"Capitalism and Gay Identity," John D'Emilio Gays and lesbians have become increasingly accepted by society. There are many more gay communities, facilities, and organizations than ever before and the number is rising. When did gay activity evolve into a lifestyle? John D'Emilio pondered this very question when he formulated his essay, "Capitalism and Gay Identity." D'Emilio argues that the development of capitalism, and its free labor system, has allowed gays and lesbians to create a "homosexual identity" (229), opposing the belief that this identity has always existed for them. D'Emilio makes his points clear and convincing, although he omits many other factors that led to this revolution. The reader can then argue that although capitalism is one of the factors delineating a gay identity, others are overlooked in D'Emilio's attempt to make a clear correlation between capitalism and gay identity. D'Emilio makes a clear distinction between homosexual behavior and gay identity. He admits that there have always been homosexuals, but the identity he speaks of comes from a society that allows them to exist. He points out that in colonial years, society lacked the terms to even acknowledge homosexuals. They referred to this activity as "sodomy among men" (229) and "lewdness among women" (229). In certain states, laws forced unmarried adults to live in "family units" (229) and they were unable to make a way of life through their attractions. Moreover, D'Emilio goes on to say that capitalism was the cause of gay identity through the breakdown of both the family's monetary independence and its interdependence on each other. Before capitalism, families were able to support themselves by their own means. As D'Emilio puts it "…husbands, wives, and children worked together to produce the goods they consumed"(228). They could rely on themselves to be self-sufficient so long as they had a family. In...
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What is homosexuality? Homosexuality is the manifestation of sexual desire toward a member of one's own sex or the erotic activity with a member of the same sex. (The Greek word homos means "the same"). A lesbian is a female homosexual. More recently the term "gay" has come into popular use to refer to both sexes who are homosexuals. Dr. Strauss's definition fails to differentiate between homosexual orientation (i.e. same sex feelings of attraction) and homosexual behavior (i.e. sexual activity with a member of the same gender). Many people have been taught during childhood that homosexual behavior is condemned both by God and by their religion as unnatural and morally degenerate. If they discover later in life that they are lesbian, gay, or bisexual they often go through a spiritual crisis. Too many realize that their sexual orientation is unchangeable, and that they cannot go through life as someone that they have been taught to hate; they commit suicide. (About 30% of teen suicides are due to this cause; one of the costs of homophobia). Survivors experience a conflict between what they are and what they believe. They sometimes abandon their religion. Some become enthusiastically anti-religious. When discrimination against a minority group is condoned by a religion, government or society, then the most extreme forms of hatred are released. We have seen this in its most extreme form of genocide, rape and "ethnic cleansing" in Bosnia, directed against Muslims and others. We see hatred in our own public schools, directed against gay and lesbian students. School administrations which ignore the problem are, in effect, declaring open season on sexual minorities. The word "homophobia" originally meant "fear of homosexuals or of homosexuality." But the English language is in a continuous state of flux. Words develop different meanings as people develop a...
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Freshman year of high school it dawned on me. “What I am going to do with my life? What exactly am I going to do to change the word, make a difference, to revolutionize?” The first answer that came to my mind was music, an overwhelming passion for the arts to be blunt. Music and theater have been a part of my life since, well, as long as I can remember. Through music I discovered a whole new way to view the world. I realized that everything has a song or a dance and very special few people could make others view the world through a song and I want to be one to make others hear that song. Some have asked “Don’t you want to do something meaningful with your life?” Music is an entertainment, a therapy, and educational. To me, what could be more meaningful than spreading the joy of music and the arts to others. Every show I have seen, whether dance, or theater, has inspired me to change. Change a part of my life or change a part of my community. At a young age I the Broadway drama Mornings At Seven, and I was reminded of the importance of family and the idea of loving unconditionally. After walking out of the theater I wondered to myself, “Wow, if this production inspired me, imagine how it could have touched the other 599 people in the audience.” It was at that moment when I realized that this is what I need to do for the rest of my life. Touch lives through art. Ever since that dawning moment I have been hard at work at achieving my goals. From vocal training to drama classes I have worked extremely hard to achieving my goal of becoming a performance artist....
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I love college. I really do, I’m not kidding. I think learning from other people is the most amazing thing. I love the environment and the satisfaction of getting a good grade after I’ve spent a lot of time studying and preparing. I love everything from failing test to knowledge breakthroughs (you know those moments where you get a wave of clarity?). But I didn’t always feel this passionate about school. There was actually a point in my life that I actually despised school and thought it was only formed as a penalty. We all as humans have to crawl before we walk. It takes going through academic experiences before college to realize it’s importance in personal and professional growth. I started school when I was 4 because my birthday falls in October, and as far as I can remember I really hated school. It was wonderful to be home all day playing, watching TV and then one day, out of no where my mom wakes me up and leaves me at a big building that I have never seen before with a bunch of kids that want me to share my toys. I thought that was terrible. How could anyone want to share their toys? Despite my problem with sharing in general I made it ok through elementary. Junior High School was sort of the same. I made good enough grades to get me through High School but never put any real effort and I never understood the point of it. Then I entered college. At first I was a bit apprehensive; so far I hadn’t held a good opinion about school so I thought, “This is really going to be hard”. My first two of weeks were terrible. I had a hard time adjusting. The work I was being...
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Discussion of Internal Controls that are placed in an Accounting information System In accounting systems, certain controls are needed to ensure that employees are doing their jobs properly and ensure that the system runs properly. These checks are in the best interest of the organization. These controls come in the form of internal and external controls for the system. The internal controls are the checks that are placed in the system my the company's own management and directors. Today more and more companies are moving from the manual accounting systems to computerized accounting information systems. The advantages of a computerized system are increases in the speed and accuracy of processing accounting information. However, as systems become computerized, the internal controls for that system has to be adapted accordingly. This is because computerized systems bring with them certain unique problems that can only be removed or minimized by adapting the present controls and adding new controls. These problems are • In a manual system there is a paper trail for the internal auditor to follow. All records and transactions are kept on paper and so an auditor has clear and documented proof of what has transpired. Computerized systems rarely have a clear paper trail to follow. Since computers do all of the sorting of the information the company rarely sorts the source documents. Also the computer does most of the calculations and processing so there would not be the amount of documentation that there would be in a manual system. • Another problem of computer systems is the fact that there can be difficulty in determining who entered the data. In a manual system the identity of the person entering the data can be identified possibly by the person's handwriting. This cannot be done in a computerized system. This makes it very difficult to determine...
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"An Indignant Generation." With all its disruptions and rage, the idea of black revolution was something many white Americans could at least comprehend, if not agree with. When rebellion seized their own children, however they were almost completely at a loss. A product of the posts war "Baby Boom," nurtured in affluence and concentrated in increasing numbers on college and university campuses. It was a generation marked by an unusual degree of political awareness and cultural alienation. Some shared with the beat writers and poets of the late fifties, a deep disillusionment with this status quo, a restless yearning for something more than a "realistic" conformity. Others had been aroused by the southern sit-in movement, "The first hint," wore a contemporary, "That there was a world beyond the campus that demanded some kind of personal response. "Not so much ideological as moral, in Jessica Mitford's words, "An Indignant Generation." Although an image of arrogance, even ruthlessness, had followed him from his early days as counsel to a Senate committee investigating labor racketeering, Robert Kennedy had shown a remarkable capacity to understand the suffering of others. More than this, he had demonstrated an untiring commitment to the welfare of those who had gotten little more than the crumbs of the Great American Banquet. In fact, Kennedy Appealed most strongly to precisely those groups most disaffected with American society in nineteen sixty-eight, they believed in him with a passion unmatched for any other national political figure, in part for what he had done, but also for the kind of man he was. The collapse of communications made it impossible to determine the fate of the pacification program, but most assessments were pessimistic. When the communists launched their attacks, the government pulled nearly half of the five hundred and fifty revolutionary development teams out of the...
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We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men, including Native Americans, are created equal. We are a people who love plants and animals as much as we love our sons. We believe in only keeping the largest fish. We came here when the rivers and oceans were filled. We treasure our children and our grandparents, and everything that was in our land before the white man came. We are not morons and savages like we have been called for many summers. The Native Americans are a country of philanthropists; you destroyed our land in every possible way; we tried to give you a fair share of land, and now we will murder all of you or drive you all right back across the Atlantic. We are greatly annoyed by your writing of the Declaration of Independence. You find reasons for your colonies to claim this land for your own. The land you claim is yours was stolen from us through treaties that were never official to every Native American tribe. You write, "For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us." After the white men killed millions of Native Americans by spreading disease, you burdened our lands with large bodies of armed civilians among us. You go on to write, "He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people." That is exactly what you have done to us for the past hundreds of years. You kill all the animals you can find, to take only their skins or horns. You cut down trees that have been standing for years and years. The part of the Declaration of Independence disgusted me the most was how you argue for, "Taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the...
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The Mayan Empire was one of the most innovative and interesting civilizations. It was an ancient civilization that was one of the most advanced and innovative ones. They inhabited the Yucatan peninsula and the empire lasted for about 3500 years ending around the year 1500 AD. It is considered the greatest civilization among the original cultures of the western hemisphere. The empire was located in what is now known as Central America. They lived in the area that is now Belize, Honduras, Mexico, and Guatemala. The whole are lies south of the tropic of cancer, and north of the equator. It contained over 120,000 sq miles, which is the about the size of Great Britain, or a little bit smaller than California. It is believed that the Mayan empire contained over one million people. It is mainly hot, and a large rainforest has developed there. The main basis of the economy was agriculture with most people being farmers. The primary crop was maize. Other crops raised were cotton, beans, squash, and cacao. The cotton was used to make clothing since the Mayans had superior skills in spinning, weaving, and dyeing. They made major farming innovations such as irrigation systems. The climate is very hot from May to August and rainy through the rest of the year, so the farmers have a lot of free time to serve the king. This serving time helped make the amazing developments from the Maya. By far, the major innovations and skills were in astronomy. Mayan priests would consistently take measurements using tools such as a forked stick. Using their amazing astronomical knowledge, they were able to predict future eclipses. They were also able to chart the complex motions of the sun and other astronomical bodies. Using this knowledge, they designed a calendar that was the most complex...
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The morning comes, and I know there is a long day ahead of me. School is the first duty I attend to which helps to develop my brain and to prepare me for the future. The other activity that I attend to daily, which allows me a break from the mental strains of school and learning, is that of personal self improvement through physical toils of weight lifting and exercise. One develops one’s brain through school and study, but the brain is just one organ in the body. The gym and the resources it offers allow me to develop a stronger, healthier, and all-around better body which, in turn, helps me to get more satisfaction out of life. I look forward to my daily trip to the gym. I have disciplined myself to follow a weekly routine of muscle group weight training and cardiovascular exercise. I dedicate myself to this daily activity and rarely miss a workout day. The direct result I gain from this activity is that of bigger, stronger muscles and a healthier body, which is a great benefit for the physical and social world in which I inhabit. People often judge others on physical appearance as the preliminary factor of assessment; my activities give me an edge in such social judgments situations. Ever since I started working-out, I have felt better while going about my daily activities: I do not get winded while walking, I’m able to lift objects with greater ease, and I sleep better at night. Yet, I find that the indirect results of my commitment to form a better body are often more important than the direct results. After I leave the gym for the day, I have in my thought process, a sense of self accomplishment. I feel better because my body is functioning closer...
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'Show how J.B Priestly creates dramatic tension in 'An Inspector Calls'? 'An Inspector Calls' written and created by J.B Priestly, the play is based on trust and responsibility, taking responsibility for your own actions. That actions people take can be wrong and lead to bad things happening. The play is written and set just before World War 1 in an upper class family. At the beginning of the play Mr Birling is having a celebration engagement party for his daughter Sheila who is to be married to Gerald. To Mr Birling, This engagement means the joining together of two rival companies. To the audience they all seem to be having a good time, they are all listening to speeches by their father and Gerald. They all seem content and excited about the future, not at all unsure. We also get this feeling later on when Mr Birling talks about the war and how it's a load of nonsense, "Nonsense nobody wants war". The tension begins to rise when you realise that Gerald's parents are not present at dinner, which is strange seeing as it is his engagement party. The thing that we never find out during this story is why they are not present. Even though everything is going well there is a sense of unease in the way they talk. In the speech that Mr Birling gave to the family he says there will be no war. The Germans don't want war; nobody wants war, except some half-civilised folks in the Balkins". But we (the audience) know that there is going to be a war. Throughout his speech there is one phase that he keeps saying before everything he says "as a hard – headed businessman…" At this point he leaves the room and ventures on to the balcony with Gerald smoking a cigar....
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