The treatment of minority athletes, particularly African Americans has been an issue in sports for decades. When a colored person played a so called white sport 50 tears ago they had to overcome many challenges from the public. Many people believe that discrimination is not a problem anymore, but many disagree and say it is. In 1947 Jackie Robinson walked out on a baseball field to play with the Brooklyn dodgers as the first ever African American to play in a major league baseball game. He was considered the person that broke the collar barrier in professional sports (50 years later the same team had the fewest minority players in the MLB. (Sports and Athletes.pg.129) Jackie wasn't the only black person that had to overcome these racist problems in the 1900s but he was the first to actually do it. Athletes from Hank Arone to resent day Ricky Waters have to deal with the same stuff, just not as harsh. Racist conflicts still exist. 1997 was the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson breaking the collar barrier in major league baseball back in 1947. So what is being to done to try and stop discrimination in sports? Well president Bill Clinton inaugurated a national discussion of race in America in 1996, and as time goes on there will be more and more laws and other actions to try to stop the racial war from getting worse in are future. Many people say that the only way to get ride of racism is for the people of America to stop being racist. Surveys show that more then 65% of Americans have said something racist about a black athlete in there life. The percentages of minority's in professional sports vary from sport to sport. In Major league Baseball the percentage of blacks is...
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There are 51% of human population is woman in the world, in other words, 2% more than the man. One may think woman can get similar resources and rights as man can. However, the truth is not. Few women in the world can have fair rights and respect as man, and this also can be observed in Taiwan's society. Nevertheless, the role and the position of women are changing gradually in the past fifty years. This can be seen from two phenomena: the one is that the alternation of woman's rule, and the other one is the improvement of the woman's rights and the positions. You can buy essay at WriteMyPapers.org. Plagiarism report, unlimited revisions, proofreading and much more! The first one thing is the alternation of the woman's role. Fifty years ago, woman in Taiwan had the same meaning with "house keeper". The only job they were allowed to do was to finish some unimportant house works that their husbands ordered. It would be impossible to give the woman the decision right because of their low level position in home. But now, the role of woman has been changed and becomes more complicated. At home, they are still responsible for housekeeping in most Taiwan families. But at the working place, they are given the same requirements as the men are. In other words, they undergo the double pressures in their life. The second one is the woman's right and positions are both improving nowadays comparing with fifty years ago. This can be observed form the increment of woman's salary, increment of the education opportunity, and policy for protecting woman. One of the most differences is that woman's payment has been largely increased than tens of years ago. Most enterprises now focus more on one's ability than one's gender, and bosses are...
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Native Son - Richard Wright #1 Post-Reading After Bigger Thomas, the central character of this novel, has "murdered a white girl and cut her head off and burnt her body," he thinks that he has "created a new life for himself. It was something that was all his own, and it was the first time in his life he had anything that others could not take from him."(Native Son- Book 3:Fate) Richard Wright may well have felt the same way as Bigger felt about his bloody act of violence, about the act of writing Native Son. It gave Wright an opportunity to express his thoughts and feelings to the world. Wright came to understand through writing this story, that words could be used as weapons. His protagonist, Bigger Thomas, has a background which resembles Wright's. Like Bigger, he was brought up without a father; like Bigger's family, Wright's also left the South for the urban ghetto of Chicago; like Bigger who was schooled only to the eight grade, Wright finished with the ninth, and like Bigger, the author of Native Son grew up a loner and a rebel, whose devoutly religious family assumed he lived a life of crime. During Wright's childhood, Southern Whites prevented blacks from voting, maintained separate educational institutions for them, tried to keep them from holding civilized jobs, and insisted on their acting deferentially in the presence of whites. As a result of this exposure to the white world's hostility and aggression towards blacks, most of Wright's books portray both racial discrimination and the black response to that injustice; such as Black Boy and Native Son. Even as an adult, Wright felt discrete to both whites and blacks, and several of his major characters share this sense of being isolated, like he did. In Native Son, Wright uses words...
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An important aspect in the novel "Cry, The Beloved Country" written by Alan Paton was setting. Through-out the novel Paton writes about setting with a descriptive style, and with this style also connects setting with other ideas such as racial discrimination and character idenity. These ideas are shown through the contrasting locations of rural and urban; Ndotsheni and Johannesberg. Together these concepts helps the reader understand the thoughts of Alan Paton during this problematic time in South Africa. The Rural area is used to represent an important pert of the novel; characters. Rural life is best exemplified by Steven Kumalo and his personality however it also portrays the concept of family, religion, morality and stability which are Steven Kumalo's most treasured values. The rural area is also important culturally however, more towards the natives. Paton demonstrates racial discrimination in South Africa by the way in which the land is divided within the races. Land is shown to be more valuable culturally and econmically through it's location, the natives who first founded South Africa recieve the land lacking in nutrients on the low parts of the land while the whites recieve the more prosperious land on the top of the hill, also demonstrating their superiority. Racial discrimination of this nature is also shown throughout other parts of the world such as New Zealand where the maori tribes also had their land stolen from them, devistating the people. The chaoti urban loctaion of Johannesberg is best exemplified by John Kumalo; this is because of the way his character is portrayed through the development of th novel. Johannesberg also is where families are broken apart it also represents hedonism and athenism he complete opposite of Ndotsheni. Johannesberg is a placed feared by many rural people because of it's reputation of crime. I believe the cause of this crime can...
pages: 2 (words: 493)
Since the establishment of the United States of America, there have always been problems with racial discrimination. Through slavery, segregated schools, the Civil Rights Act, and still today, ethnicity has been an issue in American society. One place in particular that race has played a role in is education. From elementary schooling to college, skin color affects their treatment in school and the academic future of the student. In "Models of American Ethnic Relations: A Historical Perspective" by George M. Fredrickson, the issue of race is discussed as well as the role it has played in America. Also, Gus Van Sans's movie, Finding Forrester, sets a scene of a teenage boy trying to make a place for himself in private school where he is coldly accepted by some because of his ethnic background. Although it is slowly becoming less of an issue, race plays an important part in the education system. These pieces are a response to the atrocity of racial discrimination in education. Especially today having a good education is necessary to proceed in a higher stature in life and often can be the deciding factor of one's salary, neighborhood, and socio-economic status. However, not everyone gets a fair chance in having a good education because too often race becomes an issue and opportunities are not equal for all people. Through Fredrickson's "Models of American Ethnic Relations: A Historical Perspective" and Van Sant's Finding Forrester, it is evident that racial discrimination occurs in the education system and impacts not only students, but also the faculty of the system and the American society as a whole. "Models of American Ethnic Relations: A Historical Perspective", by George M. Fredrickson states how race relations have shaped the society of America into what it is today. Throughout American history, Caucasians have played the prevailing...
pages: 9 (words: 2288)
A wise man once said, "Ask not what your country can do you for; ask what you can do for you country." The man was the main m contributor in creating the Kennedy Space Program, which expanded NASA. This man was the 35th president and the first Roman Catholic in office. Though not able to finish the process, this man started the civil rights movement, leading to the end of racial discrimination. This man was the fourth president to be assassinated president in US history. This man passed many laws applying to the civil rights movement. This man believed in America. This man I speak of is worthy of not only honor in his personal life, as being a loving husband to his wife Jacqueline and father to his children, Caroline, John Jr. and Patrick, but being a fair competitor in the race for president in 1960. He was born into a rich, politically connected Boston family of Irish-Catholics on May 29, 1917. He and his eight siblings enjoyed a privileged childhood of elite private schools, sailboats, servants, and summer homes. During his childhood and youth, "Jack," as he had otherwise been come to known as, suffered frequent serious illnesses. Nevertheless, he strove to make his own way, writing a best-selling book while still in college at Harvard and volunteering for hazardous combat duty in the Pacific during World War II. Jack graduated from Choate and entered Harvard in 1936. Kennedy's war service made him a hero. After a short period as a journalist, Kennedy entered politics, serving in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 and the U.S. Senate from 1953 to 1961. Kennedy was the youngest person elected as U.S. President and the first Roman Catholic to serve in that office. For many observers, his presidency...
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Bridging the Gap "Equal means getting the same thing." These were the words of Thurgood Marshall, both Supreme Court justice, and legal director of the NAACP. On February 12, 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded by a multiracial group of activists who initially called themselves the National Negro Committee. This group was built on the individual and collective courage of thousands of people. These people of all races, nationalities and religions, fought for one purpose: that all men and women are created equally. The NAACP has a network of more than 2,200 branches covering all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Japan and Germany. These branches are divided into seven regions and are both managed and governed by a National Board of Directors. The headquarters of the NAACP is located in Baltimore, Maryland. Today, the total number of members in the NAACP is over 500,000 people. For 87 years, the NAACP through political pressure, marches, demonstrations and effective lobbying, has served as the voice, as well as the shield of minority Americans. As the nation's largest advocacy organization, the prolonged protest for peaceful change has been felt in every corner of American life. Not Without Laughter is story that provides an accurate picture of the life of an African American family in the early twentieth century. It provided its readers with the struggles of racism that African American families faced through out the fight for equality. The NAACP, who's goal was to end these struggles and these brutal ideas of inequality, fought to ensure African Americans with a better life. Langston Hughes, who has many poems published by the NAACP, was also an active member of the fight for equality. His story portrayed a very important idea that was firmly established in both the black community...
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War On August 2nd, 1990 Iraqi military forces invaded and occupied the small Arab state of Kuwait. The order was given by Iraqi dictatorial president Saddam Hussein. His aim was apparently to take control Kuwait's oil reserves (despite its small size Kuwait is a huge oil producer; it has about 10 per cent of the world's oil reserves ). Iraq accused Kuwait, and also the United Arab Emirates, of breaking agreements that limit oil production in the Middle East. According to Saddam Hussein, this brought down world oil prices severely and caused financial loss of billions of dollars in Iraq's annual revenue. Saddam Hussein had the nearly hopeless task of justifying the invasion. He plead the fact that Kuwait had been part of the Ottoman province of Basra, a city in the south of Iraq. However, the Ottoman province collapsed after World War I and today's Iraqi borders were not created until then. There was also a further and more obvious blunder in a bid to justify this illegal invasion. Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, had namely recognized Kuwaiti independence in 1963. Furthermore, Hussein claimed that Kuwait had illegally pumped oil from the Iraqi oil field of Rumaila and otherwise conspired to reduce Iraq's essential oil income. By invading Kuwait, Iraq succeeded in surprising the entire world. The USA ended her policy of accommodating Saddam Hussein, which had existed since the Iran-Iraq war. Negative attitude toward Iraq was soon a worldwide phenomenon. The United Nations Security Council passed 12 resolutions condemning the invasion. The ultimate decision was to use military force if Iraq did not withdraw unconditionally by January 15, 1991. Then, when the deadline was set, it was time to start preparing for the worst-the war. President George Bush confronted little difficulty in winning Americans' support for the potential war against Iraq. However, the government found it difficult to decide upon and state one overriding reason for going to war. Was it to oppose aggression or was it just to...
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Beyond the less than veiled critique of the American medical insurance industry, this film wrestles with the question: How far will a desperate person go for love? Starring as "John Q" Denzel Washington offers the viewer one answer to this question. Directed by Nick Cassavetta, John Q relates a beautiful story of a desperate father, unable to pay for expensive medical treatment for his gravely ill son, who feels driven to take extreme actions. The movie starts with us meeting John as he gets one of his two cars towed. Although John is employed he does not earn enough money to sufficiently support the expenses incurred by his house and two-car lifestyle. The next instalment of the plot's development depicts the collapse of John's son Mike during a strenuous baseball game. This collapse comes without warning as John and his wife Denise have had not reason to believe that Mike has been anything but the picture of health. At the hospital they learn that Mike requires a heart transplant immediately or else he will die. John is devastated to find out that his insurance coverage will not be nearly enough to cover the expensive treatment and surgical procedure. As an audience member you become drawn into the emotional turmoil that John and Denise attempt to raise the money needed for the surgery. After selling virtually everything they own, including their wedding rings, and having applied for aid at a number of financial institutions, they still come up short of the total amount. A few days after making a partial payment to the hospital John and Denise are told that Mike will be discharged. Enraged and distraught and feeling immense pressure from his wife, John makes an agonizing decision to take matters into his own hands. He takes over the ER, taking patients, staff and the...
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"Affinity (Sexual Orientation) Discrimination: There are no federal laws that cover sexual orientation discrimination at this time. However, under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, employees may file a complaint with the Office of Special Counsel of the Merit System Protection Board if they are adversely affected by a prohibited personnel practice, such as discrimination based on political affiliation, marital status, sexual orientation, etc." (Dept. of Psychology, UOW). - "Affinity Orientation Act: A person attracted to those of his or her own gender. Affinity orientation is not a protected category under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. Those who are terminated or not hired solely on the basis of affinity orientation have no claim for relief under that law. However, WI, CA, MA, HI, CT, NJ, MN, VT and over 125 municipalities have legislation extending employment protection and benefits to gays and lesbians." (Dept. of Psychology, UOW). - There are no real laws affecting gays and lesbians in the workplace. However, with Sexual Affinity Orientation, employees can file complaints when they feel discriminated against because of their sexual orientation. As stated, they can file their complaints because of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. Because there are no official laws set forth by the government, this act provides some security for homosexuals in the workplace. - The "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy affects military personnel. Under this policy, applicants are not asked about their sexual orientation and it prohibits the harassment of homosexual military personnel. However, "…homosexual conduct is grounds for discharge." (Dr. Osei Darkwa). - The Anti-Defamation League: "…is the world's leading organization fighting anti-Semitism through programs and services that counteract hatred, prejudice and bigotry" (ADL, 2001). They believe in the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) legislation. This would provide legal protection to homosexuals in the workplace. They also believe: "…that employment...
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