Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. Both his parents were born in Virginia. His mother, who died when he was ten years old, was of a family of the name Hanks. His father moved from Kentucky to Indiana, in his eighth year. Indiana was a region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. When Lincoln became of age he did not know much. Still somehow, he could read, write, and cipher. Lincoln made great efforts to attain knowledge while working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping store a New Salem, Illinois. He was a captain in the Black Hawk War, spent eight years in the Illinois legislature, and role the circuit of courts for many years. His law partner said of him, "His ambition was a little engine that know no rest." He married Mary Todd, and they had four boys, only one of who lived to become an adult. In 1858 Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas for Senator. He lost the election, but in debating with Douglas he gained a national reputation that won him the Republican nomination for President in 1860. As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. In addition, he rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union cause. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy. Lincoln never let the world forget that the Civil War involved an even larger issue. This he stated in dedicating the military cemetery at Gettysburg: "that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall...
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Harry Truman was the 33rd President of the United States. His political career began 1934, when, eager to move higher in politics, Truman accepted request that he seek a seat in the Senate. His support of President Roosevelt's NEW DEAL policies as well as his foreign affair issues contributed to his status as a contender. He considered military power to be of great importance, and, after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, blamed the "pacifists" and the "isolationists." During the war, he worked for the creation of an international organization to preserve peace. Truman's new prestige plus his ability to get along with all sides in his party made him a candidate for the Democratic vice presidential nomination in 1944. President Franklin Roosevelt, had been unhappy with his previous running mate, and considering a run for a fourth term, needed someone he could work with. Roosevelt persuaded Truman to run with him. Truman defeated Wallace for the nomination on the second ballot at the Democratic National Convention. The ticket was elected. Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945,and Truman became President. His first job was in International Relations in a Post Wold War II world. Truman worked for the the plans for the unconditional surrender of Germany, which came on May 8, and the establishment of the United Nations. It was his decision to use the Atom Bomb against Japan .It was his thinking that it would bring a total end to World War II. He became known for: the Truman Doctrine when in 1947 as the Soviet Union pressured Turkey to take over Greece, he asked Congress to grant aid to Greece and Turkey; the Marshall Plan, in which American economic aid was used to stimulate the recovery of European economies not under the influence of the Soviet Union; the Berlin airlift, designed to help the Berliners when the Soviets occupied the city; and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization,(NATO) the nation's...
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In thinking about the transformations of the United States, what do you see as the three most important developments in American society between 1932 and the present? Are there any connections that unite these developments and present a common theme?Business
Much has happened in American history since 1932. Throughout all those seventy years the United States has witnessed great developments of its society and economy and has also experienced great transformations. The connections between corporations and science and engineering establishments, credit cards and finally Reaganomics are the ones that I find the most important. All of them might be united by a common theme of boosting economic growth and promoting free market economy. The development of big business gave new order to American society and economy. Although it brought deskilled workers, low standards of work and work relations that Porter calls in The Rise of Big Business, 'the drive system', corporations had also a positive influence on American economy. The big business connections with science and engineering establishments gave boost to 'research and development of new products and processes'.¹ Different firms, such as mentioned by Porter, General Electric, AT&T, Du Pont, Eastman Kodak and many others developed their R&D departments. Corporations were constantly developing and enhancing their products and services so they could launch their high quality products to the market. So the customers could find a wide range of goods, spend their money and consequently make the economy tick faster. But to make R&D working the firms needed well educated and trained professionals to run the departments. Hence the universities got involved in the connections with corporations. 'First true research and development laboratory in the United States, that of General Electric'² pioneered in the emergence of research and graduate studies programs at universities. Education system could meet the needs of the corporations, so the needs of the market. Trained people could find themselves as useful in the economic growth. As the century progressed the corporations strengthen their ties with the science, engineering establishments and universities. And later in that century...
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America has always been a very diverse country. There are different people, from different countries, and they bring different languages with them. There are people from European countries, South American countries, Asian countries, and many more. With these people and their different backgrounds, they all do not speak the same language. Some of these people do not even speak English, which is the main language used in America, but not the official language. Instead, foreign people bring their languages with them and try to adapt by keeping their traditional background. Furthermore, there has always been and will always be a problem with America being a melting pot of different languages. With so many different people representing so many different countries it is hard to maintain one language. So here is the question, should there be one language used in America? In my opinion, I think that everyone in America should learn English and have English as our native tongue, and rule out other languages for primary use. I believe that being bi-lingual is ok, however, many people entering this country should learn English, and should use English as our main language. In the essay, Should English Be the Law?, by Robert D. King, he states that "The US House of Representatives approved a bill that would make English the official language of the United States. The vote was 259-169 in favor." "These events suggest how divisive a public issue language could become in America-even if it has until now scarcely been taken seriously." Furthermore, there are riots, protests, and debates that do take this language issue seriously, and want English to be the primary language. Businesses within America could be ran more smoothly and people within certain cities and towns would be able to communicate better. In America today with almost...
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Between 1783 and 1800 the new government of the United States faced the same political, economic, and social issues that trouble the British government's relation with the colonies prior to the revolution.”History
History has a tendency to repeat itself. America from 1783 to 1800 had faced political, economic, and social problems that Great Britain had faced prior to the American Revolution with their relations with the colonies. After the Revolutionary War, Americans and British governments suffered economically from faced huge national debts that were also added by French and Indian War which later leads to collecting of taxes and uprising of the National Bank to help bring in this lost revenue. Even after America won her freedom from Britain, foreign nations seemed to ignore and abuse the new nation. Some of these countries that caused problems in the Western frontier were Spain, Britain, and France. In both countries, there was also a rise in different sects socially that led to many controversial problems. Britain dealt with similar issues America did after the Revolutionary War while the country was trying to glue pieces to together to make an ideal government. American and Britain suffered from debt from the French and Indian War and Revolutionary War which hurt both countries hard economically. At the Philadelphia Conference, Alexander Hamilton addressed the problem of debt and shared his plans that could help the country relieve some of it. Hamilton, a Federalist, felt that debt was sinking the confederation and this Nationalist leader viewed it as an opportunity to enlarge national power. Since the Confederation had gone bankrupt it had poor credit among the foreign investors and needed a way to earn this money back. So he decided that he must first pay back foreign creditors but only paying a small amount each year which lead them to pass the duty tax on Whiskey. In 1791 Washington passed the Whiskey tax which the westerns found to be unfair but this was all part of the great plan to...
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The drafting of the United States Constitution displayed the concept of self-interest and was shaped by the founding father's personal views about economic affairs, by their distrust of a purely democratic rule, and by their belief that man's Hobbesian nature could only be neutralized with a balanced government. When the Constitution of the United States was drafted, the founding fathers secured their own economic interests which revolved around their view that liberty was defined as the right to own property, not as democracy. Since the founding fathers were all part of an elite group of wealthy landowners, they made it one of their main priorities to secure this significant and surely powerful status in colonial society. They were aware that the right to own land was a key role to their success, and that to remain landowners their rights needed to be protected. With prior laws from England that caused disturbance in America such as the Proclamation of 1763, the founding fathers knew the value of the right to be able to claim and settle on land. Their view of liberty was mainly an economic one; they saw that as people immigrated into America, land became scarce, and landowners became prosperous by renting out their land. The Headright system is an example of the colonists' interest in gaining economic prosperity through property. One of the liberties the founding fathers hoped to obtain were freedom from economic insecurity that had been previously caused by laws such as the Currency Act, the Sugar Act of 1764, and the Stamp Act of 1765. Another liberty they hoped to obtain was freedom from attacks on the landowning class such as Bacon's Rebellion, the Salem Witch Trials, and the Regulator Movement. They secured these liberties in the draft of the Constitution, but had to add amendments...
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Constitution of the United States Article 1 Section 1- Congress • Legislative powers belong to congress • Congress is made up of the House of representatives and the Senate Section 2- House of Representatives • People vote members to the house of representatives every 2 years • Representatives must be at least 25 and have been a US citizen for 7 years • Number of reps is determined by states population, each state is guaranteed one representative, slaves count for 3/5 of a person • Vacancies filled by special elections • Speaker is the leader and chooses head of committees. Speaker is also in charge of Impeachment(charges to an officer) Section 3- The senate • Senators elected by the people, 2 from each state, serve for 6 years. • 1/3 of the senate elected every year, staggered the first senators terms • Must be at least 30 yrs. old and have been a US citizen for 9 years. • Vice president is president of the senate. Casts the deciding vote in a tie. • Senate selects its officers, including a preceding officer who serves when the vice president is absent or has to become president. • 2/3 vote needed for impeachment trails • The senate can only remove and official from office and prevent the person from holding further office. Section 4- Elections and meetings • Members of the house elected from districts having more than one representative. • Meetings held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. • Congress assembles once a year on the January 3rd Section 5- Organization and rules of procedure • 1969- supreme court ruled that congress could not exclude any qualified people • Minimum # of 218 of the 435 members must be present to conduct a meeting • Each house has its own rules, can punish members, and can expel them with 2/3 vote • Congressional record of roll call, journals, and everything said on the floor • Neither...
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Germany's Experience out West: German-Mexican Relations 1910-1918 By the early 20th century, Germany with the support of her axis allies rose to become the greatest world power in Europe. Being a fairly new nation with high nationalism Germany aimed to make her mark not only as the greater power in Europe but the world at large. Being late to the colonial game in the Americas and being politically challenged by the statements of the Monroe doctrine the Deustch intended to use imperialism as a means of gaining power in the America's. In this paper the German policy to Mexico will be examined. With research emphasis commencing in 1910 (the onset of the Mexican revolution), the major influences of Germany in Mexico before, during and after the Mexican revolution will be examined with close attention paid to the reactions of the United States to the German influence and informal occupation of the Latin American territory. The paper will unveil Germany's leading hand in the Mexican revolution and its aim to destroy Mexico's growing powerful neighbors, the United States. The paper concludes with the famous 1917 shock, the Zimmermann Telegram and the status of the German-Mexican relationship thereafter. Historical Background Since America's humble beginning in 1776 and her rapid growth as a nation attempts have been made to use Mexico as a counterweight. With the United States ongoing growth throughout the 17 and 1800's she fortified her boundaries not only with the armed forces but through a strong forign policy. The foreign policy of the United states showed strength and challenged the European view of them as a country and the Americas at large. Strength of the American policy was demonstrated through the institution of the Monroe doctrine (1923), this sent a strong message to colonial and non-colonial Europe of the strong diplomatic ties between...
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Section 1 Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States, he did a lot of things for the United States. Roosevelt also led the nation through the great depression and having a war with Japan for bombing Pearl Harbor. He is one of the beloved politicians of the 20th century. Roosevelt also created programs/laws called the new deal that changed everything in the United States that could be helped for the peoples. I choose him because he is the most talked about president in the whole history who helped the economy better from collapsing. He also ended the great depression from preventing it from getting worse . I hope to learn more about his life in his childhood, education, and political ideas. Seeing about putting the world at war and starting it with World War II and the attack on Pearl Harbor in the shock of him hearing it. Roosevelt was one of the Presidents who were important to the history of him being one of the most reliable people who made a great change. Knowing how he became president in depth of how who he did and changed the world as president of the United States. This person had a lot in common in his name everywhere putting in books as an symbol of a great leader I think who lived in the 30s through 40s before his death occurred. Section 2-Birth/Childhood Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York where his mother Sara Delano borne him. His father was James Roosevelt; he was a vice president of Delaware and of Hudson Railway. His father had made a lot of money in by a mass of fortune he did with China and by trading. Franklin was a "little prince" who gotten anything in...
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Like any hall of fame, its inductees are the best in whatever they do, from baseball or football to something like being President. If you are a member of any hall of fame (including the one for the Presidents), it means that you have done something special or have a certain quality about yourself that makes you worthy to be in a hall of fame. My nominee for the Presidents hall of Fame is our seventh President of the United States, Andrew Jackson. I'll go over his presidency, focusing on both the highs and the lows of his two terms in office, from 1829-1837. The issues that I'll focus on are states' rights, nullification, the tariff, the spoils system, Indian removal and banking policies; these controversies brought forth strong rivalry over his years of president. He was known for his iron will and fiery personality, and strong use of the powers of his office that made his years of presidency to be known as the "Age of Jackson." Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in a settlement on the border of North and South Carolina. He was orphaned at age 14. After studying law and becoming a member of the Bar in North Carolina later he moved to Nashville Tennessee. Their he became a member of a powerful political faction led by William Blount. He was married in 1791 to Rachel Donelson Robards, and later remarried to him due to a legal mistake in her prior divorce in 1794. Jackson served as delegate to Tenn. in the 1796 Constitutional convention and a congressman for a year (from 1796-97). He was elected senator in 1797, but financial problems forced him to resign and return to Tennessee in less than a year. Later he served as a Tennessee superior court...
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