In the story "The Stone Boy", by Gina Berriault, a twelve years old young child, Arnold, accidentally killed his brother, Eugie, when they are hunting. The family, a household of rural farmers in an unnamed region, doesn't know how to react about the accident so that they just blame Arnold and reject him when he turns to his family for support and compassion. A sensitive tale of a family that is torn apart by a tragic accident. There is a lot of revealing evidence that exhibits the Arnold's true feelings about his family and his brother. The fence, the coldness of his house and body, the gray atmosphere and gray farmhouse and the silence and stillness of the outside, are all components that the author uses to reveal Arnold's feelings. Arnold's behavior towards his brother, his brother's correlative behavior, his parents' reactions toward him and the way they focus attention on their other children, also disclose a lot about Arnold's feelings. It's quite obvious to reveal Arnold's feeling towards his brother: he admires him. Whether it is when he watches him sleep, regards him admiringly as he takes off his cap, steals wheat just like he did or when he listens to him carefully talk about duck season, it is all about Eugie. Arnold wants to grow up and be his brother, regardless of how his brother feels about him. It seems to me that Arnold is living in his brother's shadow. This is supported in the text when it states, "Arnold never tired of watching Eugie offer silent praise unto himself. He wondered, as he sat enthralled, if when he got to be Eugie's age he would still be undersized and his hair still straight" (P.135). Through Eugie's actions and his words he is pushing Arnold out, I can see that...
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In approaching the topic of consumption, it is evident that many academic writers from a wide background of disciplines including historians, geographers and sociologists have contributed to the academic literature on late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century consumption. This essay will examine the literature surrounding early nineteenth century consumption, in order to ascertain what have been the significant contributions to consumption by geographers in comparison to the boarder context of consumption. It will argue that although geographers have brought new ideas and areas of research into the field of consumption, there has been an undue emphasis on department stores as 'cathedrals of consumption' (Crossick and Jaumain, 1999) to the point where there has been little research on other consumption spaces. Specifically this essay will provide insight into what has been addressed within the area of the department store and consumption, then move on to other spaces such as shops and consumer co-operatives that have been studied to a lesser degree, before providing new avenues of possible research for historical geographers to pursue in the field of consumption. What contributions have been made in the literature? - Department stores In examining the literature on consumption, the department store plays a prominent role; there has been a vast array of literature focused around the notion that department stores of the nineteenth century were perhaps responsible for changing the face of consumption. This notion has been addressed by historical geographers and their writing has developed around the idea that these spaces, according to Coles (1999:72), 'were a new and highly innovative form of retail organisation'. Geographers instantly followed this lead 'stress the role of the department store in modernising retailing and introducing new methods' (Crossick and Jaumain, 1999:1). In doing so, geographers such as Domosh (1996) have chosen to document the techniques that operated in...
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"Many facts concur to show that we must look far deeper for our salvation than to steam, photographs, balloons or astronomy. These tools have some questionable properties. They are regents. Machinery is aggressive. The weaver becomes a web, the machinist a machine." -Ralph Waldo Emerson Throughout the course of human history, men and women have taken steps to make life easier. Going back to the allegorical curse placed upon man in the Genesis scriptures, that he should "work by the sweat of his brow," men have tried desperately, to some avail to annul that curse. Throughout the 20th century, men have succeeded in many aspects of technological change. The past 140 years, a short time in comparison with human history, have brought about some of the most noted technological changes. For instance, 140 years ago, there was no telephone. Photography was still in its infancy. The idea of an automobile was absurd, and the notion that a machine heavier than air could fly was scoffed. But advances in scientific discovery led to many changes in the thoughts and attitudes of humans as to what technology meant to changing society. But, somehow, this advancement in human achievement is sometimes viewed with scorn by some of the wisest among us. Has these advancements improved our lives, or just changed the nature of the problems we face? It is important to understand that the luxuries of yesterday somehow seem to become the necessities of today. Hot and cold running water, the in-house bathroom, the telephone, the television – these were all considered luxuries at one time. But now, they are deemed as necessities by many in society. They can't be appreciated properly unless one was to view societies where these items do not exist, or their existence is scorned. In modern times, we tend to...
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In what ways is the focus of Changing Perspective demonstrated in the chosen texts? The texts I chose for this essay were: 1. The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost 2. Out, Out- by Robert Frost 3. The Door from stimulus booklet 4. Sky-High from stimulus booklet 5. What Its Like – by Everlast (song) 6. American Beauty the film In all of the chosen texts, the focus of changing perspective is demonstrated. Through use of figurative language, symbols, tone, imagery and key themes, their composers have created pieces of literature that show many facets of life in more than one perspective. From "The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost, one of the most renowned poets of our time to "What Its Like" by Everlast, a contemporary rock music artist, all of the texts I have chosen represent the focus of changing perspective. In "The Road Not Taken" Frost depicts a scene somewhere in the persona's past. The persona is standing at a fork in the path he is walking down and must make a choice of either one or the other. The persona knows that he will never be able to go back and make the choice again and therefore he chose the path that was "less travelled by". This poem can be interpreted in many ways and that is where the focus of changing in perspective comes in. Firstly, we can take this poem as a symbolism of the greatest journey of all, life. The persona then is Frost himself and he is recounting his life and how he made a decision to go down a road that was less travelled by and that has made all the difference in his life. Also, this poem acts as a guide for all people who are making choices in life as Frost tells of how "way leads onto way" and...
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Queen Maatkare Hatshepsut, Pharaoh of Egypt during the 18th dynasty, from 1473 BC to 1458 BC, was one of only a handful of female rulers of ancient Egypt. Her story is unique in Egyptian history, and has been the source of many disputes among scholars. Hatshepsut reigned longer than any other female pharaoh. Among the legacies she left behind, none is greater than the mortuary temple she erected at Deir el Bahari in Thebes, the ruins of which still stand in present-day Luxor. The temple, designed by Senenmut, reflects the adjacent mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, but is much larger. Reliefs and inscriptions on the temple walls tell stories from Hatshepsut's life, and profess her connection to the divine. Based on current knowledge, this essay will provide detailed information about Queen Hatshepsut and her mortuary temple. Hatshepsut was born around 1502 BC to Thutmose I and Ahmose. Both of her parents were from a royal background, and Thutmose I was Pharaoh when she was born. Her two brothers died in accidents, which meant that she was in a position to take over the throne after her father died. This was an unusual situation because very few women had ever become pharaohs. However, Hatshepsut was favored by her parents over her brothers, and she was beautiful and had a charismatic personality. Thus, despite her being a female, she had the makings to become a queen. Thutmose II was Hatshepsut's half-brother and husband, a common situation in ancient Egypt, where brother-sister and father-daughter marriages were accepted. When Thutmose I died, Hatshepsut was about 15 years old, and Thutmose II took over as pharaoh. Thutmose II died after only three or four years of rule, most likely of a skin disease. Hatshepsut had a daughter, named Neferure, but Thutmose II also had a son with...
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Discussion On No Real Seperation Of Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary Powers In The UK ConstitutionPolitics
There Is No Real Seperation Of Powers In The UK Constitution Nor Does There Need To Be.'Discuss What are the separated powers? Executive = the administrative branch of government; it makes laws by way of delegated legislation and drafts bills. Legislature = the law making branch of government Judiciary = the law enforcing branch of government What can you say about the separation of powers? The overlap of powers allows Parliament to make any change it wishes by Act of Parliament and helps to insure against arbitrary exercise of power. There is almost complete separation of powers in the USA where governmental intransigence in controversial matters is a much bigger problem than it is here (here the judges can indulge in greater law making activities if necessary). There is little executive-legislature separation in the UK but much legislative-executive/judiciary separation. The concept of the separation of powers was first discussed by Charles Montesquieu (after observing the British system). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- To what extent do we have imperfect separation of powers? The executive controls, and makes the legislature by creating peers(subject to the approval of the Queen), whips, dissolution (subject to the approval of the Queen, but note that permanent prorogation possible without her permission), prorogation (in theory this is under the Royal Prerogative but the Queen's permission is not necessary), controlling the timetable. Part of the legislature (the government ministers) form the executive. The legislature controls the judiciary by removing senior judges (in the name of the Lord Chancellor). The executive (the Lord Chancellor) controls the judiciary by removing (or perhaps worse not removing) junior judges. The judiciary do not have their salary voted on by Parliament The judiciary reviews the activities of the executive. Paid judges cannot be in the Commons. The executive (the Lord Chancellor (with the Prime Minister in appointing law lords)) appoints judges. The executive makes treaties, which have a degree of legislative influence (though not true legislative...
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As I began to think about what I wanted to write my paper about, I thought of all the topics in education that I would like to know more about. I finally choose ADD/ADHD and the use of Ritalin as my subject matter. Not being a parent or an experienced educator as of yet, I see America's propensity to over medicate reaching our youngest population. I think the statement by Dr. Breggin is quite profound, "When we drug millions of children to make them more compliant and easier to manage at home and in school, it says more about our society's distorted values than about our children" (Breggin 1998). I know from my experience in the health care profession, that Americans believe in medication to create a better life for themselves. That can be as simple as getting an antibiotic for the slightest cold or as complex as medicating ourselves to fight a chronic condition. We live in a society that wants everything done quickly. We drive through for our food, banking, prescription pick-ups, and car washes. We develop our pictures in an hour and pay for our gas at the pump. We watch 50 channels of television in a second. Television has learned that it has to be gripping in order to keep up with our wandering minds. We even have televisions that allow you to watch more than one channel at a time. We wonder why our children have trouble paying attention. When do we do anything that requires anything but the most miniscule amount of our attention? How do we expect children to practice the learned behaviors of watching and listening, if we never teach it to them? We spend the first few years of their lives showing them the frenzied world in which we live and then...
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I chose to write my paper on Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Abilities. I chose this topic because I as well as many people in my family have been labeled "gifted" early on in school. I realize that this is a measure of intelligence defined as the potential for learning, however none of us labeled gifted have done anything more successful than other members of my family. I fact the opposite may be true. Perhaps a gifted labeling made us all lazy. Nonetheless, I would like to know how Piaget's theory relates to how intelligence is measured. Piaget became fascinated early in his studies with the discovery that children of the same age often gave the same incorrect answers to questions, suggesting that there were consistent, qualitative differences in the nature of reasoning of different ages, not simply a quanitive increase in the amount of intelligence or knowledge. This discovery marked the beginning of Piaget's continuing effort to identify changes in the way children think, how they perceive their world in different ways at different points in development. The different stages postulated by Piaget help to explain different rates of learning at different ages as well as the types of learning possible at different ages for the majority of the population. Learning itself is seen by Piaget as a process of discovery on the part of the individual, and learning as a formal activity becomes a system of organization, by which instruction is enhanced by the way the teacher arranges experience. Learning is thus experimental, and Piaget suggests that experiences have meaning to the extent that they can be assimilated. There are two principal learning theories in psychology, one of which focuses on the learning process while the other focuses on ones capacity to learn. Piaget offered a biological theory of intelligence that he presented as a unified approach to intelligence and learning. Piaget restricted the idea of learning to an acquisition...
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Introduction I have decided to write my paper on smaller government versus bigger government. The question is are we better off with lots of government programs with higher taxes to pay for them or with smaller government with lower taxes? With smaller government there would be fewer programs with fewer government employees. The tasks of these government programs would be taken up by the private sector. Is Social Security worth saving? Would we be better off by privatizing Social Security? Or do Americans need the security of knowing if they are unable to save for retirement on their own; the federal government will do it for them. I will compare private markets with Social Security to see where the better returns are. Some people would like to see a national healthcare program for everyone. They feel that would be the answer to our healthcare crises. By healthcare crises I mean rising out of control healthcare cost and so many Americans being uninsured. To determine whether or not a national healthcare program would be a viable solution I analyzed two national healthcare plans that have been in existence since 1965, Medicaid for the poor and Medicare for the elderly. I see no reason to expect different results as far as the quantity and quality of service from a national healthcare plan for everyone as we are currently getting from Medicaid and Medicare. Therefore I will use these two federally sponsored programs as a model for a future national healthcare program for all Americans. One of the perks of small government is less regulation. Let the American people make more decisions for themselves. However, are government regulations all that bad? I guess it depends on how you want to look at it. Fewer regulations mean more freedom for individuals but perhaps many of the regulations on...
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Tobacco Industry 1. Sitting next to my grandfather's grave while cleaning it on a Sunday morning with tears in my eyes I realized what I was going to write my paper on for my drug, values and society class. I knew it was going to be painful and difficult but at the same time it was a way for me to vent out what I had kept inside for a long time and also a way to learn more about what took my grandfather from me. What took my grandfather is something that has no mercy or respect for anyone. It is everywhere and accessible to anyone at any time. At first it will relax you, make you feel cool and even pretend to be your friend, then after you no longer want it and want to get rid of it, it will be too late, it will have full control of your mind and body. Little by little it will start destroying you from both inside and outside until it takes your life away. What is it you ask? Maybe you've met before, let me introduce you, its name is tobacco. This paper will discuss tobacco, nicotine and industry issues. It will include tobacco history, recent past events including laws, court settlements, types of tobacco, major diseases caused by nicotine, effects of nicotine and types of medication for withdrawal periods. The purpose of this paper is to inform the readers of some of the many serious and deadly issues that have to do with the tobacco industry and nicotine. Tobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death in the United States, causing more than 400,000 deaths each year and resulting in an annual cost of more than a billion in direct medical costs (Department of health, 1998). Each year, smoking kills more than AIDS, alcohol, drug abuse, car crashes, murders, suicides, and fires - combined (Department of Health, 1998)....
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