented in finding the shortcomings of others. As a boy I can remember arguments starting over a spot I missed while vacuuming the living room. But, only after repeated arguments, did I learn that it was not worth the aggravation to defend myself at all times. Because there are so many individuals like my stepfather that take pleasure in aggravating others for their personal enjoyment, is why I seek the rational answer to the problem. Instead of being drawn into the argument, I rationalize the situation and either try to ignore the problem or just walk away. I also have the tendency to be verbally aggressive when I feel angry or frustrated. Although I try to think before I speak during an argument, I often find myself so frustrated, I cannot verbally express myself and make sense at the same time. So, I usually end up exploding with verbal gibberish, bringing up non-related issues into the conversation. I...
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The best example of terrorism in the present day was the attack on the Americans on September 11th when the world trade center was destroyed. It certainly caught the attention of the world and succeeded in its goal. Terrorism is defined as using terror-inspiring methods of governing: is this a productive political strategy? Terrorists usually campaign for their political view to be enforced. By drastic, extreme methods, such as the September 11th attack, terrorists are able to inspire fear and make their views known in effective ways. USA civilians mourned the loss of life on September 11th but they also mourned over their loss of faith in the system that protects them from any attack. This fear was created by terrorism. Action taken by terrorists is made more significant by the inevitable publicity terrorists crave. Gaining the public eye allows terrorists to emphasize the political point they are campaigning about well, which is exactly the desired effect of terrorist attacks. It is evident that terrorism is a successful means of displaying a message because US President George Bush made clear the motive of the suicide bombers on September 11th. He advertised their cause for them. A “war on terrorism” is almost impossible as terrorism is what might be called an abstract concept. Terrorism cannot be demolished through plain hand-to-hand combat, as the USA discovered in the Vietnam War against the communist guerrillas. Terrorism can only be abolished by the causes of terrorism being abolished, making the world a place free of grievances, which is almost impossible to achieve. Certain terrorist movements can be combated by intelligence agencies. However, terrorist operations ensure that their plans will not be known by many people, so it is extremely difficult for the intelligence agencies to find out what they are doing. This method of terrorist organisation is...
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Critical Analysis: Extract of unknown Prose In the passage given for critical Analysis, the Author reflects on stylistic values of Shakespeare and in the rhetoric of the writer, we are made aware of their opinions in their use of vocabulary and perhaps in some ways their factitious use of examples. The passage is made up of three paragraphs and is a non-fictional piece of prose, aided by the parenthesis of the author's lexicons. It is a non-diegetic, piece of writing as it is simply the beginning of some kind of essay on Shakespeare. In parts, the extract is cumbersomely convoluted and facetious; including nouns used such as 'malignity' and 'veneration' to edify the authors point further on Shakespeare's works, alluded to in the second paragraph. Significantly on from this in the third paragraph, the author begins again with the first person pronoun of 'I' as in the first paragraph, that they will endeavour to show the subjects 'faults' in a somewhat fair way. Hyperbolically chosen is the pluralized noun of 'excellencies', suggesting to the reader the possibilities of the author's bias for the subject. With regards to the use of trope in elevating Shakespeare, it is figuratively put when the author describes the subject of the extract 'one of the original masters of our language' and respectively this description is casually asserting the authors opinion (referring back to the hyperbole of 'excellencies'). The narrator of this piece of prose, promises the reader from their standpoint, that what has been said and implied by their use of lexis, is both from an knowledgeable personage with an eloquent and intelligent use for words as we read on. This opinion has been made, through extracting the flow of the prose, because although as stated before it can be sometimes convoluted and cumbersome (with example from the...
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