Love has many different meanings to different people. For a five-year old, girl, love is marrying her daddy when she grows up. For a ten-year old child love may represent those feelings he or she has for their best friend. However, a teenager passing by their crush in the hallways and having sudden butterflies in their stomach, could also be a description of love. It doesn?t matter how you look at it, love is truly undefined and kindles different emotions in every human being. But the question is, "What is sex without love?" Can one participate in such an emotional journey without loving their partner? This statement holds true, and is represented in Sharon Olds poem titled "Sex Without Love." First and foremost, the poem quite passionately reveals Olds disgust for casual sex. She captures the shameful act of lustful sex and seemingly animates it with her language structure. Her use of imagery not only creates a picture in the readers mind, but also grabs the audiences? attention. The author also makes comparisons through the use of similes. The subject of the poem is sex without love, and how people who have sex without love treat their bodies as separate from "truth." It seems that Olds is capturing a lustful scene betweentwo people who lack emotional and spiritual connections, thus conveying to the reader a lesson about love. The poem, "Sex Without Love," expresses the poet?s attitude toward loveless sex as a cold and damaging act. Sharon Olds accomplishes this through her use of various poetic techniques which stimulate vivid images in the reader. Her opening words, "How do they do it, the ones who make love without love?", displays a negative tone as if the speaker was in disgust. However, Olds throws us off by referring to the two as "beautiful...
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Stacy Meyer English 203 Old vs. New "Poetry: The art of apprehending and interpreting ideas by the faculty of imagination; the art of idealizing in thought and in expression." (www.dictionary.com) Imagination, thought, expression, what exactly do these words mean? As with any poem, it may have different meanings to different individuals. "Reapers," defines these words in its own way by creating a story, using literary techniques, and sending a message. In eight short lines, this work of art paints a vivid scene for the reader to place themselves in. The way in which this author has selected his words, provides a base for the poem. To see the significance between the base and the sounds of the poem, we must first interpret it. When reading Reapers, it is very helpful to forget about the lines, and concentrate on the punctuation. The poem is asking one to think about the sensory details it projects. Poems often use a means of the five sensory details, including touch, taste, smell, hear, and sight to convey messages that are hidden in the text. Poets are very selective in the words that they chose to use in their own work to make the poem appealing. The author has included many words that paint a visual picture of the poem and the atmosphere in which it takes place. "Black reapers with the sound of steel on stones are sharpening scythes." The author sets up the mood of the poem to portray death. This line gives the reader a visual image of men sharpening their tools on stones. It makes the mood feel deep and dark, using the words black reapers. It also makes the reader think of large, gray stones which are also a dark color. Reapers were field workers that harvested grain with the scythes. The tools (scythes) were sharpened...
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Answer the following questions on the poem 'Education for Leisure' by Carol Anne Duffy in the form of an essay: Why do you thin Duffy uses language in the way she does? What effects do you think she wants to achieve, and how does she use language to achieve it? How successful do you find the poem? In the poem 'Education for Leisure' Carol Anne Duffy used language in order do draw the reader into the mind of someone who seems to be a bit psychotic and allows the reader to explore someone else's mind. To begin with, the title, 'Education for Leisure,' implies that the poem is going to be based around the idea of maybe extra curricular activities. However this is contradicted by the picture of a knife beside the poem which suggests that there will be a more sinister direction to the poem. This is because knives often represent murder. In the opening Stanza the use of short sentences by Duffy makes the poem seem more menacing and it also contributes to the reader feeling as though the are directly experiencing the thoughts of the narrator as they are going through his/her mind, 'Today I'm going to kill something. Anything.' Duffy then uses pathetic fallacy in order to express the emotions of the reader, 'It is an ordinary day, a sort of grey with boredom stirring in the streets.' I think she does this in order to create an atmosphere for the reader to enter as they are drawn into the mind of the narrator. Duffy places the reader directly into the mind of this potential killer, in the second stanza, as 'I squash a fly against the window' as 'We did at school.' The effect of this is that the reader begins to create a personal connection to the narrator and their...
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An analysis of a selection of poems by William Blake; a consideration of the songs of the contrasting states of innocence and experience.English
William Blake was born on November 28th in the year 1757; he became one of England's greatest poets. He wrote many famous poems, including "Tyger" and "Jerusalem". Many poems are categorized into either Songs of innocence or Songs of experience. This is a little volume of illuminated pages. Blake believed the innocence of childhood is contrasted with the experience and corruption of the adult world. He married Catherine Boucher in 1782 and enjoyed a happy marriage. He was a poet of imagination and rebelled against the church. Blake died in 1827. Songs of Innocence and Experience are a series of poems on how we see the world at different stages of our lives. They are, as Blake says himself, "Shewing the Two Contrary States of the Human Soul". Both collections sometimes share the same name for poems, such as The Chimney Sweeper, but one glance at these two poems reveals the contrast between the small boy from Songs of Innocence and the more worldly wise soul in Songs of Experience. His poems show his beliefs on the general world in which we live, and how we see things differently when we are first in a state of innocence and when we reach maturity. Blake wished to show his readers the contrast between the state of Innocence (childhood, idealism, youthful joy) he saw the lamb as innocent and that of Experience (disillusionment, social criticism, world weariness, and violence). Of which he described as the tiger. He also believed that no creation is "better" than the other and many of his poems stress this. William Blake's, The Chimney Sweeper, focuses on the thoughts and feelings of a young orphan having to deal with the pressures of losing their parents and being forced to be a chimney sweeper in order to live. The poem is...
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Beowulf is an epic poem in which was written during the 8th century. Many scholars believe that the poem had been written in original non-Christian form and then later being translated adding Christian morals. There are a couple of theories in which scholars believe the Christians morals were introduced into the poem. One theory in which has the more popular vote is that the poem was already in poetic form and the authors own beliefs were added later. Secondly, the third theory is that the poem was written by a Christian who heard the story and added some of his own beliefs when he wrote it. In either case, God is portrayed throughout the entire play with comparisons to Beowulf with God and Grendel to Satan. While many pagan influences appear in the poem, the story is dominated by Christian overtones. In the poem Beowulf, Grendel, the monster, can be portrayed in comparison to Satan (the Devil). The story mentions that Grendel is a descendent from Cain, who was the very first person to commit murder. Like Cain, Grendel was banished by God. Living in what the poem calls the underwater it is described almost similar as to what hell might be described: "They live in secret places, windy cliffs, wolf dens where water pours from rocks, then runs underground, where mist steams like black clouds, and the groves of trees growing out over the lake are all covered with frozen spray and wind down snakelike roots that reach as far as the water and keep it dark. At night, that lake burns like a torch. No one knows its bottom; no wisdom reaches such depth (Beowulf, II. 1358). Kroll-2 The place that he calls home is set far apart from the world in which he tortures. Although Grendel seems to be so far...
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'Afterwards,' by Thomas Hardy, is a poem that questions the way that people will look upon the narrator after his death. It centre's around the idea of 'noticing things,' showing the narrators precision and the ambivalence of his neighbours. Hardy gets this across by the techniques that he uses, and the detailed descriptions which show the full extent of what the narrator has noticed. The poem shows the complexity of nature, and describes the cycle of life. The first stanza begins by personifying the 'Present,' which is very appropriate as the poem is concerned by the aliveness of the surroundings that it is describing. The reference to the back gate suggests closure, and is a very precise way of describing the end of the narrator's life. This sense of closure is also demonstrated in the structure of the poem, which is self-contained in its alternate rhyming quatrains. It has a rhyming pattern of abab, which means that the poem is soft and pleasing to hear, reflects the quietness of nature and goes along with the idea of the man being gentle and 'tremulous'. It is also pleasing to the eye as each stanza loosely mirrors the previous one. However the number of syllables varies in each line, which means the poem is not constrained by its structure. This is fitting to the content of the poem as there are references to birds, and flying which has the connotations of freedom. An example of this is, 'And the May month flaps its glad green leaves like wings.' This animal imagery is totally un-restrictive, as well as painting a very bright and vibrant picture of the season that he is describing. The alliteration, combined with each line only having one syllable helps to achieve the bouncing, jolly effect. The line also shows enjambment from...
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Coming of age is an important aspect of self-discovery and helps a person with their maturing and understanding of issues in the world. Coming of age is an important part of maturity and getting the most out of life. However the concept of coming of age is sometimes hard to grasp, as no one really knows at which point it should happen, or what it exactly does to somebody. This leaves questions with the person as they try 2 understands the concept. Not too many pieces have been written that may illustrate the many adaptations that a person may go through as they come of age, however one piece of poetry by Rudyard Kipling does describe the values and qualities that would be present in an individual that has come of age. The poem gives a two-sided look at feelings, emotions and events in a way that shows what some would be like when they have come of age and what they would be like if they haven't. This particular poem takes the shape of the author including an introduction with the words saying. "If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you, If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you But make allowance for their doubting too, If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, These five lines see the poem dive strait in with a powerful beginning. The things suggested by the reader are not of past experience, they are more convincing the reader that if they perform these acts in the way outlined then they are a person that has come of age. It makes the reader think about themselves as an individual being and the way they treat others and the way others treat them. The first 5 lines raise...
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Comparing Poems. "Woman Work" & "Overheard in County Sligo". The two poems I have been studying are "Woman Work" by Maya Angelou and "Overheard in County Sligo" by Gillian Clarke. The main subject the poets are talking about is the day to day life of two women; one a black woman in the southern states of America and the other an Irish woman from "the lap of the land" in county Sligo. There is a shared theme in the two poems, which deal with a simple every day life of two women in different countries The first poem "Woman Work" is written with realism. We see that in the first stanza, that that there is a list of chores that the woman has to do in the daytime. The poet uses rhyming couplets to add more atmosphere to the poem e.g. "Cloths to mend, the floor to mop". These couplets build up a relentless rhythm which portraits a representative domesticity e.g. "The children to tend, the cloths to mend". "And then see about the sick" "And the cotton to pick". This shows that she is a very busy mother. A busy, responsible, downtrodden and weary mother and there is no escape for her. This suggests an unhappy woman. The second part of the poem is divided into 4 stanza of 4 lines each. The tone changes, the pace of the poem slows down. It becomes melodic as the poet begins to dream of another, better world. "Shine on me Sunshine" she wants a happier life realized from her chores. The second stanza indicates what she wants. "Storm blow me away from here" the storm indicates power and strength, she wants to die, for her to die by the storm to take her away from the life she lives in now. The second poem "Overheard in County Sligo" by Gillian...
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Poet, anthologist, novelist, translator, children's writer, and playwright, Countée Cullen wore many different hats. More than any other black writer of his generation, he was praised as a major crossover literary figure. While he was not the first black man to write "white" verse—ballads, quatrains, and such (Phyllis Wheatley and Paul Lawrence Dunbar came before him), he was the one who was most celebrated while doing so. If any one event started the Harlem Renaissance, it was when Countée Cullen emerged as a successful writer at a young age. He was born Countée Leroy Porter on May 30, 1903. Where he was born remains a mystery—some said that he was born in Louisville, KY; others reported that he was born in New York City; still others placed him in Baltimore, MD. He was raised by his grandmother until she died when he was 15, then unofficially adopted by the Reverend and Mrs. Frederick A. Cullen of Harlem, NY. While still in high school, he won a poetry contest, was a leader in many activities such as editor of his school literary magazine, and received numerous honors in many subjects upon graduation. Cullen went on to New York University, where he got either first or second prize in more contests, and published his first volume of verse, entitled Color, which was both critically and commercially successful, and contains some of his most famous poetry, such as "Incident": Once riding in old Baltimore, Heart-filled, head-filled with glee; I saw a Baltimorean Keep looking straight at me. Now I was eight and very small, And he was no whit bigger, And so I smiled, but he poked out His tongue, and called me, "Nigger." I saw the whole of Baltimore From May until December; Of all the things that happened there That's all that I remember. After he went on to receive his Master of Arts Degree from...
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Discuss and illustrate as far as you can Browning's search, as a poet, for formal and thematic variety?English
In 1851 Browning wrote an essay on Percy Bysshe Shelley, and in it he both praised the Romantic poet who had so influenced him, and also explained how he, Browning differed in his own poetic project. Shelley, according to Browning, was a subjective poet, a poet who wrote from the perspective of the inner self, while Browning wishes to be an objective poet. Browning felt that subjective poetry which is never relieved by objectivity meant that "the world is subsisting wholly on the shadow of a reality". He wanted to present the world from a distanced objective view, not through a haze of abstraction, and to show the world and the people in it clearly and directly. Employed by Browning, among others, the dramatic monologue is one poetic strategy which allows us a vision of both worlds. The character in the monologue tells his or her story in a subjective manner, while allowing the distanced poet and reader to remain objective. The "action" in a dramatic monologue is mental, psychological and verbal. Browning also became adept at indicating physical action and gesture but the important one is the act of speaking—of arguing, pleading informing, reminiscing, of thinking aloud or of justifying oneself. The form also allowed him to indulge his fondness for eccentric or often morally reprehensible characters and opinions while, it freed him from the responsibility of bringing his villain to justice. Browning chose the Renaissance as the historical setting of many of his poems because it was a time of great energy and change. However Browning's characters are not famous personages but minor players. They are too busy concentrating on themselves and their own needs to think about their role in history. Through these moments in history Browning discusses such themes as Love, Art, Beauty and Evil. He also...
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