–It was a pride of me as a mother who saw her little girl on the stage sitting on the chair putting her little fingers on the piano and trying to play the song perfectly. Seeing her curious face when practiced and encountered missed tones, for a while I couldn't believe that my little girl has been gifted with ability in music. It was her first performance, in her early age; she achieved the applause from the audience. For this, I am thankful that I can still support my child in her growth times to increase her creativity- Being children is one of the most grateful times that people would ever had. Childhood suppose to be an exciting, fun and challenging period of life where children are involved in playing and also learning process. Learning is relatively permanent change in behavior potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice (Sternberg, 1986). Based on this definition, parents are aware that childhood is the most important time to reestablish basic education on their children such as raising the physical, mental and emotional foundation. From the example above, it indicates that music can be one of the media in developing children's skills, this fact has lead some parents to introduce their children about the process of learning through music; considering that there is strong correlation between music education and children's skills development, it will support their children to become successful in life. Some children have opportunity to learn music in their early age and some of them have already joined the music club and participated in mini performance. Their parents believe learning piano in the childhood can increase children's academic skills. It will be analyzed in certain ways, such as by enhancing children's mind, by developing children's concentration and coordination and by...
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The main purpose of the paper is to investigate and present the relationship between the mind, music, and human behavior. For this purpose, research is presented on previous works and studies that link music with the mind. Based on this research, music increases neurotransmitter levels. Soft or mellow music has a tendency to promote tranquillity, while music with tempo sometimes distracts. Human memories can be cued by music, and music can promote improved learning. The brain is a two and a quarter pound piece of living organic tissue that controls the human nervous system. Music is a collection of sound waves that propagate through the air, and has varying frequencies and tones following a discernible order. Yet we all recognize the significance of the brain beyond its physical function. Our minds are the essence of what we are. The brain enigmatically stores memories, and lets people experience such things as emotion, sensations, and thoughts. In the same sense, music is more than just a collection of vibrations. This leads to the question of how does music affect the mind, and in addition, how does music affect human behavior? The reader might ask why such a question should be relevant. If more is known about the psychological and neurophysiological effects of music on the human mind, then the possibilities of this knowledge are unbounded. Music can be used to treat social and behavioral problems in people with disabilities. The use of music in the classroom might enhance or weaken a student's work characteristics. Therefore, whether the influence of music is positive or negative, much needs to be explored about the link between the mind and music. Physiologically, the brain receives information about sound waves from the ear through the auditory nerve. This information is then processed by the brain and analyzed for the juxtaposition of melody and rhythm. The mixture of melody and rhythm is what we commonly refer to as music. However, our minds interpret...
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International Baccaulaureatte Extended Essay Abstract Last year I was alerted to a study in which it was shown that children who took piano lessons had greater spatial reasoning skills than their counterparts who had not received any music instruction at all. Being a musical individual, I was immediately interested. This interest was the spark for my Extended Essay, in which I approach the question: "What effect does music have upon an individual?" I was able to gather enough information to see that music had two specific effects: those upon the mind and those upon the body. Upon closer examination of my materials, though, the effects which it had on the body were all related to pain and music's analgesic abilities. Since music it self is not a narcotic in any sense of the word, it must trigger endorphins to act as pain-killers. Thus, I found that music has a calming effect on the body. This calming effect is directly related to its effects on the mind. Since the funding for many music programs in schools in the United States is being reduced or removed, it only seemed logical to explore the effects that music has upon one of the most important aspects of the mind; education. My findings indicate music can help calm individuals and groups and prove beneficial to the learning environment both by physically changing the structure of the brain and improving spatial reasoning abilities. Music's Effects On The Human Mind and Body Word Count: 3971 words Music is everywhere. From the womb, you experience sound: your mother's heartbeat, breathing and muffled voice. Growing up you sing songs and hear music being played—you may even make your own music. From the discordant, irritating noise of traffic in the street to the soft, soothing Muzak played in the elevator and at shopping malls, music surrounds you and,...
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Plato once said, "Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination…and life to everything." It is important for every student to receive a worthwhile education. We all agree that basic subjects such as mathematics, history, science, and language are very important parts of the curriculum, but most tend to forget about another important part: music education. Music is a very important part of every student's education. According to the Music Educator's Journal, beginning more than 150 years ago, the importance of music in America's schools was emphasized by the efforts of what many call "the Father of Music Education", Lowell Mason. Lowell Mason was certainly one of the most effective advocates for public school music education. Music should not be viewed as just an extracurricular activity. Today, I would like to talk about why music should be considered a very important part of the education curriculum at all of America's schools and why funding is just as important for music programs as it is for sports and other activities. Music should be considered a very important part of the education curriculum program at all of America's schools. Lowell Mason believed that music was a gift from God and that it had to be nourished in education in order to reach the rest of the world. He played a very important part in getting music education recognized as an important part of a child's education throughout the United States. The College Board identifies the arts as one of the six basic academic subject areas students should study in order to succeed in college. Arts education also brings together varied cultural and diverse ethnicity, thereby expanding the walk of every classroom. The great thing about music is that it benefits the students in all of...
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Music of the WorldSocarras started by playing the Cotton Club and in black revues, recording the first flute solos jazz with Clarence Williams, Sidney Bechet's and Louis Armstrong's producer. Once he had built up a reputation, he founded a big band that mixed classical music, Cuban rhythms and jazz. His music was a total novelty at the time, and one contemporary American critic wrote of the savage intensity" of the band's rhythm section. Although Socarras was black, he overcame racial barriers in many clubs that had previously been closed to coloured bands, taking his tropical drums as far afield as Illinois and Nebraska. The Puerto Rican trombonist Juan Tizol also embarked on an American jazz career, joining the Duke Ellington orchestra in the late 1920s. For Ellington he composed the first Latin jazz numbers, Caravan and Perdido. He also introduced his boss to the structure of Cuban music which, unlike jazz which allows its soloists complete freedom of invention, is based on a very precise superposition of rhythms, each of which has its own particular part to play in an acoustic tapestry that is constantly changing. The conga follows one predetermined line, the bongo another. Bass and plano both also make their own contribution to the polyphonic rhythms. Whatever notes they may be playing, Cuban musicians must respect a particular style of phrasing that neophytes (and even experienced jazzmen) often find hard to pick up. Other American bandleaders, among them Chick Webb and Cab Calloway, fell for the charms of the bolero, guaracha and rumba-all three of them Cuban imports. In turn, jazz made its first tentative incursions into Cuba. Duke Ellington went to Havana in 1933, and American-style big bands began to be formed there. But New York in the early 1940s was the real home of the fusion of jazz...
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The Structure and Style of Renaissance Music In the Renaissance period, composers began experimenting with harmony in their work. Imitative polyphony, monophonic solo and polychoral music was the main style in the Renaissance. Imitative polyphony is when all the voices in a piece of music move at the same speed and share the development of the piece in a way that later became known as Fugue. Polychoral music is similar to polyphony but is written for choirs, usually to be sung in church. Monophony is simply a solo piece with one line of music and, naturally, one voice. Medieval and Renaissance styles differ in the way the music is written as well, in the order it’s written. Medieval composers built the music up layer upon layer, whereas Renaissance composers often preferred to write all the parts simultaneously, and blend them together rather than contrast them. There is a lot of emphasis on texture in polyphony music. Specific instruments were chosen because they had a certain texture in their sound and the composer would use that texture to compliment other textures within the piece. Renaissance Instruments The Renaissance saw many new instruments as well as old ones remaining popular. Different composers preferred to write for different instruments predominantly, but the basic availability remained pretty much the same. These are the main instruments that were used in Renaissance music: The Lute The lute is the ancestor of the modern day guitar. It held the highest respect of all instruments during the Renaissance, both as an accompaniment and as a solo instrument. It could be played with a plectrum but the best lutenists used only their fingers, giving a very distinctive, very expressive sound. Although the greatest repertoire for the lute is from England, the finest lutes came from Italy. The delicacy of the sound is reflected in the light...
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The Baroque era extended from late Renaissance and early Classical periods between 1600 and 1750. The origin of the term "baroque" comes from Portuguese and refers to an "irregular shaped pearl". The era of Baroque music was an age of brilliant progress of knowledge. It was also known for the age of the scientific discoveries of Galileo and Newton, and advances in math of Descartes, Newton, and Leibnitz. Baroque time period included production of some of the greatest music of all time. There was three periods in Baroque music. In early Baroque style two ideas prevailed; one is the opposition to counterpoint and the most violent interpretation of the words, realized in the emotional recitative in free rhythm. The harmony was experimental and pre-tonal. Vocal music was in the leading position. In the formation of the Baroque style Italy represented only one limit, which influenced primarily in the development of vocal monody. The other pole was England, which influenced the development of abstract instrumental style that spread all over the Europe. The middle Baroque period brought all the bel-canto style in the cantata and opera, and with it the distinction between aria and recitative. Musical forms began to grow and contrapuntal quality was reinstituted. Chord progression was governed by an undeveloped tonality along with modes that were reduced to major and minor. The last period, which is the late Baroque style, is different by a fully established tonality that helped to regulate chord progressions, dissonance treatment, and the formal structure. The contrapuntal technique culminated in the full combination of tonal harmony. Also the concerto style appeared with emphasis on mechanical rhythm. Vocal music was now dominated by instrumental music. However, the modern revival of Baroque music is limited almost exclusively to works in late Baroque period. The idea of dualism is probably what...
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SYNOPSIS This paper takes a look at innovation drawing from the worldwide music industry. The music industry is currently facing a slump in its sales and dropping revenues worldwide. This paper traces the effects of evolution of disruptive technological innovations like Napster and subsequent technologies. Napster as a community file sharing peer-to-peer application defied the traditional physical music distribution system. The paper attempts to throw light on the subsequent fallouts of the Napster effect, documenting the music industry's dilemma and exploring a possible distribution model for the future. Such a model would anticipate the future changes like a wireless age, accelerating technology and focus on a community-based model. Also an attempt has been made to look at technological innovations as apart from firm-driven innovations. These technological innovations are capable of changing the industry complexion and are essentially freelance in nature. THE CHANGING TECHNOLOGY ENABLED WORLD… The I-Pod, the mp3 technology, mobile music devices… Information, entertainment and communication anytime, anywhere, on the move… Welcome to the wonders of the telecommunications era. The era of technological innovation that spurs business innovation. In the last decade technological advances have changed the way businesses function; the prime mover of the technology being the information technology and the proliferation of the Internet. Consider another scenario. At 56kbps modem speeds all it takes to download the whole new Eminem single takes 20 minutes. And the vintage works and less seen or heard collections like those of John Lennon's Lost Weekend are up on E Bay for auction. Amazon.com has a catalogue of CDs to rival any music showroom and has a regular clientele as well. Fans swap music online and critique it online. In a nutshell like any other industry the worldwide music distributing and publishing industry is in a state of flux. The community that buys this music is moving online....
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Classical music is known as a serious kind of music whereas Contemporary music is known as “popular”, “folk”, or “light” kind of music. Classical music is music, which ‘must be written down, or at least performable away from its original composer.’ and must also ‘maintain its ability to communicate and entertain listeners over decades, and even centuries.’ (David Hurwitz, 2003, Internet resource) Comparing it with Contemporary music, it is found that Contemporary music is often recorded or written down vaguely as long as the major pattern can be recognized. Contemporary music is often played by other musicians where improvisation or rubato occurred most of the time, but Classical music are never improvised. According to Jan Vièar, classical music is also known as: ‘serious music, independent music, composed (as opposed to improvised) music.’ (Prague: Academia, 1981, Music and its terminological system) These are the similarities of the two kinds of music. First of all, similar instruments which can be used for both kinds of music are piano, harpsichord, wood wind, brass, string, guitar, vocal and orchestral. It is found that a composer usually composed his or her masterpiece after experiencing certain memorable moment. There was also music that was composed with dedications to their love ones. I grouped these as personal goals as their objectives. Both Classical and Contemporary music are sometimes composed with objective of personal goals. I found great difference than similarities between Classical and Contemporary music. Classical music is originated somewhere since 1600 and it has gone through a total of 5 periods: The Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Contemporary periods whereas earliest records of Contemporary music were found after the existence of Classical music. (Author unknown, Internet article) It is clearly understood that Classical music is categorized by its period. It can also be categorized by the composer’s name...
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Northern Indian classical music is one of the oldest forms of music to exist on this planet. North Indian classical music has such a history that it is said to have been dated back to the Vedas, which are the ancient scripts of the Hindus. It is much more than a form of entertainment; it is a defining element of Indian culture. Northern Indian music is based on sangeet, a combination of three traditional forms, including: vocal music, instrumental music, and dance. Each of these forms has developed into distinctive art forms. There are two main genres within Northern Indian Classical music, dhrupad and khayal. Dhrupad is the older of the two genres, and then there is khayal the contemporary genre, which is more popular presently. Acting as a foundation for both of these genres are two different musical entities, melody and rhythm. Melody in Northern Indian Classical music is primarily the silence of sound and how the artist or performer manipulates the space to create the art form. Melody is also embedded in the system called raga. There is also a rhythmic foundation that is found in tala. The raga system exemplifies musical moods which frame the time of year and day which are then outputted by the musical performer. The raga has many defining characteristics, it has to be based on ascending and descending formations of no less than five notes, the nature of each note must be definitive, the composition must have characterizing parts, the ascending and descending formation must also be definitive, and there must be an order within the notes themselves. The product of this framework allows for an easy realization of the melody within the piece of music. In an actual raga performance there are three main parts, Alap which is the first movement and is...
pages: 5 (words: 1333)