In the play A Midsummer Nights Dream, William Shakespeare uses literary elements and devices to portray his characters and to convey humor. He uses many techniques in his stories such as malapropism with the character Bottom. He uses puns to add humor with the actors, and rhetorical questions which the lovers use constantly. Malapropism is the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar. The character Bottom uses many malapropisms because he thinks he is showing off his intelligence when really he is showing his ignorance. Bottom says, "…one must come in with a bush of thorns and a lantern and say he comes to disfigure the person of moonshine". He meant to say figure, instead of disfigure, which adds some comedy by showing his dumbness. This use of malapropism works to add some slight comedy to the story while developing characterization. Shakespeare also uses puns to add comedy to the story and to keep the reader's attention. A pun is an intentional play on words based on the similarity of sounds between two words with different meanings. One pun that Shakespeare uses is when Bottom is turned into an ass. This is a pun because Bottom normally acted like an ass, so he being an ass has a double meaning. Most of Shakespeare's puns in plays were used to amuse the uneducated masses of his time. Shakespeare's use of rhetorical questions adds to the effect of what a character is saying. A rhetorical question is when a character asks a question that does not require a reply. The answer is often so obvious that the question is usually asked for effect. Hermia asks a rhetorical question when she asks, "But why unkindly didst thou leave me so?" This requires no answer because inside she already knows the answer. This...
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Why it is important to you to be able to write good reports? Writing business documents is more than putting words on paper. It is a final stage in the complex process of communicating that begins with "thinking." It is very important to me to be able to write good reports because in my opinion academicians and business people view writing skills as very crucial. Writing skills can be the ticket to a better job and successful career. In a labor force full of ordinary writers, someone who writes well and knows how to write business reports is bound to stand out and succeed. I believe that creating written documents reveals my business skills and my personality. My writing tells the reader about my educational background, pride in my work, and business expertise. The emergence of the paperless office, e-mail, the Internet and web pages only increases the power of the written word. Any company with employees who can write clear and concise reports has a competitive edge over others who are still struggling to communicate. In this day of computers with spell and grammar check, it is so easy to let business writing skills lapse. However, by taking business writing classes each student should take advantage of learning how to write business reports so the reader can get as much of the information from reports as possible. In addition, writing reports helps to keep writing simple and current. Reports play a major role among written communications. In addition, reports are vital in today's business operations; therefore, knowing how to write reports for our executives is very crucial because in a business environment communication often needs to be done in writing. Does a person who conducts a one-person business need to know how to write a report for business purposes? A 10-person business? Fifty? One hundred? In...
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A Book Report on: The Alchemist By Paulo Coelho Zimmerman English IV AP(G) - hour 1 Northshore High School 03/12/2000 Biography of Author - Paulo Coelho was born in Rio de Janiero in 1947 and before his career as a best-selling author, he was a playwright, theatre director, hippie, and popular songwriter for some of Brazil's leading pop artists. In 1986 he took a pilgrimage along that Road of Santiago and this would be the center of the plot of the book, The Pilgrimage, which was published in 1987. His second book was named The Alchemist and was published in 1988. This book has gone to number one in 29 countries and Coelho has been regarded as the most widely read contemporary writers. The Alchemist was one of the top ten international best sellers of 1998. His work has been published in more than 100 countries and is translated into different languages. He has been awarded a variety of prestigious awards from many different countries. He today lives in South America with his family. Main Characters - The Shepherd - This was the boy through whose eyes the story was told. He followed his personal legend to the fullest and never let up with his dream. He went all over the land and was able to realize the treasure that he had been so close to in the beginning of the novel. The King - He was the one that gave the shepherd the two stones that would supposedly help him whenever he had a rough time deciding about what to do. He made the boy give him ten percent of his flock, because you should never promise something that you don't have. The Englishmen - This was the man that the boy met on his trip to the pyramids. He was the one who turned the boy onto the idea of the alchemist and the...
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Catcher in the Rye By: J.D. Salinger "You cannot open a book without learning something." This Irish proverb is correct in meaning. As I read Catcher in the Rye, much learning took place. The story was easy to understand and explained realistic experiences that have taken place in my life. This book provided me with some knowledge of myself. As Holden Caufield was telling the story, it reminded me of my past. I believe that I can truly relate to the narrator. The experiences he undergoes in school, were very similar to the time when I attended private school. I was close to everyone, but I did not like some of the people that I had acquainted with. I could not approach those classmates because I did not want to cause trouble. As a result, I dealt with the misery of talking to those that I disliked. During this time, I was very judgmental towards others. Fortunately, I learned to judge others less and tolerate people's flaws. Throughout the story I also learned about the environment and the people who made up society during that time period. The setting of the story and the setting of today does not completely differ. The people in those years were very similar to some of the people in today's society. For instance, parents would be very disappointed if their child was expelled from school, but they usually always support the child no matter what circumstance. Although Holden had already attended a couple of schools in a short period of time, his parents helped him and as a result, he was to start a new school at the end of the story. In the book, the world was a significant factor to the narrator. Without the world, he would not be able to live, nor be the person he...
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Hamlet Hamlet by William Shakespeare is a very tragic story. It is one that has stood the test of time. I thoroughly enjoyed this book for many reasons. First being that the reader was able to see inside the characters head especially Prince Hamlet. Shakespeare allowed you to see the process by which Hamlet's madness developed. This was very important because you are able to better understand his actions.Secondly the story is a timeless piece because the events that occur due to emotions still happen today. People will always be jealous , revengeful and people will always love. The tragic tale of Prince Hamlet will make a lasting impression after reading it. From the opening scene it is tragic; it all begins with his father's death followed quickly by his mother's marriage to his uncle who has assumed the throne. Hamlet already overcome with grief and to make matters worse he is now seeing his father's ghost. His father then proceeds to tell him that his uncle murdered him. This is the start of the madness. Hamlet shuns Ophelia his true love , murders her father accidentally which then leads to Ophelia's suicide. He then decides to produce a play which replays his fathers murder proving that Uncle Claudius is guilty therefore justifying Hamlet's plot to kill him. The story then proceeds with Claudius plotting to kill Hamlet also.This is where Ophelia's brother Laertes comes into play. Being very much in Hamlet's position Laertes wants to avenge his father's death which means killing Hamlet.So he and Claudius hatch a plot to kill Hamlet with a poisoned drink or by a poisoned sword. So the duel takes place between Hamlet and Laertes which ends in Laertes death but not before he poisoned Hamlet with the sword. This is not the end though ,...
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Throughout time people have been interested in fear. The average reader thinks of fear they probably think of werewolves and vampires. The average movie viewer will probably think of Freddie Krueger or Jason Voorhees. The reason people want horror and suspense is to be scared or paranoid. Lots of people want to be scared in safe ways. The authors job is to find the persons biggest fear, put it into a dark hole, let it rot, and then put it onto paper just to make you think twice about having a pet, or going to the movies tomorrow, or even open your eyes. It makes life that much more interesting. When we read a suspense thriller, it makes you get on your tip toes' trying to figure out what is going to happen next; it hooks you and reels you in. A good author knows fear and how to use it. Here are a couple of classic examples of common everyday fear or disbelief: • The look on the face of your doctor who is about to tell you the results of your test • The confirmed reality that your spouse is having an affair • The call in the middle of the night from the police regarding a car accident involving your son or daughter • The realization the person peeking through your windows is someone you know or worse, someone you don't • The feeling in your gut when you awake and realize your newborn hasn't stirred all night • Dark places • The low growl your dog makes when you are in the house alone • The need to keep both feet covered while you sleep • Heights • Ground zero • Taking a test • A police car in your rear view mirror • Spiders Making a good horror story requires things to be so like the readers life, just the...
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Simple. It goes like this. judgement and disapproval from his surrounding community resulting in many incidents of injustice and discrimination towards his character. "So had his way of life….and he never strolled in to the village to drink a pint at the Rainbow." Within the community of Raveloe the majority of the people strolled to the village for a drink, as this quote signifies Silas Marner did not do this, and because of this was viewed as different. In Raveloe, people were suspicious because they didn't know where he came from. He did not socialize and he was a hard worker. We also come across the instance where some children kept coming up to Silas' house and peeping in the window. When Silas Marner looked at them they would run away. "he liked their intrusion so ill that he would fix on them a gaze that was always enough to make them take to their legs in terror". The children did this because Marner was different. Throughout the book Silas had some fits. This was probably the main reason people though he was different. One instance was when Jem Rodney found Silas Marner having one of his fits. "He saw that Marner's eyes were set like a dead mans". In Lantern Yard, they thought his soul had left his body, "But there might be such a thing as a man's soul being loose from his body, and going out and in, like a bird out of its nest and back". Silas worked long and hard sitting at his loom. This may have been the cause of his appearance, his hunched back and pale eyes. "A pallid young man with prominent, short sighted brown eyes". Another example of injustice within "Silas Marner" is the way the community he lives in, judge him. When a cobbler's wife Sally Oates shows the symptoms of heart disease...
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There are many techniques to writing a good essay. An essay is very important and is usually somewhat short, so it is important to be very clear and prompt. The structure or plan of your essay is very critical. Also the paper should cover everything to make it easier to understand. Another thing to keep in mind when writing an essay is to keep everything clear. The structure of your essay is extremely important. I know if you are anything like me you hate the word structure when it comes to writing a paper. You will find out later that it is extremely important. No matter what, you must always have a thesis, something to base what you are writing about. Your thesis should be proven very early in the paper. Your thesis should also be backed up with several statements and evidence. Then your statements should be followed with other statements. But remember not to make it too lengthy and do not get away from the point (thesis) you are trying to prove. This is the most effective and fastest way to do a plan on a paper. Your paper should also cover everything that is required to make it better. Make one hundred percent sure that your introduction and thesis is covered and make sure your reader knows what the paper is about. You cannot have one without the other. When proving your thesis make sure you have enough general and major evidence to help you. Always remember to have proper diction and don't forget the level of writing you will be using. Once again make sure that your thesis is proven. Be sure to have a good amount of specific evidence. This is very important as well when proving your thesis. Always remember when you're writing not to forget...
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Lone Ranger & Tonton Fistfight in Heaven: A book by Sherman Alexie&Smoke Signals: A film by Chris Eyre at the London Film FestivalEnglish
"Smoke Signals" film and "Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven" book reveal real life stories in American Indian reservations. Both of these narratives disclose the life of drunkenness, unemployment and basketball among American Indians in an Idaho reservation. In this paper a comparison of Indian reservations and urban ghettos will be compared and analyzed to explain the ignorance of researchers, lack of literature, and the amplification of information on these communities that is often told or written about. For instance, Indian reservation and urban ghettos have been depicted as communities whose background, culture and language have left them behind in society. Yet, very few often see these communities as places in which persistent life of isolation without a future seemed to take over the lives of Native Americans, poor Blacks and Latinos. Although, these communities have many positive aspects often the media, educators and politicians tend to focus only on the negative side of these communities and amplified it. Why is it that sports and music seem to be the only chance that some youth have on the reservation or urban ghettos? Obviously, the chances to succeed in these communities are very limited. Alexie and Eyre have exposed us to the short stories and poetries interwoven with the experiences of many who live in poverty throughout the U.S. In their view and the views of many, Native Americans along with Black and Latinos lacked the cultural sophistication and complexity exhibited in White society. However, very few actually question and analyze the reasons why these ethnic groups are so far behind in society. Growing societal inequities are mirrored in numerous ways in the schools, housing and health care of these communities, from highly unequal financing of these establishments in White and Color communities, to economic advantages that favor White above, Native Americans,...
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Shakespeare draws attention to 3 of Portia's suitors, the Prince of Morocco, the Prince of Arragon, and Bassanio. The Prince of Morocco is the first suitor of the 3 suitors. His first line is, 'Mislike me not for my complexion' (Act 2 Scene 1). However his character is proud. He says the lead casket is not worth hazarding everything and continues on to the sliver casket. He goes to the gold casket thinking that 'what many men desire' describes Portia. His choice can be explained by the fact that it is only his royal blood and his fortune that gives him respect. This means the Prince of Morocco judges what he sees from the outer appearance. The second suitor is the Prince of Arragon. His pride is shown through his choice of casket and his reaction to choosing the wrong casket. He comments on the inscription on the gold casket, 'I will not jump with common spirits and rank me with barbarous multitudes'. (Act 2 Scene 9) Thinking the gold casket was too common for him, he passes the gold and the silver, thinking it wasn't grand enough. He does not stop to consider the lead casket saying that it would have to look more attractive for him to hazard anything for it. The silver casket is the one that grabs his attention the most because that no one deserving Portia should go empty-handed. His pride leads him to assume he is worthy of Portia. His reaction when he finds that he didn't get the right casket is 'Did I deserve no more than a fool's head?' (Act 2 Scene 9). He accepts his fate and says 'I'll keep my oath.' (Act 2 Scene 9). Bassanio is the last suitor. He receives better treatment than the other two suitors do....
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