Do you sympathise with Shylock? Consider the presentation of his character and the way he is treated by Venetian Society.English
A Jewish moneylender in 16th Century Venice named Shylock was badly treated by Venetian society. This does not entitle him to any sympathy, as much of his treatment he brings upon himself. His thirst for revenge and his harshness to other characters in the play are proof of this. The main thing wrong with Shylock is his love of money. His makes readers unsympathetic towards him. We first meet Shylock in Act one scene three. His first words were 'Three thousand ducats'; this is a message from Shakespeare to show his love of money. On the other hand in the courtroom scene in act four he turns down the amount of 'If every ducat in six thousand ducats were in six parts and each part was a ducat'. He does this for his extreme hatred of the Christian community, especially Antonio. Yet this the only serves to amplify the readers dislike of this man, because he has lost his love of money in his more extreme hatred of another human being, which is fuelling his vengeance. I have had a thought, our sympathy, or lack of it will have different roots. Viewers of Shakespeare's time will find many things normal where as we would find it iniquitous. For example Shylocks relationship with his daughter and other members of his house specifically Lancelot. In act two scene five Lancelot has already told Shylocks of his plans to move to Bassanio's. Shylock would obviously found this exasperating as he has an extreme detestation of the Christians and Bassanio's friend. Lancelot shouts after Jessica to help Shylock but Shylock is irritated and therefore loses and says 'who bid thee call? I do not bid thee call'. Most readers from modern times would find this inappropriate, but in the 16th century it may have been seen...
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Explore the presentation of illusion and reality in ‘A streetcar named Desire' and ‘The Glass Menagerie'English
Reality and illusion are two powerful fundamental concepts that have been explored by Tennessee Williams as a playwright in "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "The Glass Menagerie". Reality is reference to the truth and actuality and an acceptance of it, which is juxtaposed by illusion, which comprises deception, imagination, fantasy and may be a distortion of the truth. T.S Elliot suggests that reality is much more than the sum of our physical sensation. Williams utilises several dramatic techniques to convey these paradoxical themes, which involve characterisation, language, and symbolism, which includes, light, music, objects, sound and setting. Through the adoption of such devices Williams as a playwright has effectively depicted the clash between reality and illusion. The themes of reality and illusion reflect Williams' personal life although "The Glass Menagerie" consists of greater autobiographical relevance that expresses the playwright's childhood relationships with his sister Rose. The collection of glass animals is a good measure of symbolism among Williams' possessions as he describes them as, "… those little glass animals came to represent in my memory all the softest emotions that belong to the recollection of things past. They stood for all the small and tender things that relieve the austere pattern of life and make it endurable to the sensitive." The character of Rose appears to be reflected in the characters of Laura and Blanche. In real life, Rose, like Laura, took a course at secretarial school but ended up in the park, museum or zoo as opposed to a classroom. In the play Laura is physically defected but in actuality the situation was increasingly severe as Rose displayed signs of psychological disturbance, which deteriorated into a pathological withdrawal from reality so harsh that it led to a lobotomy. Williams felt what this operation did to Rose was destroy her imagination at the...
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When she published The Awakening in 1899, Kate Chopin startled her public with a frank portrayal of a woman's social, sexual, and spiritual awakening. Because it told its particular truth without judgment or censure, the public disapproved. The idea of a true autonomy for women, or, more astounding yet a single sexual standard for men and women — was too much to imagine. Kate Chopin's presentation of the awakening of her heroine, Edna Pontellier, her unblinking recognition that respectable women did indeed have sexual feelings proved too strong for many who read her novel. Love and passion, marriage and independence, freedom and restraint these are themes realized in this story. When Edna Pontellier, the heroine of The Awakening announces "I would give up the unessential; I would give my money, I would give my life for my children; but I wouldn't give myself" she is addressing the crucial issue of winning of a self, and the keeping of it. But when Edna Pontellier, raised in Presbyterian propriety and a mother of two sons, responds to another Alcée, Chopin, the public thought, had gone too far. "I am no longer one of Mr. Pontellier's possessions to dispose of or not" she tells the young man she loves: "I give myself where I choose. " Twenty-eight, comfortable in a marriage to an older man involved with his business life in New Orleans, Edna has never settled into the selfless maternal mold of the other women who summer at Grand Isle to escape the disease and heat of the city. She begins a journey of self-discovery that leads to several awakenings: to her separateness as a "solitary soul," to the pleasures of "swimming far out" in the seductive sensuously appealing sea, to the passions revealed in music, to her own desire to create art, to a...
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Virginia Woolf described in her diary a concept of character ‘dissipated into shreds'. Discuss the presentation of character in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and The Waves. Virginia Woolf described hers as an age in which 'character [was] dissipated into shreds,' in similar vein, Lawrence's writes to Edward Garnett in 1914 urging him not to 'look in [his] novel for the old stable ego of character.' In their public addresses, personal correspondence, novels and poems; modernist writers challenged traditional notions of wholeness of character, rendering instead what was often characterized as the fragmentary panorama of modern experience. The sense of a changing world was stimulated by urbanism, imperialism, gender roles, developing theories of psychology and anthropology, and the cataclysmic upheaval of the Great War. Attuned to these important contexts, this essay will investigate the presentation of character in Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Woolf's The Waves. It will attempt to elucidate debates on this subject and contrast the nineteenth and early twentieth century writing. An exploration of various devices, such as narrative technique and symbolism, will ensue and the question of the development of characters will be considered. Woolf's observation of the 'dissipation' of character was a manifestation of the new approaches prevalent in modernist writing. The disappearance of character summary, of discrete well-demarcated characters, typically found in the writings of Victorian authors such as Dickens, is absent from A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and The Waves. In nineteenth-century commentary, character was commonly cited as a principal object of a well-written novel. This narrative production of character emerged from and perpetuated a notion of personhood that was deeply embedded in Victorian culture. In modern texts traditional characters give way to entities like the ambiguous Stephan Dedalus and the...
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An exploration of the presentation of the theme of Kingship in Henry IV Part One. The idea of Kingship is explored through many different characters, skills and respects in Henry 4th part one. In many respects it can be viewed as an analysis of the qualities needed to be a successful king. Shakespeare shows many different characters who each possess some or each of the following qualities; leadership, politics, loyalty, heroism, and majesty. It could be argued that Shakespeare thinks a successful king possess all of these qualities. At the time of the Elizabethans, there were many issues to consider. The problems concerning who was going to succeed Queen Elizabeth were huge, as in that period; 'Divine Right' was considered the uppermost priority. The queen was also under threat of a Spanish war. This was all contributing to a time of turmoil not as a halcyon time as it is more widely interpreted to be. What methods Shakespeare used whist displaying Kingship were to use various models of Kingship. The King (Henry 4th) Hotspur, Prince Hal, Falstaff, Worchester, and Glendower are these models. These characters all have different qualities of Kingship, and it could be suggested that the ideal King would possess all the qualities already mentioned. We see leadership qualities in Falstaff whilst planning and perusing the robbery of the travelers. Although these qualities could be laughed at due to Falstaff's humorous nature, they are qualities of leadership portrayed by Shakespeare in a funny way. This adds light relief to the play. The strength of Falstaff's character could be compared to Prince Hal. We see a strong, vibrant leader in Prince Hal who wasn't afraid to lead his men to battle. Compared to Falstaff, who stayed on the periphery of the battle drinking " sack". This warrior image of Hal is seen in...
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Explore the presentation of the struggle for freedom, both sexual and political in Jiri Menzel's Closely Watched Trains.Movies
At first glance 'Closely Watched Trains' could appear to be to be a losing fight against adversity, which inevitably it is, however there are many moments and hints at liberation and the endeavour for freedom within it that give out hope. It takes place in occupied Czechoslovakia, and our protagonist Milos, who becomes a dispatcher's apprentice, is more concerned initially with his journey to sexual awakening. Oblivious to the war he encounters a world which is frustrating and ultimately leads to a very up and down series of events cumulating with his attempted suicide and eventual death at the end. The political struggle in this film, to begin with, passes Milos by and he is fairly unaware of the overall picture he finds himself in. The sleepy station, which trains nearly always skip, seems quiet and insignificant. There appears to be no signs of war here, however, although the narrative often strays more towards the sexual quest for liberation there are a number of connotations to the political situation which come out in the finale when the title of the film is explained. The station is used as a passage for German trains carrying soldiers and munitions through Czechoslovakia. The trains themselves can be looked upon as a device in the film – they represent what the Czech resistance is fighting against. The trains themselves physically give off steam which rises above the earth and escapes - their ultimate goal. This can be seen as a metaphor for what happens later on when Milos drops the bomb; he himself has risen above his oppression to escape from his troubles and that of those surrounding him. One of the foremost scenes which deals indirectly with the political situation and portrays a sense of real liberation in a time of oppression is the stamping scene....
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The Sexual and Violent Permissiveness In Today's Multi-Media In Making a Statement About Our SocietyPeople
From billboards on our streets to commercials and television programs in our homes, sex and violence are portrayed in almost every aspect of media, depicting how the society functions or how it should function in what the media believes is the ideal world. Everything that we see appears so normal and natural, that we don't even think, most of the time, about how it can negatively impact our lives. The beautiful and perfect bodies of the models in many ads, commercials, or TV shows, demonstrate how easy and perfect it is to become just like them, almost always focusing solely on the physical aspect. Ironically, other programs and movies, illustrate how easy and quick it is to destroy that perfection, creating the perfect balance between the two issues. Many of us, especially youth, are very attracted to all the images of the perfect body which we encounter through media in our daily lives. Cartoons, TV shows, newspapers, magazines, comics, and anything else that we see around us displays the image of the perfect body and drives us to think that way; to focus on the physical and therefore lead to the sexual nature of everything around us. Through these depictions, we are also persuaded to follow them, sometimes to the point of not letting anything else become an obstacle and without thinking of the consequences that may follow. This type of thought can have drastic impact on how we behave towards others. Upon achieving a certain point of satisfaction, some of us tend to start looking down on those who have now become 'inferior' to us; as if we have placed ourselves on a pedestal above the others and look down upon them. This no only taints our own minds but also of those who are 'inferior' to us. We have...
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I read and respond to about 1800 student essays per calendar year. Most of the them are papers based upon assigned reading. Autopsies of students' writing usually yield one conclusive result--writing can fail at two levels, the strategy--planning level, or the presentation level . Unfortunately, writing teachers, and self-help books often focus on the presentation level. This is understandable because it is the most observable level, but by tackling problems at the presentation level, we are generally treating the symptoms rather than the problems. Presentation problems are easily identified and treated with feedback, practice, and coaching. Often just mentioning a distracting habit, such as grammar, punctuation, or sentence structure will motivate student writers to monitor and eliminate those tendencies. The Strategy--Planning Level The key to better writing lies in the strategy--planning stage. In fact, many presentation level problems, such as unclear ideas, inadequate development, or faulty mechanics are the result of faulty planning. Better style, emphasis, and diction, however, can never salvage a paper that is constructed around faulty interpretation or an illogical thesis. Strategy or planning problems are harder to detect and eliminate, and often go unnoticed by inexperienced observers, especially students "revising to clean up" the paper. While planning problems are more difficult to spot, that does not mean they are not real. They are what lie behind many ineffective attempts at writing and are often the reason why some students do "everything right" (at the presentation level) and still write ineffectively. Many students stare long and hard at assigned reading; they can remember and quote statistics and facts, but can never seem to put all of the pieces together. Three specific manifestations of this syndrome are prevalent. First, is the inability to deal with a written text in terms of the kind of writing it is (genre). Many students would have difficulty...
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Stephanie Johnson November 24, 2003 Teaching Project: Suicide Prevention The group that I will be presenting to is high-school girls that have been identified as "at risk". The group of about 10 girls ranges from 13-17 years of age. Their high school guidance counselor and school nurse has identified the girls as at risk based on academic, behavioral, and psychosocial problems. The group meets every other week to talk about issues and concerns that the girls may have and ideas the school nurse or guidance counselor sees necessary. The atmosphere in which they meet is a casual round table discussion group. The guidance counselors and school nurse are present to facilitate and guide the sessions. Along with facilitating they educate the girls on any misconceptions and information they have. Upon deciding the topic of my presentation I decided to meet with the group of girls to get an idea of what their interest and what they have already been presented in previous sessions. From my own experience when you have a choice of what you want to learn more about, you are much more receptive in learning. In our session together all the girls had decided that due to the recent anniversary of a suicide of a fellow classmate they were interesting in learning more about suicide. After this session I spoke with the guidance counselor and school nurse on the topic and everyone was in agreement that this would be the most beneficial topic. This group of girls has a variety of intellectual and emotional levels that were difficult to assess on a one-time meeting. I believe that this presentation will be beneficial and informative for the girls. Since the group of girls picked the topic they are more likely to be interested and involved in the presentation. In giving this presentation there are...
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Madonna wrote a book about it. Did Marilyn Manson alter his? Just about every other musician flaunts theirs. What is it? Sex. For some time now, sex and sexuality have been as much a part of rock 'n' roll as the music itself. These days just about everyone acknowledges sex's place in music, from sexy dancers in videos, to the skimpy clothes of the performers, to the sexually explicit lyrics found in every music genre from country to metal. Sexuality in music wasn't always so blatant, and does not seem to be slowing down. Back in the 50s Elvis shocked the moral majority with his suggestive dancing, which amounted to gyrating his hips. Because of his suggestive dancing, only his head was allowed to be shown on television. Now, it's not unusual for rock videos to show nearly naked women, or for explicit descriptions of sex to be found in songs. With his powerful lyrics and natural hip swinging sexuality he became a teen idol and a role model for the generations of cool rebels. He was repeatedly labeled as being vulgar, incompetent and a bad influence among the young teens that enjoyed his music. Of the recordings Elvis made he brought with them a new sound that became an essential quality of his musical work. Another example of the sexual explicitness of rock music can be found with Jim Morrision. The Doors' dramatic delivery of poetic lyrics set to a classic blues/rock beat won them many fans, but Jim's character won them just as many. Morrison was prone to vulgar displays of self-indulgence onstage. From the beginning, the Doors were barred from playing in many clubs in San Francisco because of Morrison's tendency to mimic sexual self-gratification onstage, many times using the microphone stand as a penile extension (Marsh 1996). "Light...
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