I A thin line is drawn between police protection and brutality II Lethal police shootings are a subject of hot controversy A. Thorough investigations are required, but sometimes details are ignored or over-looked B. Strict rules govern the use of lethal force by officers, but, some of these rules leave discretion up to the officer and meaning can be skewed C. Police are trained to "shoot to kill" therefore, media's portrayal of police officers "winging" a suspect are false and inaccurate, leading to misinformed public D. Innocent bystanders have been injured in cross-fire III Many cases of alleged police brutality spring from excessive force issues A. Struggling suspects are hard to control, and police must rely on training and, quite often, brute strength to overcome suspect B. Police officers are people, and they are subject to the same emotions as regular people, especially reactions caused by the rush of adrenaline in a fight. C. Often in high-speed pursuits, adrenaline builds up and the police officer has no release, except on the suspect when he/she is apprehended at the end of the chase. D. Two or three big men are often required to control an intoxicated/high suspect IV High-speed pursuits needlessly endanger innocent lives A. Often pursuits start over something as trivial as a traffic ticket B. Many fatal accidents involving innocent bystanders have happened as a result of high-speed pursuits C. Chases can be so dangerous that some states have instituted a "no-chase" policy, prohibiting officers from pursuing suspects, unless a felony has been committed D. Even with pursuit training and driving classes, officers can still be injured or killed in accidents during pursuits V The introduction of video cameras in police cars has cut down on cases of police brutality A. Officers know they are on camera, and the ones that might act out of line are held in check by this fact B. Suspects who formerly...
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A law enforcement officer's credo is, "If you need me, I will be there for you. I will risk injury or death to get to you, because that is my promise" (citizensforpolice.org). A day in the life of a law enforcement officer is unlike that of any other profession. There are many people eager to stand up and criticize the many fine men and women that work in law enforcement. While it is true that some wayward people do end up in a police uniform, that too can be said about people in every profession. Police officers are in a very precarious position every day of their lives, on duty and off duty. It is necessary to be fair and open-minded when a police officer is being accused of excessive force or when their use of lethal force is being questioned. People have enough to fear in today's world without being led to believe that the police are the enemy. They are not. In most cases, the only people that have any reason to fear the police are the people that are breaking the law. "Police brutality" has become an easy scapegoat for many people, but an officer's use of force in the line of duty is often necessary and justifiable. A police officer's day is unlike that of any civilian. While most people spend their nights at home with their families, all police officers must have their turn at the graveyard shift, which is usually between the hours of midnight and eight o'clock in the morning. This also happens to be the time period when most serious crimes and drunk driving accidents take place. On an average shift, a police officer is likely to experience things that would devastate most people: child abuse, drug overdoses, suicide, fatal car accidents, and...
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• The police must respect individual's civil rights. • People are entitled to be allowed to move freely and to have their person and their property respected. However, there must be sufficient powers for the police to investigate crime. • Parliament gave them special powers which can be used in certain circumstances. • Includes right to stop and search them, to arrest and interview people when necessary and to take fingerprints and samples (blood) for scientific analysis. • Law on police powers – Police and Criminal Evidence (PACE) Act 1984. • Five codes : 1. Code A – Powers to stop and search. 2. Code B – Powers to search premises and seize property. 3. Code C – Detention, treatment and questioning of suspects. 4. Code D – Rules for identification procedures. 5. Code E – Tape-recording of interviews with suspects. Serious arrestable offences Automatically considered as 'serious arrrestable offences' – Section 116 PACE – treason, murder, manslaughter, rape, other serious sexual offences, hijacking, kidnapping, hostagetaking, drug trafficking, some firearms offences and causing explosion likely to endanger life and property, offences lead to serious consequences such as serious harm to the state or public order, death, serious injury, substantial financial gain or serious financial loss. Power of arrest Without a warrant : Section 24 PACE 1. Power of arrest – police and private. 2. Arrestable offence : • Offence – sentence is fixed by law. • Offence – max sentence given to an adult is at least five years' imprisonment. Not that max sentence will be given, merely that the max sentence is five years or more. • Offence which Parliament has specifically made an arrestable offence. Max sentence is six months' imprisonment. 3. Arrestable by police and private citizens : • Who is in the act of committing an arrestable offence. • Who he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be committing an arrestable offence. • Who has committed. • Where an arrestable offence...
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A blanket of darkness had descended on Blackwood Estate. The sky changed from pale pink to purple and then to grey washes. I looked at the sky, it was full of dark clouds heralding the coming of a storm. "Oops" I gulped. "Hey guys, want to walk to Hill street instead of Gambir street, it's a short-cut! Maybe we can reach home before it rain." I asked. Mike had no objections and agreed readily. "What?! Walk past that cemetery? Over my dead body!" Cindy yelled. I groaned, "Come on! Do you want the rain to spoil your new hairstyle?" I said, urging her. "Okay," she answered reluctantly. The trees grew thicker along the sides of the deserted road. Chilly wind caressed my cheeks and many of my goose bumps burst. Hill street was a long way of dilapidated houses that ran past the side entrance of the cemetery. Wind thrashed in the treetops and the clouds burst. A torrential rain lashed down. "Lets find a shelter first. Now, look at the sky. It's raining cats and dogs, we would be drenched soon!" Mike said hastily. "Fine!" "Look! There is a building there! Lets grab a shelter there!" I yelled. We immediately dashed into the building. It was huge, five stories tall with a black roof.The building was eerie and empty. "Look at the cobwebs, it seemed like nobody had lived here for a long time but why were the lights switched on?" Mike asked. "Weird," I answered, feeling a bit frightened. We checked out the ground floor. The walls were of grey stone, no two of the same size and shape, arranged somehow, one upon another so as to fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. I had a strange kind of feeling that I could not express out. The building seemed haunted. "We...
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American policing is a product of English heritage. The English contributed three factors into American policing, which were; limited police authority (i.e. The Bill of Rights), tradition of local control of law enforcement agencies, and a highly decentralized and fragmented system of law enforcement. Sir Robert Peel is the "father of modern policing, who was a member of England's elite social and political class. The 1780 Gordon riots triggered a 50 year debate over the need for better public safety in England. Due to the effective plans of Peel, officers became known as "Bobbies." The new mission of policing was crime prevention. Peel borrowed the organization structure of the London police from the military, including uniforms, rank designations, and the authoritarian system of command and discipline. The American colonists created law enforcement institutions as soon as they established organized communities. There was a sheriff, who was appointed by the governor, which was the chief local government official. His responsibilities included collecting taxes, conducting elections, maintaining bridges and roads, among other things. The watch and the constable were also part of the law enforcement of this time. These officials were reactive agencies, who only responded to complaints brought to them, and did not engage in patrol. Crime victims had no convenient way of reporting crimes; officers patrolled on foot, and had no way of communicating with one another in case of trouble. Modern police were established in the United States in the 1830s and 1840s. The reasoning behind the new ways of policing was the ethnic riots of this time period. The police officers did not wear uniforms or carry weapons during the early stages of United States policing. The nineteenth century had no personnel standards. Men had no education, poor health, and criminal records, all the officers were handed was a badge,...
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The course of life is dependant on the decisions a person makes, whether to trust or mistrust a person can be one of the most crucial decisions a person will make in his lifetime. Andy Rooney has made the assertion that our society can, and would not exist without unwritten contracts of trust between the people that make up our country. He states that there are contracts of trust in all aspects of society; this statement could be true, if Mr. Rooney had stated it fifty years ago. In this modern age, it has been proven repeatedly that the people who were once trusted can no longer be trusted. Mr. Rooney's assertion of those unwritten contracts is now outdated; those contracts of trust continue to be broken in today's society, leading to distrust among these groups of people. It is true of course, that America's economic success can be chiefly attributed to our large corporations and the success of the stock market and that trust relationships were what the stock market was founded upon. When a new company is formed, or incorporated, it establishes a set amount of stock, which is worth about as much as the paper it's printed on. This is where the new corporation must convince prospective investors to buy their stock. These investors trusted that their money would be put to good use in several things including research, expansion, or in this case to help a company build itself from the ground up. These investors trusted that their money would be used to benefit the company so that the worth of the company could increase and the stock would be of more worth towards the investor. This is the way it started, and there was a strong and working trust relationship between corporation and investor. Now however,...
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People depend on police officers to protect their lives and property. Police and detectives enforce laws. They catch criminals and they collect evidence. Also at times, they testify in court. Others patrols set areas to prevent crime. Some patrols give out traffic tickets. Some police direct traffic. Most police wear uniforms. Detectives and special agents work in regular clothes. Most detectives are part of regular police forces. Special agents work for Federal and State agencies. They file reports about what they have done during the day. Most police work on foot or ride in cars. Some, however, ride horses, bikes, or motorcycles. Some work in boats on rivers and in harbors. Some police work with dogs. Most police and detectives work at least 40 hours a week. When they work longer, they get extra pay. Because police work is a 24-hour-a-day job, some police have to work nights and weekends. They have to be ready to go to work at all times. Police may work very long hours on a case. Some have to travel a lot, often on short notice. Some police work outdoors in all kinds of weather. Some take very big risks when they chase criminals in cars or when they make an arrest. The job can be very stressful for the police officer. The officer's family may worry a lot. Good training, teamwork, and good equipment reduce the number of injuries and deaths among police officers. There are many duties and responsibilities of a police officer. There main duty and responsibility is to enforce the law and make sure that we live in a safe environment. They have many daily routines depending on the officer. One officer may have to do radar while anther may have to drive around and make sure none is breaking the...
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"Not one person telephoned the police during the assault; one witness called after the woman was dead" (Gansberg 86). Martin Gansberg's essay, "Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police," describes a true account of witnesses allowing the death of a neighbor and friend. In this essay Gasberg uses various techniques, including language and tone, to catch the readers attention. Martin Gansberg begins his essay by luring the reader through the use of manipulative techniques: the author attempts to make the reader angry, shows the reader an apathetic public, and also forces the reader to consider what he/she would do. "Chief Inspector Lussen said, "If we had been called when he first attacked, the woman might not be dead now,"" (Gansberg 86). Gansberg's use of this dialogue works specifically to try to make the reader furious. The author then demonstrates how much time elapses and how many times the killer leaves and returns to prove that the woman dies because no one steps in. In addition, Gansberg reveals that Miss Genovese is not a stranger to the witnesses or an unknown neighbor; she is a friend who most knew as Kitty. Still, Gansberg shows an apathetic public by emphasizing that not just one person, but several hear and even watch this heinous crime without making the effort to help. There are no calls to the police and no heroic attempts to aid, simply Gansberg asserts, because no one wants to become involved. ""We went to the window to see what was happening," he said, "but the light from our bedroom made it difficult to see the street." The wife still apprehensive, added: "I put out the light and we were able to see better,""(Gansberg 88). Gansberg's characterization of the couple reveals that they even turn out a light to accommodate their...
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Our civilization is called M-ville. Our capital is Whalerville which is located in the middle of our civilization. Our population is one and a half million people. We chose this amount because its not to many people, but its not to little either. Our civilization is located in the Midwest. The states that are included are Illinois, Indiana and Michigan. Around our borders are the united states of America. Included in our land mass are all of the great lakes. Our food is heavily dependent on farming, some of our crops include corn, many types of vegetables and wheat. The government of M-ville is a democracy (like the United States). With this type of government, the people choose their leader and the people who follow them. The leader at the beginning of our civilization to get things started will be Pat and I, we will then hold an election of who should lead the country next. Law enforcement will consist of an army. Since we are a fresh country, a draft will be held and every man who is over 18 will be required to join. Once the age of fifty is reached, you will be required to remove yourself from the army. A police force will also be made up. Anyone who is again, over 18 is enabled to join the police force as well. But not required to do so. The functions of the government will be based on a democratic system. The laws of our civilization consist of 1.No stealing or cheating. This law is important because if we have stealers and cheaters, we will get nothing accomplished. 2. No killing of people (enemy exception). This law is important because if we kill our civilization we fail. Contribution to the government (taxes) will be 10% income tax and 2% sales tax. This is important because without this, we cannot have such things as clean streets and the...
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On it's release, director Mathieu Kasovitz insisted that La Haine should be interpreted as an anti-police film. In your view, is this the main point of the film?Movies
La Haine is a youth film made in 1995 and is set in the Banlieue, the French equivalent of a British council estate and the centre for crime, gun culture, drugs and extreme poverty. The film centres on 3 youth members of the Banlieue: Vinz, Hubert and Sayid, and looks at their problems from their perspective and their reactions to these problems. This indeed gives the film a strong anti-police message. But I do not believe this to be the central point of the film. I will explore the main point and how it is expressed throughout the film. The anti-police message is a big part of the film. The kids of the Banlieue blame the system for their misfortunes: poverty, crime and no hope. This is emphasised by an inter-texulisation of Taxi Driver, when Vinz stares in a mirror pretending he has a gun and echoing the "you talkin' to me" statement of Taxi Driver. This is because the characters of both films are existentially lost and are living in an urban hell. They have no real purpose in life. Therefore, striking out at the police is a way of striking out at the system that has put them in their predicament. This is expressed in many ways during the film. The film starts with one young person confronting a team of riot police claiming them to be murderers, as they have guns and the rioters only have rocks. This suggests that the police are bullies, ganging up on "defenceless young protesters. A riot is then shown through accelerated montage, shot in a documentary style: a form of verisimilitude, a realism operator. This is done using techniques such as shaky cam. It gives the riot scenes a sense of gritty realism so that it can suggest that the shots of police...
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