Jim Homfer 8/21/03 In my research I found several papers with people's opinions, but it seems like everyone has a different opinion on the subject, so here is mine. Art is a form of expressing ourselves, and sharing with each other. Therefore it is also a reflection of us in a way. So, people can only be expected to produce art that reflects the way they are themselves. If the artist does not have the same views as you, you can't expect them to make art that goes along with your views. So I think in the area of art, "to each his own" is a good statement. However, I also think that art should never be used to directly offend people, or infringe on their rights, nor should it go against the law. I remember hearing about someone taking a painting of Jesus and rubbing elephant dung all over it, calling it art. I don't know the entire situation here, but it sounds more like someone trying to get attention, rather than making art, and they new they would directly offend people. In my art, I see things a specific way, and have ideas that I think may look neat. This is usually what prompts my projects. Ethical values have never been a big part of my art. Thinking back, I have made things that I like, and used colors that are satisfying to me. So in that way I guess art is a self-pleasing act. Even when I make something for someone else, such as a flower vase that I made for my girlfriend, I still made it according to what I thought looked good. This is because we only have one mind, and can't see what others see. Film seems to be the biggest area of art that expresses ethical views....
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Vince Lombardi, most likely the best coach to ever lead a team to victory or multiple ones on a football field. His ethics sometimes questionable, but never misunderstood, were always meant to lead and encourage his team to be nothing but the best, and the best was achieved in 1967. After nine incredible winning seasons with the Green Bay Packers, Lombardi decided to retire as head coach. The Packers had dominated professional football under his direction, collecting six division titles, five NFL championships, two Super Bowls and acquiring a record of 98-30-4. After less than a year, however, he realized that he still wanted to coach. He accepted the head coaching position for the Washington Redskins in 1969. During that season, he kept what had become the Lombardi tradition and led the Redskins to their first winning record in 14 years. In January of 1970, his professional coaching record stood at a remarkable 105-35-6, and the NFL named him their acclaimed "1960s Man of the Decade." His statement that "winning is the only thing that matters in sport", is one of the truths that is still inherent in today's world of sports. Athletes are willing to cheat to guarantee success, either through the use of performance-enhancing drugs, or through the act of injuring others. These days, drugs, blood doping, corruption, injuring others and the consequences of winning and more importantly losing is all evident. Lombardi's statement is not only applicable to athletes, but it also applies to the countries that the athletes are representing. Events such as the Olympics and the World Cup of Hockey, are a source of national pride and some countries are willing, and fully wanting to try and do anything to bring prestige back, many of them resorting to unethical tactics. Lombardi's statement does not only affect...
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Webster's dictionary defines ethics as, "the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation." With this moral duty and obligation, people are designed to take intelligence, and provide good usage to those things that will better life and the society around it. With all the technology of today, we have taken a beautiful thing in creation, and turned it into a mockery of sorts, by playing the role of the creator. With this, the process has begun; cloning humans is becoming a rising ethical conflict in the world today. It is left to those people who will be the leaders of tomorrow who will decide what is ethical and unethical. Cloning is the creation of living matter such as a cell or an organism. The copies of these certain things are known as clones. Cloning began thousand of years ago in simple ways, such as a cutting of a plant and letting it root make another plant. Early farmers devised breeding techniques to reproduce plants with such characteristics as faster growth, larger seeds, or sweeter fruits. The process of cloning humans has begun and through genetic and DNA reconstruction it is being made possible. Many people through the year believe that what if they were to create a clone by taking the DNA from an Adolph Hitler or a Napoleon, wouldn't this create a monster whose heart is sought out only to kill? No, this is wrong, just because the DNA is from that person, people must understand that the creation is given freewill such as the monster had in the book "Frankenstein." The monster was created through Victor. Victor ran from his creation and left the monster to tend to him self and to be raised in a society that only loves beautiful people. Society...
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In the world today, there are two extremely different and distinct sets of values that most people follow. There are religious values, and there are also the ethical values of society. Some people find it important to strictly live by the guidelines of religion, while others feel they need only to obey societies moral codes or ethics. This is a never-ending conflict. Religion and ethics are two very separate entities in the world, and are two forms of values that definitely have opposing views of what is right and wrong. This is why religion and ethics cannot, and will not, ever agree with each other. It is easy to understand how these two sides cannot agree with each other and how they have completely opposing views when analysing the topics of abortion, war, and homosexuality. First of all, when examining how religion and the ethical values of society are in constant disagreement with each other, an important topic to analyse is that of abortion. In modern North American culture, abortion is a legal and widely accepted practise. It is considered ethical according to societies criteria, to kill an unborn child. "Legislative action in the 20th century has been aimed at permitting the termination of unwanted pregnancies for medical, social, or private reasons. Abortions at the woman's request were first allowed in post-revolutionary Russia in 1920, followed by Japan and several East European nations after World War II (1939-1945). In the late 1960's liberalized abortion regulations became widespread." Specifically in Canada, abortion first became legal in 1967 when the Minister of Justice at that time, Pierre Elliot Trudeau, passed a bill which permitted the act. Abortions also became legal in the United States of America in the early 1970's. This was, in large part, the result of a high rate of illegal abortions, and...
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 2 Criteria 2 Allocation of Points 4 Reviews 4 Paper 1 4 Title: Virtuous Machines 4 Paper 2 6 Title: Putting 'hackers' to work on improving system security: 6 'sleeping with the enemy', or a vision of a new computer ethics? 6 Paper 3 7 Title: It takes more than ethics 7 Paper 4 9 Title: Information Ethics: eAI: Bearing Frankenstein's Children 9 Paper 5 11 Title: Information Ethics: Ethical Machines 11 Tribute 13 Appendix 1 14 Appendix 2 15 Appendix 3 16 Appendix 4 17 Appendix 5 18 Introduction The purpose of this paper is to review five literary works in the field of Ethics and Computers. These papers must be available from the internet and be post January 2001. Each work will be reviewed on its merit and a winner shall be chosen from these by the criteria stated below. Criteria Quality of Authorship It must be demonstrated that the author has sufficient experience and understanding to tackle the complex area of computing ethics. It is not enough in itself that an author is an academic although points will be allocated for this, there has to be a practical element also. It must be demonstrated that the author is or has held some position which would be beneficial to the claim that the paper is of substance, for example a post at a Faculty of a University or professional experience in the field with a recognised company. Points will be awarded as follows: Academic qualifications maximum of 5 points Professional Experience maximum of 5 points Total Available maximum of 10 Points Ethical Analysis The Author must conduct an ethical analysis, marks will be allocated on how well the author explores the ethical issues, and this may be with or without direct subscription to a classical ideology. Above all the paper must have argued comprehensively all of the ethical issues that the scenario holds; the analysis must be comprehensive and understandable. Points will be awarded as follows: Quality of...
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When the word "Enron" comes to people's minds all they can think about is words such as cheaters, fraud and con artists. It wasn't always this way. Kenneth Lay started this company in the 1980's when they merged two gas pipeline firms, the Houston Natural and InterNorth, which were natural gas companies. Kenneth then changed the name to Enron and provided both oil and natural gas. Stocks started at less than nine dollars a share. In 15 years Enron developed a company that was the 21st largest in the world, employing over 21,000 people all over the world. Stocks were as high as 90 dollars a share. With a half of America invested in the stock market, the economy was great. Money was being spent and earned. For Enron and Kenneth Lay things were great, but like everything all good things must come to an end. For quite some time Enron had some concerns about the large amount of money they were investing into projects and not enough profits coming out them. People also worried that if enough of these wrong investments were made, it would add up to a lot of debt. Enron started to lie about their profits and hide the debts by putting them in small corporations with the intent to pay them back at a later time. Stock prices started to drop to about 30 dollars a share and people investing in Enron got worried. Some started to get out and Enron had no choice but to file for chapter 11 bankruptcy. Stock prices dropped to a whopping decrease with one share being worth less than a dollar. The most human face of Enron's fall were the many workers from below the executive ranks who had invested their entire 401(k)s in Enron stock and would see their...
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The best example of terrorism in the present day was the attack on the Americans on September 11th when the world trade center was destroyed. It certainly caught the attention of the world and succeeded in its goal. Terrorism is defined as using terror-inspiring methods of governing: is this a productive political strategy? Terrorists usually campaign for their political view to be enforced. By drastic, extreme methods, such as the September 11th attack, terrorists are able to inspire fear and make their views known in effective ways. USA civilians mourned the loss of life on September 11th but they also mourned over their loss of faith in the system that protects them from any attack. This fear was created by terrorism. Action taken by terrorists is made more significant by the inevitable publicity terrorists crave. Gaining the public eye allows terrorists to emphasize the political point they are campaigning about well, which is exactly the desired effect of terrorist attacks. It is evident that terrorism is a successful means of displaying a message because US President George Bush made clear the motive of the suicide bombers on September 11th. He advertised their cause for them. A “war on terrorism” is almost impossible as terrorism is what might be called an abstract concept. Terrorism cannot be demolished through plain hand-to-hand combat, as the USA discovered in the Vietnam War against the communist guerrillas. Terrorism can only be abolished by the causes of terrorism being abolished, making the world a place free of grievances, which is almost impossible to achieve. Certain terrorist movements can be combated by intelligence agencies. However, terrorist operations ensure that their plans will not be known by many people, so it is extremely difficult for the intelligence agencies to find out what they are doing. This method of terrorist organisation is...
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History has shown that developing countries face many obstacles, one of which is disease. Diseases have had devastating effects on civilizations. The Roman Empire, Great Britain, China, and The United States all have had historical plagues that have killed thousands. The diseases that were so devastating to our past civilizations can now be seen in new civilizations, but in other forms. In the world today, nations like the United States and Great Britain have developed to a level where disease can be fought and prevented. Unfortunately, other nations have yet to develop to such a level. Even with treatment from other nations many nations still cannot afford the treatment needed. But, as millions die in South Africa each year, who is socially responsible or more importantly, who is going to pay for it? The South African government appears to be the reason for much of their problems. The South African government has failed at any attempt to stop their epidemic and has resisted their need for help. Since the South African government has neglected its own people outside measures appear to be needed. This has left the social responsibility to the world. The costs and efforts of this battle are tremendous and will take years along with billions of dollars to fight. In order to take on such a battle nations will need to unite and fight as one. Organizations like the United Nations and World Health Organization have already started this battle. With the support from pharmaceutical companies and their nations, the battle can be won. In doing so, the needs of all the groups must be considered. No burden should be left on the shoulders of any single entity. Pharmaceutical companies appear to be willing to cut the costs of their drugs to a rate that is not beneficial for them,...
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Describe your career aspirations and why you have decided to enter Laurier's MBA program at this time.Admission
Describe your career aspirations and why you have decided to enter Laurier's MBA program at this time. Upon graduating from university with a degree in mathematics, I embarked upon a career in consulting. I continued my education by enrolling in the Association of Investment Management of Research’s Chartered Financial Analyst program and successfully passed the first of three exams: Level I. While preparing and studying for this exam, I was concurrently gaining some exposure to the Financial Accounting division within my company, Hewitt Associates, and realized that my strength was in finance. I quickly became passionate about the subject and with much introspection, I realized that my true interests lay in the path of finance and accounting. Having a mathematical background, I have always been engaged with numbers and I believe that finance, coupled with accounting, would be an excellent outlet for my creative abilities. One might ask, “But why would you need an MBA?” My response would be that without the education and specialization that comes with a Laurier MBA-CMA, it would be quite difficult to enter my role of choice: Financial Accountant Analyst at Hewitt, which requires a CMA designation and prefers an MBA degree. Furthermore, the leading companies, like Hewitt and Ernst and Young, typically require an MBA and/or a CMA degree for managerial positions like Financial Planning & Analysis manager. Without the specialized financial accounting and management skills that would come with an MBA-CMA, I believe that it would take a long time to make my career move. My research of the school (from the Canadian Business’s most recent survey of Canadian MBA programs and What’s in a MBA? The Complete Guide to MBA and Executive MBA Programs in Canada by Rebecca Carpenter) has indicated that Laurier graduates speak highly of the specialized and integrated nature of the...
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John Stubbs' essay is an examination of the defense which he believes Henry and Catherine use to protect themselves from the discovery of their insignificance and "powerlessness...in a world indifferent to their well being..." He asserts that "role-playing" by the two main characters, and several others in the book, is a way to escape the realization of human mortality which is unveiled by war. Stubbs thinks that Hemingway utilized role-playing as a way to "explore the strengths and weaknesses of his two characters." Stubbs says that by placing Henry's ordered life in opposition to Catherine's topsy-turvy one, and then letting each one assume a role which will bring them closer together, Hemingway shows the pair's inability to accept "the hard, gratuitous quality of life." Stubbs begins by showing other examples, notably in In Our Time and The Sun Also Rises, in which Hemingway's characters revert to role-playing in order to escape or retreat from their lives. The ability to create characters who play roles, he says, either to "maintain self-esteem" or to escape, is one Hemingway exploits extraordinarily well in A Farewell to Arms and therefore it "is his richest and most successful handling of human beings trying to come to terms with their vulnerability." As far as Stubbs is concerned, Hemingway is quite blatant in letting us know that role-playing is what is occurring. He tells that the role-playing begins during Henry and Catherine's third encounter, when Catherine directly dictates what is spoken by Henry. After this meeting the two become increasingly comfortable with their roles and easily adopt them whenever the other is nearby. This is apparent also in that they can only successfully play their roles when they are in private and any disturbance causes the "game" to be disrupted. The intrusion of the outside world in any...
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