Before the portrayal of the human body can be critiqued, you must understand the artist's culture. As man evolved over centuries, his views of the body also transformed. Our tour definitely showed the drastic changes in different cultures' art. Each culture and era presents very distinct characteristics. Through time and experimentation, we have expressed our views of the human body clearly with our art. Egyptians were the first people to make a large impact on the world of art. Egyptians needed art for their religious beliefs more than decoration or self-gratification. The most important aspect of Egyptian life is the ka, the part of the human spirit that lives on after death. The ka needed a physical place to occupy or it would disappear. Most of the important men of Egypt paid to have their body carved out of stone. That was were the spirit would live after the man dies. They used stone because it was the strongest material they could find. Longevity was very important. The bodies are always idealized and clothed. Figures are very rigid, close-fisted, and are built on a vertical axis to show that the person is grand or intimidating. Most of the figures were seen in the same: profile of the legs, frontal view of the torso, and profile of the head. Like most civilizations, Egyptians put a lot of faith in gods. The sky god Horus, a bird, is found in a great amount of Egyptian art. Little recognition was ever given to the artists. The emphasis was on the patron. Early Greek art was greatly influenced by the Egyptians. Geography permitted both cultures to exchange their talents. The beginning of Greek art is marked by the Geometric phase. The most common art during the Geometric phase was vase painting. After the vase was formed...
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His work depicts a human male facing backwards while sitting on a chair, with his right leg being on the chair. His shadow is depicted on the wall nicely and three cardboards are placed along the wall. There is a lot of unity in the work by the way the male has been placed at the center of the artists work. The whole work, the shadow, the chair and the cardboards unify the back of the male. On the other hand, there is no clear sign of balance in the work. Although, there is a slight hint of asymmetrical balance if a line can be thought between the male and his shadow on the wall. However, since the male sitting on the chair is placed right at the center this asymmetrical balance is hard to define. There does however seem to be a balance of colors. The artist has used warm colors throughout his work. He has used variations of lightest pink to define parts of the body except his head. Balance can be found by looking at the back of the head of the male, which is black and brown in color and at the floor which is half painted brown in color as well, which makes it look like a carpet. However, the similar color of the carpet and the head in a little darker brown and black gives a feeling of balance in the work as the rest of the body is more or less done in variations of light pink. The emphasis is clearly on the person, and the larger shadow, the way the chair is placed all add to make the back of the male the focal point of this piece of art. The directional forces seem to be moving straight from bottom to the top. However, this...
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Raul Truisilo said that the dance maker's medium is the human body. In class we have studied the different planes the human body moves in and the bones and muscles that form the human body. I believe a better knowledge of the human body, and our own bodies in particular, will enable us to move in ways that are new to our body. One of the choreographers said that when he is creating a new dance it isn't always new for the audience, but it is always new for him because his choreography is based on a different ways of moving and experimenting with different movement combinations. When we formed into groups in class and told each other to change a movement that we've already seen before, we were using this same tactic. I have to admire women such as Isadore Duncan and Martha Graham for their devotion and creativity in dance. They are women who wanted something different and something liberating. I think modern dance for them was an escape from their, otherwise, everyday, mundane lives as women in their times. They broke some rules, and they succeeded. My favorite aspect was their choice in costumes. They used loose clothing that moved freely. I enjoyed their break from the rigid layers of tight clothing women were expected to wear in their time. These women definitely took "everything" and added "more" to it with the intention of creating a new dance language that is still growing today. Modern dance is "everything that has been done, plus." This is the quote in the video that stuck out in my mind the most. Everything we do in class resembles something that has been done before, but we do it in a different way or at a different speed....
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Architect, painter and designer; Le Corbusier took on several titles. Art influenced the life and career of Le Corbusier greatly, and he influenced the world of art as well. He also played a major role in the development in architecture. Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, who later took on the name of Le Corbusier, was born in 1887 at La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. As the son of an engraver, he had been interested in art from an early age. In 1901, he started to attend his native art school. In 1902 he built an engraved clock, which was exhibited and admired greatly. Although he had proved to have a gift for drawing, his interests were directed more towards architecture. This was due to painter and sculptor Charles L'Eplattenier, who also happened to be a professor at his school. Le Corbusier received his first commission in 1905. He was to design and build a villa for a member of the faculty of the art school. By 1908, he had designed and built two more villas. However, from 1907 to 1911, most of his time was spent traveling. He traveled to Italy, Hungary and Austria. In France he worked under Auguste Perret, a pioneer in the use of reinforced concrete, for fifteen months. In Germany he worked under Peter Behrens, who had vast knowledge in the area of designing and industrial planning. It made Le Corbusier realize the importance of industry. After his trips, he devoted the following five years to teaching in the art school in Chaux-de-Fonds. In 1914, Le Corbusier produced his first plans for Dom-ino houses. It had six columns, not unlike the six dots on a domino piece. The floors, stairs, and columns were the fixed parts of the house. The rest was flexible. The walls, windows and other aspects of the house could...
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Remember man from dust you come and to dust you shall return. This is a central idea of Bruce Dawe's work; no matter mow many materialistic items we acquire and consume, we all end up in the same place. Dawe's poems are a recollection on the world and issues around him. His aim was to depict the social problems concerning the common Australian suburban resident. This is evident through his mocking approach to these issues. Bruce Dawe's work, Enter without so much as knocking and Americanized are poems that are critical of consumerism in the modern world. Enter without so much as knocking is a story of one man's life from birth until after death, and is a highly satirical look at modern society and its materialism. Similarly, Americanized is written in a predominantly bitter and ironic tone. However it is not only found in poetry and the eyes of an antagonistic old man, that, we notice consumerism in our own society. If we take a look at advertisements and television what better way to get into the public's mind that right in their own homes, when they are their most vulnerable? While questioning television lets take a look at music, for instance we drive along every day singing happily to our favourite tunes, but what really is the message being sent by such inconspicuous mediums? Dawe sarcastically attacks the way in which people have been manipulated by the appeal of consumerism. He tries to warn us of the fact that we have abandoned our ethics and values in search of a more fulfilled and enriched life, which is manifested by an obsession with consumer products. But once more he considers the influence of consumerism on our ideas of what are acceptable attitudes. These attitudes are imposed by the constant bombardment of "things can be better,...
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Discuss and illustrate as far as you can Browning's search, as a poet, for formal and thematic variety?English
In 1851 Browning wrote an essay on Percy Bysshe Shelley, and in it he both praised the Romantic poet who had so influenced him, and also explained how he, Browning differed in his own poetic project. Shelley, according to Browning, was a subjective poet, a poet who wrote from the perspective of the inner self, while Browning wishes to be an objective poet. Browning felt that subjective poetry which is never relieved by objectivity meant that "the world is subsisting wholly on the shadow of a reality". He wanted to present the world from a distanced objective view, not through a haze of abstraction, and to show the world and the people in it clearly and directly. Employed by Browning, among others, the dramatic monologue is one poetic strategy which allows us a vision of both worlds. The character in the monologue tells his or her story in a subjective manner, while allowing the distanced poet and reader to remain objective. The "action" in a dramatic monologue is mental, psychological and verbal. Browning also became adept at indicating physical action and gesture but the important one is the act of speaking—of arguing, pleading informing, reminiscing, of thinking aloud or of justifying oneself. The form also allowed him to indulge his fondness for eccentric or often morally reprehensible characters and opinions while, it freed him from the responsibility of bringing his villain to justice. Browning chose the Renaissance as the historical setting of many of his poems because it was a time of great energy and change. However Browning's characters are not famous personages but minor players. They are too busy concentrating on themselves and their own needs to think about their role in history. Through these moments in history Browning discusses such themes as Love, Art, Beauty and Evil. He also...
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"So shall you hear/ Of carnal, bloody and unnatural acts;/ Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters;/ Of deaths put on by cunning and forc'd cause;/ And, in this upshot, purposes mistook…"(5.2.373). The play Hamlet spares no discretion in the event of death, as there is a central theme of death and decay found in the main characters, the state of Denmark, and selective symbols and speeches. The theme of death is portrayed though the characters of the story. All of the characters in the play are killed for different reasons. For example, Claudius is killed for his unnatural acts such as killing his brother, King Hamlet, then marrying his wife and plotting to kill Hamlet. Ophelia and Gertrude's deaths were accidental judgments, since Ophelia's death was questionably a misfortune and Gertrude unintentionally drank the poisoned chalice. Also, some characters were killed by their tragic flaw. For example, Polonius was casually killed for being an underhanded meddler. Laertes was killed because of his blind rage and his eagerness to revenge his father and sister, and in contrast to Laertes, Hamlet was killed for his inability to act efficiently. Additionally, Rozencrantz and Guildenstern were followers and they followed the forged order of the King to their eventual off-screen deaths. The theme of death and decay is also portrayed through the state of Denmark. "Something is rotten in the state of Denmark."(1.4.90) Marcellus saw the ghost of King Hamlet and instantly knew that there was something wrong with his country. The ghost signified that the natural order of the world has been shifted, and that the illegitimate King was making the country diseased. There are also some symbols in the play that are used to represent the idea of death. For example, Hamlet discovers Yorick's skull in the graveyard and begins thinking to himself and musing with...
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Michelangelo Buonarroti was one of the best artists of all history. The word "masterpiece" comes to mind with a mention of his name. Michelangelo's artwork was like none other as it captures the amazing beauty of the human condition. Michelangelo worked in a time of conflict between the powers of the Medici family in Florence and the Papacy in Rome. This conflicting period had a tremendous impact on Michelangelo's life. Michelangelo Buonarroti was born on March 6, 1475 in a small village in Tuscany, known as Caprese. Despite being born in this small village, Michelangelo always thought of himself as a "son of Florence", much like his father who considered himself "a Citizen of Florence". Michelangelo's mother was sick for most of the time Michelangelo knew her. Because of this, a nurse was hired to take care of Michelangelo. His mother died when he was the young age of six. Even before this Michelangelo was deprived of affection. This attributed to his touchy, isolated mannerism. Michelangelo's father soon recognized his son's intelligence and desire to learn. By age 13, Michelangelo shocked his father when he agreed to apprentice in painter, Domenico Ghirlandaio's workshop. Michelangelo, born in the sixteenth century, was possibly one of the greatest artisans of all time. Michelangelo's artistic career can be divided into two periods. In the early period he focused on realism. During this early period Michelangelo's works included the Pieta and the David. At the age of 24 he completed a statue called the "Pieta," which is still in its original place in Saint Peter's Basilica. This marble sculpture shows the dead Jesus Christ in his mother's arms. In 1501Michelangelo returned to Florence, Italy to sculpt the famous nude sculpture called the "David." The "David" measures 18 feet tall, and is so massive that it took...
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Elegant, robust, and picturesque, these characteristics aptly describe the body of a peacock. It is with this magnificent figure that the peacock asserts his authority over others of his species and ultimately finds his mate. Unfortunately, man tries to steal the feathers of the peacock and market them to further his own ends. Women, like the peacock, have a body full of beauty and grace, and like the peacock, a woman possesses an immense amount of potential power in the way she uses her body. It is when society tries to repress or destroy this power and strength that a woman loses her essence and freedom. In The Handmaid's Tale, Margaret Atwood, a famous Canadian feminist, reveals the theme of freedom and strength for women, despite a society that views them as less than second-class citizens, through bodily symbolism and imagery. As with all dystopian novels, The Handmaid's Tale holds its basis in the events that occurred at the time of its publication. Atwood views the novel as "a logical extension of where [the society] was [in the 1980s]" by "projecting into the future a number of things [society has] already done" (Atwood, Margaret. Interview NP). Following the sweeping civil rights movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the 1980s began to see a backlash against the feminist movement and its motives. With the emergence of right-wing extremist groups, such as the New Right, and fundamental evangelists, like Jerry Fallwell, a zeal for religion resurfaced, which the society began to embrace (The Handmaid's Tale 136). These groups saw the rise in divorces and single parent families as negative examples of the feminist movement, calling for a return to the traditional family values and gender roles (The Handmaid's Tale 137). To many feminists, who spent their lives in pursuit of equal rights, these comments...
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Fran pez Professor Dutt English 101 October 11, 2003 The Mechanics of Love What defines love, in the traditional sense, between a man and a woman? In Bernard Malamud's short story, "The Magic Barrel," love manifests when a person finds the opposite of himself and shares a common interest with that person . Is love then inspired by self-interest, or does love have a more profound mystical meaning? Most people will agree that there exists two types of love: physical and spiritual. Physical love, with deals with the human body, can be easily explained, but spiritual love, with deals with human emotions, cannot be easily explained. I think that, from all the emotions, love is the most difficult to explain Have you ever heard the phase, "opposites attract?" Well, that might be true. It was defiantly true in the "Magic Barrel." Mr. Leo Finkle did not fall in love until he found the opposite of himself. The matchmaker, named Salzman, presented to him three women who were educated like him, but Mr. Finkle did not love these women. I suspect that Mr. Finkle was not drawn to these type of women because they were not the opposite of him. Mr. Finkle did not fall in love until he saw the picture of Salsman's daughter, Stella, who was the total opposite of him. Stella was poor, uneducated, and uncommitted to serve God while Mr. Finkle was educated, and devoted to God. It seems that love does materialize when two people, who are the opposites of each other, meet and are united by common interest. But what did Mr. Finkle and Stella have in common? "God," might be the answer to the question. Mr. Finkle felt that he did not truly love God because he could not bring himself to love the imperfections of God's creature, man. To Mr.Finkle, loving Stella meant loving God. And Stella probably believed that a rabbi would be able to help...
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