Country music has been typecast. Maybe it's America's fault. Maybe it's the musicians fault. Nonetheless, it has been typecast. Tragic? Maybe. There are of course, the artists that have tried to escape the confines of the red-necked, inbred, "howdy folks" generalization country musicians have been known to fall under. Most of these musicians have been unable to achieve their goals: either they are accepted by the American pop-culture, and become lorn by the country world; or they are unable to "crossover" into the high profile, frenzied world that is known as "pop music". The Dixie Chicks have become the unreachable aristocracy. Since their debut album "Wide Open Spaces", was released in 1998, the Dixie Chicks have exploded into the American pop culture and the country music world, being accepted by both with open arms. Rightfully so. The Dixie Chicks produce music everyone can relate to. The Chicks are not only superior musicians, but also superlative role models for young girls everywhere. They give birth to some of the most diverse music; ranging from good ole country twang, to ballads dripping with emotion and drenched with desire. Composed of three sultry, and unpredictable women, sisters Emily Robinson and Marty Maguire, along with the feisty, and vivacious Natalie Maines, the Chicks exude an air of brilliance. The image they emit is one that is original, daring and over the top; yet still appropriate and tasteful. Good change in pace from the Britney Spears and Christina Agileria whirlwind in the world seems to be entangled in today, no? The Dixie Chicks don't preach, or even try to obtain the "Hollywood" image, that is often times force-fed to female performers. Standing at 5`3 and 140 pounds Maines has never tried to hide the fact that she often battles with her weight, and almost always lets...
pages: 7 (words: 1892)
_____________ ATTAINING EMINENCE AND SATISFACTION IN HIGH PRESSURE OCCUPATIONS _______ People take their leisure activities very seriously. The importance that people place on their leisure has received large amounts of attention from many noted sociologists. Juliet B. Schor indicates that the average American's leisure time is declining and consequently becoming even more important (1992). Results of a study on the lack of leisure time back these findings "The average American has lost 2 hours of leisure time a day" (Robinson and Converse 1972:79). These factors have stimulated the significance of the entertainment industry in America. The exposition of this paper is concerned with the members of two occupations, professional athletic coach and professional musician, considered to be within the social entertainment industry. The productions of these occupations facilitate their own social institutions and provide leisure for an entire subculture of fans. David Brinkerhoff and Lynn White have documented the qualification of sports as a social institution. "Sport is indeed a distinctive social structure with norms and values that set it apart from other institutions. It is also an increasingly important institution" (Brinkerhoff and White 1985). The working question for this paper looks into how the members of these occupations view the meanings of their subjective careers in terms of derived satisfaction, the effects that intrinsic and extrinsic influences have on there satisfaction, and how a strong sense of ambition has helped to propel them to eminence. The fields of coaching and musical performance were selected for both their similarities and differences. I will begin by explaining my research methods and providing a brief description of what the subjects work involves. This will be followed by a presentation and analysis of my findings supporting the argument that these are in fact high-pressure occupations and that attaining meaning and satisfaction from them is dependent upon a marked...
pages: 9 (words: 2473)
Shakespeare's tragic play Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, addresses the dilemma that all avengers face. Avengers confront extraordinary challenges that imperil their safety, integrity, and mental stability. Within the play, the poet portrays his heroic revenge-seeker as one of good ethics and morals, one that has the "capacity to strive for constructive goals" (Problematic Revenge in Hamlet and King Lear). As a good and moral avenger, Hamlet is bound to meet certain self-requirements necessary to take his revenge. The necessity to abide by these conditions forces Hamlet to seek moral justification for his deed, and this search spends valuable time. Hamlet (and many Shakespearean scholars as well) interprets this spent time as his time of delay; in other words, a period of inaction. Thus Hamlet feels like a cowardly failure, and he continually reprimands himself for what he perceives as his personal flaw. In reality though, there exists no tragic flaw of delay at all. Rather, tragedy stems from the emotionally trying circumstances in which the young prince is placed. Because the hero feels so overwhelmed by his situation, he spends much of his precious time in evaluation of it. As a result, he feels like a "pigeon-livered" coward and blames himself for what he calls his making sickly the "hue of resolution" (2.2.547, 3.1.84). Throughout the play, Hamlet constantly chides himself for what he perceives as delay. In reality though, he is too enveloped in his present circumstance to realize that there exists no delay at all, but rather methodic action. In Act I Scene 5, an apparition of Hamlet's father (Hamlet I) appears to inform his son of his death and puts forth the tasks of which he requests Hamlet's completion. Although Hamlet is already in extreme despair over his father's death and his mother's hasty remarriage, what the ghost...
pages: 19 (words: 4961)
Not Just Child's Play: A Study of Barbie's Effect on Self-Image Watch the clock for one minute. During that small interval of time, 150 Barbie dolls were sold. Over a billion dolls have been sold since the product was launched in 1956 (Goldstein 1). For a toy which grosses 1.9 million dollars in sales every year, one can see the enormous impact the Barbie craze has had all over the world (Goldstein 1). Not only has this craze made the doll become a childhood icon, but it has also aided in the diminishing self-image of girls worldwide. The doll may seem like a small, harmless toy just like any other plaything a child would enjoy, but studies have proven otherwise. The Barbie doll is notorious for her 42-18-33 inch, out of proportion body shape (Weiss 27). She flaunts herself in revealing, skin-tight clothing for all the young girls to mimic. In fact, the Barbie has branded the image of the perfect body into young girls' minds, prematurely causing damage to their self-esteem as they grow-up. The distorted reality of the childhood icon, Barbie, has forced many adolescent girls to grow up with a negative self-image. Barbie came to life in 1956 when the co-founder of Mattel Toys, Ruth Handler, was taking a vacation in Switzerland (Baldwin 1). The Barbie doll was "an alternative to the paper dolls of the day" and was "based on a curvy blond from an adult comic strip" (Baldwin 1). Barbie has had more than eighty careers, including everything from housewife to astronaut (Wood 4). The black Barbie was not introduced until 1980, twenty-four years after the original Barbie came out (Wood 4). Barbie's family consists of her sisters named Skipper, Stacie, Kelley and Tutti; a brother named Todd; cousins named Francie and Jazzie; and best friend named...
pages: 11 (words: 2833)
The importance for self-image in our lives today takes on many different forms. Some of these forms are positive, and some of these forms are negative. There are many different ways that we assess ourselves. Each way that we do this has an effect on our self-image and self-esteem. First and foremost, we can correlate physical appearance with self-image. In today's society and as it has been for many years, physical appearance has played a role in self-image. The importance of physical appearance in our society has a direct reflection on how we perceive ourselves. If someone tells you that you are unattractive, you will start to perceive yourself as unattractive. The key to these types of situations is combat them with positive things about yourself. Self-image is very important because the more positively you perceive yourself, the higher-self-esteem you will have as an individual. Your self-image is also defined by accomplishments. Someone who does not excel academically or accomplish too many goals in their lifetime will not only think negatively about themselves, but society will perceive them as unmotivated. Some on the opposite end of this spectrum will have a very positive self-image. They will be regarded as dedicated and successful; thus, will have a higher self-image and perception of themselves. Social skills are another factor in how we assess our personhood. Someone who is not very social or has few social skills more than likely has a poor self-image. On the other hand, a person who is extremely out going and personable is just the opposite. Someone with excellent social skills is more likely to land a professional job due their positive self-image directly related to professionalism. Your relationship with your family also has large role in your self-image. One who is close with their family and friends most likely perceives themselves...
pages: 3 (words: 809)
In recent years the public has been made aware of a syndrome called Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The syndrome has received publicity for many reasons including the fact that it is a completely preventable syndrome based on the pregnant mother's behaviors. The syndrome causes disabilities for the children. The mother that drink during their pregnancy have been getting charged. It is a life long syndrome that cannot be reversed once it is achieved. In a report, Substance Abuse and the American Woman, sent out by the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, at least one of every five pregnant women uses alcohol and/or other drugs during pregnancy (NOFAS). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is A Preventable Birth Defect If women didn't drink anymore during pregnancy, there would never be another baby born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or Fetal Alcohol Effect. It is a very simple cure for an alarmingly high birth defect that all women have the power to stop. Every year more than 40,000 American children are born with defects because their mother drank alcohol while pregnant (Shea). That is 1 to 3 per 1,000 live births. Many of these cases go undiagnosed. The higher the mothers blood alcohol is the greater the damage is to the developing fetus. It is also the number one cause of mental retardation in the United States, and one of the three leading causes of birth defects (Shea) . Alcohol produces more significant effects in the fetus than other drug including cocaine, heroin and marijuana. What I don't understand is that why would a mother drink during pregnancy, knowing that there is a chance that her baby might have problems. The best way to prevent FAS is by not using alcohol products. This sounds so simple, but for many women it is not. Usually infants born to mothers who...
pages: 7 (words: 1863)
Drug and Alcohol Programs in American School. Are they effective? Drugs and kids, It's a reality that every parent must face. You can not deny it .You can not ignore it. But as parents and other concerned caregivers, you are your children's greatest resource. Drug and alcohol use is widespread among American children. Despite the fact that it is illegal for virtually all high school students to purchase alcohol beverages, nearly all high school seniors have tried alcohol. The implementation of formal drug policies and programs is absolutely essential for our schools. The overall drug use by American teens is down significantly since 1997. But according to the 2002 partnership Attitude Tracking study, an estimated 23.6 million teens are in grades seven through 12 in America today. Of them 11.3 million (48 percent of the teen population) have tried illegal drugs, 8.5 millions (37 percent) have used illegal drugs in the past year and 5.4 million (24 percent)-nearly one out of every four teens in the nation have used illegal drugs in the past 30 days. So the question that arises now is what measures should be taken to establish a safe and disciplined school without militarizing the learning environment? Are the drug programs that are offered at school effective? What should be the role of parents in the development of safe and drug free school policies? During the 2000-2001 school year, Times-News correspondent Jessica Rivelli (2002) revealed that the administrators from the North Carolina school caught 70 students in possession of a controlled substance. That was a 40 percent increase from the 42 incidents reported in the 1999-2000 school year. Nationwide, one in three high school students say students smoke and drink at their school. This statistic is just one of the many reported in a 117-page study," Malignant Neglect: Substance Abuse and America's...
pages: 5 (words: 1104)
In this paper self-efficacy is reviewed and used to predict or explain academic achievement and motivation. Bandura defines self-efficacy as "the judgments an individual makes related to his or her ability to successfully learn and perform a task" (Bandura, 1982). According to self-efficacy theorists, what a person believes about their capabilities influences their motivation and as a result, determines the instigation, direction, effort and persistence of their future actions (Bandura, 1982 & Schunk, 1983). Individuals acquire information to estimate their self-efficacy from four basic factors which include; performance, observational experiences, forms of persuasion and psychological reactions. When considering performance a student will first appraise the task difficulty, past success or failure, amount of effort, amount of assistance and persistence needed. Overall performances, which result in success, will increase efficacy while experiences of failure will decrease efficacy. A person who has established a strong sense of his or her own efficacy will tend to set higher goals and stick with them through greater difficulties. As a result, this person will more readily accept challenges to perform without feeling threatened. People with low self-efficacy may believe that things are tougher than they really are. When attempting a task a person with a low self-efficacy may experience stress, depression, and a narrow vision of the best way to solve problems. Low self-efficacy might also be able to explain why some individuals are unsuccessful or unwilling to complete a task even though they possess the necessary skills (Bouffard & Bouchard, 1989). According to Bandura (1982), an individual's perceived self-efficacy is a stronger predictor of future behavior than performance attainment. Consequently, a student with high intellectual ability may perform poorly due to an inability to control feelings of failure. There are many potential benefits regarding the attainment of self-efficacy in the pursuit of an education. The self-efficacy...
pages: 3 (words: 729)
Self-concept is the idea or mental self-image we have of ourselves. Included in out self-concept are our abilities, skills, knowledge, competencies and our personality. Self-esteem is the value we place on our perceived characteristics. When these are combined we have our self-perception. The way someone perceives himself affects every facet of his life, including his ability to communicate. Self-perception can affect our communication with others. The two primary ways people communicate is through spoken language and body language. Self-perception can be either negative or positive with our different languages. If we feel good about ourselves, we would be more likely to communicate positively. We also would communicate positively by boasting our accomplishments. Boldness, being outspoken and extroverted can be examples of positive spoken language. Positive body language could be a firm handshake, standing straight, or looking the person you are speaking to in the eye. If we were not confident in ourselves, we would be more likely to communicate in a negative way. People with bad self-perception are likely to be unsure of the value of their assets, and expect others to view themselves negatively. Shyness, being timid, and being unsure of yourself are examples of negative body language. Negative spoken language can be mumbling of words, talking softly, or looking away when you speak. An example of a way that self-perception affects our communication is when you ask someone out on a date. If Tommy had low self-esteem and got denied by Melanie when he asked her on a date, his self-esteem would go down. Tommy,s self-perception would be low because he, in turn, would perceive himself to be unattractive, and not have the courage to ask another woman on a date. If Tommy had high self-esteem, and got denied by Melanie his esteem would not go down. He would...
pages: 3 (words: 667)
4-H.... More Than You Ever Imagined How many kids do you know would do things if they weren't fun? Let's say, for instance, baking dozens of cookies, tilling the earth for planting seeds, milking a dairy cow, or cleaning-up after a county event, just to name a few. Does this sound like fun, as in F-U-N, to you? I bet that you would agree that I must have stepped off the planet Mars to think all the mentioned chores can actually be fun! The real scoop is that there is a program more fun that you ever imagined it to be. And we all know that kids wouldn't do things if they weren't fun. This program is called 4-H. While learning is cool, learning and having fun at the same time is awesome! Newsweek Magazine's November 2000 issue addressing the activities desired by today's youth, found that an abundance of people believe you have to live on a farm, in the country, or own an animal to be in 4-H. The truth is, anybody can belong. So, exactly, what is 4H? 4-H is the name of a program for school-aged children, youth, and teens conducted by Kansas State Research and Extension. Each leaf on the clover represents one of the four ways kids grow and develop in 4-H. The goal is to help families and communities in raising future adults who will care and contribute positively to society as parents, workers, and citizens. In 4-H, young people gain knowledge about their projects, about working in groups and about themselves. Let's start with the National 4-H symbol. The first "H' is for HEAD which represents the knowledge a young person needs to have to be a successful adult. The second "H" stands for HEART. The second of the four-fold developmental process of 4-H stresses a strong...
pages: 5 (words: 1114)