CATALOGUE ESSAY We can always tell a Leonardo work by his treatment of hair, angelic in its fineness and by the lack of rigidity of the contour. The angel's face in the painting known as 'The Virgin of the Rocks', has an interior and artistic wisdom that is like no other artwork. This painting is by world-renowned artist Leonardo da Vinci. It was painted in-between 1503 and 1506 in the period known as the High Renaissance. The Virgin of the Rocks, also known as 'The Madonna of the Rocks', is in the style of Leonardo's earliest Florentine period, with its soft and glowing colours. This work has represented the human form in that it has a womanly or motherly air about it. You can see that the gaze of the virgin in the middle is on the two babies. Leonardo da Vinci's major influence was his first teacher, Andrea Del Verrocchio. He worked as an apprentice at Verrocchio's studio. One day, they were working on a panel-picture of St. John baptizing Christ. Leonardo painted an angel so well compared to that of Verrocchio's that it is said that Verrocchio decided to give up painting then and there because a child could paint better than him. Painting for Leonardo could only succeed when clear principles were followed. The most important of these was the power of mathematics. He compared painting to philosophy; both were concerned with looking beyond appearances to the underlying structure and movement. "The first object of the painter is to make a flat plane appear as a body in relief and projecting from that plane" (Leonardo da Vinci) He has used three different techniques in three of his famous works, the most famous being the 'Mona Lisa'. Here he used the sfumato technique. He shaded the contours and backgrounds in opposition to areas of intense...
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14th and 15th Century Italian Art Theme Essay 'The Annunciation' Throughout the 14th and 15th century in Italian art there were common religious themes depicted by the artists. Prominent themes tended to be fixed around Christ and showed stories that had something to do with his life, before, during and after. Each painting was based on a section from the bible. In the 14th century it is the Florentine artist Giotto with his frescoes that adorn the Arena Chapel that narrate important sections of Christ's life and Duccio with his similar depictions in the Maesta that best show paintings of prominent religious themes by artists at the time. In the 15th century artists such as Piero Della Francesca and Leonardo da Vinci continued these themes, producing paintings that had the same preoccupation with the religious stories of the bible as the artists of the century before. An important theme which runs through this time period is the story of the Annunciation to Mary, when Mary is visited by the archangel Gabriel, the moment of the conception of Christ, nine months before his birth into the world as depicted by another common theme; the nativity scene. The Annunciation has been painted almost obsessively by a wide range of artists which include Giotto, Duccio, Simone Martini and Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti of the 14th century and Fra Angelico, Dominico Venezaino, Piero Della Francesca, Leonardo Da Vinci and Sandro Botticelli of the 15th. Despite the personal and also evolving style of each painter their Annunciation's are all similar in their close following of the moment as told in the bible and many elements in the painting are influenced by previous paintings of the Annunciation . Symbolic references are also common in the paintings with many similarities between them, as each artist was interested in portraying the narrative...
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"You do as you experienced." Employing artistic and literary devices towards the equivalent goal to reproduce forms of imagination to which the mind will recur with pleasure, a binding link between art and literature is established. A proof to this link is that both art and literature reflect the social context in which they were produced. The social context in which an artist lives in heavily influences his or her painting. During the Renaissance, an age that spanned the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, Western art reached its pinnacle, and although Michelangelo's work embodies its grandest artistic achievements, no life embodies the Renaissance as grandly and completely than that of Leonardo da Vinci's. He more than any other individual then earned the title "Universal man." It was not un-rare for Renaissance artists to engage themselves in various intellectual interests; Leonardo, however, was unparalleled in both the breadths of his interests and the thoroughness with which he studied them. Renaissance works of art existed largely for their own sake, as objects of ideal beauty and pertaining to the human soul, mind and body. Leonardo clearly displayed this belief in his many extant drawings, which reveal his brilliant draftsmanship and his mastery of the anatomy of humans, animals, and plant life. In addition, Marc Chagall was profoundly affected by his home, background, and religion. In one of his notorious painting, I and the Village, Chagall's childhood Russian Jewish community is evidently manifested. Clearly, because his Jewish background effected him greatly Chagall chose to create a replica of his very own Jewish village. Both in Leonardo and Chagall's paintings the time- period they experienced is reflected in their paintings, whether through the theme, background, or their artistic devices. Furthermore, in literature the social context effects an authors method of writing just the same. The life of Edgar...
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No matter the discipline, artists find inspiration in a variety of ways. An artists imagination and emotional state play a vital role in the creative process. Artists also use their environment and religious influences to inspire new creations. Finally, one may be forcibly inspired by artistic patronage. An artists imagination makes an impact on their work. New, unknown images, words, and sounds are formed to create unique masterpieces. Similarly, ones emotional and mental state can pay a pivotal role. For example, Pablo Picasso was known to have dramatic mood changes, swinging from extreme highs to extreme lows. This disorder influenced his rose and blue periods. An artists environment also contributes to their art. For example a musician or painter may write or paint about things that are native to their surroundings such as an event or seasons. Religious standings often played a major role for artists, especially in medieval times. The church ruled and artists made sacred music and art which would be used in religious services. Finally, an artists may be inspired because they are paid to. The patronage system was very popular, especially in the Renaissance and Classicism eras. Often the church or a wealthy family would hire a musician or painter to be at their disposal. A well known story of a commissioned artist was that of Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo was hired to paint a married woman, later identified as the Mona Lisa. After painting her picture it was said that da Vinci loved it so much that he often carried it around with him. Although da Vinci was not personally inspired to paint her picture, it remains one of his most famous pieces of artwork....
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Perspective is an important aspect in art work, used to make the piece appear more realistic and dramatic. Brunelleschi developed the theory of perspective as well as the three kinds that we have discussed; atmospheric, logical, and observed. Atmospheric perspective creates the illusion of depth with a gradual reduction in the brightness of color and detail in the distance of the painting. It is achieved by using less focus, along with bluer, lighter, and duller hues for the distant spaces and objects depicted in a picture. An example would be Leonardo Da Vinci's Virgin of the Rocks (p.638 22-1). There is a bluer tone to the top part of the sky and as you look through the rocks, the background fades and the mountains take on a foggier look. Those aspects give the painting great depth. Logical perspective, also known as one point perspective, creates the notion that when you are looking at anything from a distance, that object will disappear from view eventually, the vanishing point, and the objects placed on the lines will eventually disappear to. This is created by having lines within the painting, that if you took a ruler and finished drawing the lines, they would all meet at one certain place with the art work. A good example of this would be Masaccio's Holy Trinity (p. 604 21-13). This fresco has a vanishing point around Christ's feet. This was the first use of logical perspective in a painting and the important element is the attempt to recreate architecture illusion through perspective. Observed perspective is where you have the use of elongated objects and lines to make a space look larger, but there is no point where they all connect. The Merode Altarpiece (p. 576 20-11), can be used to show observed perspective. The lines in the ceiling as...
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Specific Goal: I want my audience to understand the five diffrent types of dreams. Introduction: I. Why does the eye see a thing more clearly in dreams than the mind while asleep? "Leonardo Da Vinci" II. Everyone Dreams. Whether it ghosts, rainbows, goblins, unicorns, sex, food, ax murders, kisses, Brintney Spears, Bradd Pitt, ex boyfriends or ex girlfriends, or even dream about your wedding reception. We all have dreamnt at some point in life sometimes out dreams take important events, thoughts, ideas, even premenisions to describe out past, present and possibly fortelling your future. We dream about our worries, hopes, fantasies, goals, wants, needs, and expextations. Thesis Statement: The five diffrent types of dreams are explanatory dreams, nightmares, reacurrent dreams, out of body dreams, and past life dreams. Body: I. Explantaory dreams are dreams that explain your everyday problems. A.) In this dream you recieve all the information you need in order to solve any problem you may be unable to accept. B.) These types of dreams tend to be very symbolic and it may be very difficult to understand the problem you need resolved. C.) If a person is unable to accept,and understand the dream, it may becaome more strange and complicated for them to understand the problem. II. Nightmares are never pleasant dreams but tend to be specific fears or worriers the dreamer might have. A.) A nightmare is never pleasantly vivid, there usually very violent dreams that tend to awake a dreamer from their sleep. B.) Although most people do have nightmares throughout their lives, nightmares usually stem from unresolved issues from a person's life tend to happen during stressful period's in ones life. C.) Having a nightmare does not indicate you have a sleep disorder or does not mean you have a psychological problem and they very seldomly do. III. Do you ever feel like your watching a rereun? Thats...
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Leonardo was born in 1452 and died 1519. Leonardo da Vinci is a well known artist who captured the elusive smile of the Mona Lisa and envisioned the Last Supper which many people now associate him with. However, Leonardo da Vinci was perhaps even more accomplished as an "artist-engineer" of the Italian scientific Renaissance which set him apart from the other artists of the time as well as a mathematician, philosopher, naturalist, astronomer, architect, and musician. While quite a lot is known about his works of art, not as much is known about his hundreds of scientific and engineering designs which were well ahead of his time and placed him considerably high in the development of the Italian Renaissance in the arts and sciences. He contributed in a lot of different art styles. He was Born in Vinci, Tuscany, he was the son of a Florentine notary and a peasant girl. His precocious artistic talent brought him to Verrocchio's workshop in 1466, where he met Botticelli and Ghirlandaio. The culmination of his art in this first period in Florence is seen in the magnificent, unfinished Adoration of the Magi, with its characteristic dramatic movement. In 1484 and 1485 drew his attention to town planning, and his drawings and plans for domed churches reflect his concern with architectural problems. Leonardo's Last Supper is a wonderful piece with much hidden meaning and obvious talents bestowed upon a wall. Leonardo's was able to use his skills in creating a very detailed and a very naturalistic piece of work that would be remembered hundreds of years. His portraits were not the only the characters magnificent, but the symbolism he used which emphasized the story being in the last supper. That's why Lodovico Sforza (another great artist) chose Leonardo to create the Last Supper in the...
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As one of the greatest men in recent history , Leonardo da Vinci's genius remains unbounded by time and technology. By helping to set an ignorant and superstitious world on a course of reason, Leonardo's spirit lives on to influence the inventors, artists, and art patrons of our own time. This paper is about the design to divert the Arno River to fortify city of Pisa during war time. It has been 500 years since Leonardo da Vinci recorded his thoughts and designs in notebooks for us to marvel at, and within these notebooks I am interested in the "Codec Madrid II", which dealt with military architecture and Leonardo plans to divert the Arno river. The Codec Madrid were rediscovered in 1965 in Madrid after being officially lost since 1830. This is were the arguments become interesting. Many are unsure whether or not Leonardo da Vinci originated the design of the diversion of the Arno River to help fortify Pisa for war. There are many arguments about whether or not Leonardo originated idea to divert the Arno River. Scholars and experts alike have many different angles to this design. Experts say he would have known it was a hopeless project because of the environment, war, and lack of manpower. There are many who think the Florentines came up with this design 100 years before Leonardo was born. The wars and campaigns in Italy began in the 1500's because of political conflicts between the great powers. All involved parties had to maintain the best possible defense as well as their means of attack. Since new firearms, explosives, and artillery were developing all the time, they had to alter the systems of fortifications and technical warfare became more important. It was only natural that Leonardo da Vinci with his theory and practice of architecture throughout his life should also be included to the field of defense architecture and strategic engineering studies. In 1503 the Florentine...
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Da Vinci's Last Supper has become one of the most widely appreciated masterpieces in the world. It began to acquire its unique reputation immediately after it was finished in 1498 and its prestige has never diminished. Despite the many changes in tastes, artistic styles, and rapid physical deterioration of the painting itself, the painting's status as an extraordinary creation has never been questioned nor doubted. The perfection of this work lies not only in the artistic merits of the painting, but also in Leonardo's expressive mastery. Leonardo's Last Supper is an ideal pictorial representation of the most important event in the Christian doctrine of salvation - the institution of the Eucharist. His representation of this part of the Christian story has achieved a unanimous accceptance and authority. No other painting of a Christian subject dominates our imagination with the same power of Da Vinci's Last Supper. There are countless copies and reproductions of this particular painting in homes, places of worship, and museums throughout the world. However, when thoughts turn to the Last Supper, we seem to see only Leonardo's representation before us. The painting has also been subject to much attention due to the number of restorations it has had to face since its completion in the fifteenth century. The most recent restoration lasted twenty years and has been the subject of much controversy. The painting that remains so influential has been frequently referred to as "repainted", not "restored". However, restoration has been an ongoing reality with this masterpiece due to unprecedented manner in which Leonardo painted it. Although restoration may have altered Leonardo's painting to a degree, it has prolonged the life of this painting for future generations to appreciate and view. Along with Michelangelo's David, this is undoubtedly one of the most famous art works in Italy. Everyone has heard...
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Renaissance Art The term renaissance, describing the period of European history from the early 14th to the late 16th century, is derived from the French word "rebirth". This period is described as the revival of the classical forms originally developed by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and an intensified concern with the secular life--interest in humanism and assertion of the importance of the individual. The renaissance period in art history corresponds to the beginning of the great western age of discovery and exploration, when a general desire developed to examine all aspects of nature and the world. A lot of art was based on Christianity and the music reflected this most of the music was hymns which are now sung in churches around the world today. Art, during this period, became valued -- not merely as a vehicle for religious and social identity, but even more as a mode of personal, aesthetic expression. The term early renaissance characterizes virtually all the art of the 15th century. Early renaissance artist sought to create art forms consistent with the appearance of the natural world and with their experience of human personality and behavior. These artists made an effort to go beyond straightforward transcription of nature, to instill the work of art with ideal, intangible qualities, endowing it with a beauty and significance greater and more permanent than that actually found in nature. Also during this time Shakespeare was writing plays Artists such as Donatello in sculpture, Masaccio in painting and Fillipo Brunelleschi in architecture were part of this period. Masaccio for instance gave figures the "illusion" of live beings when characters and reactions were individualized. He also made use of perspective by exploring linear (a vanishing point), and atmospheric perspective (effects produced from a single light source). He also made use of gradations or...
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