The best example of terrorism in the present day was the attack on the Americans on September 11th when the world trade center was destroyed. It certainly caught the attention of the world and succeeded in its goal. Terrorism is defined as using terror-inspiring methods of governing: is this a productive political strategy? Terrorists usually campaign for their political view to be enforced. By drastic, extreme methods, such as the September 11th attack, terrorists are able to inspire fear and make their views known in effective ways. USA civilians mourned the loss of life on September 11th but they also mourned over their loss of faith in the system that protects them from any attack. This fear was created by terrorism. Action taken by terrorists is made more significant by the inevitable publicity terrorists crave. Gaining the public eye allows terrorists to emphasize the political point they are campaigning about well, which is exactly the desired effect of terrorist attacks. It is evident that terrorism is a successful means of displaying a message because US President George Bush made clear the motive of the suicide bombers on September 11th. He advertised their cause for them. A “war on terrorism” is almost impossible as terrorism is what might be called an abstract concept. Terrorism cannot be demolished through plain hand-to-hand combat, as the USA discovered in the Vietnam War against the communist guerrillas. Terrorism can only be abolished by the causes of terrorism being abolished, making the world a place free of grievances, which is almost impossible to achieve. Certain terrorist movements can be combated by intelligence agencies. However, terrorist operations ensure that their plans will not be known by many people, so it is extremely difficult for the intelligence agencies to find out what they are doing. This method of terrorist organisation is...
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Censorship by definition is the prohibiting of words, images or ideas that are "offensive" to others. I feel that the laws governing film censorship should be more versatile. The teenagers of today are becoming more mature and adult-like at an earlier age. They are taught about the dangers of sex as well as drugs in Enrichment or in Personal and Social Education (P.S.E) and know more about certain subjects than adults today would have known when they were younger. I feel therefore it is ridiculous not to allow them to see films containing sex, drugs and violence on TV or at the cinema, until they are 18. In my opinion teenagers today are clearly mature enough to see these films at the age of 16, which is when they are able to finish their secondary education. At this stage they will have been taught everything they need to know. My main argument is that I feel that the laws on the classification of films are outdated. I believe that the 18 certificate and the 15 certificate should be abolished and replaced by a 16 certificate. This means that they will be able to see the films that they are (in my opinion) mature enough to see. My main argument is that I feel the laws surrounding film classification are outdated. Censorship by definition is the prohibiting of words, images or ideas that are "offensive" to others. I feel that the laws governing film censorship should be more versatile. The teenagers of today are becoming more mature and adult-like at an earlier age. They are taught about the dangers of sex as well as drugs in Enrichment or in Personal and Social Education (P.S.E) and know more about certain subjects than adults today would have known when they were younger. I feel therefore it...
pages: 2 (words: 440)
Everyone uses different defense mechanisms to help them get through frustrating experiences. There are three major types of defensive mechanisms that I use most frequently: rationalization, verbal aggression, and displacement. I often rationalize a situation before getting mad, that is, I often try to consider all courses of actions and choose one that will lead to my desired end result. Is it really worth it, or what is there to gain? Consequently, I often avoid a confrontation or bad a situation by taking to time to think before I speak. This avoidance of conflict helps me keep my stress level to a minimum at the same time it prevents be from speaking out sometimes. I began doing this as a child looking for ways to avoid arguing with my stepfather. He, like others I know, always enjoys a good argument. He is very talented in finding the shortcomings of others. As a boy I can remember arguments starting over a spot I missed while vacuuming the living room. But, only after repeated arguments, did I learn that it was not worth the aggravation to defend myself at all times. Because there are so many individuals like my stepfather that take pleasure in aggravating others for their personal enjoyment, is why I seek the rational answer to the problem. Instead of being drawn into the argument, I rationalize the situation and either try to ignore the problem or just walk away. I also have the tendency to be verbally aggressive when I feel angry or frustrated. Although I try to think before I speak during an argument, I often find myself so frustrated, I cannot verbally express myself and make sense at the same time. So, I usually end up exploding with verbal gibberish, bringing up non-related issues into the conversation. I...
pages: 3 (words: 625)
Critical Analysis: Extract of unknown Prose In the passage given for critical Analysis, the Author reflects on stylistic values of Shakespeare and in the rhetoric of the writer, we are made aware of their opinions in their use of vocabulary and perhaps in some ways their factitious use of examples. The passage is made up of three paragraphs and is a non-fictional piece of prose, aided by the parenthesis of the author's lexicons. It is a non-diegetic, piece of writing as it is simply the beginning of some kind of essay on Shakespeare. In parts, the extract is cumbersomely convoluted and facetious; including nouns used such as 'malignity' and 'veneration' to edify the authors point further on Shakespeare's works, alluded to in the second paragraph. Significantly on from this in the third paragraph, the author begins again with the first person pronoun of 'I' as in the first paragraph, that they will endeavour to show the subjects 'faults' in a somewhat fair way. Hyperbolically chosen is the pluralized noun of 'excellencies', suggesting to the reader the possibilities of the author's bias for the subject. With regards to the use of trope in elevating Shakespeare, it is figuratively put when the author describes the subject of the extract 'one of the original masters of our language' and respectively this description is casually asserting the authors opinion (referring back to the hyperbole of 'excellencies'). The narrator of this piece of prose, promises the reader from their standpoint, that what has been said and implied by their use of lexis, is both from an knowledgeable personage with an eloquent and intelligent use for words as we read on. This opinion has been made, through extracting the flow of the prose, because although as stated before it can be sometimes convoluted and cumbersome (with example from the...
pages: 2 (words: 496)
God created us with different characteristics and our own self-concusses. But people will think about this play with anger and hate. What I am talking about is the wickedness and the cruelty set in this play. If we are to have a happy ending, we are to reflect on one's action and hope that we have the knowledge and the common sense to see and change our wicked ways. In Shakespeare's 5th play, King Lear, there are two rules of man that we are suppose to see. One is " What goes around, comes around". The second is "Evil never wins." So our question is "Did King Lear deserved to be rejected by his daughters?" The answer is no. So I choose to take the side of King Lear, try to be a loyal servant and to see how this question came into this conclusion. The first reason is that King Lear is that he is old and he has been through a lot. Even though he made some wrong decisions, it isn't right to kick out a member of the family and to say that "Your on your own." The evidence is when the first daughter, Goneril, kicked him out only half the time when she was supposed to keep him. His second daughter, Regan, rejects him completely. This is cruel and unusual because he gave his daughters everything they may possibly want: money, wealth and power. After he was stripped of his power, his daughters backstabbed him. They told him that they loved him in order to get his power. After that, he was no use to them. The second reason why King Lear shouldn't be rejected from his family is because in the beginning of Shakespear's play, King Lear starts off as a respected and powerful king. As the story progresses,...
pages: 4 (words: 899)
In trying to get to the root Shakespeare’s sonnets, one literally must go on a ceaseless scavenger hunt, from book to book, article to article and scholar to scholar. Perhaps we the modern critic can be blamed for going way out on limbs making speculations in what others have classified as “over analyzing”. Although this is not necessarily the case, one can’t help but be confused when each writer takes you on a detour from the one idea unto another. And so this scavenger hunt seems to get no answers as many of the ideas are in fact credible. And so perhaps the best thing to do must be to understand just more than one perspective to be able to come up with ones own. And so the sonnets go from real to deliberately mocking, or just literary fun. Throughout the 16th century, the Petrarchian sonnet style became the backbone and structure rigorously followed by all British sonneteers. However although this literary form of excess flattery and hyperbole reached its hay-day in the 16th century, it was also a trend that began to wear off by the end of the same century. Essentially, the Petrarchian sonnet is composed “of 1) comparison by simile and or metaphor 2) hierarchizing, and 3) valuing by a standard.”(Vendler, 557), all of whom heterogeneously fuse together to form the Blazon. The popularity of the blazon during the 16th Century can be credited to have brought an extension of the Medieval styles of courtly love into the Renaissance. The blazon is in essence an excess form of flattery used in wooing the virtuous and unattainable woman, by mode of the sonnet form. From this style a myriad of conventions were formed, that had become all too common and for some even rather boring. The woman, whose eyes went...
pages: 8 (words: 1948)
Oedipus the King was written by Sophocles in 425 B.C. This play was one of the greatest tragedies of all time. Oedipus's downfall is due to both fate and freewill. Yes, it was fate that Oedipus was to kill his father and marry and have children with his mother, but it was his freewill that led him to this fate. His arrogant, aggressive and stubborn personality pushed him right down a path that complied directly with his pre-ordained fate. Thebes had been struck by a plague. The people were very sick and when they went to the priest to help, he told them that only the king could save the city. So, they all turned to Oedipus for their salvation. Oedipus then has Creon his brother-in-law go to speak with the oracle of Delphi. When Creon returned he told Oedipus that the reason for the curse that had fallen on Thebes was because the person who killed Liaus was still living in the city.He told him that Oedipus must get that person out of Thebes and take his revenge out on him. Creon goes on to finish what the oracle has told him and starts to get to the point in the story where he is about to say that Oedipus is the murderer, when Oedipus completely loses his temper and starts screaming that Creon is a traitor and is committing treason and he wants him exiled and put to death. His wife comes in and puts a stop to this, considering that Creon is her brother. This is just the first of many instances where Oedipus' arrogant and aggressive personality inhibit him from putting a stop to or trying to do anything to fight the prophecies that he keeps being told from coming true. After this confrontation with Creon he decides...
pages: 3 (words: 799)
The Ruritania case unveils the making of, not one, but a few very important laws which are linked by one common thread: same sex couples within an ever-changing society. The first premise is that since each decision in law (custom, jurisprudence and edict) affects the next law, timing is the key to dissecting whether or not there were failures to make the law. Additionally, legal acceptance of same-sex couples is a very volatile topic, which has brought about a plethora of public opinion and endured many changes. Examining this case in a chronological manner will help yield the most accurate interpretation of the laws at hand. The modus operendi used in analysis has led to the conclusion that there may have been a failure to make law. However, this is embedded within a framework where many laws adhered to the principles and rules of law making. It is important to briefly outline what was done correctly in order to have a basis of comparison to decide what may have been done wrong. The 1982 constitutional legislation including the guarantee of equality rights touches on matters of discrimination, which according to Joseph Raz should be institutionalized by general rules. This eliminates flexibility of the law and serves as a durable base, which limits the unpredictability of particular orders. This also ensures stability in the law because general laws reduce the impact of ever changing mores within society. The equality guarantee in Ruritania is very clear and does, in fact, cater towards the same sex component of this case. It states a few specific categories by which discrimination is most commonly and frequently observed. However, it is understood that the law is not solely restricted to these particular orders because of the stable and general statement preceding these specific examples. To quote “Every...
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There are some theories that suggest motivation is thoughtful and rational decision-like process. One of the major theories from this type of approach is expectancy theory (e.g., Vroom, 1964). Expectancy theory basically says that people choose their behaviors based on the subjective estimation that such behaviors lead to the valued outcomes. Vroom’s valence-instrumentality-expectancy theory (VIE theory) states that there are three main components that affect human motivation. Valence is the degree in which the outcome the person will have is valuable for him/her. Instrumentality represents the degree in which the first outcome (e.g., performance) leads to the final valued outcome. Expectancy refers to the subjective probability that a certain effort or behavior leads to the first outcome or performance. VIE theory suggests that the multipricative function of valence, instrumentality and expectancy represents motivational force, which predicts a person’s choice (e.g., goal choice). As described above, expectancy theory is a very rational approach to motivation. The strength of this approach is that it predicts a person’s choice (e.g., such as occupational choice) well and is predictive if the task is fairly simple and easy for the estimation of VIE. However, the weakness of this theory is that its predictive power might be low for complex tasks, uncertain environment, and so on. Meta-analysis shows that the multiplied VIE factors doesn’t explain human motivation better than each independent component alone (VanElde & Thealy, 1996). Goal setting theory (Locke & Latham, 1990) also includes some thoughtful, rational process of motivation. The major finding of goal setting research is that difficult, specific goals lead to high performance. Mitchell et al. (2000) suggest that there are direct and indirect effects of goal setting. Direct effect of goal setting is that goals stimulate arousal, attention and direction, and intensity and persistence. This might rather automatic process than thoughtful process....
pages: 7 (words: 1673)
Among all the communication devices and services, cellular phone has been increasingly popular for personal communication. Cellular phone technology has given us the freedom to communicate with each other and obtain much needed information from anywhere in the cellular phone provider’s network wirelessly. Today, there are over 1.3 billion cellular phone users worldwide and one hundred and forty million users alone in the United States. These growing numbers are approaching to the total number of total land or wired phone users. Today, cellular phones are not solely used for wireless voice communication but also they are capable of accessing the Internet and retrieving high bandwidth data from various networks. There are Four common technologies used by cell-phone networks for transmitting information:
- Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDMA)
- Time Division Multiplexing (TDMA)
- Code Division Multiplexing (CDMA)
- Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)
pages: 2 (words: 307)