During the painful time of the 19th century, African men, women and children were terribly involved in slavery. They were shipped from their homeland of Africa and was brought by force to North America, to where they worked hard hours, non- stop, and for very little costs. The children greatly suffered through slavery, not knowing what was going on in this lifetime and why they was doing so. Many of the children in slavery had to grow up fast and to do chores for themselves and to learn to be strong and independent at a very young age. They were tortured and had to suffer w/ seeing some of the incidents that occurred ion the plantation that children should not be seeing at that age. The life of an African child slave of the 19th century was hard starting from being captured from their homeland, being sold, work, and the brutal punishments that were brought upon such children. The whole start of slavery was that the Europeans need cheap and good labor to help them establish Europe's colonies. The reason why blacks were chosen as slaves b/c whites could start a new life, and the Indians were resistant to diseases. Child slaves were mainly kidnapped by English white males. They were kidnapped from their homes, or kidnapped from just playing outside. Many Blacks were abducted and forced to go upon the boat to North America. Many of the children and other slaves died from starvation, diseases, suicides, and suffocation on the ships. When they arrived to North America, they were immediately set off the ship and into the auctioning of Negroes. This is where the whites would look for the best looking slave to come and help out w/ them and to tend to their fields. Depending on how the slave is looking, either healthy or sickly. the whites would pay more for them. Sometimes, the children were separated from their...
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Anorexia is an illness. It is a form of eating disorder. People who suffer from anorexia lose significant weight by starving themselves, so much so that their weight falls way below ideal. Despite being underweight, sufferers still have the misconception of being fat, and some may even avoid mirrors and continue extreme dieting. This can be very dangerous as prolonged starvation can lead to death. Although there is no medication to treat this illness, the good news is, anorexic victims can be cured. It will take them a lot perseverance and determination, but it can be done. There is no one definitive method, but here are a few good ways to start. One, overcoming the psychological barrier. Victims of anorexia first have to battle their minds. Victims who suffer from low-self esteem need to accept themselves as what they are. They need to learn to love their body and respect it. Understand the concept that health is wealth. Feeling guilt when they are eating is common amongst victims, the important thing to do here is to stop counting calories and starting to eat right. It is vital that victims of anorexia start regain their body weight as early as possible. Reading success stories of people who have recovered from eating disorders is of tremendous help too. This gives the anorexic person greater confidence that they can recover, and acts as a motivation along the way. Two, accept support from family members and friends. Most anorexic victims are unwilling to admit that they are ill. They try to hide their eating and weight problems from the people around them. When victims have made up mind to recover, it will be wise for them to open up to their family and close friends. Confess their illness and the reasons behind it. Friends and family...
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"Researchers estimate that about 0.5 to 1 percent of young women in the United States have anorexia nervosa as it is clinically defined -+ by the American Psychiatric Association" (Microsoft 1). Anorexia Nervosa is a national epidemic that is not only exclusive to the females in our society. Anorexia Nervosa is a mental illness where the patient has an intense fear of gaining weight and an imprecise perception of their body size and shape. Someone with anorexia nervosa is going to eat less and often exercise excessively. A person with anorexia nervosa will also will see himself or herself as overweight even when they are so underweight that they are seriously endangering their health. The purpose of this paper is to examine the different aspects of anorexia nervosa and possible treatments and cures, from the psychological standpoint. Anorexia nervosa is predominantly found in women. Although, more than 90 percent of cases involve women, the other 5 to 10 percent are found in men (Microsoft 1). This number is believed to actually be higher, but many would not as easily recognize this disorder in men since the disorder is so associated with women. Many of the symptoms are psychological in origin. One such symptom is the belief that if the patient is thin then happiness, fame, and wealth will come to them. Many of these people look to stars in Hollywood such as the actress that plays Alley McBeal on the hit TV drama, Alley McBeal. The successful lawyer has many friends and is often sot after by men. This is one example of many of how Hollywood places an overemphasis on thinness to be beautiful. This leads many young woman and a few young men to become thin. Through this course, they over exercise and under eat to get the results they...
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Anorexia Nervosa is a severe eating disorder that mainly affects teenage girls, however, it can affect men and women of all ages. There are many factors that contribute to a girl becoming anorexic, including low self-esteem and depression. Common features of anorexia include weight loss and behavior changes. The weight loss is gradual and often starts with a "perfectly normal weight reducing diet."(Rowan) Although the only person who can cure anorexia is the person that suffers from it, there are some treatment options available today. Many factors contribute to a girl becoming anorexic. A main one is an attempt to lose excess weight. Most anorexic girls do not have "excess weight" to lose, they only think they do. In fact, most often they are unhealthily thin. Oftentimes, the girl disregards the opinions of others and focuses on losing as much weight as she can. Attempts to make her stop are often met with hostility and even violence.(Rowan, Shelly) Another key factor that can lead to anorexia is depression. This can be associated with stress/pressure at school, home, or in relationships. Usually, an anorexic teenage girl comes from a family where the pressure to succeed is great. This leads to constant anxiety over big tests such as finals and S.A.T./A.C.T. exams. Because the girl has so much anxiety, problems in relationships often arise. If she has a boyfriend, he tends to feel neglected because the girl is constantly worried about her academics.(Rowan, Shelly) A change in personality is a very common side effect of anorexia among teenage girls. In most cases, she becomes less outgoing and less fun to be with. This leads to her distancing herself from her friends, and she may seem to lose interest in everything except food and academics. In addition, the girl may become more organized and obsessive. She...
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"For whatever reason, strangers feel they have a right to criticize you and your appearance and behaviors." To my sister, what these people thought meant the world to her. Eating disorders are classified as mental disorders which are understood to have multiple roots, including depression, low self-esteem, sexual/physical abuse history, and a perfectionist attitude. While all of these elements are important to consider, the cultural and societal aspect is arguably one of the most significant factors to observe. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are two of the most recognized eating disorders in North America. Both disorders involve self-destructive conduct that develops from a goal to lose weight. Anorexia is characterized by starvation dieting, excessive exercising, and an intense fear of gaining weight. Bulimia, though marked by a similar fear of weight gain, is distinguished by episodes of binge eating, purging by vomiting, and excessive exercise possibly with the aid of diet pills. But while there are some similarities between anorexia and bulimia, they are separate problems. There is no single cause of anorexia nervosa, because it's a complex disorder with multiple causes that may be different for every person. From what is known it seems that this is a disorder of many causes that come together to produce the illness. These recognized causes include the nature of the personality of the ill, aspects of his/her family - its members and relationships, and stressful problems occurring outside the home, often at school. There is an increase risk in families in which there are previous cases of anorexia. This possibly indicates a genetic cause as well. Pressures and conflicts within the family are thought to be the primary cause of bulimia. People with the illness are most often overachievers and perfectionists and feel they can't live up to the expectations of their family and...
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Anne Hutchinson was a threat to the ideals of the Puritan community because she would not subjugate her own personal convictions and beliefs to those held by the ministers and the civil authority. She was thought of as having broken covenant with the community by associating with those already banned and by freely speaking her differing ideas. These actions were compounded by the fact that she was a strong, well-spoken, charismatic individual. Anne's strength can be seen at the beginning of the examination. First the trial was moved from Boston to Newton to isolate her from her supporters. As a woman, alone, she was brought in front of a court full of powerful men. Then harshly rebuked by the Governor being accused of "troubling the peace of the commonwealth and churches" by "promoting and divulging of those opinions that are causes of this trouble." (Wheeler/Becker p. 35) I imagine this was orchestrated in part to cause Anne to be ashamed and fearful. The Governor may have hoped that this would have led her to humility and to ask forgiveness and then to go back to her place of quietly tending to her family. He must have been disappointed and angered when instead of backing down she challenged his confrontation stating, "I hear no things laid to my charge."(Wheeler/Becker p.36) Next the Governor questions Anne concerning her association with Mr. Wheelwright. Mr. Wheelwright's sermons had been considered divisive to the colony and hence he had been banished. Anne was accused of being guilty of the same sin through entertaining Mr. Wheelwright and his supporters. When she questions, "What law do they transgress?" Gov. W. answers, "The law of God and of the state." I seems that the Governor considered Mr. Wheelwrights views to be detrimental to the community. By bringing division to the...
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"What do you do for exercise?" "I surf." "Oh?" Anyone who surfs, especially an adult, knows what a burden of meaning the word "Oh?" can carry in such a conversation. Usually it's accompanied by a raised eyebrow and a tone of amused condescension. It signals that the speaker has reclassified you in his or her mind as unemployed, immature, stoned, a bum, a dropout, a misfit, or any combination of the above. Surfing has been stigmatized ever since the missionaries realized how much the Hawaiians loved it and how important it was to their lives. Nothing but God, they must have felt, is worthy of so much attention. Therefore they likened it unto idleness, a power tool in the devil's workshop. In the early 1960s, the media retarnished surfing's image, transforming it from a regional sport into a countercultural lifestyle with its own music, clothing and vocabulary. In movies and on television, surfers were (and still are) portrayed as anti-establishment party animals. Today in Hawai'i, the birthplace of surfing, surfers are widely regarded as juvenile delinquents and flaky, misdirected adults. It used to make me angry, but not anymore. After 35 years of surfing, I no longer care what people think. I even agree with the missionaries and the media: Surfing is a subversive activity. Like certain Eastern philosophies, surfing promotes modes of awareness that deviate from conventional thinking patterns. Guided by parents and teachers, you're expected to smartly ascend the pinnacle of success with specific goals in view: knowledge, competency, a family, financial security. But surfing doesn't fit onto that track. It has no finish lines or ultimate goals; it's a trip on a Mobius strip. You ride a wave and then you paddle back out and do it again. It's a moon dance, a meditation, a non-linear reality. At the end of the journey you're...
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Accidental Death of an Anarchist Comedic plays are able to make some loud messages while avoiding being too serious. In fact, comedic plays are said to have made the loudest messages out of all genres in theatre. One fine example of a play like this is Accidental Death of an Anarchist. Written by Dario Fo, this comedic farce takes pokes at the governmental system and how police deal with criminals. It was originally performed on December 5th, 1970, but it's been rewritten twice since then so the dialogue would have more to do with the politics in the time in which the play is performed. The whole play revolves around the Fool, who is the main character. He is a deceptively smart psychopath that can pretend to be of any occupation. The play takes place in a Roman police station during the '70's. When we first meet the Fool, he's being interrogated by Inspector Bertozzo. During this part of the play, we learn about the Fool's background. After the Bertozzo leaves, the Fool assumes the identity of a judge that's supposed to be helping the Captain and Chief of the station deal with a report on how an anarchist jumped out of the fourth floor window. During their discussion, a reporter comes in to interview the Captain and Chief on what happened to the anarchist that jumped out of the window. The Fool then changes his occupational identity again so any misleading information can be discredited. During the interview the report of what happened to that anarchist gets fumbled around more than it already is, and then Bertozzo enters in the middle of the interview. For the rest of the interview, the Fool, Chief, and Captain are trying to keep Bertozzo from exposing the Fool's true identity during this interview. By the...
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(n, sexual perversion, sexual pervert; adj, sexually perverted) In Japanese "Hentai" refers strictly to sexual perversion. However in North America this word has been adopted and is used to refer to pornographic Anime. In Japan pornographic Anime is called Poruno Anime (Japanese prnounciation of "Porno") or Ero (From erotic/eros). Some pornographic Anime is also referred to as bishoujo, based on the character design style of the female characters, however not all bishoujo is pornographic; Sailor Moon, Sakura Wars and Meiking are all bishoujo, but only Meiking is pornographic. Because the word hentai is derogatory, fans of Ero do not approve of its use to refer to pornographic Anime. Women and girls will often call a man "Hentai" when they believe that he has purposefully done something to them, or thought of them, in a sexual manner that they do not approve of. In Anime this is often used for comedic purposes when a male character accidentally finds himself in a position that embarrasses a female character. This gag is very common in Anime such as Ranma 1/2, Love Hina or City Hunter, where the unlucky male is often subjected to extreme pain (possibly involving a baka-hammer) after being called "Hentai." Japanese word for cartoon and animation. In Japan, "anime" refers to any and all animation or cartoon - regardless of the genre, style, or nation of origin. Outside of Japan the word "anime" has come to refer specifically to animation of Japanese origins. Because of this, it is pronounced the Japanese way: "a-nee-may". While it is clear that the word anime derives from a western term, there is some debate as to its exact origin. One very common interpretation is that it comes from the French term for cartoon, "dessin anim¨¦", which translates literally to "animated drawing". However, others believe it's simply a contraction...
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1a) Describe the three generic business-level strategies to gain competitive advantage over other firms operating in the same industry. Provide examples of any industry of your choice.Business
Business-level strategy can be defined as the strategy that is chosen by a company to hold a competitive advantage within the market that it is involved with. Such a strategy has to be chosen by firms because of the intense competition that exists within a certain industry and thus managers, see the need to formulate business-level strategies that are geared towards creating and maintaining a competitive advantage over the rival firms in the same industry. This is a choice that a firm has to make when it chooses to compete in a single product market where every firm's products share the some similarities. There are three generic strategies that were developed by Michael Porter, who is a distinguished Harvard professor and author of numerous books and articles that deal with the competitive advantages of companies and nations, that are considered to the cornerstone of strategies that you formulate to give you an edge in competing with your rivals and making above average economic profits for your firm. These strategies are cost-leadership, differentiation and focus. The strategy that you choose depends on numerous factors, both internal and external. These factors could include type of industry, cost of raw materials, type of labour skills required, technology, governmental factors, consumers and many more such factors. We will now look at the three generic business-level strategies in greater detail and find out how these strategies work. The textbook, Management – A Pacific Rim focus, defines cost-leadership, the first of the three strategies we will be looking at, as a, "strategy … emphasising organizational efficiency so overall cost of providing products and services are lower than that of the competitors." This strategy called cost-leadership, involves the very delicate process of being able to produce or be able to deliver goods or services that are of standards acceptable to customers...
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