John Stubbs' essay is an examination of the defense which he believes Henry and Catherine use to protect themselves from the discovery of their insignificance and "powerlessness...in a world indifferent to their well being..." He asserts that "role-playing" by the two main characters, and several others in the book, is a way to escape the realization of human mortality which is unveiled by war. Stubbs thinks that Hemingway utilized role-playing as a way to "explore the strengths and weaknesses of his two characters." Stubbs says that by placing Henry's ordered life in opposition to Catherine's topsy-turvy one, and then letting each one assume a role which will bring them closer together, Hemingway shows the pair's inability to accept "the hard, gratuitous quality of life." Stubbs begins by showing other examples, notably in In Our Time and The Sun Also Rises, in which Hemingway's characters revert to role-playing in order to escape or retreat from their lives. The ability to create characters who play roles, he says, either to "maintain self-esteem" or to escape, is one Hemingway exploits extraordinarily well in A Farewell to Arms and therefore it "is his richest and most successful handling of human beings trying to come to terms with their vulnerability." As far as Stubbs is concerned, Hemingway is quite blatant in letting us know that role-playing is what is occurring. He tells that the role-playing begins during Henry and Catherine's third encounter, when Catherine directly dictates what is spoken by Henry. After this meeting the two become increasingly comfortable with their roles and easily adopt them whenever the other is nearby. This is apparent also in that they can only successfully play their roles when they are in private and any disturbance causes the "game" to be disrupted. The intrusion of the outside world in any...
pages: 4 (words: 843)
The definition of a true American. It can't be found in any text, the possibilities are too vast. There are those who consider place of birth and citizenship, those who feel that residency is the only factor, and there are some that will not make a judgment unless an entire life is laid out. The definition is simpler than many people will choose to admit. John "Duke" Wayne once stated,"A man's got to have a code, a creed to live by, no matter his job (Pilar Wayne, vii)." To Wayne, that creed meant living his life as someone who would represent America well. That is the mind set of a red blooded American. John Wayne epitomized a true American by his concrete ideals regarding integrity and leading an good life along with his unconditional love for America. John Wayne was constantly asked of his basic philosophy on life, to which he always responded with advice he received from his father. "1) Always keep your word. 2) A gentleman never insults anybody intentionally. 3) Don't go around looking for trouble but if you get into a fight, make sure you win it. (Eyles, 11)" The words were simple and true, and seemed present in Wayne's actions and speech throughout his life. He was patient with fans, even through provocation from them. His image on screen shown through to his personal life when he would talk about "having a good horse under you...the sound of a kid calling you Dad for the first time...(Eyles, 12)". John Wayne was the ideal American, full of strengths, weaknesses, and national pride. John Wayne's love for America was a known fact. He said at a Republican convention," I am proud of every day in my life I wake up in the United States of America (Eyles, 11)." Such...
pages: 2 (words: 529)
Ask not what your country can do for you - Ask what you can do for your country." John F. Kennedy spoke these words in his inauguration speech on January 20th, 1961 in reference to the Peace Corps he created. (Peace Corps begins as a call to serve, page 1) John F. Kennedy sometimes is remembered as a very hard workingman who worked for his country and but yet as a man who made time to spend with him family. (Biography of John F. Kennedy, page 4-7) While he served the United States of America as president, John F. Kennedy handled the Cuban Missile Crisis, established the Peace Corps, and set the foundation for the U.S.A. to send a man to the moon. "Good evening, my fellow citizens: - This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba."(Cuban Missile Crisis, P1) To completely understand that statement, one needs to understand what happened during the time that spanned just one week in October 1962. The United States came closer to engaging in nuclear war than at any other time in her history. This period has come to be known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. It occurred after the United States learned that the U.S.S.R. had secretly assisted Cuba in placing missiles and their associated launch sites on Cuban soil, which could potentially be used to attack the United States. The swift and deliberate actions of President John F. Kennedy helped to abate this crisis and to temporarily ease the tensions of the Cold War once again between the United States and the U.S.S.R. (Full Length synopsis of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Pages 1 – 9) Sometimes I wonder what the world be like if Kennedy didn't handle the Cuban Missile Crisis like he...
pages: 5 (words: 1200)
The Contenders For the presidential election of 1856, the Democrats nominated James Buchanan and John Breckenridge, the newly formed Republican party nominated John Fremont and William Drayton, the American [or Know-Nothing] party nominated former president Millard Fillmore and Andrew Donelson, and the Abolition Party nominated Gerrit Smith and Samuel McFarland. Buchanan started his political career as a state representative in Pennsylvania, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1821, appointed minister to Russia in 1832, and elected US Senator in 1834. He was appointed Secretary of State in 1845 by President Polk and in that capacity helped forge the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War. He was appointed by President Polk as minister to Great Britain in 1853. As such, he, along with the American ministers to Spain and France, issued the Ostend Manifesto, which recommended the annexation of Cuba to the United States. This endeared him to southerners, who assumed Cuba would be a slave state. He was one of several northerners supported over the years by southern Democrats for being amenable to slaveholders' interests, a situation originating with Martin van Buren. Buchanan's two major rivals for the nomination, Franklin Pierce and Stephen Douglas, were both politically tainted by the bloodshed in Kansas. Buchanan was untainted, since he had been abroad during most of the controversy. Even so, he did not secure the nomination until the seventeenth ballot. Fremont was best known as an explorer and a war hero. He surveyed the land between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, explored the Oregon Trail territories and crossed the Sierra Madres into the Sacramento Valley. As a captain in the Army, he returned to California and helped the settlers overthrow Mexican rule in what became known as the Bear Flag Revolution, a sidebar to the Mexican War. He was...
pages: 6 (words: 1535)
In 1689, John Locke published, what proved to be, a valuable document for the American Revolution as well as life in present day America, known as the Second Treatise of Government. In his document he creates a model of his ideal civil government, which is created by the people to ensure their "natural rights" of life, liberty, and property. This government may also be dissolved upon the decision of the people, when it is believed that the sovereignty has ceased to function properly. Locke's model government is based on his idea of the "state of nature"; perfect freedom, the state all men are in naturally. This idea infers that all men will govern themselves accordingly, however chaos and anarchy would always occur. Men, in the "state of nature", all have the drive and want to acquire more then which they already possess. Men, also, have the same capabilities of doing so, which ultimately creates conflict between men. This is where the idea of the "politic society" comes into play. The "politic society" is where men forfeit their individual right to govern themselves, and instead create a "social contract" amongst one another. The "social contract" is a binding agreement between the government and the governed, in which the governed agree to sacrifice their individual political power and obey laws, while the government agrees to provide protection of property and enforce/create laws that promote the common good. The government is prohibited from doing which the governed does not consent nor comply with. Once government goes above or beyond its prescribed capabilities, it is then that it should be dissolved. Locke insists the government may be dissolved in any instance, if does not receive consent from its governed during: legislative alteration, executive hindering its legislative, alteration of elective process the executive, failure to enforce existing...
pages: 5 (words: 1334)
John F Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts in May 29th 1917. He was the second of nine kids. He graduated from Choate School then entered Princeton College. Then quickly transferred to Harvard. After Harvard Kennedy joined the Navy in 1914. In august 1943 he was a commander of a U.S. Navy torpedo boat PT-109. He rescued several crewmen after their boat was rammed by a Japanese destroyer off the Solomon Islands. He was shoot and received an honorable discharge. For all his bravery he was awaked the Purple Heart. John. F. Kennedy was a powerfulman. He was a rich man. Many women thought he was good looking. His wife was a sophisticated woman named Jacqueline. He had a couple of kids named John F Kennedy jr. and Caroline Kennedy. His family was an ideal family for the American family. During 1960 john f Kennedy had 43 electoral votes defeating Vice President Richard Nixon. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States. He was the youngest president elected in to office. He was strongly anti-Communist he tried to overthrow Castro in the Bay of Pigs. The personal reaction from Coleen Boyer, "I was six years old. I can remember sitting in a waiting room with mom and staring at the speakers and listing to the music then all of a sudden the music cut out and said. an all news bulletin and said the president has been shot the president has been shot again and again. Then a little bit later it said the president of the United States is dead. I remember the funeral with John John saluting his dad it was a time of disbelief." said Coleen Boyer. The events of November 22nd through25th 1963 left the nation in shock and changed forever. The whole world was in tears for the president. In...
pages: 5 (words: 1332)
For the American people, John F. Kennedy was the bright future. He was a young man that they was as holding the torch for this country. When he was elected, he brought youth and a relaing calm to the White House for the first time in our nation's history. Not only did John Kennedy bring youth to our nation's capitol, but he also brought change and new ideas to improve the nation. During his first term in office, Kennedy improved peace talks with the Soviet Union, and was also working on ideas to halt the Vietnam War; however, his work could not be done in a single term as president. Kennedy had to start campaigning for reelection, and decided to make a trip to Dallas to campaign. The President arrived in Dallas to a crowd of elated people lining the streets hoping to get a glimpse of the President. As his motorcade proceeded down Elm Street, Governor Connally's wife said, "You can't say that Dallas isn't friendly to you today Mr. President." (Untied Press International 14) With that, John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States was assassinated .November 22, 1963 would be the day Camelot would come crumbling down. Our nation and the people all over the world mourned the death of our young and inspiring President. It has been thirty years since the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and many people are still uncertain as to who is actually responsible for his assassination. Over the years there have been numerous theories that the CIA and the FBI were somehow linked to the assassination. Most of these theories have been disproven by other theories. The government's theory is that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, assassinated President John F. Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald's past may answer some questions as to...
pages: 14 (words: 3637)
An appreciation of "To Autumn" by John Keats "To Autumn", a vivid and sensuous description of the scenery John Keats encountered and marvelled at in the midst of his Sunday constitutional is something to be marvelled at itself. Not only is his choice of language effective in conveying this idyllic image to the reader, but its tone is incredibly optimistic. This might strike some as strange, considering this poem was penned by a terminally ill author. The poem's nature is diametrically opposed to the temperament and disposition one would expect of a person aware of his impending demise. The first verse seems to be concentrated on the beginning of autumn, conveying images of an organic and sunny nature. The main theme seems to be centred around maturity and ripening, as lines such as "Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun", "And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core" and "With a sweet kernel; to set budding more and still more, later flowers for the bees" indicate. The verse follows a classic A, B, A, B, C, D, E, D, C, C, E rhythmic pattern. The descriptions seem to burst out of the page, setting off explosions of gold, green, scarlet and yellow imagery within my mind. He also mentions autumn's over spilling into summer as a conclusion to the stanza. The second verse begins cleverly with a rhetorical enquiry and then proceeds to use extended personification. It appears that he amasses all of autumn's characteristics and embodies them within a physical manifestation, or perhaps a female spectre. This could be a nod to Greek or Roman mythology, referring to Carpo (the Goddess of Autumn) of the Horae, or perhaps the goddess Persephone. He makes almost an antithesis of this creature's movement, referring to her as "careless" whilst sleeping and then, later on "steady"...
pages: 2 (words: 550)
Revonda HenryPat Dansby English 1302 18 February 2003 A Characterization of Sarty Snoops in William Faulkner's "Barn Burning" Sarty, whose real name is Colonel Sartoris Snoops, is a poor ten-year old boy is described by Faulkner as being "small for his age, small and wiry like his father, in patched and faded jeans even too small for him, with straight, uncombed, brown hair and eyes gray and wild as story scud" (Giola 163). Undoubtedly, the wildness in his eyes is caused by the grief and despair he experiences in his struggle to reconcile his own innate honesty with his loyalty to his father. Faulkner demonstrates Sarty's struggle to reconcile these two qualities in three distinct occasions during the story when he is faced with making a decision between doing what he knows is morally right or standing with his family against a society which his father despises ( O'Brien 1). The first occasion occurs in a trial being conducted in a small-town general store. Sarty's father Abner is being accused of setting fire to another man's property following a dispute. Sarty's first response to the predicament is to convince himself that he and his father face a mutual enemy in the judge. Later, in the proceedings, when he thinks the judge is going to call him to testify, he panics and thinks; "He aims for me to lie, he thought, again with hat frantic grief and despair. " And I will have to do it." (Ford 1). Actually, the ten-year boy doesn't have much of a choice because his emotional and economical security lies with his father and his family (O'Brien 1). Yet, when the moment comes, it seems that Sarty's integrity is winning in his struggle of conscience. Both the judge and his father sense this. The judge, who evidently is sympathetic towards the...
pages: 4 (words: 971)
Clarence John Laughlin was born in 1905 in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and spent most of his life after 1910 in New Orleans. Laughlin was initially a writer, but he was inspired by the work of Alfred Stieglitz, Paul Strand, Edward Weston, and Man Ray, and received his first major project as a photographer in 1936 documenting the architecture of New Orleans. That was the beginning of his life as a photographer, and as a totally self-taught artist, he earned his living freelancing from 1946 until his death in 1967, when he stopped photographing, but continued to write and lecture until his death in 1985. He is now well known as a great surrealist photographer of the 30's and 40's, sometimes referred to as "Edgar Allan Poe with a camera," due to his sometimes haunting images. His experience as a writer no doubt helped him to look at photography in a truly unique light, and through combining architectural photos, abstractions, still lifes, and multiple exposures in entirely new ways, he instilled psychological meaning into each of his photographs. (Incidentally, he was a great influence on the work of Jerry Uelsmann and Joel-Peter Witkin in particular.) Laughlin strongly believed that the subconscious mind had a way of discovering the true nature of things, and his photographs are obviously rich with visual metaphors, encouraging the viewer to see the associations and different levels of meaning. He would often attach poetic "descriptions" to photographs which he felt were essential to understanding the photograph, augmenting his photographs' elaborately allegorical qualities. Because of the wishes of exhibitors and curators, his work was often censored in that they would not include these descriptions, but nevertheless, he persisted and became an important figure in the history of surreal photography. Davis, Keith F. Clarence John Laughlin: Visionary Photographer. Kansas City,...
pages: 2 (words: 319)