Shylock is portrayed as the ruthless, greedy villain of the Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. Shakespeare makes him the scapegoat and the object of ridicule throughout the play. This both, establishes the barrier between Shylock and the other characters. In the Merchant of Venice the antagonist of the play is Shylock. Shylock is a wealthy Jewish moneylender. He is probably the most memorable character in the play because of Shakespeare's excellent characterisation of him. Shylock is the antagonist in the play because he stands in the way of love, but this does not necessarily make him the villain of the play. Shylock can be seen as both the villain of the play and as a man who is very human. The villain that we see in Shylock is the greedy moneylender. Shylock charges high interest rates and when he is not repaid he insists on revenge. In the play Shylock loans Antonio money, and out of jest he suggests that should the loan not be repaid in time Shylock may cut off one pound of flesh from Antonio's body. Soon after Shylock's daughter runs away from home with Lorenzo, a Christian, and takes her father's ducats with her. When Antonio's ships do not come in and he is not able to repay the loan Shylock is no longer interested in getting his money back. Shylock wants revenge for the loss of his daughter through the fulfilment of the bond. In court Shylock is defeated because of his selfishness. Shakespeare also shows the human qualities of Shylock throughout the play. Shakespeare brings out these human qualities by causing us to feel sympathy for him. For example, the loss of Jessica to another Christian. After this loss of his daughter Shylock ran through the streets crying "My daughter! O my ducats! O my daughter!"...
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Work and Nature in The Grapes of Wrath and "Neighbor Rosicky" In both Willa Cather's "Neighbor Rosicky" and Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, there is a call to look more deeply into the relationship between men and the land they live on. To fully understand what this relationship is, it is helpful to examine the ways in which the authors view both work and nature. Nature is very romanticized in the eyes of both the authors, and thus work tied to nature and the land is more noble than indirect contact with land or no contact at all. The Grapes of Wrath abstractly juxtaposes the corrupt dealings of business with the humane generosities of mankind. In "Neighbor Rosicky", we are presented with a family that lives modestly and earnestly without worrying about saving money. Both narratives shed light on the problems of work that is not tied directly to nature. Undoubtedly, Steinbeck's pro-agricultural stance towards work is prevalent immediately in The Grapes of Wrath.. The business-men and others not involved directly with farmwork are referred to as "shitheels" by Mae in Ch. 15. They don't tip well, they complain, and they are not very humane. In a sense, these business-man-types are not doing meaningful work. They are quite pretentious and have superficial thoughts according to Steinbeck's descriptions in Ch. 15: " 'She's really a mess, but she does wear nice clothes.' " As the Okies, the people traveling along Route 66 to California, are confronted with problems with their cars, the business-men along the way constantly scam them. For example, the man who wanted a casing was charged four dollars for a "busted casing" in Ch. 12. When Steinbeck refers to these business-men, he does so with a bit of a mocking, sarcastic tone as he says things like "…little worried men,...
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Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. The reasons for this distinct development were mostly based on the type on people from England who chose to settle in the two areas, and on the manner in which the areas were settled. New England was a refuge for religious separatists leaving England, while people who immigrated to the Chesapeake region had no religious motives. As a result, New England formed a much more religious society then the Chesapeake region. John Winthrop states that their goal was to form "a city upon a hill", which represented a "pure" community, where Christianity would be pursued in the most correct manner. Both the Pilgrims and the Puritans were very religious people. In both cases, the local government was controlled by the same people who controlled the church, and the bible was the basis for all laws and regulations. From the Article of Agreement, Springfield, Massachusetts it is clear that religion was the basis for general laws. It uses the phrase "being by God's providence engaged together to make a plantation", showing that everything was done in God's name. The Wage and Price Regulations in Connecticut is an example of common laws being justified by the bible. Also in this document the word "community " is emphasized, just as Winthrop emphasizes it saying: "we must be knit together in this work as one man". The immigrants to New England formed very family and religiously oriented communities. Looking at the emigrant lists of people bound for New England it is easy to observe that most people came in large families, and large families support the community atmosphere. There were many children among the emigrants, and those children were taught religion from their early childhood, and therefore grew up loyal to the church, and easily controllable by the same. Any deviants from the regime were silenced...
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Adam Smith(1723-1790) and Jean Jacques Rousseau(1712-1770) each provide their own distinctive social thought. Smith, political economist and moral philosopher, is regarded as the father of modern economics. Rousseau, a Franco-Swiss social and political philosopher, combines enlightenment and semi-romantic themes in his work. Thus Smith's work places emphasis on the relationship between economics and society, whereas, Rousseau focuses his attention on the social inequalities within society. Therefore, Smith and Rousseau, of the Scottish and Continental Enlightenment respectively, provide unique insights on their existing society. Adam Smith is one of the main figures in the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith's main concern was the establishment of the free market, as laid out in his work "The Wealth of Nations"(1776). In the "Wealth of Nations", Smith is very critical of the division of labor. The emphasis falls equally on the economic and social consequences of the division of labor (Smith, 1998:26). Moreover, "What is significant about the contribution of the Scottish Enlightenment to Sociology is the clear awareness that society constituted a process, the product of specific economic, social, and historical forces that could be identified and analyzed through methods of empirical science. Society was a category of historical investigation, the result of objective, material causes"(Smith, 1998:26). Smith believed that society would benefit from individuals who were self-interested in their own personal economic gains. Furthermore, Smith believed that the division of labor had a negative impact on society. He thus was very critical of the division of labor. For Smith, "the man whose life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are, perhaps, always the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding? "He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertion and becomes as stupid as it is possible for a human creature to become"(Lecture Notes, 2001:5). Smith clearly...
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Back in 1988 on a cold winter day, I put on a pair of ice skates for the first time in my life. My father held my hand and took me out on the ice. Before I knew it, he had let go and I was skating on my own. That day was a life changing experience for me. Hockey became my favorite sport. I became a huge hockey fan. I also made plans for hockey to be in my future. To this day hockey is my favorite sport. It is all because of my first experience skating. I loved the feeling of gliding quickly across the ice. It made me feel free. From that day on I wanted to be a hockey player. A year later I was on a hockey team. I loved it more than anything. My brother was also a hockey player. He too loves hockey just as much as I do. Hockey is most definitely my favorite sport. Over the years I became a huge hockey fan. I loved watching it, no matter what level it was. Whether it was youth, high school, college or even professional. It made no difference to me. My favorite player to watch has always been my brother. I look up to him and want to be as good as him someday. My favorite level of hockey to watch is college hockey. I have always enjoyed watching it more than any other level of hockey. Since I was little it was the kind of hockey I envied. When I was a baby my father and I would watch college games together....
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With any essay that I write, my main objective is to paint a picture with words. There are three basic guidelines that I follow in order to paint this picture. By writing down my ideas, putting my ideas together on a word processor and then going back to revise is how I compose an essay or any other written work. I feel that these guidelines are essential to a well developed essay. When I'm given a writing assignment, one of the first things that I do is focus on the subject or topic of the essay. If it's a subject that I am knowledgeable of, I would add my own input and incorporate it into my writing. And if it's not a subject that I am familiar with, I would do some type of research on the subject. One of the most important processes of my written work is the gathering of detailed ideas. When I am forming ideas about my subject for an essay, the first thing that I usually do is concentrate on what I want to write. What do I want to say to my audience? What is the purpose of my writing? I have learned that by knowing the purpose of your writing keeps you focused on it. Once I have found the answers to these questions, I try to stay focused. I gather details for my subject that will help support and develop it. I try to utilize sensory details, specific examples, facts and statistics, or incidents or anecdotes - if they are needed. The next thing that I do is figure out how do I want to say it. I'll start by writing out a few sentences about my subject and then I determine which one represents my idea most effectively. Once I have found...
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In Webster's Online Dictionary, the word hero is described as "a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities, one that shows great courage." A modern day hero would be represented through the soldiers who are fighting in the Middle East for America. Those men and women are putting their lives in danger to benefit millions of other people. That is a heroic act that should not go unnoticed. In Maya Angelou's autobiography, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, she describes many people whom she felt depicted the word "hero" in all of its glory. I chose to write my essay on three of these main characters in her life: her older brother Bailey Johnson, her mother's boyfriend, Mr. Freeman, and the central character Maya, or Marguerite Johnson. Mr. Freeman is a counter-example of a hero, and the only example that deals with false heroism. Maya never had a father figure in her life, and Mr. Freeman was the only man who ever made her feel wanted. Maya showed her weakness for Mr. Freeman in saying " he held me so softly that I wished he wouldn't ever let me go. I felt so at home. From the way he was holding me I knew he'd never let me go or let anything bad ever happen to me. This was probably my real father and we had found each other at last. (Pg. 73.)" Mr. Freeman gave her a sense of worth, and even though his intentions were cruel and immoral, Maya finally had found what she was longing for. Maya loved Mr. Freeman, but feared him even more. When Mr. Freeman raped Maya when she was eight-years-old, he made sure she would be able to keep the secret from the rest of her family, including her brother Bailey. "If you...
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"Karen!", she called, "what am I going to write my essay on!" I looked up to see Abby, my animated friend. I felt the corners of the mouth curl up into the familiar smile as she ran toward me and pressed a leaf into my palm. I looked at it for a moment before giving her a quizzical glance. "I picked it for some inspiration but it isn't helping," she said with a huff and a slight frown. I looked down at the crumpled foliage in my hand and turned it round in my fingers. It's fascinating how every leaf is different. I looked at this one - it was a deep green moving into a hint of yellow along the edges. It was about to change. I thought of me - I was changing too and it was scary to no longer be that little girl I had grown used to but a young lady - eager to experience life and yet nervous of what that meant. Things get harder as one gets older and this leaf looked scared to change too - putting off the inevitable. It had deep wrinkles all along it and as I looked at my hand I saw my wrinkles too. I traced the lines with my gaze as I do sometimes when I look into my grandmothers face. Each choice she had made had created a new line, a new memory, a new lesson. It had a deep cut along one of these lines. I thought how heartbreak could do that to a person - cut so deep that it almost tears them in two. But we are one up on the leaves, I thought triumphantly. We can put the pieces back and stitch them so that they grow back together. I looked at the long...
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Convergence: explore this concept in historical, technological and creative terms. Reflect on possible implications for film and television as convergence becomes a reality. What does it mean for creators and producers, for big business and for the public Many events or happenings throughout history with regard to organisations, corporations, goods and services have come about due to convergence, even if the world has only just started to recognise them. Today, major instances of corporate convergence can be found with media and software companies (AOL Seven); Insurance companies (RACQ GIO); Banks (Suncorp Metway) and many more. However, convergence is more than the merging of two companies. Convergence can be the result of new technologies coming in to play, which, especially today is one of the foremost reasons. One form of technology in particular, has influenced more convergence-related decisions than any other. The Internet. Since the creation of, and the rapidly growing popularity of the internet, many new companies have been created, but many companies have merged, adapted and converged to put their product online and make it available to the global consumer network. There are corporations like CNN, an American television news network who have now converged and expanded their broadcasting reach to a worldwide audience. Newspapers around the world have also converged their print medium with the virtual medium to broadcast their news to every person who has access to the Internet. Aside from the news media industry, there has been great interest in online shopping and online auctioning. The most widely known of each being Amazon.com and Ebay. To become the popular and productive companies they are today, elements of convergence have taken place. Convergence comes in many forms, and I'm sure there are some forms yet to be generated by humanity's creations and discoveries. One form of convergence existing today, however...
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Tim O'Brien's short story "The Things They Carried" is a narrative about the life of an American infantry platoon during the Vietnam war. The story is told by inserting short narrative passages within an inventory of the objects the men carried with them both physically and psychologically. The characters use different methods to cope with the death of fellow platoon member, Ted Lavender, such as escapism, guilt and acceptance. The characters used various methods of escapism to deny the reality of Lavender's death. These methods included denying Lavender's humanity, refusing to talk about the incident and using humour. Upon watching Lavender die, Kiowa states that it was "like watching a rock fall." (O'Brien 43) Kiowa continues to make similar references to Lavender's dead body, referring it to as "cement, … concrete" (O'Brien 49) and "sandbag." (O'Brien 43) He seems shocked at the lack of drama when Lavender fell. "Just boom, then down - not like the movies…." (O'Brien 43) Kiowa is denying to himself that it was an actual person who fell and died. Kiowa needs to repeat what he is saying, only he finds that nobody is ready to talk about lavender's death. Kiowa tries to talk to Norman Bowker, but is quickly silenced. "I heard man. Cement. So why not shut… up?" (O'Brien 49) Norman is avoiding dealing with his emotions to escape the fear he has of dying. The platoon members use humour such as referring to the incident as "zapped while zipping" in an attempt to laugh off Lavender's death. "They found jokes to tell." (O'Brien 50) They use different words to avoid saying 'killed', such as "offed" and "lit up". The men are denying the reality that it could have happened to any one of them. Platoon Commander Jimmy Cross carried the burden of Lavender's death especially hard. Among...
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